[11Roanoke-Mayor]

[ANCHOR=Melanie]

[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=dse]
[TAPE#=none]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Roanoke has elected a new mayor.
Republican Ralph Smith pulled the biggest upset of Election night. (XXXXXXXX) [TAKE LEADER 250]
Smith took 36 percent of the vote.
Independent Mac Macadden came in second with 32 percent- and the suprise of the night-
Incumbent Democrat David Bowers pulled in 30 percent- not enough to pull of a third term as Mayor-
Independent Duane Howard squeaked in 2 percent of the vote.


[Smith]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=MORN]
[WRITER=tfl]
[TAPE#00-08 TC56:38]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Mayor elect Republican Ralph Smith is a long- time businessman who is ready to open Roanoke's door's to new ideas. Tonya Flory has more.
(/////SOT/////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=]
[SUPER=701-Ralph Smith/Mayor-Elect; :01]
[SUPER=703-Roanoke; :15]
[SUPER=701-Bill Carder/Vice-Mayor-Elect; :25]
[super=741-Tonya/Flory/tflory*wdbj7.com; :54]
[RUNS=1:02]
[OUT Q=News 7.]




[McCadden]


[ANCHOR=Mel]
[NEWSCAST=Morn]
[WRITER=tha]
[TAPE#=00-19]
[GRAPHIC=election 2000]


Mac McCadden says he still believes he's best candidate for the job.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=703-Roanoke/Last Night;]


But for now, the Independent, who says he's extremely critical and hard on himself, says he's not interested in mounting another campaign.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT 00:41:18]
[IN Q=Will I]

((MAC MCCADDEN: WILL I EVER HAVE THOUGHTS OF COMING BACK? I DON'T KNOW, I CAN TELL YOU TODAY THAT I'M PUTTING MY MIND TO REST, MY IDEAS TO REST, MY DREAMS TO REST, I'M JUST GOING TO GO OUT AND LIVE A LIFE, THAT'S HOW I FEEL.))
[SUPER=707-Mac McCadden;]
[RUNS=15]
[OUT Q=how I feel.]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


McCadden says he believes Smith got the edge on him by entering the race early.. which gave Smith the lead on name recognition.
(------------)



[Vinton-Mayor]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=morning]
[WRITER=jsu]
[TAPE#=00-18]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


A close race in Vinton -- Councilman Don Davis won the election by only a 6-percent margin.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=703-Vinton]


Davis say it's time to focus on healing the town of Vinton and searching for a new police chief.
He says the controversy surrounding write-in candidate Andy Nicely's residency -- overshadowed many of the important issues in this election -- but did make an impact at the polls.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT15:12:25]
[IN Q=I think it probably brought]

((I THINK IT PROBABLY BROUGHT A LOT OF PEOPLE OUT THAT WOULD NOT HAVE A COME OUT AND VOTED. I THINK THE POLICE ISSUE WAS ANOTHER ISSUE THAT WAS BROUGHT OUT THAT MAYBE BROUGHT OTHER VOTERS OUT))
[SUPER=701-Don Davis/Mayor-Elect]
[RUNS=12]
[OUT Q=voters out]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


Write-In Candidate Andy Nicely did get to cast his ballot in this election -- despite the dispute over his right to vote in Vinton -- because his home is located in Roanoke City.
Nicely says the controversy took toll on his campaign.
He also believes his status as a write-in candidate affected the outcome in the election.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT15:13:41]
[IN Q=To get voters]

((TO GET VOTERS EDUCATED ON HOW THE DO THE WRITE-IN PROCESS WAS A CHALLENGE FOR ME AND MY SUPPORTER, BUT I FEEL REAL GOOD. I FEEL REAL GOOD ABOUT TI))
[SUPER=701-Andy Nicely/Write-In Mayoral Candidate]
[RUNS=07]
[OUT Q=about it]
(--------------)
[VO-NAT]


Nicely says he plans to run for town council in 2 years -- and try again in four years for mayor.

(-------------)[11Intermet]



[ANCHOR=melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=mjo]
[TAPE#=00-10 TC51:07]
[GRAPHIC=New River Castings]


In other news this morning, officials say the New River Castings plant in Radford will be up and running again by the year's end.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Radford;]


Word came from the plant's parent company, Intermet.
Officials say they decided to rebuild out of a sense of duty to the community.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT 3:15:51 - 3:16:00]
[IN Q=We recognize]

((JOHN DODDRIDGE/INTERMET CEO: WE RECOGNIZE THAT WE HAVE A CAPABLE AND TRAINED WORKFORCE RIGHT HERE IN RADFORD AND OVERALL, THE COMMUNITY SUPPORT HAS BEEN EXCELLENT.))
[SUPER=01-John Doddridge/Intermet CEO;]
[RUNS=:09]
[OUT Q=has been excellent.]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


Intermet promises a safer, cleaner plant.
Family members of Karen Hamilton, one of three workers killed in the explosion, say if that's true, they welcome it back.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT 3:44:15 - :27]
[IN Q=I think as a]

((JERICIA TIBBS/VICTIM'S SISTER: I THINK AS A COMMUNITY AND AS A FAMILY OF INTERMET WE NEED TO NEVER, NEVER FORGET ABOUT THE THREE PEOPLE THAT GAVE THEIR LIVES DOWN THERE.))
[SUPER=01-Jericia Tibbs/Victim's Sister;]
[RUNS=:12]
[OUT Q=lives down there.]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


One section of the plant re-opens next week.
(------------)



[11Rke-Council]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=ejo]
[TAPE#=none]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Republicans got a win in Roanoke City Council as well.
(+++++++)

[Take Results Page Race 240]
Bill Carder with the most votes- 22 percent- making him the next vice mayor of Roanoke.
Democratic Incumbent Linda Wyatt was re-elected to council. Bill Bestpitch also a Democrat wins a seat on council- bumping incumbent Carroll Swain out.
One other note- longtime councilman Jim Trout who died last week- still got nearly one thousand votes.
(-------------)



[Salem-Council]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=am]
[WRITER=kwe]
[TAPE#=00-]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Two incumbents and one newcomer won the three open seats on Salem City Council.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=703-Salem]

Alex Brown and Howard Packett were both reelected -- but the big winner was first time candidate Gerald Pace who won over 3-thousand votes. All three winners agree it was a tough race down to the end.
(((///// SOT /////)
[SOT 8:24:58]
[IN Q=]

((HOWARD PACKETT: IT WAS A GOOD RACE A LOT OF CANDIDATES AND A GOOD CLEAN RACE.))

[SOT 8:23:27]
[INQ=]

((ALEX BROWN: SALEM IS A WELL RUN CITY IT'S A GREAT PLACE TO LIVE GREAT PLACE TO RAISE A FAMILY AND I THINK IT WILL REMAIN THAT WAY.))

[SOT 8:28:09]
[INQ=]

((GERALD PACE: I TRIED TO RUN A CLEAN AND POSITIVE CAMPAIGN AS I COULD AND THE CITIZENS RESPONDED TO THAT.))))

[SUPER=701-Howard Packett/(I) Re-elected to Council ; :01]
[SUPER=701-Alex Brown/(I) Re-elected to Council; :06]
[SUPER=701-Gerald Pace/(I) Salem City Council Elect; :12]
[OUTQ=to that]
[RUNS=21]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]

The only woman on the ballot, Stella Reinhard, came in a close fourth. Reinhard said she'll try again in two years.
(------------)



[Vieques]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=mel]
[TAPE#=net]
[GRAPHIC=none]


Protestors at the U-S Navy bombing range on the island of (vee-AY'-kes) Vieques are preparing for a possible showdown with the U-S military.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Vieques, Puerto Rico;]

[3:02:34]
Federal agents are expected to being evicting them soon, maybe as early as today.
They're demonstrating against the use of the island as a military training ground.
The Pentagon maintains Vieques is vital to national security.
(------------)


[Health-Check]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=Morn]
[WRITER=chr]
[TAPE#=NET]
[GRAPHIC=Mornin Health Check]


In medical news, a new report suggests there's a positive side to morning sickness.

Doctor Dave Hnida has that story and more in this morning's Health check.
(/////SOT/////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=]
[SUPER=01-Dr. Dave Hnida/Reporting; :00 ]
[RUNS=1:31]
[OUT Q=CBS News, New York.]

((Information: ON CAM If you've ever had morning sickness, you are a person who truly knows the meaning of misery.

VT=VO

But according to a report in this month's Journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, morning sickness may protect the baby by keeping hormone levels in check. As a result, women who suffer morning sickness are less likely to have a miscarriage, a small baby or a premature baby.

VT=VO

If you are overweight, are you being shortchanged when it comes to health care? A report in the Annals of Internal Medicine finds being overweight increases your risk of cancer among other things, but yet overweight women are less likely to be tested for those cancers. For example, the rate of mammograms and pap smears are almost 10% less overweight than they are for women of normal weight. Two possible reasons: physicians may be counseling overweight women less, but more likely is self image may drive many women away from routine healthcare screening.
ON CAM Also today, a word of caution if you are going to the chiropractor and getting neck adjustments. A study from Canada reports getting your neck cracked, can cause a stroke. Researchers say the risk is low, but not zero. Therefore, a patients should be told of the risks before having neck adjustments. And by the way, the risk of fatal stroke from chiropractic is not just in older people, but for people in their 20's and 30's as well. That's a look at some of the day's top health stories. I'm Dr. Dave Hnida for CBS News.
Music: None))


(ad lib to weather)

[2-HEADLINES]
[2-shot=Mel/Kmc]
[SUPER=#4049; Morning Headlines]
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


Here's a look at today's top stories.
(----------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


Roanoke has a new mayor.
Ralph Smith was elected last night with 36 percent of the vote.
Incumbent David Bowers came in third in the race, failing to win a third term in office.
(----------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=Kim]


And a tight race for mayor of Vinton.
Councilman Don Davis won with a 6 percent margin.
He says the controversy surrounding write-in candidate Andy Nicely's residency overshadowed the issues.
Davis is now focused on finding a new police chief.
(----------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


The trial is under way for two Libyan men, accused of blowing up Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.
All 259 people on board, including 189 Americans, were killed when the plane exploded on December 21st, 1988. Eleven people on the ground also died.
(----------------)
[ANCHOR=Kimberly]


And that's what's making news on this Wednesday May 3-rd.
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


News 7 Mornin' will be right back.

[2-11Roanoke-Mayor]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=noon]
[WRITER=dse]
[TAPE#=none]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Republican Ralph Smith will be the new mayor of Roanoke. He defeated Incumbent Democrat David Bowers.
(XXXXXXXX)

[TAKE LEADER 250]
Smith took 36 percent of the vote.
Independent Mac Macadden came in second with 32 percent- and the suprise of the night-
Incumbent Democrat David Bowers pulled in 30 percent- not enough to pull of a third term as Mayor-
Indpendent Duane Howard squeaked in 2 percent of the vote.


[Bowers]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=AM]
[WRITER=jda]
[TAPE#=00-09]
[GRAPHIC=election 2000]


Though disappointed in defeat, David Bowers defended his record at city hall.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=703-Roanoke]


Bowers said he feels fortunate to have served as Roanoke's mayor for two terms.
The way he sees it, Bowers told city Democrats, he's had six bad months, and seven and a half good YEARS as mayor.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT 03:38:05]
[IN Q=We may have made some mistakes...]
[SUPER=701-David Bowers/Roanoke Mayor]
[RUNS=:12]
[OUT Q=for the people of Roanoke]
(-------------)
[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[GRAPHIC=none]


Bowers said he will continue to look for "that great window of opportunity" that has yet to open.

[11Bowers-Historical]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=ejo]
[TAPE#=00-]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


This was the third time David Bowers has run for mayor. His vote totals and percentages dropped each time.
(+++++++)

[Take Race Results 600]
In his first campaign eight years ago, Bowers got 57 per cent of the vote, handily defeating Wick Anderson. More than 18 thousand Roanoke residents voted in 19-92. [Take Race Results 610]
In 1996, the total vote dropped to about 12 thousand. This time, Bowers defeated Pat Green with 55 per cent of the total.
(-------------)



[2-11Vinton-Mayor]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=morning]
[WRITER=jsu]
[TAPE#=00-18]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Councilman Don Davis has been elected mayor of Vinton. He won the election by only a 6-percent margin.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=703-Vinton]


Davis say it's time to focus on healing the town of Vinton and searching for a new police chief.
He says the controversy surrounding write-in candidate Andy Nicely's residency -- overshadowed many of the important issues in this election -- but did make an impact at the polls.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT15:12:25]
[IN Q=I think it probably brought]

((I THINK IT PROBABLY BROUGHT A LOT OF PEOPLE OUT THAT WOULD NOT HAVE A COME OUT AND VOTED. I THINK THE POLICE ISSUE WAS ANOTHER ISSUE THAT WAS BROUGHT OUT THAT MAYBE BROUGHT OTHER VOTERS OUT))
[SUPER=701-Don Davis/Mayor-Elect]
[RUNS=12]
[OUT Q=voters out]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


Write-In Candidate Andy Nicely did get to cast his ballot in this election -- despite the dispute over his right to vote in Vinton -- because his home is located in Roanoke City.
Nicely says the controversy took toll on his campaign.
He also believes his status as a write-in candidate affected the outcome in the election.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT15:13:41]
[IN Q=To get voters]

((TO GET VOTERS EDUCATED ON HOW THE DO THE WRITE-IN PROCESS WAS A CHALLENGE FOR ME AND MY SUPPORTER, BUT I FEEL REAL GOOD. I FEEL REAL GOOD ABOUT TI))
[SUPER=701-Andy Nicely/Write-In Mayoral Candidate]
[RUNS=07]
[OUT Q=about it]
(--------------)
[VO-NAT]


Nicely says he plans to run for town council in 2 years -- and try again in four years for mayor.

(-------------)[11L'burg-Council]



[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=ejo]
[TAPE#=00-11 TC23:32]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Two of the four City Council seats in Lynchburg were contested yesterday.
(+++++++)

[Take Results Page Race 190]
In Ward Three, incumbent Republican Robert Garber easily won re-election with nearly two thirds of the vote over newcomer Paul Shaskan and Jane Thurber, who has now run for council eight times without success. [Take Results Page Race 200]
Ward Four, former police chief Joe Seiffert capitalized on his name recognition to hold off challenges from Robert Bailey and Becky Poe.. Seiffert will replace Jim Whitaker.

[11Bedford-Council]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=ejo]
[TAPE#=None]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Bedford voters re-elected two incumbents, but another came in dead last.
(+++++++)

[Take Results Page Race 100]
Mike Shelton and Bob (WAN-dry) Wandrei were elected to new terms. Skip Tharp and Tom Padgett also won election. [Next Page]
But incumbent Dave Ballard failed in his attempt for another term in Bedford.
(------------)



[AR-Execution]


[ANCHOR=melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=mel]
[TAPE#=net]
[GRAPHIC=none]


Despite their protests anti-death penalty activist where unable to stop the first execution of a woman in Arkansas in more than 150 years.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Varner, AR;]

[3:11:01]
Twenty-eight year old Christina Riggs was found guilty of killing her 2 children in 19-97.
She is only the 5th woman to be put to death in the United states since the Supreme Court lifted the death penalty ban- in 19-76.
The last women executed in Arkansas... was back in 18-45.
(------------)


[Pan-Am]


[ANCHOR=melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=mel]
[TAPE#=net]
[GRAPHIC=none]


The murder investigation took eleven years.
Now it's finally time to go to trial.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Camp Zeist, Netherlands;]


The prosecution of two Libyans for blowing Pan Am Flight 103 out of the sky in 19-88 is now under way in the Netherlands.
The trial is being held at a special court on a former U-S air base in the Netherlands.
Three Scottish judges are presiding.
[SUPER=03-Lockerbie, Scotland/December 21, 1988;]


All 259 aboard flight 1-0-3 were killed in the blast as well as 11 people on the ground in Lockerbie, Scotland.
The trial is expected to last about a year.
(------------)


[11Lawson-sentence]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=sch]
[TAPE#=none]
[GRAPHIC=none]


A Pittsylvania County hunter, convicted of killing a man and a dog when he thought he was shooting a turkey, will serve time in prison.
A judge sentenced 36 year old Keith Dean Lawson to seven years for involuntary manslaughter and an additional year for reckless handling of a firearm.
The judge held Lawson responsible for the November death of 28 year old Kevin Scott Dalton and his dog.

[11D'ville-council]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=sch]
[TAPE#=00-13 TC30:26]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Elections in Danville resulted in a couple of upsets.
(XXXXXXXXXX)

[TAKE LEADER 170]
Here are some of the old and new faces on city council. Three out of five incumbents will return for another term.
Two newcomers defeated two incumbents Joyce Glaise (GLAZE) and Sherman Saunders.
Danny Marshall is a Danville native.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=703-Danville;]


This is not only his first "campaign run" for city council but he received the most votes.
(/////SOT/////)
[SOT 1:53:14]
[IN Q=That's pretty special]

((DANNY MARSHALL/CITY COUNCIL ELECT:THAT'S PRETTY SPECIAL. I DIDN'T EXPECT TO DO THAT. I JUST WANTED TO GET A WIN. IT DOESN'T PAY MORE TO BE FIRST THAN FIVE. I'M GLAD I'M ONE OF THE FIVE AND I'M LOOKING FORWARD TO BEING ON COUNCIL.))
[SOT 1:58:00]

((YOU'VE BEEN IN OFFICE FOR A WHILE WHAT'S GOING TO MAKE THESE NEXT FOUR YEARS EXCITING AND MOVE THIS CITY FORWARD? JOHN HAMLIN: THERE HAS BEEN AN AWAKENING SO TO SPEAK OF THE NEED FOR DIVERSITY IN JOBS WITHIN OUR COMMUNITY AND VALUE OF PUBLIC EDUCATION.))
[SUPER=701-Danny Marshall/Danville City Council-Elect; :00]
[SUPER=701-John Hamlin/Danville City Council; :20]
[RUNS=:32]
[OUT Q=the value of public education.]
(--------------)
[VO-NAT]


A little more than 30 percent of registered voters cast their ballots. To some election officials it was a disappointing turn out.
(-------------)



[11M'ville-Council]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=ejo]
[TAPE#=none]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


In Martinsville, two incumbent City Council members won re-election, but neither finished at the top of the ticket.
(+++++++)

[Take Results page 210]
That honor goes to Ronald Ferrill. Incumbents Gene Teague and Bruce Dallas grabbed the other two seats.
Ronnie Stone missed by 41 votes. [Next Page]
Nancy Carter and David Gilbert finished well out of the running.
(------------)



[11Radford-Council]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=ejo]
[TAPE#=none]
[GRAPHIC=Election 2000]


Three candidates- and just two open seats, for Radford City Council.
(+++++++)

[Take Results Race 220]
Virginia Collins led the way, and incumbent David Worrell captured the other seat.
But fellow council member (A-neice LEE-vee)Annyce Levy lost her bid for another term.
(--------------)




[Arcadia-Student]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=kor]
[TAPE#=none]
[GRAPHIC=Legal Scales]




A 15-year-old Arcadia Leadership Academy student has pleaded guilty to manufacturing explosives. Yesterday's plea was part of an agreement that combines two felony charges into one and dismisses a misdemeanor possessing illegal fireworks charge. The student will be sentenced June 13th.

[bonfire-collapse]


[ANCHOR=Melanie]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=mel]
[TAPE#=net]
[GRAPHIC=none]


The president of Texas A-and-M University says he'll take about six weeks to decide whether the annual bonfire should continue.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-College Station, TX;]

[3:18:59]
That after a report was released yesterday by the commision investigating the November 18th log pile collapse that killed 12 people.
The panel says there was too much stress on the lower pile of logs.
It also found fault with the way the whole project was organized and carried out.
A petition drive was held by A-and-M students to continue the 90 year old Bonfire tradition.
(------------------)


[6-Winn-Dixie]


[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
[NEWSCAST=morn]
[WRITER=dse]
[TAPE#=None]
[GRAPHIC=Winn-Dixie]


Winn-Dixie has confirmed four more stores in our area will close this summer.
The chain will shut down three stores in Lynchburg and one in South Boston.
Last week, the company confirmed the store on Plantation Road in Roanoke will close on June Fifth.
[Local-Recap]
[SUPER=#4059;Local Recap]
[2-Shot=Mel/Kmc]
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


Now here's another look at today's top local stories:
(----------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


Republican Ralph Smith is the new Mayor of Roanoke. He took 36 percent of the vote defeating Independent Mac Macadden, Independent Duane Howard and Incumbant Democrat David Bowers.

(----------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=Kimberly]


In the Vinton mayor's race, Councilman Don Davis won the election by only a 6 percent margin. He defeated write-in candidate Andy Nicely.

(----------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


Officials say the New River Castings plant in Radford will be up and running again by the year's end.
Word came from the plant's parent company, Intermet.
Officials say they decided to rebuild out of a sense of duty to the community.

(-------------)
[ANCHOR=Kimberly]
(Kimberly mic hot)
(///////////////)
(Kimberly ad lib weather)
(-------------)

[2-SHOT]
[ANCHOR=Melanie]


Now here's Robin Reed with a preview of News 7 at Six.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=Well After]
[RUNS=11]
[OUT Q=News 7 at 6]
(-------------)
[Double Boxes=Melanie/Kimberly and Steve]
(toss)
[ANCHOR=Steve]
(live ad lib, tease tomorrow)

(ad lib bye) [Double Boxes=Melanie/Kimberly and Steve]