[1-News-Head]

(-------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=SHannon 2-Shot]


A group of local businesses hopes a plan to increase Roanoke's air service will take flight.
(------------)
[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]

And, Vance Wilkins' political career is up in the air as he has yet to decide whether to retain his seat in the General Assembly.

[Sports-head]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=twe]
[TAPE#=]
[GRAPHIC=]


Coming up tonight in sports, Steve Mason camps out with Shannon Taylor and friends, one of Taylor's former teammates gets a new job, and
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


we'll let you know who put the hammer down today in Michigan.
(------------)


[WX-Head]
[ANCHOR=Robin]
[SS=None]


A few lingering showers and storms passing through the region. However, it looks like a pleasant weekend is in store. The forecast coming up.
(-------------)
[ANCHOR=Shannon 4-Shot]


News 7 at Six is next.
[Video-Open]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=dse]
[TAPE#=Video Open]



(/////SOT/////)
[SOT 12:06:28]
[IN Q=it's a very difficult time]
[RUNS=:05]
[OUT Q=and for Republicans in general in Virginia.]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]


The Republican Party regroups following the loss of its most powerful member.
[ANCHOR=Shannon 2-Shot]


Members look to move past the recent controversies.
(------------)
[ANCHOR=Shannon 2-Shot]


Good evening, I'm Shannon Young.
[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]


And I'm Keith Humphry.
[Wilkins]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=mmu]
[TAPE#=02-17 TC1:09:16]
[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]


Virginia Republicans are trying to move forward in the wake of House Speaker Vance Wilkins' resignation.
[ANCHOR=Shannon 2-Shot]


Meghan Muldoon has more from Richmond.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=Vance Wilkins stepped down from]
[SUPER=03-Richmond]
[SUPER=01-Bob Holsworth/Political Analyst]
[SUPER=01-Gary Thomson/Republican Party of Virginia]
[SUPER=@Meghan2;]
[RUNS=1:41]
[OUT Q=MM, News 7, Richmond.]

(( Vance Wilkins stepped down from his post as Speaker but has yet to announce whether he'll continue to represent Amherst in the House of Delegates.
Most observers feel he will ultimately decide to give up the seat...one that he has held for nearly 25 years.
[SOT 13:17:55-06]
[IN Q=Vance Wilkins was becoming]

[RUNS:11]
[OUT Q=in his own party right now.]


Wilkins has refused to endorse a successor.
But speculation over who it might be started even before the Speaker stepped down.
Delegate Lacey Putney will immediately serve as acting Speaker.
Majority Leader Morgan Griffith, Delegate Vince Callahan of Mclean and Robert McDonnell of Virginia Beach have been mentioned as potential permanent replacements.
[SOT 13:25:22-26]
[IN Q=I think they're going to]

[RUNS:04]
[OUT Q=not a concensus candidate here.]


By most accounts, the Republican Party has had a troublesome year.
An eavesdropping scandal led to the resignation in March of the head of the state party, Ed Matricardi and an ongoing federal investigation.
Now the party finds itself in the aftermath of a sexual harassment controversy which ultimately brought down one of the most powerful Republicans in the state.
Still many Republicans feel their party is stronger than ever.
[SOT 20:39:28-44]
[IN Q=While we have many things]

[RUNS:16]
[OUT Q=done the right thing.]


Republican leaders have planned a conference call over the weekend to discuss the state of the party and how to move past the controversies that have defined it this year.
Most members of the party, no doubt, are hoping the worse is behind them.
Meghan Muldoon, News 7, Richmond))

[Goodlatte]


[ANCHOR=Shannon]
[NEWSCAST=6 p.m.]
[WRITER=syo]
[TAPE#=02-14 TC1:33:47]
[GRAPHIC=Wilkins]


Congressman Bob Goodlatte is confident the GOP will weather the Wilkins scandal without being damaged.
(///// SOT at top /////)
[SOT 11:06-11:31]
[IN Q=I think we'll move forward...]

((REP. BOB GOODLATTE/R-6TH DISTRICT: I THINK WE'LL MOVE FORWARD. THESE THINGS INVOLVE POOR DECISIONS ON THE PART OF INDIVIDUALS. THEY DO NOT INVOLVE THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. I THINK THIS WAS A SERIOUS SITUATION, BUT THE SPEAKER DID THE RIGHT THING FOR THE PEOPLE OF VIRGINIA AND THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND BY STEPPING DOWN. I THINK WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO MOVE FORWARD WITH A NEW SPEAKER.))
[SUPER=@Goodlatte;]
[RUNS=:25]
[OUT Q=move forward with a new speaker.]
(-------------)
[ANCHOR=Shannon]
[GRAPHIC=None]

While Goodlatte described Wilkins' situation as sad, he also credited the former Speaker with being an effective lawmaker.

[Boston-Khaliq]


[ANCHOR=Keith]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=dse]
[TAPE#=02-11 TC1:58:45]
[GRAPHIC=LEgal Scales]


A muslim woman faces up to ten years in prison after being found guilty of threatening to blow up the Bedford Wal-Mart last fall.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Lynchburg]


A federal jury deliberated for two and a half hours before convicting 42-year old Rosilyn Boston- (KAH-lick) Khaliq of the felony bomb threat.
Prosecutors say they take such cases more seriously in light of the September 11th terrorist attacks.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q= BECAUSE THEY TAKE ]

((CRAIG JACOBSEN/ASST. U. S. ATTORNEY; BECAUSE THEY TAKE AWAY FROM OUR FIRE DEPARTMENT, OUR POLICE RESOURCES, THAT ARE CHASING AFTER THESE THREATS, WHEN THEY COULD BE ELSEWHERE. AND I THINK THAT WAS THE DEPLORABLE CONDUCT IN THIS BY THE DEFENDANT.))
[SUPER=01-Craig Jacobsen/Assistant U. S. Attorney; ]
[RUNS=:13]
[OUT Q=BY THE DEFENDANT]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


Jacobson wouldn't say whether he'll seek active prison time for Boston-Khaliq when she's sentenced in September.


(------------)



[L'Burg-Murder]


[ANCHOR=Keith]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=dse]
[TAPE#=02-26 TC10:24]
[GRAPHIC=Murder Invest.]


Two men are in custody and more arrests may follow in what police describe as the "heinous" beating death of a Lynchburg man earlier this week.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Lynchburg]


28-year old Ronald L. Brooks, Junior was found lying the 100 block of Jackson Street Tuesday night, bleeding from a head wound.
He later died at Lynchburg General Hospital
Police have charged two city men with murder and they continue to search for other people who may have been involved.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q= WE DO SUSPECT ]

((LT. WAYNE DUFF/LYNCHBURG POLICE DEPARTMENT; WE DO SUSPECT THERE WERE OTHER PEOPLE INVOLVED IN THE INCIDENT. THE LEVEL OF THEIR INVOLVEMENT IS WHAT WE'RE INVESTIGATING NOW. CURRENTLY WE ARE AGGRESSIVELY SEEKING INFORMATION ABOUT ANYBODY THAT WAS THERE THAT MAY HAVE BEEN A POSSIBLE WITNESS, ALSO ANYBODY THAT WAS THERE THAT MAY HAVE BEEN A CONTRIBUTOR TO THIS MAN'S DEMISE.))
[SUPER=01-Lt. Wayne Duff/Lynchburg Police Department; ]
[RUNS=:18]
[OUT Q=TO THIS MAN'S DEMISE]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]


The two suspects in custody are 23-year old Shamaine Lamonte Horsley and 26 -year old Charles Demont Robinson, both of Lynchburg.
Police say the murder may have been drug-related.
(------------)



[Rockbridge-Fire]


[ANCHOR=Shannon]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=rle]
[TAPE#=02-22 TC58:16]
[GRAPHIC=Fire]


A forest fire in Rockbridge County continues to burn, despite some light rain.
(------------)
[VO-NAT - :16.5]
[SUPER=03-Rockbridge Co.;]

The fire in the James River Face Wilderness has burned more than 500 acres and is expected to grow significantly before it can be contained. Small controlled backburns are being used to take fuel away from the larger fire, however light rain extinguished some of those.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=Because of the rain...]

((ALAN CRAFT/VA DEPT. OF FORESTRY; BECAUSE OF THE RAIN, THE MOISTURE IN THE FUELS WILL HAMPER THE BURNOUT OPERATION AND IT MAY DRY OUT SO THAT CAN HAPPEN.))
[SUPER=01-Alan Craft/VA Dept. of Forestry; ]
[RUNS=9]
[OUT Q=so that can happen.]
(------------)
[VO-NAT - :12+]

Two homes are being threatened by the fire, but crews are clearing fire lines to stop the fire. The blaze could burn more than one thousand acres before it is controlled. That could come as early as Tuesday.
(------------)



[Bridge-Repair]


[ANCHOR=Shannon]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=rca]
[TAPE#=02-04 TC1:16:48]
[GRAPHIC=None]


A damaged bridge in the New River Valley is forcing some major traffic changes for drivers.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Montgomery Co.;]

V-DOT is closing the westbound Route 114 bridge over the New River in Montgomery County. The bridge is located near the Radford Arsenal between Christiansburg and Radford. Officials say its overhead truss was damaged by a truck earlier this month. While the bridge is closed for repairs...east and westbound traffic will be reduced to one lane in each direction on the eastbound side. V-DOT isn't saying when the bridge will be re-open.
(------------)



[Tease#1]
[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]
[SS=NONE]


A triple-whammy for Roanoke County's Optical Cable.
[ANCHOR=Shannon 2-Shot]


We'll explain when News 7 at Six returns.
(XXXXXXXX)
[LIVE=Jennifer Full/Microwave]
[SUPER=@Jennifer1;]
[SUPER=05-Roanoke]

((JENNIFER LIVE TEASE; YOU MAY BE KISSING SKY-HIGH AIRFARE GOODBYE AT ROANOKE REGIONAL AIRPORT WITHIN THE NEXT 12 MONTHS. WE'LL TELL YOU WHY NEXT ON NEWS 7.))
(----------------)





[Air-Service]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=jmi]
[TAPE#=02-03 TC1:57:51]
[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]


They want lower airfares... So they've created a partnership to get them.
Officials from dozens of communities have formed the Roanoke Regional Airport Alliance.
[ANCHOR=Shannon 2-Shot]


They'll try to convince airlines to lower fares and provide more service to and from Roanoke.
[DOUBLE BOXES=Keith-SHannon & Jennifer /Microwave;]


Business Reporter Jennifer Miele is at the airport where the alliance announced its intentions today.
[LIVE= Jennifer /FULL Microwave]
[SUPER=@jennifer1]
[SUPER=05-Roanoke]


Keith and Shannon, officials say this airport and the communities it serves cannot thrive while airfares are so high.
So they've teamed up with business leaders and Virginia Tech to change things.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=The man leading]
[SUPER=03-Roanoke;:]
[SUPER=01-Barry DuVal/Kaufman & Canoles Consulting;:]
[SUPER=@Smith;:]
[RUNS=1:00]
[OUT Q=projection numbers.]

(( The man leading the charge for lower airfares and more service is Virginia's former Secretary of Commerce and Trade Barry DuVal.
He's been hired to provide airlines with projections that show Roanoke can support more flights.
[SOT]

((BARRY DUVAL/KAUFMAN & CANOLES CONSULTING: THIS IS A JOURNEY THAT TAKES A WHOLE LOT TO PUT TOGETHER. IT WON'T HAPPEN IN A WEEK, BUT HOPEFULLY WITHIN 12 MONTHS, WE'LL BE VERY CLOSE TO HAVING NEW AND IMPROVED AIRPORT SERVICE.)) [RUNS10]
Members of the alliance come from 19 area communities -- not to mention Advance Auto, Mead Westvaco and Virginia Tech.
They want quick, reliable, and reasonable air service to support economic development.
[SOT]

((RALPH SMITH/MAYOR OF ROANOKE: THIS CREATIVITY WILL HELP HARNESS OUR REGIONAL TALENT TO IMPROVE COST AND CONVENIENCE OF SERVICE TO THE AREA.)) [RUNS11]
The Roanoke Regional Airport Alliance is awaiting word from the U.S. Department of Transportation... the group may receive a 2 million dollar grant to help generate passenger projection numbers.))
(-----------------)
[LIVE= Jennifer /FULL Microwave]
[SUPER=05-Roanoke;]


Details about how the alliance is going to convince airlines to lower fares and increase service aren't being released.
And nobody would tell us if there are deals on the table with any airlines.
[DOUBLE BOXES= /Microwave;]


Keith, Shannon.

[Harris]


[ANCHOR=Keith]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=rca]
[TAPE#=502-05 TC31:07]
[GRAPHIC=Legal Scales]


An Elliston woman accused of killing her infant son is out of jail on bond.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]

Officials say 28-year-old Regina Harris posted a 50-thousand dollar bond for her release. The judge ordered her to undergo drug- abuse counseling, to remain in Montgomery County, and answer random check- up calls from authorities. Harris is charged with second- degree murder in the death of her 6-*day*-old son Toby Harris.
(------------)
[ANCHOR=Keith]
[SS=HOLD]

Authorities say the infant died of a drug overdose last month. Harris also faces felony child abuse and drug possession charges.

[Black-Angus]


[ANCHOR=Keith]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=khu]
[TAPE#=02-19 TC31:34]
[GRAPHIC=HOLD]

There've been more arrests as a result of the midnight raid on a Roanoke strip club last month.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Roanoke/May 23]

A dancer at the Black Angus was one of those arrested... not for indecent exposure but for allegedly distributing marijuana, Lortab and Xanax. Christina Bryant will be arraigned next week, along with Kimberle Miller, the club owner's girlfriend. Miller faces simple possession charges, based on what police discovered at the home the couple rents in the Windsor Lake area of the city. Drug Prosecutor Neil Horn says warrants are pending against three more people, but no additional arrests have been made. Club Owner Billy Hill is NOT among them, Horn says.
(------------)



[Optical-Cable]


[ANCHOR=Shannon]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=jmi]
[TAPE#=Net]
[GRAPHIC=Business News]


There are three more strikes against Roanoke County's Optical Cable Corporation.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Roanoke Co./File Tape]


Sales are down 37 percent.
The fiber optic company laid off 28 employees this week.
And the company is in danger of being kicked-off the NASDAQ.
That's bad news for shareholders, of course as the stock would be worthless if Optical Cable is de-listed.
The stock price would have to rise and stay above a dollar for ten consecutive business days to avoid de-listing.


The deadline is mid-August.
(------------)



[Stocks]


[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=dse]
[TAPE#=None]
[GRAPHIC=None]


Though the Dow dropped more than 200 points in the first half hour of trading, the market recovered most of the loss by day's end. [TAKE DOW & NASDAQ PAGE]
[RUNS=:30]
[SUPER=x5000;]
[SUPER=440-y/28.59/9474.21/x/7.80/1504.66;]
[ANCHOR=Shannon 2-Shot]


The DOW was off 29 points at the close.
NASDAQ gained eight.
(-------------)

[VO]
[SUPER=271-h/0.39/58.00/h/0.12/41.17/h/1.50/71.10/i/0.37/17.56/h/0.03/6.59;]
[SUPER=272-i/0.48/64.57/h/0.26/53.81/i/0.15/29.70/i/0.20/19.25/i/0.65/49.40;]
[SUPER=273-i/0.30/19.52/i/0.54/21.12/i/0.05/0.56/i/0.65/55.14/h/0.26/13.50;]
[SUPER=274-h/0.36/66.46/i/0.52/105.33/i/0.04/41.31/h/0.66/37.43/h/0.45/56.95;]
[SUPER=#555; Reset]


[81-Ax]


[ANCHOR=Shannon]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=kar]
[TAPE#=02-21 TC26:17]
[GRAPHIC=Accident]


A young women's drive to California was cut short today.
Not far from home...she flipped her car while driving on 81.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Montgomery Co.]


While trying to adjust her radio...she lost control of her vehicle.
The car flipped onto it's hood....near exit 128.
The girl was taken to Montgomery Regional Hospital with no serious injuries.
Her name has yet to be released.
(------------)


[Greigg]


[ANCHOR=Keith]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=khu]
[TAPE#=]
[GRAPHIC=None]

A former U-S Congressman died last night while attending a church conference at Roanoke College. Stanley Lloyd Greigg (GREG) was on his way to a worship service when he collapsed in the parking lot outside Bowman (BOH- man) Hall. Attempts to resuscitate him were unsuccessful.
A Roanoke College news release called Greigg a "churchman of the highest caliber." The 71-year old Lutheran church leader was a native of Iowa and a former Deputy Chairman of the Democratic National Committee.

[Sports tease]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=twe]
[TAPE#=]
[GRAPHIC=]


On the way in sports, we'll camp out with Shannon Taylor, hear some words of wisdom from Jason Conley
(------------)
[VO-NAT]

plus find out where Anthony Poindexter will spend his weekends this fall.
(------------)



[S-Qualify]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=twe]
[TAPE#=SP-117 TC20124]
[GRAPHIC=Nascar]


We start this Friday on the track in Michigan where the rubber met the road, at least for awhile in qualifying for Sunday's Sirius Satellite Radio 400.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Brooklyn, MI/Fox Sports Net; :00]


Dale Jarrett went out and set the early pace in the UPS machine. Jarrett's best lap clocked in at just over 189 miles per hour. Nineteen drivers made their runs before rain showers interrupted time trials.
And after a rain delay of about an hour and a half. The cars headed back out. Right now qualifying is winding down with just a few cars left. Here's a look at the current top 10.
(------------)


[S-Results]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=twe]
[TAPE#=]
[GRAPHIC=NASCAR]




(------------)

[WIPE TO MOTION!!!!!!]
[SUPER=#556]
[SUPER=X5016;]
[SUPER=0107-1. Dale Jarrett/189.071/2. Michael Waltrip//3. Dale Earnhardt, Jr.//4.Bill Elliott//5. Ryan Newman//;]
[SUPER=X5009;]
[SUPER=0107-6. Elliott Sadler//7.Ricky Craven//8. Mark Martin//9. John Andretti//10. Kurt Busch//;]
[SUPER=X5009;]
[RUNS=:10]
[OUT Q=.....last driver."]
(-----------)



[S-Poindexter]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=sma]
[TAPE#=SP-121 17:12]
[GRAPHIC=UVa]


One football note tonight, former University of Virginia football star Anthony Poindexter has retired from the NFL and will serve as UVa's graduate assistant coach for this coming football season.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Baltimore, MD; :00]


Poindexter played two seasons with the Baltimore Ravens as a defensive back, but got most of his playing time on special teams. Poindexter was released by the Ravens, picked up by Cleveland and then cut by the Browns before last season.

Virginia head coach Al Groh pursued Dex for over a month and the former Jefferson Forest star had to give Groh an answer by last weekend.
(------------)
[anchor=travis]
[graphic=HOLD UVA]


Poindexter will begin work on his masters degree and he wants to someday become a head college coach. Poindexter is vacationing in Mexico and could not be reached for comment.

[S-Shannon]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=sma]
[TAPE#=SP-123 12:32]
[GRAPHIC=UVa]


Anthony's former teammate and former Patrick Henry standout athlete Shannon Taylor is now in his third season in the NFL with the Baltimore Ravens. Today, he began his first annual football and cheerleading camp. Steve Mason has more.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=]
[SUPER=03-Roanoke; :00]
[SUPER=01-Shannon Taylor/Baltimore Ravens Linebacker; :]
[SUPER=@Steve1; :]
[SUPER=01-Kevin Clifford/Patrick Henry Football Coach; :]
[SUPER=01-Keith Smith/William Fleming Head Coach; :]
[SUPER=01-Byron Thweatt/Tennessee Titan Linebacker; :]
[RUNS=:00]
[OUT Q=...news 7 sports"]
(--------------)

((Just like a kid that grew up playing on these same football fields, taylor knows how to have fun. ((:))
But the UVa grad, who is approaching his third NFL season, is down right serious about coaching kids at his first annual football camp. ((:))
Taylor begins his second season with the Baltimore Ravens and is using his young status in the league to give Roanoke city and county kids an NFL camp like atmosphere that he experiecned at their age. ((:)) ((:)) ((:)) ((:)) Floyd County head football coach Winfred Beale joined the group of NFL players like Tennessee Titan andf former UVa star Byron Thweat along with Baltimore Raven Gary Baxter to give back to Shannon's communuty and it's kids. ((:))
Taylor also packed the Patrick Henry gym with a cheerleading camp. In Roanoe Steve MasonNew s 7 sports.))[S-Conley]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=sma]
[TAPE#=SP-124 10:30]
[GRAPHIC=Basketball]


The Ramon and Damon Williams Twin Cords basketball camp
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Roanoke; :00]


welcomed VMI rising sophomore forward Jason Conley to camp. The Southern Conference player of the year offered the campers some valuable advice.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q="no matter]
[SUPER=01-Jason Conley/VMI Sophomore Forward; :00]
[RUNS=:08]
[OUT Q=on the court"]
(--------------)
[VO-NAT]

While he might be the only freshman to ever lead the nation in scoring, he makes sure to remember those that helped him, especially Ramon and Damon Williams.
(///// SOT /////)
[SOT]
[IN Q=]
[RUNS=:13]
[OUT Q=....what it is now"]
(--------------)



[S-Soccer]


[ANCHOR=travis]
[NEWSCAST=6pm]
[WRITER=twe]
[TAPE#=SP-120]
[GRAPHIC=Soccer]


The U-S soccer team backed into the second round of the World Cup this afternoon, thanks to a little help from South Korea.
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-South Korea/ESPN; :00]


Poland blitzed Bruce Arena's team jumping out to a 3-oh lead and never looking back, beating the Americans 3-1. The USA's first round record included a win, a loss, and a tie. The South Koreans bailed out the U-S though by beating Portugal this afternoon 1-nil.
(------------)


[Army-Birthday]
[NEWSCAST=6]
[WRITER=rca]
[TAPE#=02-16 TC54:31]
[ANCHOR=Keith 2-Shot]


The U-S Army is celebrating a birthday...
[ANCHOR=SHannon 2-Shot]
(------------)
[VO-NAT]
[SUPER=03-Christiansburg;]

The military branch turns 227 today. This afternoon, an army recruiting office in Christiansburg recognized the milestone. Soldiers, family and friends gathered for food and to hear remarks from Christiansburg Vice Mayor Eddie Lester. Officials say celebrations to mark the creation of the Army in 1775 will be held around the world, including in Washington D-C and Afghanistan. (------------)