Coming up next-
A possible link between a body found today and an abandoned car found
yesterday in Lynchburg.
A sentence in the case stemming from the Jenny Jones talk show.
Plus making Virginia dorms safer, but who will pay the price.
Plus hometown hoops weekly.
News 7 is next.
A body was found in Amherst County today.
The man was shot once in the head.
He may have been the driver of an abandoned car found yesterday.
A judge handed down a sentence in the Jenny Jones talk show trail.
Jonathan Schmitz killed his gay admirer and today was sentenced to 25 years
Students at Maury River Junior High had class above the clouds today.
We'll fill you in on their exciting trip to the skies and find out what
Join us for News 7 at eleven.
There may a possible link between a body discovered today in Amherst
County-- and an abandoned car found yesterday in Lynchburg.
24- year- old Vincent Lee (SKUL-ter-brant) Schulterbrandt was found dead
along Route 617.
He'd been shot in the head.
Sheriff Jimmy Ayers says (SKUL-ter-brant) Schulterbrandt matches the
description of the man driving the abandoned Nissan Pathfinder.
Blood was found in the passenger seat of the car.
It has New York plates-- (SKUL-ter-brant) is a resident of the Bronx.
The regional homicide squad will take over the investigation tomorrow.
A potential battle over a new subdivision in Campbell County was averted
tonight, when residents and developers reached a tentative agreement on the
best use of the land.
Steve Smallshaw has more from tonight's town meeting in Concord.
IN Q=Some residents say
SUPER=03-Campbell Co.; :00
SUPER=01-Joseph Maillet/Cedar Creek Development; 1:02
SUPER=01-Chuck Bullock/Cedar Creek Development; 1:12
OUT Q=News7, Concord.
(( Some residents say it's the nicest section of land in the village of
That's what led the Cedar Creek Land Development Company to buy an option on
these 100 acres, with the intent of subdividing it into eleven separate
But that raised a lot of eyebrows: another Cedar Creek project a few miles
features single and double-wide trailer homes.
That's NOT what residents wanted to see dropped into the middle of Concord.
So more than a hundred of them turned out for a meeting with the developers
to see if they could hash out their differences.
IN Q=In the interest
((In the interest of promoting a frank and open discussion, News7 honored the
developers' request NOT to bring a videocamera into the meeting. What followed
was a mostly cordial discussion with some pointed questions about the future of
the land. Essentially residents did NOT want to see double- wide trailers built
on these plots.. buildings they feel would not blend in with the rest of the
OUT Q=Concord community.
After 90 minutes of discussion, Cedar Creek agreed NOT to allow any single
or double-wide trailers.. other suggested restrictions have been taken under
IN Q=We weren't really
((JOSEPH MAILLET/DEVELOPER: WE WEREN'T REALLY OBLIGATED.. WE DID THAT.))
OUT Q=we did that.
IN Q=We made some
((CHUCK BULLOCK/DEVELOPER: WE MADE SOME CONCESSIONS.. EVERYBODY'S HAPPY.))
OUT Q=everybody's happy.
Steve Smallshaw, News7, Concord.))
The man convicted of killing a gay admirer- said he was sorry in court
((I WOULD LIKE TO TELL THE AMEDURES MY SORRY. ACCEPT MY SORRY.))
SUPER=01-Jonathan Schmitz/Convicted Murderer;
OUT Q= my sorry (double out)
Jonathan Schmitz apologized for killing Scott Amedure- the man who revealed
he had a gay crush on Schmitz on the Jenny Jones talk show.
The judge then read his sentence.
((I FEEL IT APPROPRIATE THOUGH DIFFICULT FOR ME TO DO THAT YOUR SENTENCE BE A
MINIMUM 25 YEARS IN STATE PRISON, A MAXIMUM NOT MORE THAN 50 YEARS.))
SUPER=02-Judge Francis O'Brien;
OUT Q=more than 50 years."
The 26 year old Schmitz was convicted of second degree murder-
O-J Simpson's former girlfriend testified today-
Paula Barbieri told the court she broke up with Simpson the day of the
Jennifer Sabih has more from Los Angeles.
SUPER=03-Santa Monica; 00 quick!
SUPER=01-Laurie Levinson/Legal Consultant; 16
SUPER=01-Jennifer Sabih/Reporting; 55 (no standup)
OUT Q=Los Angeles.
(( Model, Paula Barbieri is accustomed to appearing on camera and
that's the way she appeared Wednesday in the Simpson's trial. Jurors watched
O.J. Simpson's former girlfriend on videotape as she testified that on June
12th, the day Nicole Brown and Ron Goldman were murdered, she left a break-up
message on O.J.'s cellphone service. A message that she believed O.J.
Laurie Levenson/CBS Legal Consultant sot: "And we know that O.J. was calling
in for his messages that night, so it's almost a trigger point for the case.
Narration: A trigger point because plaintiff lawyers suggest Simpson could
have been enraged at his ex-wife that day, blaming her for that split with
Nancy Ney/employee of a battered womens' shelter sot:
Oh no, I don't regret testifying.
Narration (over sketch of Nancy Ney on stand): Before Barbieri,came Nancy Ney,
an employee of a battered womens' shelter who testified that five days before
Ms. simpson called, a woman named Nicole called and said her ex-husband had
been stalking her and beating her, and several times,threatened to kill her if
he caught her with another man.
Natsound of reporter question for Nancy Ney:
Are you one hundred percent sure that it was Nicole's voice? (A) No comment,
we're not commenting.
Narration: O.J.'s lawyer objected strenuously to Ney's testimony calling it
hearsay because the woman never left her last name. But Ney said the caller
said that she was in her mid-thirties, with two kids, and divorced from a high
Victims of abuse often feel they have nowhere to turn.
But a Martinsville agency is offering a sign of help.
Actually, it's a DECAL--
Citizens Against Family Violence recently started a campaign, asking
southside area businesses to display these stickers.
They indicate a safe place for those who suffer domestic or sexual abuse to
call for help.
IN Q=Batterers often think
((LYNN WEHLAU/CITIZENS AGAINST FAMILY VIOLENCE: BATTERERS OFTEN THINK THEY CAN
GET AWAY WITH THE BATTERING AND THEY WILL ISOLATE THE PERSON THEY'RE ABUSING
AND TELL THEM THAT NOBODY'S GOING TO HELP YOU. YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE TO STAY
RIGHT HERE IF WE GET THESE PEPPERED ALL OVER THE COMMUNITY, THOSE PEOPLE WHO
ARE IN ABUSIVE SITUATIONS CAN TELL THAT THERE IS A COMMUNITY THAT CARES AND
WANTS TO HELP THEM. ))
SUPER=01-Lynn Wehlau/Citizens Against Family Violence;
OUT Q=WANTS TO HELP
So far, about 100 local businesses have taken part.
(Way-LO) Wehlau says she got the idea for the Safe Haven project from a
similar agency in Connecticut.
Meanwhile, she says the number of visitors to the Martinsville shelter
has tripled over the last eight years.
HARD MUSIC UNDER
When we return, if one state legislator has his way, the personal property
tax will become a thing of the past,
and we'll tell you why the students could foot the bill if their dorm rooms
get sprinkler systems.
MUSIC UP FULL
SUPER=82-0.80''/plus 0.50''/53.00''/plus 14.54'';
SUPER=83-Down 0.66 foot/Up 0.16 foot;Lake levels
(("YOU'RE WATCHING NEWS 7 AT ELEVEN, WITH JEAN JADHON
ROBIN REED, AND MIKE STEVENS WITH SPORTS."))
U-N Secretary General Boutros Boutros Ghali has suspended his candidacy for
a second term- because of U-S opposition.
The U-S used its Security Council veto power to block another Boutros Ghali
But African nations backed him.
Boutros Ghali says he's still the only candidate for Africa.
But his action paves the way for other candidates to seek the job.
Virginia college students may have to pay for improved fire protection in
high-rise campus dorms.
Governor Allen says he'll find the money to install sprinklers, but has yet
to say where the cash will come from.
Tracy Altizer reports.
IN Q=On Virginia college
SUPER=01-Dave Nutter/VT University Relations; :08
SUPER=01-Keith Bolton/Blacksburg Fire Chief; 1:05
OUT Q=Altizer, News 7.
(( On Virginia college and university campuses, dorm construction and upkeep
is paid for through student fees.
((DAVE NUTTER/VT UNIVERSITY RELATIONS: AND SO THAT IS THE WAY ALL OF OUR DORMS
HAVE BEEN OPERATING. THEY'RE WHAT WE CALL AUXILIARY ENTERPRISES TO THE
UNIVERSITY AND STATE MONIES DO NOT GO INTO THEIR OPERATION OR UPKEEP. ))
Governor Allen has not said how he would pay for installing sprinklers in
high-rise dorms, but he refused to rule out raising student fees.
((GOV. GEORGE ALLEN: THERE ARE A MULTITUDE OF WAYS THAT IT MAY BE DONE. EACH
COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY MAY HAVE, ALL THE BUILDINGS AREN'T THE SAME HEIGHT.
THEY HAVE DIFFERENT NEEDS.))
It's estimated to cost more than five and a half million dollars to add
sprinklers to Tech's five high-rise dorms. That breaks down to about 58
dollars per student over the next 20 years.
Officials at Tech and Radford University agree sprinklers would provide the
But they say smoke and fire alarms and extinguishers, stairwell hookups for
fire hoses, and non-combustible construction make their dorms safe now.
Firefighters seem more concerned with passive student attitudes.
((KEITH BOLTON/BLACKSBURG FIRE CHIEF: OUR CONCERN IS THAT STUDENTS HAVE GOTTEN
USED TO THE ALARMS GOING OFF, AND SOMETIMES IT HAPPENS TWO OR THREE TIMES A
NIGHT, AND THEY WOULDN'T COMPLETELY EVACUATE THE BUILDING. ))
State officials have yet to tabulate the costs of sprinklers for all 12
dorms in question. Tracy Altizer, News 7.
A less-than enthusiastic Virginia Farm Bureau greeted Lieutenant Governor
Don Beyer at its annual meeting today.
IN Q=I've got
((LT. GOV. DON BEYER: I'VE GOT LETTERS FROM SOME OF YOU AND PHONE CALLS FROM
OTHERS. AND I WANT YOU TO UNDERSTAND MY POSITION.))
OUT Q=my position.
Beyer spoke in defense of his support of FDA regulation of tobacco sales.
A "Q and A" session afterwards brought only one question.
IN Q=If as you
((JERRY JENKINS/LUNENBURG CO. FARMER: IF AS YOU SAY YOU FEEL THAT THE VIRGINIA
LAWS REGARDING USE OF TOBACCO BY MINORS ARE GOOD AND SUFFICIENT, THEN WHY WOULD
YOU GO OUT ON A LIMB AND SUPPORT BRINGING IN FEDERAL MANDATES THROUGH THE
((LT. GOV. DON BEYER: WHAT THE NATIONAL APPROACH GIVES US IS A UNIFORM SENSE
THAT IN AMERICA WE DON'T WANT KIDS TO SMOKE. IT'S STILL LEGAL FOR ADULTS.
AMERICANS CAN CHOOSE.))
((TOM WEST/HALIFAX CO. FARMER: IT OFFENDED ME A LITTLE BIT BECAUSE HE DEFENDED
HIS POSITION. I WAS HOPING HE WOULD TAKE A LITTLE BIT SOFTER POSITION.))
SUPER=01-Jerry Jenkins/Lunenburg Co. Farmer; :00
SUPER=01-Tom West/Halifax Co. Farmer;
OUT Q=softer position.
Beyer is the Democrats' only candidate for Governor next year.
Republican candidate Jim Gilmore will address the Farm Bureau tomorrow.
GRAPHIC=Virginia State Seal
As intriguing as it sounds, the time is obviously NOT ripe for Manassas
Senator Charles Colgan's bid to eliminate the personal property tax.
Colgan's plan would require a sales tax increase to make up for the lost car
and boat tax revenue.
IN Q=As I said
((GOV. GEORGE ALLEN: AS I SAID AS A CANDIDATE, AND ALSO AS GOVERNOR, I HAVE
SAID THAT I WILL VETO ANY SALES OR INCOME TAX INCREASE THAT COMES ACROSS MY
((LT. GOV. DON BEYER: I'M A CAR DEALER. SO I'M NOT A FAIR PERSON TO ASK. I
MEAN, CAN YOU IMAGINE WHAT WOULD HAPPEN TO MY BUSINESS IF WE GOT RID OF THE
PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX? I'D LOVE TO SEE IT GO AWAY. BUT IT HAS TO BE DONE IN A
RESPONSIBLE WAY. I UNDERSTAND THAT SENATOR COLGAN SAID "LET'S DO AWAY WITH THE
PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX AND RAISE THE SALES TAX." I THINK WE HAVE TO APPROACH
THAT VERY, VERY CAUTIOUSLY. BECAUSE THE SALES TAX WE KNOW IS REGRESSIVE, AND
IT'S GOING TO HURT THE WORKING POOR.))
OUT Q=working poor.
Colgan admits his proposal may take years to win support.
When Alleghany Regional Hospital was sold to Columbia last year, the sale
created a 35 million dollar grant fund, and a group called the Alleghany
Foundation to hand it out.
One of the foundation's first grants will go to Alleghany County and
One million dollars will start up a school nurse program and a mobile dental
200 thousand dollars will save the Clifton Forge Library expansion project,
which was stalled by cost overruns.
SOT 13:27:16 tape 2
IN Q=It's kind of like
((DR. RON GOINGS/LIBRARY BOARD CHAIRMAN; IT'S KIND OF LIKE CHRISTMAS COME
EARLY, YOU GET A GREAT BIG PRESENT, ALL OF A SUDDEN ALL OF THE WORRYING ABOUT
THE LIBRARY AND WERE WE GONNA HAVE IT SUDDENLY BECAME "EVERYTHINGS" DONE, NOW
WE JUST SIT BACK AND LET SOME PEOPLE WORK ON BUILDING IT AND IN ABOUT 6 MONTHS
WE'LL REAP THE REWARDS.))
SUPER=01-Ron Goings/Library Board Chairman
OUT Q=reap the rewards
VO-NAT foundation video, tape 1
The Foundation also gave money to Clifton Middle School for a technology
And grants went to the Alleghany Highlands Y-M-C-A and the Arts Council.
Non-profit organizations can apply for foundation grants.
The next application deadline is March first.
Soft Music Under
Coming up next on the newscast, the nation's premier bicycle race says it
probably will NOT roll through our area next year,
and we'll tell you about efforts to make sure underprivileged children have
bikes to call their own.
MUSIC UP FULL
For years, the Tour DuPont has rolled through central and southwest
But the loss of its sponsor may put a halt to the annual bike race.
DuPont says it's pulling out because contractual obligations were not met.
The company blamed those on a lawsuit between the event's owners.
Meanwhile, a local organizer told News-7 it's doubtful there will be a race
next year, but it could return in '98.
To get the cycling event under way next year, race promoters would have to
raise more than two-and half million dollars in the next two weeks.
A Roanoke radio station hopes to build on the success of last year's Toys
for Tots campaign, by collecting one thousand new bicycles for needy children.
Last year, J-93 set a goal of 93 bikes, but listeners responded with more
Again this year, morning personality Slam Duncan and Marine Reserve Staff
Sergeant Steve Gardner will broadcast from a camper suspended above the
Tanglewood Mall Parking lot.
IN Q=I think it's a lofty goal
((SLAM DUNCAN/J-93 PERSONALITY: I THINK IT'S A LOFTY GOAL. I'M A LITTLE
APPREHENSIVE. I WAS APPREHENSIVE WITH THIS EVENT THIS YEAR ABOUT TRYING TO
REPEAT IT, BUT YOU KNOW WHAT I BELIEVE? IF YOUR HEART'S IN THE RIGHT PLACE AND
YOU'RE DOING THE RIGHT THING, THINGS WORK OUT. THEY REALLY DO.))
SUPER=01-Slam Duncan/J-93 Personality;
OUT Q=they really do.
J-93 and other sponsors will kick off the campaign Thursday December 12th
at Six in the morning.
Between the American military and the Airline Industry, the United States
was once training 100-thousand new pilots a year.
That number is down to 65-thousand now.
So the Experimental Aircraft Association decided to try inspiring more
young people with an interest in flight.
The Roanoke chapter flew 140 students from Maury River Junior High School
IN Q=Kids just can't
((ART COURNOYER/PILOT: KIDS JUST CAN'T GET INTO THE AIRPORT LIKE THEY USED TO
BE ABLE TO AND KICK A TIRE OR TWO AND GO INTO THE HANGERS AND TALK TO A PILOT
AND GET FREE RIDES.))
OUT Q=free rides.
About one dozen local pilots donated their time, planes and fuel.
And the students got a first-hand view of the world from the cockpit of a
IN Q=I thought
((CYNTHIA VESS: I THOUGHT IT WAS GOING TO BE A LITTLE BIT MORE BUMPIER THAN IT
WAS, BUT IT WASN'T. ))
((EDWARD HENDERSON: IT WAS REALLY FUN. I REALLY LIKED IT A LOT. ))
OUT Q=liked it a lot.
The students spent most of the day here touring the main terminal and
learning a lot about aviation.
But the highlight had to be FLYING.
SUPER=330-Partly Cloudy/& Chilly/24-28/Increasing Clouds/Rain Likely/40-44;
SUPER=331-Mostly Clear/& Chilly/26-30/Increasing Clouds/Rain Likely/40-44;
SUPER=332-Partly Cloudy/& Cold/22-26/Cloudy with/Rain & Sleet/38-42;
SUPER=333-Partly Cloudy/& Cold/20-24/Mostly Cloudy/Rain-Snow Mix/34-38;
SUPER=334-Mostly Clear/& Chilly/20-24/Mostly Cloudy/Rain & Sleet/38-42;
SUPER=03-Richmond/The Downtown Club; :00
we head to Richmond where Tiki was named the recipient of this year's Dudley
award that is given annually to the best college player in the state.
The balloting is done by a statewide panel of sportscasters and writers., but
the engraving is another matter.
Look at this, Tiki Barber, from VPI?
Please get the engraver a designated driver.
Last year Tiki Barber finished second in the Dudley Award balloting to
Virginia Tech's Cornell Brown.
Last night Tiki was back in Richmond hoping to move up a spot.
SUPER=03-Richmond/The Downtown Club; :00
The UVa tailback was joined at the Downtown club by fellow finalist, Thomas
Haskins of VMI, and Tech's Jim Druckenmiller.
This time Tiki would win the award in ballotting done by a panel of
sportscasters and writers from around the state.
IN Q="First I...
((TIKI BARBER/1996 DUDLEY AWARD WINNER:))
((JIM DRUCKENMILLER/DUDLEY AWARD FINALIST:))
SUPER=01-Tiki Barber/1996 Dudley Award Winner; :00
SUPER=01-Jim Druckenmiller/Dudley Award Finalist; :20
OUT Q=...running for it"
While Druckenmiller settled for second in the Dudley balloting, he finished
first in the Big East voting today.
Tech placed 6 players on the all-conference first team
plus, head coach Frank Beamer was named the coach of the year in the league
for the second straight season.
And Druckenmiller was named the Big East's co-offensive player of the year,
an award he shares with Syracuse's Donovan McNabb.
Senior tightend Bryan Jennings joins Druckenmiller on the first team all-Big
East squad, along with center Billy Conaty, running back Ken Oxendine and
Freshman kicker Shayne Graham.
Cornell Brown was a first team defensive selection.
Six Hokies made second team all-conference including Brandon Semones.
The coaching career of Dennis Vaught at Richlands high school appears to be
SUPER=04-Friday Football Extra; :00
Last night we told you that Vaught was the target of an internal school
investigation to determine whether or not he ordered his players to injure
Grundy star quarterback, Jason Copenhaver and lineman Luke Owens during their
October 4th game.
Copenhaver suffered a partial tear of the medial collateral ligament in his
RIGHT knee in the game.
This afternoon both Richlands high school and the athletes attorney
confirmed that the matter has been resolved to everyone's satisfaction, and
sources say Vaught will be relieved of his coaching duties.
The 25th ranked Virginia Cavaliers will their first home game of the year
Saturday on WDBJ against Clemson, but tonight they had to struggled to beat
William & Mary 75 to 64.
SUPER=03-Williamsburg/Cavaliers vs. Indians; :00
William & Mary head coach Charlie Wollum had his Tribe primed for the upset
tonight as big Dave Grabuloff helped the Indians take a 10-to-nothing lead with
five minutes left in the first half.
But Jeff Jones would finally get his team going as Curtis Staples feeds
Courtney Alexander for the 2 handed jam, and UVa hits the half with a 33-to-31
Virginia would crank it up in the second half and win the game 75 to 64.
SUPER=33-Virginia #25/75/William & Mary/64;
Norman Nolan had a great offensive game tonight scoring a career high 22
The Roanoke College Maroons improved their record to4-and0 on the season last
night with an easy 98-to-63 blowout win over Emory & Henry.
SUPER=03-Salem/Wasps vs. Maroons; :00
Before things got started Jason Bishop received a game ball from Page Moir
to commemorate his 1000th career point scored over the weekend. He would add 17
In fact, Roanoke would score plenty more this evening as Nathan Hungate feeds
Tim Braun inside to get the party started.
The Wasps would have to struggle all night long. Donald Childress comes down
and dishes to Donald Thurston for the hoops inside.
SUPER=33-Emory & Henry/63/Roanoke/98;
But the Maroons have never had it so easy against the Wasps as they did
tonight. Courtney Fitch hits the hoop and Roanoke stays unbeaten with the
Still to come tonight in sports,
takes us to the hoops with this week's edition of Hometown Hoops Weekly.
The boys high school hoopla cranking up this week and so, it's no surprise
that Steve Mason is on the move with this week's edition of Hometown Hoops
IN Q=first audio
SUPER=03-Roanoke/Halifax vs. William Fleming; :12
SUPER=03-Roanoke Co./Last Night; :27
SUPER=01-Billy Hicks/Cave Spring Boys Coach; :36
SUPER=04-1995 Season; :57
SUPER=01-Charlie Morgan/Salem Head Coach; 1:06
SUPER=01-Art Lawrence/Glenvar Head Coach; 1:36
SUPER=01-Linda Long/Cave Spring Girls Coach; 1:52
OUT Q=...Hometown hoops weekly"
((IN TRIPLE A, DEFENDING STATE CHAMPION G.W. DANVILLE LEADS THE WESTERN
DISTRICT. THERE ARE SOME NEW LEADERS IN THE ROANOKE VALLEY DISTRICT. 3 COACHES
ARE MAKING THEIR DEBUT.
William Fleming's Roland Lovelace is the new regiment commander for the
Colonels. With the departure of James Stokes and Sterling Tate, Fleming has
gone from an inside power to a perimeter game. 3 starting guards are back.
We have already introduced Patrick Henry new coach Jack Esworthy,
Cave Spring's Billy Hicks rounds out the new RVD coaches. 6'6 senior Alex
Phillips leads 5 seniors. Getting used to the new coaches will be a 2 way
DOUBLE A DEFENDING STATE CHAMPION LIBERTY RETURNS PEANUT ARRINGTON AND ROBERT
CARSON AMONG OTHERS AND mARK hANK'S TEAM SHOULD LEAD THE SEMINOLE. BLUE RIDGE
POWER SALEM SCRIMMAGED THE MINUTE MEN LAST WEEK.
The Spartans return 5 starters from last year's region III semifinal team,
including go to guy Hershel Thomas, who average about 17 a game.
William Byrd basketball standout Frank English should give an extra lift to
the Terriers since Chris Childress signed and left for David Lipscomb
Bill Pope must also replace guards Justin Porterfield and Ben Peete.
In single A, Glenvar's Art Lawrence season has begun in a new district with
for new starters. The 1995 state semi finalists should adjust to the 3 Rivers.
In girls triple A, Lisa Bryan, Alyssa and Katie Redick have have signed with
Division 1 schools, making the Lady Knights the top team in the RVD.
WE WILL TAKE A BREAK NEXT WEDNESDAY FOR OUR FRIDAY FOOTBALL EXTRA AWARDS
BANQUET, STEVE MASON, HOMETOWN HOOPS WEEKLY.
You probably know him best as the Joker in the Batman movies-
Jack Nicholson today got Hollywood honors- a star on the Hollywood Walk of
((I WANT TO THANK ALL MY FRIENDS FOR COMING DOWN HERE AT SUCH AN EARLY HOUR,
THERE NOT BEING A CASKET AROUND AND ALL MY FANS WHO I ASSUME YOU ARE. CHEERS.))
OUT Q=assume you are. applause."
Nicholson was joined by his oldest daughter, his grandson, his girlfriend
and their two children.
The actor won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in Terms of
Endearment and one for Best Actor for one Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest.