06:00-01

VMI-New-Market

ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=KHu
TAPE#=net (edit of 97-50)
GRAPHIC=VMI


After seeing some of the rigors new recruits at Virginia Military Institute are subjected to on the "rat line" it may seem surprising that upperclassmen would welcome defiance from the young cadets...
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-New Market;


but yesterday the V-M-I class of 2001 made its mark at New Market.
They were told to WALK across the battlefield, but the first co-ed rat class broke into a run.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT Tape #1 12:28:45
IN Q=When rats wanna run

(( ))
SUPER=01-Tom Warburton/VMI Senior;
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=exhibited here.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Dawn Marshall of Highland County had been concerned about her daughter, Jennifer.
SUPER=03-Lexington/Last Week;


She thought those pictures she'd seen on T-V might have shown Jen buckling under the attention of the cadre.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 13:58:05 tape #2
IN Q=...and how's she doing, Great!

(( ))
SUPER=01-Dawn Marshall/Jen Jolin's Mother;
RUNS=:11
OUT Q=push-ups, ya know.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Jen assured her mom she was doing fine.
(----------------)



Florida-Tobacco


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Mornin
WRITER=kmc
TAPE#net
GRAPHIC=tobacco under fire


A multi- billion- dollar settlement has been reached in Florida's lawsuit against the tobacco industry.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-New York, NY;


State officials aren't releasing the exact dollar amount.
But sources told a Florida newspaper that Governor Lawton Chiles announced it as eleven- point- three billion dollars.
State officials filed the lawsuit to recover Medicaid money spent on sick smokers.
The Governor's office says the agreement includes the largest monetary concessions the tobacco industry has ever paid.
(----------------)


Tax-Cuts


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=lba
TAPE#NONE
GRAPHIC=taxes


Normally, business executives love tax cuts.
But now a group of business leaders is warning politicians it may be time to raise taxes to repair Virginia's schools and roads.
The more than 100 executives -- including well-connected Republicans and Democrats -- plan to use their clout and wealth to accomplish what they say politicians can't or won't.
SS=campaign 97


The executives decided to take their crusade statewide.
They're upset the governor's race between Democrat Don Beyer and Republican Jim Gilmore has become an advertising war over whose tax cut is better.
Both Beyer and Gilmore have proposed ways of reducing the burden of the personal property tax.

S-Feedback


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=jmc
TAPE#=Feedback
GRAPHIC=Feedback


This week's viewer mail included a letter about the murder in Grayson County.
Assignment Editor Joe McKean has more about that in this week's edition of News-7's Feedback.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=The murder
RUNS=1:45
OUT Q=McKean, News-7.

(( The murder of G.P. Johnson has brought state civil rights leaders and federal officials to Grayson County, as they and county residents wonder how much race was a motive in his killing.
That prompted a viewer from Bedford to write:
"My heart goes out to the Johnson family. I do not know them personally, but my parents knew them when they lived in the Elk Creek/Bethel area of Grayson County. They have been deeply concerned for the family. The Johnsons are a fine family.
As I listened to [the] story regarding the negative impact this murder might have on Grayson County, my eyes teared. It pains me deeply to think that anyone could think badly of Grayson County. My husband and I visit the Elk Creek area quite often to get away from all the hustle and bustle of the everyday work week.
When we visit...I close my eyes and listen to the sounds--the milk cows munching on grass, the sounds different types of birds are making, the buzzing of bees, the engine of a tractor, the men talking about their plans for the afternoon.
My husband and I are presently looking for some land in the Bethel/Elk Creek area in which to build a home, hopefully within the next five years. I want to be a part of the Home Demonstration Club, the quilting bees, the community suppers. I want my children and grandchildren to have a place to come in order to find that peacefulness my husband and I find and to make Grayson County a part of their life, too.
News-7 welcomes your comments on this story, or other topics in the news.
Send your letters to News-7 Feedback, P.O. Box 7, Roanoke Virginia.
If you'd like to send us a fax, the number is 343-7269.
For email, the address is news@wdbj7.com.
Or you can drop in on our moderated online forum on our web page at www.wdbj7.com.
Joe McKean, News-7.))

One-Steve


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=spa
TAPE#NONE
GRAPHIC=NONE


Microwave

SUPER=15-Steve Pardon;
SUPER=11-Roanoke;
SUPER=13-Chassidy Cox/First Time Student;

Toss to stocks

E-Danville-Fire


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=tte
TAPE#97-47
GRAPHIC=fire


A fire at a Danville home left a mother and child seriously injured.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Danville;


Inspector Ronnie Harvey says he thinks a 12- year- old girl had a can of gas in her hand when the fire started in the kitchen.
Second and third degree burns cover most of the girl's body.
She is reportedly being flown to a nearby hospital for medical treatment.
Her mother, Mary Stewart, suffered smoke inhalation and burns on her hands.
Flames damaged the rear of the house and firefighters are still trying to confirm the cause of the blaze.
(----------------)


E-TECH-STUDENTS


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=DAL
TAPE#=97-45
GRAPHIC=Virginia Tech


For new students at Virginia Tech this was the weekend to try to squeeze all your belongings into a dorm room.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Blacksburg;


The new Hokies moved into the high-rise dorms carrying carpets, computers and cut wood for lofts.
Parents with parked moving trucks filled with all the comforts of home were a common site.
For the Young family this was the end of a very tiring weekend.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 23:23:59
IN Q=WE HAVE MOVED

((REBECCA YOUNG/TECH PARENT: WE HAVE MOVED IN RACHEL AT WILLIAM AND MARY ON FRIDAY, BROOK AT JMU ON SATURDAY AND JESSY HERE AT TECH.))
SUPER=01-Rebecca Young/Tech Parent;
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=AT TECH
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Once the move-in is complete the party begins.
Tech is celebrating 125 years with a picnic and a very LARGE cake.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 23:50:13
IN Q=THIS CAKE CONSISTS

((KIMBERLE BADNELLI/CULINARY SERVICE PROJECT MGR.: THIS CAKE CONSISTS OF ABOUT 720 HALF SHEET CAKES, 14-HUNDRED POUNDS OF ICING AND ABOUT THREE WEEKS OF UNDIVIDED ATTENTION AND A COMMUNITY THAT WORKS TOGETHER TO PUT IT TOGETHER.)) ((KRISTIE FAIRBANKS/PUBLIC RELATIONS CONSUMER ADVOCATE: WITH THE THEME BEING "UT PROSUM THAT I MAY SERVE" WE JUST DECIDED TO GO AND REPLICATE THE THEME FOR THE CAKE.))
SUPER=01-Kimberle Badnelli/Culinary Service Project Mgr.; :10
SUPER=01-Kristie Fairbanks/Public Relations; :13
RUNS=:20
OUT Q=FOR THE CAKE
(----------------)
VO-NAT


It's a replica of the War Memorial and the pylons are made of styrofoam and the figures are made out of Rice Krispy Treats.
The cake serves about ten-thousand people and took more than 17 hours to decorate.
(----------------)



One-Domestic


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Mornin
WRITER=kmc
TAPE#97-66
GRAPHIC=why does she stay?


More than two million American women a year become victims of domestic violence.
Last year in Virginia alone, more than 30- thousand victims sought help.
But many who see the situation from the outside, often don't understand WHY the victim doesn't just leave.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Roanoke;


Brenda Glover says she was married to her husband for a few years before the abuse began.
Glover says it was a shock when he hit her the first time.
But after hearing his apologies, she took him back.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT tape 4 10:00:17
IN Q=Cause he told

((BRENDA GLOVER: CAUSE HE TOLD ME THAT HE LOVED ME MORE THAN ANYTHING, AND HE DIDN'T KNOW WHAT HAPPENED. AND IT'D BEEN SO GOOD FOR THREE YEARS-- YOU KNOW, I JUST TOOK HIM BACK. ))
SUPER=07-Brenda Glover;
RUNS=:13
OUT Q=took him back
(XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX)

TAKE SERIES GRAPHIC FULL SCREEN-essC
Be sure to tune in this week at 6 and 11, when our series, "Why Does She Stay" looks for some answers.
We'll trace the stories of victims, and find out how they managed to end the cycle of abuse.
(----------------)



Common-Sense


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=lbe
TAPE#Common Sense
GRAPHIC=Common Sense


The struggle is saving your money and putting it into investment vehicles like mutual funds.
But what do you do once you succeed at this goal?
Here's Len Besthoff with this week's edition of Common Sense.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=
SUPER=@len1; :00
SUPER=01-Ben Hartman/Edward Jones Inc.; :13
RUNS=:52
OUT Q=the newsdesk.

((
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 00:17:10
IN Q=So you've

((So you've done a good job of putting together that nest egg and you have a big bunch of mutual funds sitting there. Do you sell them all off at once to get some income, or is there some other way to do it? We asked Ben Hartman with Edward Jones.))
RUNS=:11
OUT Q=Edward Jones.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 00:11:57
IN Q=Len off of

((BEN HARTMAN/EDWARD JONES INC.: LEN OFF OF A STOCK MUTUAL FUND THERE ARE FIVE DIFFERENT WAYS AN INVESTOR COULD RECEIVE INCOME. ONE WOULD BE THE INVESTOR COULD TAKE THE DIVIDENDS FROM THE STOCK PORTFOLIO IN CASH. SECONDLY THE INVESTOR COULD TAKE THE DIVIDENDS AND CAPITAL GAINS IN CASH, THIRDLY THE INVESTOR COULD RECEIVE A FIXED PERCENTAGE OF THE INITIAL PRINCIPAL AMOUNT INVESTED AS INCOME. FOURTHLY THE INVESTOR COULD MAKE SELF ADJUSTING WITHDRAWALS ON AN ANNUAL BASIS, BASED ON THE ACCOUNT VALUE AT YEAR END. AND FIFTHLY THE INVESTOR COULD RECEIVE INCOME OFF OF THE MUTUAL FUND FOR LIFE BASED ON THEIR LIFE EXPECTANCY.))
RUNS=:35
OUT Q=life expectancy.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 00:17:46
IN Q=I'm Len

(( I'm Len Besthoff with this week's edition of Common Sense, lets send it back to the newsdesk. ))
RUNS=:04
OUT Q=newsdesk.))



Two-Steve


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=spa
TAPE#NONE
GRAPHIC=NONE


Microwave

SUPER=15-Steve Pardon;
SUPER=11-Roanoke;



Tobacco-Settlement


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Mornin
WRITER=kmc
TAPE#net
GRAPHIC=tobacco under fire


The tobacco industry will reportedly pay Florida BILLIONS of dollars in its lawsuit to recover Medicaid money used to treat sick smokers.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-New York, NY;


There's no official word yet--
But the "Palm Beach Post" is quoting Florida's Governor as saying tobacco companies will pay the state eleven- point- three billion dollars.
Florida was asking for 12- point- three billion.
The Governor is expected to officially announce the settlement at a news conference this morning.
(----------------)



Newborn


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Mornin
WRITER=kmc
TAPE#net
GRAPHIC=NONE


The baby boy who was kidnapped from a Washington hospital is now back home safe and sound.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Lakewood, WA;


Three- day- old Stewart Rembert reunited with his parents this weekend after being found in a cardboard box outside a convenience store.
Stewart's mom says her son has a slight fever, but otherwise, he's okay.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 4:10:34
IN Q=Thanks to everybody

((MELINDA COEN/STEWART'S MOTHER: THANKS TO EVERYBODY THAT HELPED US. AND I JUST DON'T REALLY KNOW WHAT ELSE TO SAY. I'M JUST GLAD HE'S HERE. IT'S JUST BEEN A TERRIBLE NIGHTMARE. I'M GLAD HE WAS FOUND SAFE.))
SUPER=01-Melinda Coen/Stewart's Mother;
RUNS=:10
OUT Q=was found safe
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Police say 30- year- old Kimberly SKUR-ZOO-skee has confessed to taking the baby, but they're not sure of her motives.
The baby's mother say SKUR-ZOO-skee entered her room, posing as a hospital employee and claimed she was taking the boy back to the nursery.
(----------------)



2-E-TECH-STUDENTS


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=DAL
TAPE#=97-45
GRAPHIC=Virginia Tech


Blacksburg was the destination of choice for many families this weekend as new students arrived on the Virginia Tech campus.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Blacksburg;


The new Hokies moved into the high-rise dorms carrying carpets, computers and cut wood for lofts.
Parents with parked moving trucks filled with all the comforts of home were a common site.
For the Young family this was the end of a very tiring weekend.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 23:23:59
IN Q=WE HAVE MOVED

((REBECCA YOUNG/TECH PARENT: WE HAVE MOVED IN RACHEL AT WILLIAM AND MARY ON FRIDAY, BROOK AT JMU ON SATURDAY AND JESSY HERE AT TECH TODAY.))
SUPER=01-Rebecca Young/Tech Parent;
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=AT TECH
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Once the move-in is complete the party begins.
Tech is celebrating 125 years with a picnic and a very LARGE cake.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 23:50:13
IN Q=THIS CAKE CONSISTS

((KIMBERLE BADNELLI/CULINARY SERVICE PROJECT MGR.: THIS CAKE CONSISTS OF ABOUT 720 HALF SHEET CAKES, 14-HUNDRED POUNDS OF ICING AND ABOUT THREE WEEKS OF UNDIVIDED ATTENTION AND A COMMUNITY THAT WORKS TOGETHER TO PUT IT TOGETHER.)) ((KRISTIE FAIRBANKS/PUBLIC RELATIONS CONSUMER ADVOCATE: WITH THE THEME BEING "UT PROSUM THAT I MAY SERVE" WE JUST DECIDED TO GO AND REPLICATE THE THEME FOR THE CAKE.))
SUPER=01-Kimberle Badnelli/Culinary Service Project Mgr.; :10
SUPER=01-Kristie Fairbanks/Public Relations; :13
RUNS=:20
OUT Q=FOR THE CAKE
(----------------)
VO-NAT


It's a replica of the War Memorial and the pylons are made of styrofoam and the figures are made out of Rice Krispy Treats.
The cake serves about ten-thousand people and took more than 17 hours to decorate.
(----------------)



E-Mabry-Mill


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=Dal
TAPE#=97-48
GRAPHIC=none


The Blue Ridge Parkway is a long and winding living history exhibit.
And one spot along the mountain road attracts more visitors than any other.
Denise Allen and photographer Ken Kilinski take us on a trip to Mabry Mill.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=sounds of mill
SUPER=03-Floyd Co.; :00
SUPER=01-Elzy Mowdy/Oklahoma Resident; :11
SUPER=01-JoAnn Mowdy/Oklahoma Resident; :36
SUPER=01-Roy Dalton/Gretna Resident; :59
SUPER=01-Danny and Linda Amos/Thaxton Residents; 1:06
SUPER=@Denise2; 1:16
RUNS=1:28
OUT Q=News 7

((
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 1:36:49
IN Q=nat sot of mill

(( ))
RUNS=:03
OUT Q=


The sounds of the water and the turning wheel seem to draw them off the parkway.
Elzy Mowdy has come all the way from Oklahoma.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 1:58:59
IN Q=THE FIRST TIME

((ELZY MOWDY/OKLAHOMA: THE FIRST TIME A HURRICANE HAD CLOSE THE PARKWAY THE SECOND TIME WE GOT ON AT BLOWING ROCK AND WENT SOUTH TO ASHEVILLE AND THIS TIME WE GOT ON AT THE TOP AND WE WANTED TO SEE MABRY MILL.))
RUNS=:15
OUT Q=TO SEE MABRY MILL


Mabry Mill is one of the most photographed spots on the parkway.
Its likeness is in many calendars and soon it will be on the wall of an Oklahoma home.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 1:57:29
IN Q=WE HAVE OURS

((JOANN MOWDY/OKLAHOMA: WE HAVE OURS ENLARGED AND WE GROUP THEM, IN OUR HOME, OF MILLS, CHURCHES AND LIGHT HOUSE AND COVERED BRIDGES.))
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=AND COVERED BRIDGES
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 2:12:15
IN Q=nat sot music

(( ))
RUNS=:03
OUT Q=


The flavor of the past is not only tasted in the cornmeal sold at the park but in the tunes played each weekend.
Roy and Ethel Dalton travel here from Gretna to show their fancy footwork.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 2:24:28
IN Q=WELL ALL THIS

((ROY DALTON/GRETNA: WELL ALL THIS GOOD MUSIC, NICE BUNCH OF PEOPLE. IT'S NICE AND COOL UP IN THESE MOUNTAINS. WE REALLY ENJOY IT.))
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=REALLY ENJOY IT
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 2:21:31
IN Q=IT REMINDS ME

((LINDA AMOS/THAXTON: IT REMINDS ME OF THE OLD TIME, BACK WHEN I THINK THE DAYS WERE REALLY GREAT. I WOULD RATHER LIVE BACK THEN THAN I DO NOW.))
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=THAN I DO NOW


You can flatfoot to the old time string music each weekend until the end of October.
And the grist mill will continue to turn out cornmeal throughout the fall season, as well, in demonstrations each weekend.
Denise Allen News 7.))

Three-Steve


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=spa
TAPE#NONE
GRAPHIC=NONE


Microwave

SUPER=15-Steve Pardon;
SUPER=11-Roanoke;
SUPER=13-Grace Cox/Starts Pre-school This Week;
SUPER=13-Angy Young/Grace's Mom;
SUPER=13-Chassidy Cox/First Time Student;

Toss to Kimberly

E-VMI-New-Market


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=KHu
TAPE#=97-50
GRAPHIC=VMI


Every class of rats at Virginia Military Institute steps out of line- -somewhere along the way.
That's how the cadets make their mark and show their solidarity as a class.
Keith Humphry was there yesterday, when it happened at New Market.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=They were told
SUPER=03-New Market; :00
SUPER=01-Tom Warburton/VMI Senior; :18
SUPER=04-Re-enactment; :25
SUPER=01-Maj. Gen. Josiah Bunting/VMI Superintendent; :36 QUICK!!
SUPER=03-Lexington/Last Week; :54
SUPER=01-Dawn Marshall/Jen Jolin's Mother; 1:04
RUNS=1:28
OUT Q=Humphry, NEWS 7.


((They were told to WALK across the battlefield.
NAT SOT--walk ,roar, run


The largest rat class- -ever- -at V-M-I- -the first co-ed class- -broke into a run.
Though it was a mark of defiance- -upperclassmen were delighted by the rats' spirit.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT Tape #1 12:28:45
IN Q=When rats wanna run

(( ))
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=exhibited here.


Re-enactment footage
This is a history lesson.
Modern-day cadets learn the entire corps of cadets was pressed into service by the Confederacy late in the Civil War.
Ten cadets died saving the day for the Southern cause.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 12:51:15
IN Q=Uncalculating valor

(( ))
RUNS=:04
OUT Q=about it.


It was also a coming out... a swearing in, and a ceremony to bestow the New Market pins on these fledgling cadets. YES-Sir- -Jolin at 12:42:55
Dawn Marshall of Highland County had been concerned about her daughter, Jennifer.
She thought those pictures she'd seen on T-V might have shown Jen buckling under the attention of the cadre.
Jen assured her mom she was doing fine.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 13:59:40
IN Q=As long as you

(( ))
RUNS=:12
OUT Q=figured out.


If she can carry a tune all the way downtown- -by the end of her first week- -after all she's been through, she might just make it.
Keith Humphry, NEWS 7.))

2-E-Danville-Fire


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=tte
TAPE#97-47
GRAPHIC=fire


A house fire in Danville sent a mother and her daughter to a burn center.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Danville;


Inspector Ronnie Harvey says he thinks a 12- year- old girl had a can of gas in her hand when the fire started in the kitchen.
Second and third degree burns cover most of the girl's body.
Police say the pair were taken to Chapel Hill Burn Center.
Her mother, Mary Stewart, suffered smoke inhalation and burns on her hands.
Flames damaged the rear of the house and firefighters are still trying to confirm the cause of the blaze.
(----------------)


Shannon


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=lba
TAPE#NONE
GRAPHIC=UVA


Former University of Virginia President Edgar Finley Shannon Junior has died.
Shannon developed a nationally recognized faculty at the school while guiding it through the rocky period of Vietnam War protests and integration.
He served as president of the university founded by Thomas Jefferson from 19-59 to 1974.
He died yesterday of cancer.
Shannon was 79.

UPS-Pilots


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Mornin
WRITER=kmc
TAPE#net
GRAPHIC=UPS


In hopes of averting ANOTHER strike, United Parcel Service has made made its final contract offer to U-P-S pilots.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Louisville, KY;


The company presented pay raises and improved pensions in the deal.
The president of the Independent Pilots Association says he'll present the offer to the two- thousand U-P-S pilots.
But he'll remain neutral on whether they should accept it.
Union pilots have been flying under an old contract, since December of 19-95.
(----------------)



4-Scores


ANCHOR=Kimberly
NEWSCAST=Morn
WRITER=
TAPE#NONE
GRAPHIC=MLB


In Major League Baseball,
The Florida Marlins jumped on St. Louis for six runs in the first inning and coasted to a 7-to-1 win over the Cardinals.
For yesterday's scores from the dugout, let's checks the scoreboards.
(----------------)

WIPE TO SCORES
SUPER=#556
SUPER=X5010;
SUPER=0091-/Minnesota/1/j/Baltimore/5////Detroit/0/j/Milwaukee/6///;
SUPER=X5009;
SUPER=0091-j/Toronto/11//Kansas City/8//13 Innings/j/Chicago/3//Texas/1///;
SUPER=X5009;
SUPER=0091-j/Boston/3//Anaheim/2////New York/3/j/Seattle/5///;
SUPER=X5009;
SUPER=0091-/Cleveland/1/j/Oakland/4///;
SUPER=X5009;
SUPER=0092-j/Chicago/12//Montreal/3////St. Louis/1/j/Florida/7///;
SUPER=X5009;
SUPER=0092-/San Francisco/6/j/Pittsburgh/9///j/Los

Angeles/5//Philadelphia/1///;
SUPER=X5009;
SUPER=0092-j/San Diego/3//New York/2///j/Cincinnati/6//Atlanta/4//10 Innings/;
RUNS=:49
OUT Q=....last score."

(----------------)