17:00-01

News-Heads

ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=JJA
TAPE#news heads
GRAPHIC=NONE


Next on News 7-
(----------------)
VO-NAT


A hostage situation at a Denver post office-
A Dublin plant closes its doors- making this a tough holiday for some workers.
And Woody Allen ties the knot with his former lover's adopted daughter.
(----------------)


Wx-Heads
TALENT=Andrew
SS=None


A cold rain in tonight's forecast-- but tomorrow, it'll feel like Christmas in May for some of us.
The warm numbers are coming up.

medical-heads


ANCHOR=Tonya
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=amo
TAPE#med heads
GRAPHIC=NONE

A new study finds adding a cheeseburger to your diet may not be heart healthy--but it can be good for your brain.
(----------------)
VO-NAT

And--relief for children suffering from ear infections.
(----------------)

2 shot
ANCHOR=Jean
(Jean ad lib)


Video-Open


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=11
WRITER=JJA
TAPE#video open
GRAPHIC=NONE
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Trouble again at a post office- This time a man is holding hostages at a Denver post office.
(----------------)



5-denver-hostage


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=jja
TAPE#rolled from path
GRAPHIC=news-7 at five
SS=hostage


Police say the suspect is holidng at least three people inside the postal facility-
The man was apparently fired from the postal service more than a year ago for threatening a supervisor- but police won't say what the gunman is demanding today.
Dave Fehling is following the case and has the latest from Denver. cut to davey
SUPER=01-Dave Fehling/Reporting;
SUPER=22-Denver;
(ad lib)
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=
SUPER=03-Denver;
SUPER=01-Dennis Cribari/Police Spokesman;
RUNS=:00
OUT Q=

((A tense hostage situation at a giant post office complex in Denver. A fired postal worker is holding at least three hostages at gunpoint. The drama unfolding live on Denver television. Dennis Cribari/Police Spokesperson: ABOUT 7:15 THIS MORNING WE GOT A CALL ON AN EX POSTAL EMPLOYEE WITH A SHOT GUN WHO TOOK SEVERAL HOSTAGES. WE BELIEVE THEY ARE ISOLATED IN A SUPERVISOR'S OFFICE WITHIN THE COMPLEX. NO SHOTS HAVE BEEN FIRED. NO INJURIES ARE REPORTED AT THIS TIME.. Police say the guman was fired 18 months ago for threatening a supervisor. He apparently entered the postal facility, about the size of a dozen football fields, through a loading dock area. The building was immediately evacuated, but some areas re-opened after police isolated the office where the gunman was holed up. Postal service employees say they're concerned for those still held hostage inside. WOMAN - I WAS IN THE PRIORITY UNIT, AND THE GUNMAN WAS ON THE EAST DOCK, OVER ON THE DOCK. REPORTER OFF CAM - DID YOU SEE WHAT HAPPENED? WOMAN - NO, I HAD JUST STARTED MY TOUR AT SEVEN, AND THEN THEY TOLD EVERYBODY TO EVACUATE THE BUILDING. MAN - THEY JUST SAID THEY DIDN'T KNOW HOW LONG THIS WAS GOING TO KEEP GOING ON, AND THEY'D ALLOW EVERYBODY TO GO HOME, FOR THE SAFETY FACTOR. REPORTER OFF CAM - WAS IT SCARY IN THERE? MAN - YEAH, AND I FEEL BAD FOR THE PEOPLE BEING HELD HOSTAGE. I HOPE EVERYTHING WORKS OUT OK))
LIVE=davey full
SUPER=22-Denver;
(ad lib)

toss back to studio

5-Nichols


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=JJA
TAPE#net-a
GRAPHIC=nichols


Terry Nichols' defense lawyers were back in court today- asking the judge to eliminate the death penalty option-
But Judge Richard Match refused to do so.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Jurors will begin the penalty phase of the trial on Monday-
The lawyer who defended Timothy McVeigh says it's unlikely jurors will sentence Nichols to death.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 10:03:19
IN Q=

((STEPHEN JONES/ATTORNEY: IT ONLY TAKES ONE JUROR TO KEEP HIM FROM GETTING DEATH PENALTY BASED UPON TODAY'S VERDICT I THINK WE CAN SAFELY ASSUME THAT THERE'S MORE THAN ONE JUROR WHO WILL NOT GIVE THE DEATH PENALTY.))
SUPER=01-Stephen Jones/Attorney;
RUNS=:12
OUT Q=give the death penalty."
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Jurors convicted Nichols yesterday of conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter in the Oklahoma City bombing.
(----------------)



5-Dublin-Garment


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=sgo
TAPE#597-47
GRAPHIC=layoffs


They knew it was coming.
But workers at Dublin Garment Factory are having a tough time tonight, dealing with what they say feels like a death in the family.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Dublin;


After more than 40-years of business, Dublin Garment Factory closed its doors yesterday.
One hundred-50 people lost their jobs.
Many had spent their entire careers sewing clothes at the factory.
And they're having trouble walking away -- especially at this time of year.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 11:24:28
IN Q=we've had

((YVONNE NUCKOLS/29-YEAR EMPLOYEE: WE'VE HAD SOME PEOPLE HERE WHERE BOTH HUSBAND AND WIFE WORKED HERE. SO BOTH OF THEM ARE LOSING THEIR JOBS AT THE SAME TIME. ))
SUPER=01-Yvonne Nuckols/29 Year Employee;
RUNS=:06
OUT Q=same time
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Plant manager Ken Langston says he'll miss the workers he considered family.
They knitted him a special good-bye gift.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 11:37:40
IN Q=Before they

((KEN LANGSTON/PLANT MANAGER: BEFORE THEY LEFT THEY SEWED SOME SCRAPS TOGETHER AND MAD ME A SWEATSHIRT AND THEY SENT IT THROUGH THE WHOLE FACTORY AND THEY HAD SIGNED IT. IT'LL BE ONE OF MY MOST PRIZED POSSESSIONS IN LIFE. ))
SUPER=01-Ken Langston/Plant Manager;
RUNS=:14
OUT Q=in life laughter
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Langston said the plant could not compete with cheap foreign labor.
Dublin city officials are trying to bring a new business into the factory.
(----------------)



5-UUNet


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=equ
TAPE#NONE
GRAPHIC=internet


The nation's largest Internet access provider is expected to announce plans to build a huge headquarters in Virginia -- bringing three thousand jobs to the Commonwealth.
SS=virgina


WorldCom subsidiary U-U-Net wants to make Loudoun County the hub for much of the computer world's online traffic.
U-U-Net provides the cable and electronic infrastructure for the Microsoft network out of offices in Fairfax.
It's about to take over that task for CompuServe and America Online -- the nation's largest commercial on-line service, and another Virginia business.
Governor George Allen says he's "absolutely thrilled" about the pending deal.

5-Oil-Spill


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=ssm
TAPE#597-
GRAPHIC=NONE


Emergency crews in Amherst County were busy this morning, trying to contain an oil spill after a fuel truck crashed near a bridge.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Amherst Co.;


The tanker overturned on Dixie Airport Road around eleven spilling nearly 300 gallons of fuel oil into a nearby creek.
Emergency crews were able to contain the spill before it traveled very far downstream.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 2:24:03
IN Q=We put down

((CLAUDE ESPOSITO/MONELISON V.F.D.: WE PUT DOWN SOME BOOMS AND ANYTHING WE COULD DO TO SLOW IT DOWN AND GIVE THE GUYS AT TWIN BRIDGES TIME TO SET UP A DIKE DOWN THERE.))
SUPER=01-Claude Esposito/Monelison Volunteer Fire Dept.; :00
RUNS=:11
OUT Q=dike down there.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Police say the truck driver had swerved to avoid another car that had crossed the center line.
A private contractor was called in to clean up the spill.
(----------------)



tease#1


HARD MUSIC UNDER


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=amo
TAPE#tease 1
GRAPHIC=NONE


Virginia Tech responds to an appeals court ruling that a former student has the right to sue two football players for rape.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


And a little later in the newscast-- the Hill City is on the losing end of a venture designed to bring a sports complex to the region....
(----------------)
ANCHOR=Tonya


Eating too much fat is bad for you--but a new study raises the question, can certain kinds of fat actually help prevent a heart attack or stroke? That report on Health Check 2-SHOT
ANCHOR=Jean


Also coming up-- Steve reveals the N-F-L coach of the year honors..
ANCHOR=tonya


Stick around for the Two Minute Ticker-- when we come back. cc sponsor
Comm Break#1


5-Brzonkala


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=THa
TAPE#597-45
GRAPHIC=va tech


Virginia Tech officials do NOT appear overly concerned by a federal appeals court decision involving an alleged rape case.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=@file;


Yesterday-- a divided three judge panel sent Christy Brzonkala's case back to Roanoke federal court.
Brzonkala is the former Virginia Tech student who alleged she was raped by two former Tech football players.
The judges' ruling states that Brzonkala does have the right to sue Virginia Tech under Title Nine.
Brzonkala claims Tech created a hostile environment to women by NOT acting more vigorously on her rape complaint.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=Again

((DAVE NUTTER/VT SPOKESMAN: AGAIN, IF IT DOES GO TO TRIAL WE BELIEVE ONCE THE FACTS ARE FULLY ON THE TABLE IT WILL SHOW THAT VIRGINIA TECH ACTED CORRECTLY AND WITH DILIGENCE TOWARD ALL PARTIES.))
SUPER=01-Dave Nutter/Virginia Tech Spokesman; :00
RUNS=:09
OUT Q=all parties.
ANCHOR=JEAN
SS=brzonkala


The judges' ruling also states Brzonkala has the right to sue former football players-- Tony Morrison and James Crawford-- under the 1994 Violence Against Women Act.

5-Gang-Beating


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=ssm
TAPE#597-50
GRAPHIC=legal scales


A grand jury will hear charges against a Bedford County teen accused of taking part in a gang- related beating last summer.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Bedford Co./August


In August, the sheriff's department announced it had broken up a loose-knit gang that had terrorized the Stewartsville community.
Seventeen-year old Andrew Murray is charged with beating Richard Collins as part of a gang initiation.
Collins refused to cooperate with police, but Murray's co-defendant.. 19-year old Jerry Beckner admitted to the attack.
Beckner is serving a three-month jail term.
Murray could stand trial as an adult if he's indicted on malicious wounding charges.
(----------------)



5-Sports-Complex


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=ssm
TAPE#597-48
GRAPHIC=l'burg seal


The group charged with creating a multi- million dollar sports complex in Lynchburg has given up the idea and disbanded.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=04-File Tape;


The Sports Capital of Virginia Authority was formed last year to drum up private support for the venture.
But authority members say opposition from neighbors and a lack of city funding has doomed their efforts.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 00:14:06//00:38:36
IN Q=There's so many

((JEFF DOWNIN/LYNCHBURG CHAMBER OF COMMERCE: THERE'S SO MANY PULLS ON THE CITY RIGHT NOW FOR MONEY, SO MANY NEEDS EVEN IN THE RECREATION AREA FOR FUNDS TO RENOVATE EXISTING FACILITIES AND SO FORTH, THAT THERE JUST WASN'T ENOUGH MONEY TO GO AROUND AND WE DISAGREE WITH THE CITY ON THAT DECISION, BUT THAT'S WHERE THEY WERE.)) ((JIM WHITAKER/LYNCHBURG MAYOR: I WAS TOLD THAT THIS WAS GOING TO BE A SPORTS COMPLEX THAT WASN'T GOING TO COST THE CITY A THING, THAT IT WAS GOING TO BE SUPPORTED BY LOCAL FUNDS, BY BUSINESSES AND INDUSTRY AND INDIVIDUALS AND THE CITY WAS NOT GOING TO HAVE TO FUND IT.))
SUPER=01-Jeff Downin/Lynchburg Chamber of Commerce; :00
SUPER=01-Jim Whitaker/Lynchburg Mayor; :21
RUNS=:34
OUT Q=have to fund it.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


The city HAS committed more than a million dollars to build more youth soccer fields and renovate existing recreation facilities.
(----------------)

go to break

5-AL-Tornado


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=tte
TAPE#NET-B
GRAPHIC=TORNADO


Tornados touched down in Alabama, leaving several residents homeless at Christmas-time.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Dale Co. AL;


Two tornados ripped through the rural area, hurting five people and destroying their homes.
Injuries were NOT life-threatening, ranging from punctured lungs to broken legs.
The American Red Cross says it will provide meals and hotel rooms for the tornado victims.
A series of tornadoes have downed trees and power lines throughout southeastern Alabama.
(----------------)

3-shot toss


Forecasts
SUPER=#565;
SUPER=X5000;
SUPER=330-Rain, Drizzle/& Fog/33-37/Partly Sunny/& Mild/60-64;
SUPER=331-Rain Tapers/To Drizzle/38-42/Mostly Sunny/Unseasonably Warm/64-69;
SUPER=332-Rain Showers/Windy/36-40/Partly/Cloudy/45-55;
SUPER=333-Rain &/Fog/33-37/Partly/Sunny/52-56/;
SUPER=334-Windy, With/Rain Showers/36-40/Morning Rain/Mostly Cloudy/43-47;
SUPER=X5001;
tease#3


health music under


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=amo
TAPE#tease 3
GRAPHIC=None


The Hokies share their holiday wish list with Steve Mason in tonight's Two Minute Ticker.
ANCHOR=Tonya


A new report shows certain types of fat can reduce the risk of stroke.
(----------------)
VO-NAT

But critics say no matter what the new study says, saturated fat kills people by promoting heart disease, the nation's number-one cause of death.
Strokes don't come close.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 20:26:39
IN Q=Fat intake

((DR. MATTHEW GILLMAN:FAT INTAKE MAY ACTUALLY HAVE DIFFERENT EFFECTS ON THE BLOOD VESSELS IN THE BRAIN THAN IN THE HEART))
RUNS=:06
OUT Q=in the heart

health bump
Comm Break#3


six-preview


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=amo
TAPE#six preview


Here's a look ahead to NEWS-7 at SIX.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Virginia Republicans are just a few chess moves away from total dominance of state government.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 02:54:05
IN Q=If we continue

((SCOTT LEAKE/JOINT REPUBLICAN CAUCUS: IF WE CONTINUE TO WIN THESE SPECIAL ELECTIONS ONE AFTER ANOTHER AFTER ANOTHER, THAT'S JUST REAFFIRMATION OF WHAT THE VOTERS EXPRESSED ON THE REGULAR ELECTION DAY IN NOVEMBER.))
SUPER=01-Scott Leake/Joint Republican Caucus;
RUNS=:09
OUT Q=in November.
TALENT=Jean
SS=NONE


Coming up on NEWS 7 at SIX, Ellen Qualls looks into some of the unconventional tactics in the battle for power.
That's at the top of the hour.

5-Fat-Strokes


ANCHOR=Tonya
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=tfl
TAPE#597=51
GRAPHIC=FATTY FOODS


A new study in The Journal of the American Medical Association reports men who eat more saturated fat are less likely to suffer a stroke.
(----------------)
VO-NAT 20:27:30


The study found for every three percent increase in total dietary fat, the risk of stroke decreased 15-percent.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 20:27:11
IN Q=We're learning

((DR .MATTHEW GILLMAN/AUTHOR OF STUDY: WE'RE LEARNING MORE AND MORE ABOUT TYPES OF FATS AND THE MONOLITHIC RECOMMENDATIONS ABOUT LOSING TOTAL FAT MIGHT NOT BE AS IMPORTANT TODAY AS IT WAS A FEW YEARS AGO))
SUPER=01-Dr. Matthew Gillman/Author of Study;
RUNS=:09
OUT Q=years ago.
(----------------)
VO-NAT 20:26:26


Before ordering the extra-large fries, health experts aren't giving up their garden salad and fat-free dressing without a fight.
Even the study's author says Americans should continue to limit fats in their diet.
Saturated and monosaturated fats are found in meats, vegetables, dairy products and canola, nut and olive oils.
(----------------)



5-Ear-Infections


ANCHOR=Tonya
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=tfl
TAPE#597-52
GRAPHIC=ear infections


Winter is the time of year when many children suffer from ear infections--and for some it's a problem that keeps croppy up.
In those cases of repeated infections doctors say there is an answer to provide permanent relief--ear tubes.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Denver;


For many parents, it may seem as if their children have been on antibiotics since birth to treat common ear infections...
But doctors say drugs can't always solve the problem.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 09:38:59
IN Q=Major concern
SUPER=01-Dr. Kenny Chan/Children's Hospital;
RUNS=:56
OUT Q=appropriate option.
(( (/////SOT/////)
SOT 09:38:59
IN Q=Major Concern

((DR KENNY CHAN/CHILDRENS HOSPITAL:MAJOR CONCERN IS HEARING LOSS AND HEARING LOSS LEADING TO POTENTIAL SPEECH AND LANGUAGE ISSUES))
RUNS=:07
OUT Q= issues

09:39:06-09:39:11
Ear drainage tubes are the most routine childhood operation.
Doctors say the tube helps alleviate pressure in the middle ear--and in turn keep germs and fluid from building up.09:39:16-09:39:26
The tubes are very small and inserted into the ear drum during the operation.
For some patients the tube is too small or doesn't drain effectively--so a next step is a fake ear tube.09:39:36-09:39:53
Once the procedure is complete the tube will remain in place for about 9 months--then it falls out on it's own--and the ear drum heals over.
The surgery only takes a few minutes, but it's only recommended for repeated infections or fluid buildup that doesn't go away after four months.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 09:40:05
IN Q=

((DR. KENNY CHAN:WHEN A SURGEON RECOMMENDS TUBE PLACEMENT- ITS A GOOD IDEA TO GO BACK TO THE PEDIATRICIAN OR FAMILY DOCTOR AS TO WHETHER OR NOT THIS IS AN APPROPRIATE OPTION))
RUNS=:12
OUT Q=option. ))
(----------------)
VO-NAT


The majority of patients see results just weeks after surgery.
But before recommending tubes- doctors suggest preventative antibiotics.
they're usually prescribed in low dosages taken nightly for several months.
(----------------)



5-Sick-Kids


ANCHOR=Tonya
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=tfl
TAPE#597-55
GRAPHIC=children's health


When children do have to take medication...over the counter remedies often substitute a visit to the doctor.
For a common cold--the drug store aisles are packed with products guaranteed to treat every sick child's symptoms.
(----------------)
VO-NAT 13:59:27


On average, children get about 6 to 8 colds a year--and parents often turn to non-prescription drugs--but do they work?
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 14:27:12
IN Q=The thing

((DR. KEITH BATTEN/CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL:THE THING ABOUT COLD MEDICINES IS NO STUDY HAS EVER SHOWN THAT THEY DO ANY GOOD -TRULY- IT'S MOSTLY TREATING PARENTS WHO OBVIOUSLY WHO LIKE TO DO SOMETHING FOR THEIR CHILD))
SUPER=01-Dr. Keith Batten/Children's Hospital;
RUNS=:09
OUT Q=for their child
(----------------)
VO-NAT 15:06:06


Doctors say the younger the child--the higher risk of side effects from medications.
They say the best advice is to stay away from using cold medicine--
But if you do use them--avoid those with multiple ingredients for many symptoms.
(----------------)


2-shot-toss
ANCHOR=Jean


Time now for sports-- The hokies are hoping for a big present under their tree...
ANCHOR=Tonya

What are they asking for? Here's Steve with tonight's Ticker.

S5-Stuff


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=sma
TAPE#=ST5-31
GRAPHIC=ticker


Good afternoon everyone, welcome to your Christmas Eve ticker.
SS=new york giants


lets start on the gridiron. Today; New York Giants head coach Jim Fassel was named Associated Press NFL coach of the year.
(----------------)
VO-NAT #eng
SUPER=03-Raljon, MD/Giants vs. Redskins; :00


In his first year; Fassell lead New York to a last to first place turn around as the team finished 10-5 and 1; good enough to win the NFC East division title.
Fassell, who got some help from rookies like Tiki Barber, generated 20 votes from the 48 national sports reporters who voted.
SUPER=04-NFL;


The AP also named Tampa Bay running back Warrick Dunn the offensive rookie of the year. The former Florida State standout rushed for 978 yards, four touchdowns and caught three TD passes for the playoff bound Buccaneers.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q="I'm just

((WARRICK DUNN/AP OFFENSIVE ROOKIE OF THE YEAR:))
SUPER=01-Warrick Dunn/AP Offensive Rookie of the Year; :00
RUNS=:17
OUT Q=....and blessed"
(-------------)


S5-Wish


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=5pm
WRITER=sma
TAPE#ST5-32
GRAPHIC=Gator Bowl


The Virginia tech football team is taking a break and will return to Blacksburg Christmas night before leaving for Jacksonville on the 26th. But before the team skipped town; we had a chance to asked players and the coach what they hoped to find under the tree.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q="this time

((FRANK BEAMER/VA. TECH HEAD COACH:)) ((PIERSON PRIOLEAU/VA. TECH ROVER:)) ((GENNARO DINAPOLI/VA. TECH OFFENSIVE GUARD:)) ((TODD WASHINGTON/VA. TECH CENTER:))
SUPER=01-Frank Beamer/Virginia Tech Head Coach; :00
SUPER=01-Pierson Prioleau/Virginia Tech Rover; :19
SUPER=01-Gennaro DiNapoli/Virginia Tech Offensive Guard; :24
SUPER=01-Todd Washington/Virginia Tech Center; :34
RUNS=:41
OUT Q=...play hard"
(-------------)
ANCHOR=Steve
SS=Ticker


That'sa wrap for this Christmas Eve ticker; coming up at six; Express coach frank Anzalone reveals his Santa wish list; plus we will have more on gator Bowl preparations. Merry Christmas everyone.

5-Woody


ANCHOR=Jean
NEWSCAST=5
WRITER=JJA
TAPE#NET-H
GRAPHIC=NONE


Actor-Director Woody Allen has made it official- marrying his companion Soon-Yi Preven-
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Venice, Italy;


The 62 year old married 27 year old Soon Yi in Venice.
Close friends and family attended the wedding-
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 10:33:25
IN Q=

((WOODY ALLEN/ACTOR-DIRECTOR : I AM TOO TO SAY VERY HAPPY TO BE IN VENICE. REPORTER: IS IT TRUE YOU MARRIED SOON YI? WOODY ALLEN: I HAVE NO COMMENTS.))
SUPER=01-Woody Allen/Actor-Director;
RUNS=:16
OUT Q=have no comments."
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Soon Yi is the adopted daughter of Allen's former lover- actress Mia Farrow.
The affair between Allen and Soon-Yi became public in 1992, when Farrow found nude pictures of her adopted daughter, then 21, in Allen's apartment. (TOSS TO ANDREW) (----------------)