18:00-01

1-News-Head

ANCHOR=Keith

A County supervisor is indicted in Pearisburg- -suspected of recording cell- phone conversations.
The indictment seems to have led to a suicide attempt. The story tops NEWS 7 at SIX tonight.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


We'll also find a success story in the Asian economy.
Optical Cable is expanding overseas- -right in the middle of an epidemic of Asian flu.
(----------------)


Sports-Head
ANCHOR=Steve


In Sports--Mike Stevens will preview our coverage of this week's NASCAR media tour, CBS says welcome home to football,
(----------------)
VO-NAT


and the Express can grab a share of first place in the Northeast division tonight; but the Wheeling Nailers stand in the way.
(-------------)

WX-Head
TALENT=Robin
SS=None


The threat of an ice storm looms in the Wednesday evening forecast. We will check the numbers in a moment.

Giles-Indictment


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6
WRITER=tha
TAPE#97-85
GRAPHIC=Legal Scales


A Giles County Supervisor apparently tried to take his own life, after he was named in an indictment this morning.
Double Boxes=Keith and Teresa/Microwave


Teresa Hamilton has been following the case and has the latest from our Blacksburg newsroom.
Teresa, what are the allegations against supervisor Bobby Williams?
Live=Teresa Full/Microwave
SUPER=@Teresa1;
SUPER=05-Blacksburg;


Keith, the indictment itself is still sealed, so there are few details about the state police investigation.
But sources tell us the allegations involve the illegal taping of a cell phone conversation.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=Law enforcement
SUPER=03-Giles Co.; :00
RUNS=:40
OUT Q=dollar bond.

(( Law enforcement officials were under the assumption Bobby Williams was planning to turn himself in at the Sheriff's Department.
But when he failed to appear by mid- afternoon authorities went to his Ripplemead home.
That's when they discovered Williams had apparently tried to harm himself by injuring his wrist.
Williams was quickly taken to a local hospital-- where he's expected to make a full recovery.
Three others are also named in the sealed indictment-- and have posted bond.
Two of those named-- are Herman Willie Dent, Junior of Radford who's bond was set at 3-thousand dollars.
And, Derrick Gavin Ratcliffe who posted a 25- hundred dollar bond. ))
(----------------)
Live=Teresa Full/Microwave
SUPER=05-Blacksburg;


Giles County realtor Kim Lavender Frazier is the fourth and final person named.
She was released on 500- dollars bond.
Double Boxes=Keith and Teresa/Microwave
(Keith question--Teresa-- why was the indictment sealed?

Teresa response--It was sealed early this morning at the request of special prosecutor Gino Williams-- who asked that it be kept confidential until everyone named had been served with papers.)

Special-Election


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=equ
TAPE#97-95
GRAPHIC=Virginia Supreme Court


In Richmond- -a fascinating display of democratic checks and balances.
Virginia's highest court is deciding tonight on a plea from the executive branch that may effectively determine who controls the legislative branch.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Richmond/Yesterday;


It's all because state Board of Elections Secretary Bruce Meadows and a fellow board member refuse to be hurried.
SUPER=03-Richmond/Today;


Late this afternoon, the Virginia Supreme Court heard the argument that the Board should meet before Friday to certify votes from three special House elections today.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 02:11:19
IN Q=The earlier

((JOHN GIBNEY/ELECTORAL BOARD ATTORNEY: THE EARLIER THE STATE BOARD'S MEETING IS, THE GREATER THE RUSH. THE GREATER THE RUSH, THE GREATER THE CHANCE OF ERROR.))
SOT 02:24:34

((ROBERT BROOKS/VA. ATTORNEY GEN : PROCRASTINATION IS NOT ONLY THE THIEF OF TIME, BUT HERE IT THWARTS THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE BY IN EFFECT DISENFRANCHISING THEM DURING THE CRITICAL ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING OF THE 1998 GENERAL ASSEMBLY. THE REASON GIVEN IS NOT SATISFACTORY.))
SUPER=01-John Gibney/Electoral Board Attorney; :00
SUPER=01-Robert Brooks/Governor's Attorney; :23
RUNS=:31
OUT Q=not satisfactory.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


If the court does NOT force the Board to meet sooner -- three House districts will go UN-represented on the all-important organizational day of the 1998 General Assembly.
(-----0-----------)


Gilmore


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=equ
TAPE#97-92
GRAPHIC=Jim Gilmore


Governor- elect Jim Gilmore preferred to recall a past challenge to American democracy today.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Williamsburg;


His pre-inaugural tour stopped in Colonial Williamsburg to recall a distant tax revolt.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 01:54:52
IN Q=We must

((GOV.-ELECT JIM GILMORE: WE MUST HAVE THE COURAGE DISPLAYED BY MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY IN 1769 WHEN THE ROYAL GOVERNOR DISSOLVED THE LEGISLATURE BECAUSE THEY PROTESTED THE TOWNSHEND ACT. THOSE VIRGINIANS DID NOT SURRENDER. THEY CAME HERE TO RALEIGH TAVERN TO PLAN A BOYCOTT OF BRITISH PRODUCTS RATHER THAN PAY THE TAXES.))
SUPER=@Gilmore;
RUNS=:21
OUT Q=the taxes.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Gilmore's remaining tight-lipped on the true cost of the car tax cut.
He only said today that he'd introduce amendments to the proposed two year budget next week.
(-------0---------)



Cranwell


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=equ
TAPE#97-96
GRAPHIC=Dick Cranwell


NO disrespect meant.
That's what Vinton Delegate, and for now, House Majority Leader Dick Cranwell said today.
Cranwell says his remarks were used out of context by The Washington Post yesterday -- when it reported he would NOT attend Jim Gilmore's inauguration.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 07:23:24
IN Q=

((DEL. DICK CRANWELL/(D) VINTON: I'M GONNA SAY IT PUBLICLY NOW. ONE OF THE REASONS I DID NOT WANT TO BE PART OF THE INAUGURAL COMMITTEE IS THAT SEVERAL YEARS AGO I WAS HAVING SOME PROBLEMS WITH MY HANDS AND MY FEET. MY DOCTOR INDICATED TO ME THAT I SHOULD BE REASONABLE IN WHAT I DO AND NOT EXPOSE MYSELF TO PROLONGED COLD WEATHER, WET WEATHER, AND THOSE KIND OF THINGS, AND I HAVE DONE THAT. AND I JUST DIDN'T WANT TO TAKE A CHANCE HAVING TO SIT OUT TWO HOURS IN THE EXTREME COLD.))
SUPER=@Cranwell;
RUNS=:26
OUT Q=extreme cold.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Cranwell says he's called Governor- elect Gilmore to explain -- and now may actually attend the inauguration so people don't misunderstand.
(----------------)


Mental-Health


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6
WRITER=tfl
TAPE#97-86
GRAPHIC=Virginia State Seal


The results of a two year study of Virginia's mental health system are expected to be released tomorrow.
A legislative commission will make recommendations for improving patient care.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Roanoke;


One suggestion involves hiring an outside group that would be responsible for protecting patient rights in state-run hospitals.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 10:17:07
IN Q=Do I think

((DIANE KELLY/ROANOKE MENTAL HEALTH ASSOC. DIR.:DO I THINK THERE'S ABUSE IN THOSE PLACES...I THINK THERE WILL ALWAYS BE SITUATIONS WHERE PATIENTS DO NOT RECEIVE THE HIGHEST QUALITY OF CARE FOR A VARIETY OF REASONS.))
SUPER=01-Diane Kelly/Roanoke Mental Health Assoc. Dir.;
RUNS=:12
OUT Q=variety of reasons.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Other recommendations include more community-based programs so patients who qualify can be released from mental hospitals and re-establish a life outside the facilities.
(----------------)



Tease#1

HARD MUSIC UNDER
ANCHOR=Keith
SS=NONE


Is the trouble on overseas financial markets hitting home in the Roanoke Valley? Coming up on News 7 at Six, we'll check in with one local company that does 40 percent of its business in Asia.
(---------------)
VO-NAT


and hundreds of Roanokers donated books to Africa--so what happens to the shipment now? We'll have an update.
(----------------)
ANCHOR=Robin

wx ad lib Roll Lake Level MUSIC UP FULL
COMM#1

Roll
TALENT=Robin
SS=NONE
SUPER=80-59/37/0.03''/61/36/0.08''/52/36/0.06''/50/43/-.--'';
SUPER=81-63/39/0.16''/61/36/-.--''/46/37/0.00'';
SUPER=82-2.65''/plus 1.66''/2.65''/plus 1.66'';
SUPER=83-Down 0.24 foot/Down 0.86 foot;Lake levels


KAST


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6
WRITER=tha/amo
TAPE#97-83
GRAPHIC=Legal Scales


A special prosecutor has been appointed to handle a controversial Giles County rape case.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=04-File Tape;


Giles County Prosecutor Garland Spangler actually asked for the special prosecutor, after months of publicity surrounding the Cory Kast case.
Today a judge appointed Floyd County Commonwealth's Attorney Gino Williams to handle the charges against Kast.
Kast is accused of several crimes, including robbery and abduction, against rape victim Renee Trump.
At one time a rape charge against Kast was dropped after Spangler failed to prosecute the case in a timely manner.
After that, Kast was indicted on the other charges.
(----------------)



Drug-Team


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=ssm
TAPE#97-93
GRAPHIC=Lynchburg City Seal


Lynchburg police are getting more pro-active in their war on drugs, by attacking the drug problem at its SOURCE.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Lynchburg


Thanks to a 90- thousand dollar state grant, the city is adding two police officers to create a new Drug Interdiction Team.
The idea is to intercept drugs before they hit the streets.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 00:29:21
IN Q=It won't get

((COL. CHARLES BENNETT/LYNCHBURG POLICE CHIEF: IT WON'T GET TO THE STREET DEALERS AND OBVIOUSLY THAT'S GOING TO ALLOW US TO PERHAPS ARREST PEOPLE HIGHER UP IN THE DRUG ORGANIZATION AND BY THE FACT THAT THE DRUGS DON'T MAKE TO THE STREET, WE'RE HOPEFUL THAT WE CAN SEIZE LARGE QUANTITIES OF PURER AMOUNTS.))
SUPER=01-Col. Charles Bennett/Lynchburg Police Chief; :00
RUNS=:17
OUT Q=purer amounts.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


Bennett says the team will target areas where drugs are brought into the city, like the bus station, airport and major highways.
City council tonight will vote on whether to fund its portion of the program.
(----------------)



Asia-Woes


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6
WRITER=sgo
TAPE#97-87
GRAPHIC=Stock Market


Is Wall Street over the Asian financial crises?
It looked like it today.
The Dow picked up 85-points.
Still, January has been a tough month for stocks -- and for companies doing business in the Far East.
Most businesses, that is.
As Scott Goldberg reports, there is one local company that never caught the Asian flu.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q= the pictures
SUPER=03-Roanoke/File; :14
SUPER=01-Bob Kopstein/CEO, Optical Cable; :20 (QUICK!)
SUPER=@Scott1; :45
SUPER=01-George Brammer/A.G. Edwards & Sons; :53
RUNS=1:16
OUT Q=SG, News-7

(( The pictures have not been pretty overseas, where panicking traders are trying not to get buried under Asia's crumbling economies.
It's been so bad that back home, some so-called experts are predicting doom for American companies that do business in Asia.
But in Roanoke, at Optical Cable, you won't find many people worried about catching the Asian contagion.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 14:53:37
IN Q=we're using

((BOB KOPSTEIN/CEO, OPTICAL CABLE: WE'RE USING IT AS MORE OF AN EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE FOR US IF WE ASK THE RIGHT QUESTIONS.))
RUNS=:04
OUT Q=RIGHT QUESTIONS.


Asking the right questions has helped optical cable sign new deals to sell its fiber-optic lines in the Far East.
And C-E-O Kopstein expects his Asian business to keep growing.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 14:54:47
IN Q=we see

((BOB KOPSTEIN: WE SEE HUGE POTENTIAL, PARTICULARLY WITH JAPAN. ))
RUNS=:04
OUT Q=WITH JAPAN
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 15:29:56

standup
IN Q=WHAT IS IT

((SCOTT GOLDBERG/REPORTING: WHAT IS IT ABOUT OPTICAL CABLE THAT MAKES THE COMPANY IMMUNE TO THE ASIAN FLU? KOPSTEIN SAYS THERE'S BUSINESS OVER THERE IF YOU KNOW WHERE TO LOOK FOR IT. AND ANALYSTS AGREE: ASIAN ECONOMIES ARE SICK, BUT THEY'RE NOT DEAD.))
RUNS=:15
OUT Q=NOT DEAD
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 1:21:56
IN Q=THERE ARE

((GEORGE BRAMMER/A.G. EDWARDS AND SONS: THERE ARE SECTORS OF THE ASIAN ECONOMIES THAT ARE HAVING PROBLEMS. BUT THE ASIAN ECONOMIES HAVE NOT COME TO A SCREECHING HALT. ))
RUNS=:08
OUT Q=HALT


And where there's smoke, Optical Cable smells fire.
Kopstein says if his company can find an Asian market for its product when times aren't so good ... just think what business will be like when those crumbling economies start to put themselves back together.
Scott Goldberg, News-7.
(----------------)

))

Stocks


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6
WRITER=sly
TAPE#=None
GRAPHIC=NONE

As we mentioned, the stock market rallied across the board today, after several Asian markets began to rebound from a series of sharp slides over the past week. TAKE DOW & NASDAQ PAGE
RUNS=:25
SUPER=x5102;
SUPER=430-x/84.95/7732.13/x/34.04/1541.62;


The Dow was UP 85 points to close at 77 hundred 32.
NASDAQ gained 34 points.

SUPER=431-ia/51/h2&/65@/h1@/89#/he/28e/h1#/51a;
SUPER=432-h1a/49g/h@/22@/if/40#/ia/48g/hc/47;
SUPER=433-h@/74c/h@/35f/u/58!/he/30g/hb/9;
SUPER=434-h1f/47d/hb/25a/hb/24e/h1b/75g/u/39f;
[(a= 1/8 e= 1/4
b= 3/8 f= 1/2
c= 5/8 g= 3/4
d= 7/8



!=1/16 %=9/16
@=3/16 ^=11/16
#=5/16 &=13/16
$=7/16 *=15/16





h= UP (Local Stocks only!)
i= DOWN (Local Stocks only!)
u= UNCHANGED (Local Stocks only!)



(You must use lowercase letters)]



SUPER=465-**/###/**/###/**/###;

[ Bassett Fur/ Bedford Bancshares/Dimon]
SUPER=466-**/###/**/###/**/###;

[ ETS /Main Bankshares/ Optical Cable]
SUPER=467-**/###/**/###/**/###;

[Pulaski Furn./ Roanoke Electric Steel/Roanoke Gas]
SUPER=468-**/###/**/###/**/###;

[ Stanley Furniture/ Tultex/Valley Bank]




TLC


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=eea
TAPE#97-82
GRAPHIC=TAP


Roanoke's Total Action Against Poverty is scrambling to find funding to replace a federal grant for its Transitional Living Center.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Roanoke;


TAP lost a 300 thousand dollar grant because of an incomplete application.
Now they've learned the primary document that describes the homeless problem in the Roanoke region, called the Continuum of Care, was also rejected by the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
It's the same document HUD has accepted for the past nine years.
TAP will apply for the next available grant, but that won't be awarded until after the current grant runs out.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT 15:23:12
IN Q=Of course you can't

((ELLEN BROWN/TOTAL ACTION AGAINST POVERTY; OF COURSE YOU CAN'T WAIT TILL THAT POINT TO CAPTURE OTHER FUNDS SO WE WELL BE WORKING WITH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND STATE OFFICIALS AND AS ALWAYS WE'RE ALWAYS ASKING FOR PRIVATE DONATIONS. ))
SUPER=01-Ellen Brown/Total Action Against Poverty
RUNS=:16
OUT Q=private donations.
(----------------)
VO-NAT


TAP officials say no homeless programs west of Richmond received any money in the latest grant cycle.
They believe the growing homeless problem in Northern Virginia is pushing other programs out of the picture.
(----------------)



Africa-Books


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=JHa
TAPE#97-90
GRAPHIC=None


Roanoke's first-ever book donation to Africa left today, taking a world of possibilities to the Star City's sister city in Kenya.
(----------------)
VO-NAT
SUPER=03-Roanoke


The group "Books for Africa" sent its first shipment of 38- thousand books to Kisumu (ki-SOO-moo), Kenya.
The books will be delivered directly to schools, to insure proper distribution.
(/////SOT/////)

33:04
SOT
IN Q=We will

((NANCY FRANCISCO-"BOOKS FOR AFRICA" ORGANIZER/ WE WILL GO THROUGH A PROCESS OF SORTING THE BOOKS AND INTO GRADE LEVEL AND SUBJECT MATTER AND THEN SENT TO SPECIFIC SCHOOLS.))
SUPER=01-Nancy Francisco/"Books for Africa"
RUNS=:07
OUT Q=Specific Schools
(----------------)
VO-NAT


AmeriCare, a non-profit humanitarian organization, is sending medical supplies along with the books.
"Books for Africa" will continue to collect books and plans another shipment this spring.
(----------------)



Sports tease


ANCHOR=steve
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=sma
TAPE#=none
GRAPHIC=none


The Express gears up for the Wheeling nailers in a divisiponal showdown tonight, we will recap the Tech/UVa game from last night,
(----------------)
VO-NAT


and Mike Stevens previews what your hometown station will be covering this week on the NASCAR media tour.
(-------------)


S-Express


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=sma
TAPE#=ICE-98
GRAPHIC=Express/Wheeling


The Express host Northeast Divsion rival Wheeling tonight at the Roundhouse in a crucial game for Roanoke.
(----------------)
VO-NAT #eng
SUPER=03-Roanoke/This Morning; :00


The Express has proven it's metal so far against division foes; going 12-3-2 so far on the season. Roanoke lost the last time out against the nailers; who pracriced at the Roundhouse this morning.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q="They

((CHRIS LIPSETT/EXPRESS FORWARD:))
SUPER=01-Chris Lipsett/Express Forward; :00
RUNS=:19
OUT Q=...tonight"
(----------------)
VO-NAT(Con't)


The Express can grab a share of first place in the division with a victory tonight; but coach Anzalone isn't puttting tto much stock in that as a motivational tool.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q="I can

((FRANK ANZALONE/EXPRESS HEAD COACH:))
SUPER=01-Franak Anzalone/Express Head Coach; :00
RUNS=:22
OUT Q=...for our guys"
(-------------)


S-Tour


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=sma
TAPE#=Edit
GRAPHIC=50th anniverasary


1998 marks the 50th anniversary of NASCAR.
SS=Media tour


the season is off toa flying start as nearly 200 members of the media are decesending on racing shops across the Carolinas. Mike Stevens and Lynn Eller are there and have a preview.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q=first audio
SUPER=@Mike1; :00
SUPER=04-1997 Season; :20
RUNS=1:12
OUT Q=..News 7 sports"
(-------------)


S-CBS


ANCHOR=Steve
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=sma
TAPE#=S8-1
GRAPHIC=NFL


In football; CBS says the NFL on CBS welcome home has a nice ring to it. That "ring" had a price tag of 4 billion dollars over four years.
(----------------)
VO-NAT #eng
SUPER=03-New York, NY; :00


The network held a news conference today in the Big apple to officially announce it';s return to the gridiron. CBS will televise the AFC games next season and after the layoff from football the net work is excited.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q="It's

((SEAN MCMANUS/PRESIDENT OF CBS SPORTS:))
SUPER=01-Sean McManus/CBS Sports President; :00
RUNS=:12
OUT Q=...for all of us"
(----------------)



S-UVA


ANCHOR=steve
NEWSCAST=6pm
WRITER=Roy
TAPE#BB98-1
GRAPHIC=UVA/Tech


In men's basketball; Virginia's big men dominated the scoring and the boards as the Cavaliers beat the Hokies last night at the Roanoke Civic Center.
(----------------)
VO-NAT ENG#
SUPER=03-Roanoke/Hokies vs Cavaliers; :


The rivalry between the two teams was as hot as ever as they took the floor at the Roanoke Civic Center.
Virginia got the jump and would take a 10 to 2 lead when Colin Ducharme took it inside for the jam and foul.
Even though the Hokies were cold as ice they cut the lead to four points with 4 minutes left in the half.
But Roanoke native Curtis Staples hit a three pointer and Virginia went in at the half leading 31 to 20.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q="We came out...

((CURTIS STAPLES/13 POINTS: ))
SUPER=01-Curtis Staples/13 Points; :
RUNS=:16
OUT Q=...stops for us."
(----------------)
VO-NAT ENG#


Ducharme had a career night against the Hokies he scored 16 points and pulled in 9 rebounds as Virginia beat Virginia Tech 69 to 55.
(/////SOT/////)
SOT
IN Q="I've only

((COLIN DUCHARME/16 POINTS 9 REBOUNDS: )) ((RUSS WHEELER/9 POINTS 3 REBOUNDS: ))
SUPER=01-Colin Ducharme/16 Points 9 Rebounds; :
SUPER=01-Russ Wheeler/9 Points 3 Rebounds; :
RUNS=:18
OUT Q=.........HAVE DID."
(-------------)

Wx-Tape
SUPER=305-59/37/70/1960/1/1977;
SUPER=306-47/34/60/NW-15mph/30.20r/7:33am/5:25pm;


Forecasts
SUPER=#569
SUPER=X5000;
SUPER=330-Partly Cloudy/And Cold/27-29/Increasing Clouds/Wind NE-10/35-39;
SUPER=331-Clearing And/Colder/25-30/Increasing/Cloudiness/36-40;
SUPER=332-Clearing/And Cold/23-25/Freezing Rain/And Sleet/33-36;
SUPER=333-Partly Cloudy/And Cold/24-26/Clouding Up/Wind NE-10/34-38;
SUPER=334-Clearing/Wind NW-10/18-24/Freezing Rain/And Sleet/30-33;
SUPER=X5001;


Weekend-Promo


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6p
WRITER=sly
TAPE#=none
GRAPHIC=None


You'll now find News 7 on weekend mornings.
(////////////////)

Take Fullscreen Board 9404 Weekend News
Denise Allen and Andrew Freiden are up early for News 7 Saturday Morning and Sunday Morning.
It starts at eight A-M both days.
It's a newsy way to start your weekend.
Why not join us for News 7 Saturday and Sunday mornings.

Promo


ANCHOR=Keith
NEWSCAST=6
WRITER=
TAPE#None


Coming up tonight on News 7 at 11--Montgomery County residents are keeping count--they're adding up the number of people who have been injured or killed on a busy stretch of Route 114.
The residents want to see the road widened, but all involved say that is not likely to happen for several years.
The state transportation department tonight started asking for public comment on Route 114 improvements. (Ad Lib byes) We'll have that story and more tonight on News 7 at 11.