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Journal American Rhododendron Society

Current Editor:
Dr. Glen Jamieson ars.editor@gmail.com


Volume 43, Number 2
Spring 1989

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American Rhododendron Society Plant Registry - Spring 1989
Jay W Murray, ARS Plant Registrar
Colts Neck, New Jersey

        The following list of names includes those rhododendrons and azaleas registered by the Royal Horticultural Society, through the American Rhododendron Society, during the period November 1, 1987 to February 15, 1989. All but a few are North American selections. The exceptions are clones registered by an ARS member who lives in Denmark. The RHS, which serves as International Registration Authority for the genus Rhododendron, makes all final decisions concerning registration procedures, acceptance of clonal names, and use of species names.
        Most of the color designations refer to the RHS Colour Chart (1966, 1986 editions); accompanying descriptions are those published in A Contribution toward Standardization of Color Names in Horticulture, R D Huse and K L Kelly, edited by D H Voss (ARS, 1984). Occasionally, colors refer to the Horticultural Colour Chart (HCC) and its descriptions.
        Parents of the plant are listed in the following order: (seed parent x pollen parent). The terms glabrous and hairless have been used interchangeably, as have the terms bullate and wrinkled. The term indumentum refers to all hair types found on leaves, including scales and glands.
        Unacceptable names used prior to registration are listed independently as synonyms. Growers of these clones are encouraged to change plant labels to agree with the registered name.
        Species names are based on the RHS's horticulturally modified version of the Cullen and Chamberlain revision of the Balfourian Series classification system. Equivalent former and present names are listed in An Alphabetical Checklist of Rhododendron Species (RHS, 1981), and in the table in the front of The Rhododendron Handbook (RHS, 1980). Name changes which apply to the current Registry entries are shown on the accompanying chart.
        All growers of rhododendrons and azaleas are urged to submit names to the ARS Registrar before use, and certainly before publication. This is one way to assure that names meet the requirements of the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants 1980 and do not duplicate names already in use.

Former name Present name
carolinianum minus Carolinianum group
carolinianum var. album No longer recognized. Will be described as white-flowered minus Carolinianum group.
chlorops No longer recognized as species. Will be referred to here as 'Chlorops'.
cinnabarinum var. roylei cinnabarinum Roylei group
cubittii veitchianum Cubittii group
dauricum var. sempervirens dauricum Sempervirens group
litiense wardii Litiense group
odoriferum maddenii ssp. crassum
patulum pemakoense Patulum group
poukhanense yedoense var. poukhanense

'ADVENT':  Elepidote. ('Grierosplendour' x 'Millard Kepner'). Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Max E Byrkit, Williamsport, MD. Flowers up to 14/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (68A) with large area of red dorsal spotting. Calyx minute. Ball truss, 7" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 3", elliptic, slightly convex, cuspidate, cuneate. Spreading, dense growth habit, very floriferous, plant 5' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant hardy to at least -18°F; buds, -5°F.

'ALBULA':  Elepidote. ('Ice Cube' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 17-21/truss, heavy substance, funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light pink buds open white with faint yellow spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx ⅛", green. Ball truss, 6" to 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 4 to 5 years, 4" to 6" x 1" to 2", obovate, flat, mucronate, cuneate; glabrous and slightly glaucous above, with thin grey-white hairy covering below which ages to tan and may be rubbed off. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 4' high x 7' wide in 19 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'ALFRED MARTIN':  Lepidote. (edgeworthii x 'Else Frye'). Cross (1968) and raised by Dr John P Evans; named, introduced, and registered by Fleurette (Mrs J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep yellowish pink (47C) buds opening light to pale purplish pink (55C,D) with lighter pink to white edging of irregular width, and brilliant yellow (12C) dorsal blotch with scattered brown spots; reverse has deep to strong purplish pink (55A,B) ray on each petal. Calyx ", deep pink (48B). Ball truss of 5 flowers, 5" to 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3-4 years, 3" to 3" x 1⅜" to 1", broadly elliptic to elliptic, flat, slightly wavy margins, apiculate, cuneate; upper surface dull, hairy, bullate; underside with thin to medium tan indumentum and white scales. Upright and broad habit, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 5' high x 5' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms early March. Hardy to at least 32°F.

'ALOHA':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1973) by Carl H Phetteplace, Leaburg, OR; ARS seed lot 1974-563; raised, named, and registered by Donald W Paden, Urbana, IL; introduced by Briggs Nursery, Olympia, WA. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid red (52A) buds open deep pink (52C), fading to pale purplish pink (56D). No calyx. As many as 19 flowers/dome truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 2" to 3" x " to 1", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate, bullate and dull above, with thinly plastered moderate orange yellow (164C) indumentum below (white when young). Dense rounded habit, plant approximately 3' high in 10 years from cutting. Blooms late April/early May. Plant hardy to at least -15°F; buds, -10°F.

'ALONY':  Elepidote. ('Furnivall's Daughter' x 'Fabia'). Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Thorvall Aunsbjorn, Randers, Denmark. Flowers 10/truss, saucer-shaped, 4" across x 1-3/16" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; vivid reddish orange (33A). No calyx. Flat truss, 6" wide x 4⅛" high. Leaves 4" x 2" to 2⅜", oblong, with grayish felt-like coating below, aging to grayish brown. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2⅓' high x 1' wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -4°F.

'AMANDA JOAN YOUNG':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x unnamed Dexter hybrid, parentage unknown). Cross (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Allan T and Shirley A Anderson, Franklin Lakes, NJ. Flowers 7-9/truss, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (55A) margins shading to pale purplish pink (55D) in center; very pale purple (69A/D) throat; dorsal spotting varying from strong orange yellow (163B) to moderate yellow (163C) and brilliant yellow (15C). Calyx ⅛", green. Ball truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves 4" x 1", obovate, acute, rounded, hairless. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 3' wide in 11 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'ANDREW PATON':  Elepidote. ('Scintillation' x calophytum, pink form selected by Dr Carl Phetteplace). Cross (1972) by Robert Furman, Garden City, NY (now Brewster, MA); ARS Seed Exchange lot 73-522; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dorothy G Swift, Saunderstown, RI. Flowers average 20/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-campanulate, 3" across x 1⅜" long, with prominent stigma and 5 smooth-edged lobes; white with deep red (53A) spotting, c 1" long, on dorsal and two adjacent lobes; spots merge to form central blotch c ⅜" long. In cold, cloudy spring, flowers may open pale pink before fading to white. Calyx minute. Flat to globular truss, 8" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" to 9" x 1" to 3", oblanceolate, convex, apiculate, mature, 3' high x 4' wide in 14 years from seed. Blooms late April. Plant hardy to at least -12°F; buds, -5°F.

'ANGELIQUE':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 14/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 1⅞" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish red (54A) buds open pale purplish pink (56D) with touches of deep purplish pink (55A) at tips of lobes; outside deep purplish pink (55A) at margins, graduating to white base; with age, corolla becomes moderate to light purplish pink (62B,C). Dome truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" x 1", elliptic to slightly narrowly obovate, slightly convex, acute, cuneate; glabrous above, with pale yellow green (157A) felt-like coating below, aging to dark grayish yellow (199D). Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2⅔' wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'ANITA GEHNRICH':  Elepidote. ('The Hon. Jean Marie de Montague' x yakushimanum). Cross (1977), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Philip Waldman, Roslyn Nursery, Dix Hills, NY. Flowers 14/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (50A) buds open deep pink (52B), fading pale purplish pink (56D) in throat, with strong red (50A) dorsal spotting. No calyx. Dome truss, 8" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 1", elliptic, flat, acute, rounded, glossy above, with thinly plastered brown indumentum below. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 4' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'APPLE BLOSSOM':  Synonym of 'SANDWICH APPLEBLOSSOM'.

'APPLEBLOSSOM':  Synonym of 'SANDWICH APPLEBLOSSOM'.

'APRIL DAWN':  Lepidote. (white-flowered minus Carolinianum group x white-flowered dauricum). Cross (1968), raised, named, introduced (through Gem Gardens), and registered by Gustav A L Mehlquist, Storrs, CT. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, single, slightly fragrant, 1" to 2" across x c " long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; light pink (49C). Calyx negligible. Leaves held 2-3 years, 2" to 4" x " to 1⅛", elliptic, flat, acute/apiculate, cuneate, with scaly indumentum; mahogany color in autumn. Upright, spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 3' to 4' high x 2' to 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least -30°F; buds, -25°F.

'APRIL GEM':  Lepidote. (([white-flowered minus Carolinianum group x mucronulatum 'Cornell Pink'] x [white-flowered dauricum x dauricum]) x white-flowered selection from (white-flowered dauricum x dauricum)). Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced (through Gem Gardens), and registered by Gustav A L Mehlquist, Storrs, CT. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, double (0-3 stamens), slightly fragrant, 1" to 2" across x c " long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; pure white. Calyx negligible. Leaves held 2-3 years, 2" to 4" x " to 1⅛", elliptic, acute/apiculate, cuneate, with scaly indumentum. Broadly upright habit, free-flowering, plant 2' to 3' high x 1⅝' to 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least -30°F; buds, -25°F.

'APRIL REIGN':  Lepidote. [(white-flowered minus Carolinianum group x mucronulatum' Cornell Pink') x (white-flowered dauricum x dauricum)]. Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced (through Gem Gardens), and registered by Gustav A L Mehlquist, Storrs, CT. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, double (1-3 stamens), slightly fragrant, 1" to 2" across x c 3/4" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; pink, with lighter center. Calyx negligible. Leaves held 2-3 years, 2" to 4" x " to 1⅛", elliptic, acute/apiculate, cuneate, with scaly indumentum. Broadly upright habit, free-flowering, plant 2' to 3' high x 1⅝' to 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least -30°F; buds, -25°F.

'APRIL ROSE':  Lepidote. [F2 from (white-flowered minus Carolinianum group x mucronulatum 'Cornell Pink') x (white-flowered dauricum x dauricum)]. Cross (1972), raised, named, introduced (through Gem Gardens), and registered by Gustav A L Mehlquist, Storrs, CT. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, double (0-3 stamens), slightly fragrant, 1" to 2" across x c " long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; vivid red (46B,C). Calyx negligible. Leaves held 2-3 years, 2" to 4" x " to 1⅛", elliptic, flat, acute/apiculate, cuneate, with scaly indumentum; reddish bronze in autumn. Broadly upright habit, free-flowering, plant 2' to 3' high x 1⅝' to 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least -30°F; buds, -25°F.

'APRIL WHITE':  Lepidote. (([white-flowered minus Carolinianum group x mucronulatum 'Cornell Pink'] x [white-flowered dauricum x dauricum]) x white-flowered selection from (white-flowered dauricum x dauricum)). Cross (1972), raised, named, introduced (through Gem Gardens), and registered by Gustav A L Mehlquist, Storrs, CT. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, semi-double (3-5 stamens), slightly fragrant, 1" to 2" across x c " long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; pure white. Calyx negligible. Leaves held 2-3 years, 2" to 4" x " to 1⅛", elliptic, flat, acute/apiculate, cuneate, with scaly indumentum; bright yellow in autumn. Broadly upright habit, free-flowering, plant 2' to 3' high x 1⅝' to 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least -30°F; buds, -25°F.

'ARCTIC GLOW':  Lepidote. (white-flowered minus Carolinianum group x dauricum 'Arctic Pearl'). Cross (1970), raised, named, introduced, and registered by G David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 1" across x ⅞" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light purple (75A) buds open light purple (75B) fading to white in center, with faint light purple (75B) dorsal spotting. No calyx. Ball truss, 2" wide x 2" high, consisting of 2-3 buds/terminal with 3 flowers/bud. Leaves held 1 years, 2" x 1⅛", elliptic, acute, cuneate, scaly above and below. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 5' high x 5' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms late April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'ARNESON GEM':  Deciduous azalea. [('C.B. van Nes' x 'Koster's Brilliant Red') x unknown]. Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 10-15/truss, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, 5 smooth-edged lobes; vivid yellow (16A) in throat, shading to strong reddish orange (34C) at margins; outside strong red (41B); buds strong red (41B) with light yellow (10B) streaks towards the base. Calyx ⅜", light green. Ball truss, 6" across x 4" high. Leaves 2" to 3" x 1" to 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright and spreading habit, very floriferous, 3' high x 4' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F. Received award (1988) at Portland Chapter, ARS show for Best New Azalea.

'ARNESON RED':  Synonym of 'RED SUNSET'.

'ART CHILDERS':  Elepidote. {(Warm Spring' x 'Yellow Creek') x ['Crest' x ('CIS' x 'Lem's Goal')]}. Cross (c 1975) and raised by Arthur Childers; named and registered by Maxine Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers 14-16/ truss, moderately fragrant, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped to flat saucer-shaped, with petals slightly re-curved; 4" across x 1" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; buds moderate yellow (162A,B) with tint of moderate reddish orange (179C), opening light yellow (10C) shading to light yellow (10B) in throat, with very faint green spotting. Calyx ⅛" to ⅜", yellow green. Ball truss, 9" wide x 7" high. Leaves 4" x 2⅛", oblong/elliptic, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous. Free-flowering, plant 6' high x 4' wide in c 10 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'AUDREY DETANE':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x 'Azor'). Cross (1963), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Sigrid Laxdall, Bellingham, WA. Flowers 8/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; deep pink (51C) buds open deep pink (52B) with strong red (53C) throat; outside has darker pink stripes. Calyx ⅛". Ball truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 7⅜" x 2", elliptic, flat, acute, rounded, hairless. Upright, free-flowering, 9' high x 6' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms late June/early July. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 0°F to 5°F.

'AURIGA':  Elepidote. ['Catawbiense Album' x (wardiix yakushimanum)]. Cross (1972), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 10-13/truss, openly campanulate, 2⅜" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; pale greenish yellow (1D) deepening to brilliant yellow green (154B,C) towards center. Calyx 1/16", green. Lax dome truss, 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" to 5" x 2" to 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, rounded, hairless. Spreading, moderately floriferous; plant 4' high x 3⅓' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid June. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -18°F.

'AZURAY':  Lepidote. (unnamed augustinii hybrid, ex Gable? x dauricum Sempervirens group). Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 3-4/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped, 2" across x " long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; brilliant to light violet (92A,B,C). Calyx ⅛", green. Lax truss, 3" wide x 2" high. Leaves held 1 years, 1" to 2" x " to 1", elliptic, convex, scaly above and below. Upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 6' high x 3' wide in 13 years from seed. Blooms early to mid May. Plant hardy to at least -30°F; buds, -15°F.

'BAMBINO':  Elepidote. [('Britannia' x yakushimanum) x 'Lem's Cameo']. Cross (c 1970), raised, named, introduced, and registered by E C Brockenbrough, Bellevue, WA. Flowers 12/truss, moderately fragrant, moderately heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3⅛" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; light yellowish pink (38C) with red flare on dorsal lobe. Calyx 1⅝", light yellowish pink (38C) with red spotting on dorsal lobe. Ball truss, 5⅞" wide x 5⅞" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 4" x 2", elliptic, apiculate, rounded, glabrous. Broad outline, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 4' high x 6' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms early May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'BANANA BOAT':  Lepidote. (keiskei, dwarf selection x dauricum 'Arctic Pearl'). Cross (1971), raised, named, introduced, and registered by G David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers 3-5/truss, moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 1" across x " long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow green (145B) buds open pale greenish yellow (1D) with strong yellow green (144C) dorsal spotting; pale orange yellow (23D) anthers. No calyx. Flat truss, 2" wide x 1" high. Leaves held 1 years, 2⅝" x ⅞", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate, scaly above and below. Spreading, dense growth habit, plant 3' high x 4' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid April. Plant hardy to at least -15°F; buds, -10°F.

'BARBARA COOK':  Elepidote. ('Mary Belle' x 'Goldsworth Yellow'). Cross (1976) by J Judson Brooks, Sewickley, PA; ARS Seed Exchange lot 77-470; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Pat (Mrs James R) Walton, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Flowers 6/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" to 4" across x 1" long, with 7 wavy/ frilly-edged lobes; strong red (51A) buds open moderate purplish pink (54D) which ages to pale yellow (20D) with deep purplish red (59B) rays deep in the throat. No calyx. Flat truss, 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 2", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless. Upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -12°F.

'BEA'S GLORY':  Elepidote. {[('Naomi' x decorum) x orbiculare] x [(wardii x dichroanthum) x fortunei]}. Cross (1974) by Robert Emmerich, Huntington, NY; raised by Richard Brooks, Concord, MA; named, introduced, and registered by Bea Mac-Donald, Sandwich, MA. Flowers 12/truss, moderately fragrant, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped; 3" across x 2" long, with 5-7 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow(158A) buds open pale yellow green (155A), shading to light greenish yellow (4B) in throat, with two small deep red (185A) dorsal rays. Calyx 1/16". Flat truss, 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves 3" to 5" x 1" to 2⅜", elliptic, mucronate, cordate, with wavy margins; retained 3 years. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 5' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant hardy to at least -15°F; buds, 0°F.

'BEN BRIGGS':  Elepidote. ('Bow Bells' x 'Loderi King George'). Cross (1976) by Ben Briggs, Shelton, WA; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA. Flowers 5/truss, tubular funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; white with a slightly pink cast, fading soon to a whiter color than greenish white (157D). No calyx. Lax truss, 5" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2" x 1", elliptic, concave, mucronate, cordate, glossy above, hairless above and below. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 10°F.

'BIXBY':  Evergreen azalea. [('Vuyk's Rosyred' or Vuyk's Scarlet' x yedoense var. poukhanense) x unknown]. Cross (year unknown) by Edmund V Mezitt, Hopkinton, MA; raised, named, introduced and registered by Weston Nurseries, Inc, Hopkinton, MA. Flowers 3/truss, openly funnel-shaped, single, 1" across x " long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (53D). Calyx ⅛", light green. Flattened dome truss, 2" across x " high. Leaves held 2 years, 1" x ", obovate, concave, mucronate, cuneate, bullate, hairy above and below. Dense growth habit, very floriferous, plant 1' high x 1' wide in 5 years from cutting. Blooms late May to early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'BOLD ADVENTURE':  Elepidote. ('Ruby Bowman' x 'Skipper'). Cross(1981), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 14/truss, slightly fragrant, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; strong red (53) buds open pale purplish pink (56B) at tips of lobes, shading to pale purplish pink (56C) towards center, with large area of deep red (185A) in throat, and two moderate red (180D) dorsal flares extending half way to tip of lobe; outside pale purplish pink (56C) with strong purplish pink (55B) along veins. Dome truss, 7" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, hairless, glossy above. Spreading, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2⅔' high x 2⅔' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'CANBY':  Deciduous azalea. {('Gallipoli' x 'Cecile') x [(pink sdlg, unknown parentage x 'Seville') x 'Cecile']}. Cross (1973), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 15-19/truss, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, 5 frilly-edged lobes; light yellow orange (23C) in throat, shading to strong yellowish pink (34D) at margins; buds moderate reddish orange (35B). Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 7" across x 6" high. Leaves 3" to 5" x 1" to 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright, spreading habit, moderately floriferous, 5' high x 5' wide in 14 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'CAROL GRIER':  Elepidote. (irroratum x unknown). Cross (year unknown) by Bob Bovee, Portland, OR; raised by Dugald Grier, Portland, OR; named, introduced, and registered by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Flowers 10/truss, slightly fragrant, heavy substance, widely funnel-campanulate, 2" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; moderate yellowish pink (37C) buds open pale yellow (11D) with red freckles on all lobes. Lax truss, 8" to 9" wide x 6" to 8" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 1", oblong, convex, apiculate, cuneate; dull and bullate above, sparsely glandular below. Upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 5' high x 4' wide in 5 years from cutting. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 20°F.

'CASCADE PINK':  Deciduous azalea. {[('Gallipoli' x 'Cecile') x 'Pink Delight'] x ((pink sdlg, unknown parentage x 'Seville') x 'Cecile']}. Cross (1971), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 8-11/truss, widely funnel-shaped, slightly fragrant, partly double (0-5 stamens), 4" across x 2" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong pink (52D) to deep pink (52C) with vivid yellow (16A) dorsal spotting which fades to pale yellow (8D). Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 6" across x 5" high. Leaves 3" to 4" x 1" to 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright, spreading habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 3' wide in 16years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'CASCADE SUNRISE':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969) and raised by Winston A Ragan; named, introduced, and registered by Winston A and Joan Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 9-10/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; reddish pink buds; strong purplish pink (73B) margin, c ⅛" wide, varying through lighter shades of pink to deep purplish pink (73A) throat; slight red dorsal spotting. No calyx. Dome truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 2", narrowly oblong, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above and below. Upright, open habit, free-flowering, plant 8' high x 5' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms mid to late April into May. Hardy to at least -10°F.

'CATHERINE PARR':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Winston A Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 10/truss, openly funnel-campanulate, 4" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (64D), with yellow rays in center and red spotting in throat of three rounded, hairless. Upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 8' high x 7' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early June to early July. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'CHARME LA':  Lepidote. (pink-flowered minus Carolinianum group x pemakoense Patulum group). Cross (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 3-5/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; light purple (76A). Calyx ⅛", green. Lax truss, 4" wide x 2" high. Leaves 2" x 1", elliptic, convex, apiculate, cuneate, scaly above and below. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 3' wide in 19 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds,-15°F.

'CHILDER'S INDIAN SUMMER':  Elepidote. ('Warm Spring' x 'Yellow Creek'). Cross (c 1962), raised, named and registered by Arthur Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers 9-11/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; solid color between brilliant yellow (15C) and light yellow (15D). Calyx 3/16" to ", light yellow (15D). Flat truss, 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" to 7" x 2" to 3", oblong/elliptic, obtuse, rounded, glabrous. Broad, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 8' tall x 8' wide in c 19 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'CHUCKANUT SUNSET':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969), raised, and named by Winston A Ragan; introduced and registered by Winston A and Joan Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 10/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; pale greenish yellow (1D) with prominent red marking in throat on three upper lobes; red marking consists of streaks of unequal length, radiating as far as " from base. Calyx minute, yellow. Dome truss, 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above and below. Upright, open habit, free-flowering, plant 7' high x 5' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early April. Hardy to at least -10°F.

'CINNAMON BEAR':  Elepidote. (bureavii, A.M. 1939 x yakushimanum 'Koichiro Wada'). Cross by Cecil Smith, St Paul, OR; seedling from Bob Bovee, Portland, OR (1964); named by Sharon Leopold, Salem, OR; raised, introduced, and registered by Cecil Smith. Flowers 20/truss, openly campanulate, 2" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light pink buds open white with strong purplish red (54A) spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx ⅜", white. Dome truss, 4" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3-4 years, 5" x 1", narrowly elliptic, acute, cuneate; glaucous above with very heavy felt-like cinnamon brown hairy coating below; new growth light whitish green. Rounded, well-branched, moderately floriferous, plant 4' high x 5' wide in 23 years from seed. Blooms early May. Hardy to at least 0°F. [Correct parentage from (bureavii, A.M. 1939 x yakushimanum 'Koichiro Wada') to (yakushimanum 'Koichiro Wada' x bureavii, A.M. 1939) - mod. 02/25/14, ref.]

'CLARK'S WHITE':  Elepidote. (Wild-collected white selection from catawbiense at Avery County, NC). Selected (1960's) and raised by Obie E Clark, Avery County, NC; named, introduced, and registered by E Reid Bahnson, MD; Winston-Salem, NC. Flowers 14-16/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2⅜" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; pure white buds open white with greenish gold dorsal spotting. No calyx. Dome truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 1 year, 4" to 5" x 1" to 2", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate, glabrous, glossy above, new growth powdery. Spreading, open growth habit, very floriferous, plant 6' high x 7' wide after 20 years from layer. Blooms mid to late May at 3500' elevation. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'CLASS OF THIRTY-EIGHT':  Elepidote. ('Crest' x wardii Litiense group). Cross (1976), raised, named, and registered by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA; introduced by U of Washington - Seattle, in honor of the graduating class of 1938. Flowers 8-12/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 4" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow green (2C). No calyx. Dome truss, 7" wide x 8" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 3", elliptic, convex, apiculate, cuneate, glossy above, hairless above and below. Upright, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 6' high x 5' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms April. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 10°F.

'COLT'S NECK ROSE':  Lepidote. (minus x dauricum). Cross (1970), raised, named, introduced, and registered by G David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 1⅜" across x 1⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish red (72A) buds open strong reddish purple (72C), with dark red (59A) dorsal spotting. No calyx. Flat truss, 2" wide x 1" high, consisting of 2-3 buds/terminal with 4-5 flowers/bud. Leaves held 1 years, 2⅛" x 1", elliptic, acute, cuneate, scaly above and below; dark red (59A) during winter. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 5' high x 5' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms late April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'COLUMBIA GLORY':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969) and raised by Winston A Ragan; named, introduced, and registered by Winston A and Joan Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 16/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; white with strong purplish red (71C) edging, c " wide, and slight pink blush in throat. No calyx. Ball truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 7" x 2", narrowly oblong, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, very floriferous, plant 5' high x 5' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Hardy to at least -10°F.

'CORAL GLOW':  Lepidote. (mucronulatum 'Cornell Pink' x lutescens). Cross (1967), raised, named, introduced (through Gem Gardens), and registered by Gustav A L Mehlquist, Storrs, CT. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, single, slightly fragrant, 1" to 2" across x c " long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; vivid reddish orange (32A) to strong yellowish pink (32C). Calyx negligible. Leaves held 15 months, 4" to 4" x " to 1-3/16", elliptic, flat, acuminate, cuneate, with scaly indumentum; mahogany color in autumn. Broadly upright habit, free-flowering, plant 3' to 5' high x 2' to 2' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least -20°F; buds, -15°F.

'COURT JESTER':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x unregistered Whitney orange hybrid of unknown parentage, tagged 'Sundance', pre-1955 at Washougal, WA). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 9-13/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 2" across x 1⅝" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid red (46B) with light yellow green (150D) center and slight spotting of moderate yellow green (148B); outside and buds strong red (46A). Calyx "-1" (irregular), variegated stripes of vivid red (46B) and light yellow green (148A), rolled back like a collar. Dome truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" x 1", narrowly elliptic / oblanceolate, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2' wide in 6 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'DELRAY':  Evergreen azalea, (kaempferi hybrid x unknown). Cross (c 1957) and raised by Del and Ray James, Eugene, OR; named by Arthur Childers; introduced and registered by Arthur and Maxine Childers, Vida, OR. Flowers 2/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, 5 smooth-edged lobes; vivid red (44A) with vivid red (45A) throat. Calyx ", strong yellow green (145A). Leaves 2" x 1", hairy below, almost deciduous in winter; narrowly oblong to oblanceolate in winter; narrowly oblong to elliptic in summer; concave, acute, rounded. Plant upright, broad, free-flowering, 4' high x 4' wide in 15 years from cutting. Blooms early May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'DOCTOR DENIS PERCELL':  Elepidote. (maximum x 'Leo'). Cross (1971), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Col and Mrs. Raymond H Goodrich, Vienna, VA. Flowers 16/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (53C) shading to strong red (53D) at center, with deep red (53A) dorsal spotting. Calyx minute. Ball truss, 4" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above, with sparse rust-brown indumentum below on young leaves only. Plant 7' high x 6' wide in 16 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'DOROTHY PEAKE':  Elepidote. ('Mrs. Furnival' x 'Purple Splendour'). Cross (c 1976) by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Mrs A J Holden, Harstine Island Nursery, Shelton, WA. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (67C) buds open yellowish white (155D) with " to " wide deep purplish pink (67C) edging, fading to white; dark red (59A) to deep red (60A) spotting on three upper lobes; reverse deep purplish pink (67C), fading to white. Calyx to ", moderate red (180C). Flat truss, 6" wide x 5" high consisting of as many as 13 flowers. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 2", elliptic to broadly elliptic, flat to convex, apiculate, cuneate, glossy above. Rounded, dense growth habit, plant 3⅓' high x 3⅓' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms late April. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'DYNASTY':  Elepidote. ('Captain Jack' x unregistered Whitney orange hybrid of unknown parentage, tagged 'Sundance', pre-1955 at Washougal, WA). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 8-10/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 2⅞" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy/slightly crinkly-edged lobes; strong red (46A) shading to dark red (183B) at center. Calyx ⅛" to ⅜" long, strong red (46A). Flat truss, 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2⅞" x 1", elliptic, slightly concave, acute, cuneate; hairless above, with sparse pale orange yellow (165D) hairy coating below. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 12°F.

'EASTER DAWN':  Lepidote. (minus x mucronulatum 'Pink Panther'). Cross (1972), raised, named, introduced, and registered by C David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 1" across x 1⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong reddish purple (72B) at edge fading to light purplish pink (73C) at center, with light purplish pink (73C) dorsal blotch spotted strong greenish yellow (153B). No calyx. Ball truss, 3" wide x 2" high, consisting of 2-5 buds/terminal with 3 flowers/bud. Leaves 2⅜" x 1", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, scaly above and below; semi-deciduous; only tip (summer) leaves are retained to following year; spring leaves turn bright red before falling in October. Upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 7' high x 5' wide in 16 years from seed. Blooms mid April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F.

'ELEANOR BEE':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 14/truss, funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish red (58B) buds open pale purplish pink (55D) at margins, shading gradually to white center; outside white at base shading to light purplish pink (55C) at tips of lobes and along midribs. Flat truss, 4" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2+ years, 3" x 1", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate; glabrous above, with grayish yellow green (195B) felt-like coating below, aging to light yellowish brown (199C). Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 1' high x 2⅓' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'ELEANOR LAXDALL':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x 'Azor'). Cross (1963), raised, named, and introduced by Sigrid Laxdall, Bellingham, WA. Flowers 12/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (55A) with moderate purplish pink (55D) margins and lighter pink throat. Calyx ⅛", vivid yellow green (154A). Lax truss, c 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 8" x 3⅛", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless; new growth copper colored. Free-flowering, plant 8' high x 5' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms early June. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 0°F to 5°F.

'ELROSE COURT':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x unregistered Whitney orange hybrid of unknown parentage, tagged 'Sundance', pre-1955 at Washougal, WA). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 14/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; upper third of lobes deep pink (52B) shading to moderate yellow (161A) at center, with moderate orange red (178C) dorsal spotting; as flower matures, center gradually becomes moderate reddish orange (35B); outside deep pink (52B) margins and midribs, shading to moderate yellowish pink (38B) at base; vivid red (46B) buds. Calyx " to 1" (irregular); strong reddish orange (42B) and moderate yellow (161A), with moderate reddish orange (178C) spotting; outside strong reddish orange (42B). Flat truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2+ years, 4" x 1", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'EMOJENE LOUISE':  Lepidote. [(minus Carolinianum group x keiskei) x (minus Carolinianum group x 'Elam')]. Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 1" across x " long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; buds strong purplish pink (55B), opening to pale purplish pink (55D) edge shading to white in center, with small area of dark greenish yellow (152D) speckling on dorsal lobe. Calyx negligible. Dome truss, 2" to 2" wide x 1" to 2" high, consisting of 1-3 buds with 2-5 flowers/bud. Leaves held 2 years, 1" to 2" x " to ", elliptic, acute, cuneate, glabrous above, with closely spaced reddish brown scales below. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 1⅓' high x 2⅓' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant hardy to at least -22°F; buds,-18°F.

'FLODA':  Lepidote. (keiskei x pink-flowered mucronulatum). Cross (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Philip Waldman, Roslyn Nursery, Dix Hills, NY. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (62B) edged with pale purplish pink (62D), fading to white with pink stripes radiating through each petal, with persistent light orange yellow (16C) dorsal flare. No calyx. Flattened ball truss, 3" wide x 3" high, consisting of 3 to 8 flowers. Leaves held 1 year, 1" x ", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, glabrous and glossy above, with scales below. Spreading habit, free-flowering, autumn foliage red, plant 2' high x 4' wide in 11 years from seed. Blooms very early. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'FLUFFY':  Deciduous azalea. [('Cecile' x 'Pink Delight') x ('George Reynolds' x 'Klondyke')]. Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 8-11/truss, widely funnel-shaped, semi-double (3-5 stamens), 4" across x 2" long, 5 frilly-edged lobes; light greenish yellow (4B) with brilliant yellow (13B) dorsal blotch, aging to yellowish white (155D) with light yellow green (2C) blotch; buds are light yellow green (2C) edged with strong yellowish pink (32D). Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 5" across x 4" high. Leaves 3" to 4" x 1" to 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 3' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'FOWLER':  Elepidote. (Compact selection from maximum). Collected wild (c 1976) in Haywood County, NC; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Raymond J Fowler, Waynesville, NC. Flowers 16-18/ truss, tubular-campanulate, " across x " long, with 5-6 smooth-edged lobes; white, flushed pink; buds light pink to white. Dome truss, 3" wide x 2" high. Leaves 3⅞" x 1", narrowly elliptic, wavy margins, acute, cuneate; dull above, with thinly plastered tan hairs below. Compact, spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4⅔' high x 8' wide in 12 years. Blooms early July to early August. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'FRILLY LEMON':  Deciduous azalea, [yellow sdlg, unknown parentage x ('George Reynolds' x Klondyke')]. Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 14-17/truss, widely funnel-shaped, double (0-4 stamens), 3" across x 2" long, 5 frilly-edged lobes; vivid yellow (13A) with vivid yellow (15A) dorsal blotch. Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 6" across x 6" high. Leaves 2" to 4" x 1" to 1⅝", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright and spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 4' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'GAYLE VINCENT':  Elepidote. ('Fawn' x 'Dot'). Cross (before 1953) by Del W James, Eugene, OR; raised and named by Arthur Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR; registered by Arthur and Maxine Childers, Vida, OR. Flowers 18/truss, very fragrant, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; light purple (84B) buds open pale purplish pink (56C) tinged light purple (84C), with orange dorsal spotting maturing to green. Calyx ⅛", green. Ball truss, 7" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 7" x 2", narrowly oblong/elliptic, acute, cuneate, glabrous. Free-flowering, plant 10' tall x 5' wide in 28 years from seed. Blooms early May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'GERTRUDE RAGAN':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Winston A Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly, Kent, WA). Flowers 17/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 6 frilly-edged lobes; purple buds open very pale purple (73D), with slightly yellow throat, strong reddish purple (72B) edging (c " wide), and large area of persistent deep purplish red (59B) dense spotting on dorsal and two adjacent lobes; throat and edging age to very pale purple (73D). Conical truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 7" x 1", narrowly elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, glaucous above, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, free-flowering, plant 5' high x 6' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms late May. Hardy to at least -5°F.

'GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY:  Synonym of 'GOLDEN SHOWERS'.

'GOLDEN REUNION':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1973) by William E Whitney, Brinnon, WA; named and introduced by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA; raised and registered by Floyd Watters, Shelton, WA. Flowers 9-12/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 4" to 5" across x 2" long, with 8 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow (10C) with brilliant yellow (11A) throat. No calyx. Ball truss, 10" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", ovate, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glossy above, hairless above and below. Semi-open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 8' high x 10' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'GOLDEN SHOWERS':  Deciduous azalea. (viscosum x bakeri). Cross (1963) by Edmund V Mezitt; named by Christopher S Rogers; raised, introduced, and registered by Weston Nurseries, Inc; all Hopkinton, MA. Flowers 6-8/truss, moderately fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped, 1" across x 1" long, 5 lobes; strong yellowish pink (32C) buds open light yellow (20B), aging to strong pink (54C) on midribs and outside. Calyx ⅛", light green. Ball truss, 2" across x 1" high. Leaves 1" x ", oblong, apiculate, cuneate; hairless, glossy above; foliage turns bronze in autumn. Plant upright, free-flowering, 1' high x 1' wide in 4 years from cutting. Blooms early July. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'GOLDEN SUNRISE':  Deciduous azalea. (japonicum [PI 318657?] x molle [PI 159034]). Cross (1968), raised, introduced, and described by Dr Richard J Stadtherr, Baton Rouge, LA; named and registered by Stephen Adams, Adams Nursery, Forest Hill, LA. Flowers 15-20/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 1⅝" across x 1" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes (dorsal is frilly-edged); brilliant yellow (21C) with light orange yellow (23C) markings on buds and petals when opening. Calyx ⅜", green. Dome truss, 5" to 6" across x 4" high. Leaves variable, up to 3" x 1⅞", obovate, flat with slightly wavy margins, mucronate, cuneate; upper surface glabrous, glossy, and bullate; new growth with white hairs below. Plant upright, moderately floriferous, 6' high x 3' wide in 5 years from cutting. Blooms early April. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 10°F.

'GORDON JONES':  Elepidote. ('Sappho' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross(1975) by Richard Murcott, Norwich, NY (ARS Seed Exchange, lot 76-490); raised, named, and registered by Werner Brack, St James, NY; introduced by Roslyn Nursery, Dix Hills, NY. Flowers 16/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 2" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; strong purplish pink (73B) buds open very pale purple (69D) and age to white; prominent dark red (59A) spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx minute. Dome truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 6" x 2", oblong, convex, apiculate, cuneate, hairless, glossy above. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 3' high x 5' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'GREEN GLOW':  Evergreen azalea. [('Eric Schaeme' x 'Glacier') x 'Anna Kehr']. Cross (1979) by Donald Hyatt, McLean, VA; ARS seed lot 1980-956; raised, named, introduced and registered by Philip Waldman, Roslyn Nursery, Dix Hills, NY. Flowers 3-4/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, hose-in-hose, semi-double (2-3 stamens/flower); 2" across x 2" long, 5 smooth-edged lobes; light yellow green (154D), fading lighter at edges, with light yellow green (145B) spotting in throat. Calyx 1", light yellow green (150D). Flat truss, 4" across x 2" high. Leaves held 1 year, 1" x ", elliptic, concave, acute, cuneate, hairy above and below. Plant spreading, free-flowering, 2' high x 4' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F. Received ARS Seed Exchange trophy and Best-in-Show award at New York Chapter, ARS truss show (1985).

'HEART OF GOLD': Synonym of 'PACIFIC SUNSET'.

'HELLA'S FAVORITE':  Elepidote. ('Letty Edwards' x 'Letty Edwards'). Seed from U of British Columbia, Vancouver Campus (1965); raised, named, introduced, and registered by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 10/truss, openly campanulate, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; vivid red (52A) buds open pale yellow (20C) with a few reddish spots on dorsal and adjacent lobes. Calyx ⅛", greenish. Ball truss, 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2" x 1", broadly elliptic, apiculate, cuneate; glossy above, hairless, new growth greenish copper color. Rounded outline, free-flowering, plant 6' high x 6' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms April/May. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'HELMA'S JOY':  Elepidote. (macabeanum x macabeanum). Seed from National Trust of Scotland, Brodick Castle (1963); seedling from Dr Milton Walker, Eugene, OR (1964); raised, named, introduced, and registered by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 20-30/truss, ventricose campanulate, 2" across x 2" long, with 8 smooth-edged lobes; salmon-orange buds open light greenish yellow (4C) to pale yellow green (4D) with reddish purple blotch on every lobe. Calyx minute, green. Ball truss, 8" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 12" x 4", elliptic to narrowly elliptic, acute, cuneate; glossy above, with silvery felt-like coating below, aging to moderate orange yellow (165C). Moderately floriferous, plant 12' high x 12' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms March/ April. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'H.O.G.':  Synonym of 'PACIFIC SUNSET'.

'HUSKY FEVER':  Elepidote. ('Crest' x wardii Litiense group). Cross (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA. Flowers 10/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow green (2C). Calyx ⅜", light yellow green (2C). Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 3" x 1", oblong, flat, apiculate, rounded, hairless above and below. Upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 6' high x 5' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 10°F.

'Igloo':  Elepidote. ('Ice Cube' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 16/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light pink buds open white. Calyx ⅛", green. Slightly lax dome truss, 6" to 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 5 years, 4" to 6" x 1" to 2", oblong, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless. Spreading, dense growth habit, very floriferous, plant 4⅓' high x 7' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'IRISH CREAM':  Elepidote. [('Catalgla' x wardii) x 'Goldfort']. Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced and registered by G David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers 11/truss, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow green (4D) with brilliant yellow green (154B) spotting in throat; 12 stamens (" long) with pale yellow green (4D) anthers tightly clustered around style (pistil 1" long). Calyx 1/16", strong yellow green (144B) with deep purplish pink (66C) edge. Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 1 years, 4" x 2", elliptic, flat, obtuse, rounded, glabrous. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 4' wide in 13 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant hardy to at least-15°F; buds,-10°F.

'ISOM RAGAN':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Winston A Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 8/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; white with light to moderate purplish pink (65B,A) stripe, " to " wide, on outside midrib of each lobe, showing through to inside, more pronounced at tips. Calyx 1/16", pink. Lax dome truss, 8" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 7" x 2", oblong, flat, obtuse, rounded, hairless, glossy above. Upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 6' high x 5' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early June to early July. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5° F.

'JANE MARTIN':  Elepidote. ('King Tut' x yakushimanum). Cross (1977) by Orlando S Pride, Butler, PA; raised (2 years) by O S Pride, then by Edward T Connors, Jackson, NJ; introduced by E T Connors; named and registered by Alfred S Martin, Blue Hill, ME. Flowers 12-16/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5-6 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (53D) buds open white at center, passing through lighter shades of pink to strong pink (52D) at margins, c 5/16" wide; vivid red (52A) outside, aging to lighter pink with deep pink (52B) along center of each lobe. Calyx minute, light green. Ball truss, 4" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 3" to 4" x 1⅛" to 1", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate; new growth covered with grayish white tomentum; light hairy coating below, aging from very pale tan to pale tan. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 1' high x 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F. Received award for Best Tubbed Plant at Princeton Chapter, ARS show, May 1988.

'JEANNE YVONNE':  Elepidote. ('Marinus Koster' x 'Pilgrim'). Cross (1963), raised, introduced, and registered by Sigrid Laxdall; named by Dan Laxdall; both Bellingham, WA. Flowers 13/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 4" to 5" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (50A) buds open deep pink which ages to white. Calyx ", green with pink edge. Conical truss, 6" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", elliptic, acute, cuneate, hairless. Free-flowering, plant 10' high x 10' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 0°F to 5°F.

'JEANNIE'S BLACK HEART':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1979), raised, named, and introduced by Fred Minch; registered by Fred and Jean Minch, Puyallup, WA. Flowers 6/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-campanulate, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; dark red (187A) with some black spotting and black tones; buds are blacker than dark red (187A). Calyx as corolla, 1" long. Lax truss, 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 4 or more years, 3" x 1", elliptic, wavy margins, mucronate, rounded; wrinkled and glossy above, with light green hairs below aging to copper; light green tomentum on new growth. Upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 2' high x 2' wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms April into May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'JEAN'S OLD SPICE':  Deciduous azalea, (orange Exbury hybrid x purple Exbury hybrid). Cross (c 1981) and raised by Fred Minch, introduced by Fred and Jean Minch, named and registered by Jean Minch, Puyallup, WA. Flowers 11/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" to 3" across x 2" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; dorsal lobe vivid orange (28B), other lobes light orange yellow (24C), all with highlights of vivid orange yellow (23A) and brilliant orange yellow (23B); buds greyed-orange. Calyx negligible. Ball truss, 6" across x 4" high. Leaves held 1 year, 2" x 1", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate, glabrous. Plant upright, free-flowering, 5' high x 4' wide in 6 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'JOHN PAUL EVANS':  Lepidote. (nuttallii x nuttallii). Cross (1960's) and raised by Dr John P Evans; named, introduced, and registered by Fleurette (Mrs. J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers campanulate with distinctively re-curved petals, heavy substance, 4" across x 4" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow (18A,B) buds with pink tips open light/pale yellow (18B,C,D) to white with brilliant orange yellow (21B) throat; outside light/pale yellow (18B,C); prominent indentation under each calyx petal, brilliant orange yellow (21B). Calyx 1", light green, scaly. Flat truss, 9" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 7" to 9" x 3" to 4", oblong to elliptic, concave, apiculate, cuneate; glabrous and bullate above, with closely spaced yellow-brown scales below. Upright habit, well-branched, free-flowering; papery reddish brown bark on trunk and branches; plant 8' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid April/May. Hardy to at least 32°F.

'JONATHAN SHAW':  Elepidote. ('Melanie Shaw' x 'Brenda Lee'). Cross (1981), raised, and named by Jonathan Leonard, East Sandwich, MA; introduced and registered by Briarwood Gardens, East Sandwich, MA. Flowers 18-20/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5-6 wavy-edged lobes; vivid purple (82A) shading to strong purplish red (71B) in center, with prominent black flare on upper lobes. Calyx minute, strong purplish red (60D). Ball truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 1", elliptic, flat with wavy margins, acute, cuneate, hairless. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 6 years from seed, beginning with 1 years of artificially accelerated (indoor) growth to blooming size. Blooms early to mid June. Plant hardy to at least -20°F; buds, -10°F.

'JOSHUA HUDDY':  Lepidote. (rupicola x mucronulatum 'Pink Panther'). Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced, and registered by G David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, 1" across x " long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep reddish purple (77A) buds open light purple (77C). Calyx 1/16", strong yellow green (144B). Ball truss, 3" wide x 2" high, consisting of 2-5 buds/terminal with 3 flowers/bud. Leaves held 1 years, 2" x ⅝", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, scaly below. Upright habit, free-flowering, plant 4' high x 3' wide in 13 years from seed. Blooms early April. Plant and bud hardy to at least-15°F.

'JUST JO':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969) and raised by Winston A Ragan; named, introduced, and registered by Winston A and Joan Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 10/truss, heavy substance, moderately to very fragrant (minty almond scent), widely funnel-campanulate, 2" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; deep pink buds open light purple (84C) with lighter pink throat. Lax truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 2⅛", oblong, flat, apiculate, rounded, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, rounded habit, very floriferous, plant 6' high x 5' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early to mid May. Hardy to at least -5°F.

'KALAKALA':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Winston A Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly, Kent, WA). Flowers 8-9/truss, heavy substance, campanulate, 4" across x 2" long, 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes with two 2" petaloid sepals; deep pink buds with yellow tinge open strong purplish pink (55B) with yellow tinge, shading to light greenish yellow (8C) in throat; some red/pink spotting in throat. Calyx " to 2", strong purplish pink (55B). Slightly lax dome truss, 7" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 3 years, 7" x 2", narrowly oblong, flat, apiculate, oblique, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, free-flowering, plant 7' high x 7' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early to mid May. Hardy to at least -5°F.

'KATIE CHILDERS':  Lepidote. ('Phalarope' x moupinense). Cross (1974), named, and registered by Arthur Childers; raised by Arthur and Maxine Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, heavy substance, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (70D) shading to very pale purple (73D) throat. Calyx ⅛" to 3/16", brilliant yellow green (149B). Lax truss consisting of 3 flowers. Leaves held 2 years, 1-5/16" x 5/16", broadly elliptic, mucronate, cuneate, glossy above, with widely spaced golden scales above and below; new growth tan at tips for a few days. Broad, well-branched, twiggy habit, free-flowering, plant 1' high x 1' wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms late March. Plant and bud hardy to at least 5°F.

'KEN'S FIND':  Elepidote. (White-flowered selection from catawbiense). A single white-flowered plant in a large population of otherwise typical individuals, of what is sometimes distinguished as R. insularis, in Johnston County, NC; selected (1983) by Ken Moore, Chapel Hill, NC; raised, named, introduced, and registered by E Reid Bahnson, MD; Winston-Salem, NC. Flowers 8-10/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2⅜" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; buds and flowers pure white. No calyx. Dome truss, 5" to 6" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 1 year, 4" to 5" x 2" to 2", broadly elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, glabrous, glossy above. Upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, native plant 8' high x 5' wide. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 5°F.

'KIMBERLY ANNE':  Lepidote. (pink-flowered veitchianum Cubittii group x 'Else Frye'). Cross (1968) by Dr John P Evans; raised and named by Dr and Mrs. J P Evans; introduced and registered by Fleurette (Mrs J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers moderately fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped, 3" to 3" across x 2" long, with 5 or 6 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (55A) buds open shades of purplish pink (55A,B,C,D) with reddish orange (42) blotch on dorsal lobe; reverse deep purplish pink (55A) with slightly darker longitudinal ray on each lobe. Calyx insignificant. Flat truss of 4 flowers, 4" to 5" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 2", broadly elliptic, flat with edges very narrowly downcurved, apiculate, cuneate; upper surface bullate with prominent veining; yellow-brown scales on underside. Rounded habit, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 6' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms March/April. Hardy to at least 32°F.

'LADY ELBERTA':  Elepidote. ('King of Shrubs' x yellow-flowered fortunei). Cross (1964) by Arthur Childers; raised, named and registered by Arthur and Maxine Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers 11-13/ truss, very fragrant, heavy substance, openly to widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 1" to 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; moderate pink (49B) shading to light yellowish pink (27A) in throat, with small area maroon spotting near base of dorsal lobe; outside moderate pink (49B). Calyx negligible. Dome truss, 7" to 8" wide x 6" to 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", narrowly oblong/elliptic, concave, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous. Upright and broad habit, free-flowering, plant 8' tall x 10' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'LADY HOLLAND':  Lepidote. ('Lady Berry' x maddenii ssp. crassum). Cross (c 1965-70) and raised by Dr John P Evans; named, introduced, and registered by Fleurette (Mrs. J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers openly funnel-campanulate, 4" to 5" across x 4" long, with 5 lobes; strong yellowish pink (37A,B) buds open shades of yellowish pink (38A,B,C,D) with brilliant to light yellow (20A,B) throat; reverse strong pink (50C) with strong to light purplish pink (55B,C) rays. Calyx minute, green. Lax truss of 8 flowers, 9" wide x 4" to 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 3" x 1", oblanceolate, convex, apiculate, cuneate; upper surface glabrous, brown scales below. Upright habit, well-branched, free-flowering, moderately heavy flower substance; plant 6' high x 4' wide in c 12 years from seed. Blooms in April. Hardy to at least 32°F.

'LAURELWOOD SNOW BUNTING':  Lepidote. (mucronulatum, Vossberg's pink selection x 'Bric-a-brac'). Cross (1960), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dorothy (Mrs. John F) Knippenberg, Wayne, NJ. Flowers 3-4/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; rose madder (HCC 23/2) buds open rose madder (HCC 23/3), then fade to white; filaments white, anthers black, pistils pink. Calyx ", blush pink fading to white. Flat truss, 3" wide x 2" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 2" x 1", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate; glossy with hairs and scales above, scaly below. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 3⅓' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms late March/ early April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F.

'LAWANDA WATTERS':  Elepidote. ('Letty Edwards' x 'Letty Edwards'). Cross (1973) by LaWanda Watters; raised by LaWanda and Floyd Watters; named, introduced, and registered by Floyd Watters; Shelton, WA. Flowers 12-13/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" to 4" across x 1" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow green (154D). Calyx minute, same color as flower. Ball truss, 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" to 5" x 2", ovate, flat, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 5' high x 5' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid April to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'LEM'S LEGACY':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1966) by Halfdan Lem, Seattle, WA; raised, named, introduced (through The Greenery), and registered by Lynden (Lynn) Watts, Bellevue, WA. Flowers 19-20/truss, slightly fragrant, openly campanulate, 3⅛" across x 2" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; pale orange yellow (16D) with vivid reddish orange (42A) throat; buds are apricot-colored. No calyx. Conical truss, 7" wide x 6⅓" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 6" x 2⅞", elliptic, flat, apiculate, oblique/rounded, hairless. Upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 6' high x 5' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 6°F. Awards at Seattle Chapter, ARS show (May 1988): (1) Best Hybrid Truss/Spray, (2) Best Truss/ Spray in Show.

'LEON'S RED':  Evergreen azalea. ('Vuyk's Rosyred' x 'Margie'). Cross (c 1955), raised, named, introduced and registered by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Flowers 3-4/truss, openly to tubular funnel-shaped, hose-in-hose, 1" across x 1" long, 5 slightly wavy-edged lobes; vivid reddish orange (43A) which does not fade in sun or with age. Calyx as corolla. Ball truss, 3" across x 1" high. Leaves 1" x ⅝", elliptic, convex and concave, apiculate, rounded, hairy above and below. Rounded outline, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'LEON'S SPORT':  Evergreen azalea. (Sport from 'Leon's Red'). Discovered (c 1973), raised, named, introduced and registered by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Flowers 3-4/truss, widely funnel-shaped, hose-in-hose, 1" across x 1" long, 5-6 smooth-edged lobes; color is variable: deep red buds (53A) open strong red (53C,D), vivid red (52A), and deep pink (52B). Calyx as corolla. Flat truss, 3" across x 1" high. Leaves ⅞" x ", elliptic, convex, mucronate, cuneate, glossy above, hairy above and below. Plant very floriferous, 1⅔' high x 2' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms early to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'LIONEL'S RED SHIELD':  Elepidote. ('America' x 'Carmen'). Cross (1969), raised, introduced, and registered by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada; named by Edmund L de Rothschild, Exbury, Southampton, England. Flowers 2-6/truss, funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; very dark red (almost black) buds open strong red (46A). Calyx 1/16", reddish green. Lax truss, 4" wide x 2" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2" to 2" x 1'' to 1", elliptic, flat, mucronate to obtuse, cuneate, hairless. Spreading, very floriferous, plant 1' high x 2' wide in 8 years from cutting. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -15°F.

'LOU'S SACO':  Elepidote. ('Sappho' x 'Mrs. W.R. Coe'). Cross (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Louis B Mraw, Trenton, NJ. Flowers 12/truss, flat saucer-shaped, 1⅜" across x " long, with 6 frilly-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (186D), edged very pale purple (73D), with very pale purple (69D) throat and deep purplish red (71A) dorsal blotch. No calyx. Dome truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves 4" x 1⅝", oblong, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 3' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms early to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'MARJIE KAY HINERMAN':  Elepidote. ['Nassau Red' (unregistered Paul Vossberg maximum hybrid) x 'Dexter's Honeydew' (unregistered Charles Dexter hybrid)]. Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered by D L Hinerman, MD; Ann Arbor, MI. Flowers 12/truss, heavy substance, moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 3" long, with 5-6 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish red (67A) buds open white, edged very pale purple (69A), with light yellow (10C) blotch; reverse very pale purple (69A). Calyx ", green. Dome truss, 8" wide x 8" high. Leaves held 3-4 years, 6" x 2", ovate, apiculate, oblique to rounded. Very dense habit, very floriferous, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'MARLENE SAVE':  Elepidote. ('Fawn' x 'Dot'). Cross (before 1953) by Del W James, Eugene, OR; raised, named, and registered by Arthur Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers 15/truss, very fragrant, heavy substance, openly to widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2⅝" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; light pink buds open white with deep greenish yellow (153A) dorsal spotting. Calyx negligible. Tall conical truss, 10" wide x 8" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" to 6" x 1" to 1", narrowly oblong to oblanceolate, acute, cuneate, glabrous. Upright, moderately well-branched, free-flowering, plant 10' tall x 6' wide in c 28 years from seed. Blooms early May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'MEDLEY':  Evergreen azalea. ('Edna Bee' x unknown). Cross (c 1978), raised, named, introduced and registered by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Flowers 2/truss, widely funnel-shaped, double to semi-double (0 to 2 stamens/flower), 2" across x 1" long; strong red (39A). Calyx 1/16", green. Truss 3" across x 1" high. Leaves 1" x ", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, hairy above and below. Free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'MELANIE SHAW':  Elepidote. ('Purple Splendour' x 'Dorothy Amateis'). Cross (c 1973) by Jonathan Shaw, Sandwich, MA (now Lake Wales, FL); raised and named by Jonathan Leonard, East Sandwich, MA; introduced and registered by Briarwood Gardens, East Sandwich, MA. Flowers 14-18/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 2⅛" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; strong purple (80B) shading to deep red (60C) in center, with prominent black flare on upper lobes. Calyx 1/16", moderate purplish red (70A). Ball truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 1", elliptic, acute, cuneate, hairless, glossy above. Spreading, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 4' high x 6' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early to mid June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F. Received the Hunnewell award (Best New Hybrid) in 1984, and first prize for lavender-purple elepidotes in 1985; both at MA chapter, ARS truss shows.

'MELUSINE LA FEE':  Elepidote. ('Ice Cube' x 'Scarlet Wonder'). Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 14-20/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (74D to 78D) with prominent, heavily spotted deep red (60A) markings on dorsal and two adjacent lobes. Calyx ⅛", green. Tall conical truss, 6" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 4 years, 5" to 6" x 2" to 3", oblong, flat, acute, rounded, hairless. Upright to spreading, open growth habit, very floriferous; plant 5' high x 5' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -20°F.

'MICHAEL STENNING':  Elepidote. [('Mrs. Chas. S. Sargent' x 'America') x 'Princess Elizabeth']. Cross (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered by D L Hinerman, MD; Ann Arbor, MI. Flowers 12/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 3" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (66C) with white central streak, edged vivid purplish red (66B); blotch strong purplish red(60B) with some radiating spots (60B). Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves 4" x 2", oblong, convex, acute, rounded. Plant 1⅔' high x 1' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'MIDNIGHT RUBY':  Lepidote. ('Olga Mezitt' x selected deep purple seedling from PJM group). Cross (1973) by Edmund V Mezitt, Hopkinton, MA; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Weston Nurseries, Inc, Hopkinton, MA. Flowers 10-15/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 1" across x 1" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; strong reddish purple (72C) with yellowish brown eye. Calyx ⅛", light brown. Ball truss, 2" wide x 2" high. Leaves held 2 years, 1" to 2" x " to 1", elliptic, convex, wavy margins, apiculate, cuneate; bullate and glossy above, with light green scales aging to rusty brown below. Foliage turns almost black in autumn, and remains that color through the bloom period. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 1' high x 1' wide in 8 years from cutting. Blooms early to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'MINI-SOL':  Lepidote. (keiskei 'Yaku Fairy' x valentinianum, dwarf form). Cross (1975), raised, and named by Arthur Childers; registered by Arthur and Maxine Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, 1⅞" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow green (154D) with brilliant yellow (12B) throat; buds slightly more greenish than corolla. Calyx ⅜", uneven, green-shaded mahogany. Lax truss consisting of 4 flowers. Leaves held 2 years, 1" x ", narrowly elliptic to elliptic, convex and revolute, apiculate, cuneate, dull above, golden scales above and below, edged with white hairs. Rounded, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 10" high x 15" wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms early April. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'MOLALLA RED':  Deciduous azalea. {[('Gibraltar' x 'Favor Major') x ('Gibraltar x 'Favor Major')] x 'Wallowa Red'}. Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 8/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, 6 frilly-edged lobes; strong red (46A). Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 4" across x 3" high. Leaves 2" to 3" x 1" to 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright, spreading habit, moderately floriferous, 5' high x 4' wide in 13 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'MOUNT RAINIER':  Deciduous azalea. [('Basilisk' x unknown) x 'Ballerina']. Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 8-12/truss, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow (12C) buds open yellowish white (155B) with vivid yellow (15A) blotch. Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 6" across x 6" high. Leaves 3" to 4" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright, spreading habit, very floriferous, 5' high x 5' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'MRS. JOAN ZINK':  Elepidote. (macabeanum x sport of macabeanum). Seed from Dr Milton Walker, Eugene, OR (1964); raised, named, introduced, and registered by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 20/truss, heavy substance, moderately fragrant, openly campanulate, 3" across x 2" long, with 8 smooth-edged lobes; pink buds open pale yellow (8D) with four groups of purplish red spotted rays in three upper lobes. Calyx ⅛", orange. Ball truss, 8" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 3", elliptic, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Moderately branched, free-flowering, plant 8' high x 8' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms March/April. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'MRS. JUNE RINK':  Evergreen azalea. ['Avalon Gardens' (unregistered, possibly Satsuki hybrid) x 'Beth Bullard' (unregistered Pennington Satsuki hybrid)]. Cross (1976) by Henry R Schroeder; raised, named, introduced and registered by Stephen Schroeder, Holly Hills, Inc; Evansville, IN. Flowers 3/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong pink (49A) with red dorsal spotting extending slightly into adjacent lobes. Calyx ", strong yellow green (145A). Flat truss, 4" across x 2" high. Leaves held 2 years, 1" x ", obovate, flat, mucronate, cuneate, glossy and slightly hairy above, hairy below. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 1' high x 2' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms early to mid June. Plant hardy to at least -10°F; buds, -5°F.

'MURIEL GIAUQUE':  Lepidote. (cinnabarinum Roylei group x maddenii ssp. crassum). Cross (1962) and named by Dr John P Evans, Oakland, CA; raised by Muriel Giauque, Berkeley, CA; introduced and registered by Fleurette (Mrs J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers openly funnel-campanulate, 4" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep to strong pink (50B,C) edged light pink (50D) with strong red spotting (50A) on dorsal lobe; reverse light pink (50D). Calyx ⅛", green. Lax truss of 4 to 6 flowers, 8" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6⅜" x 1⅞", narrowly elliptic to narrowly lanceolate and lanceolate, flat with wavy margins, acute, cuneate; upper surface glabrous and glossy; tiny, moderately spaced rust-brown scales below. Upright and broad habit, well-branched, moderately floriferous, plant 6' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms late May. Hardy to at least 15°F.

'MY DELIGHT':  Elepidote. (macabeanum x macabeanum). Seed from Brodick Castle, Scotland (1963); seedling from Dr Milton Walker, Eugene, OR; raised, named, introduced, and registered by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 25-35/truss, ventricose-campanulate, 2" across x 3" long, heavy substance, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; light greenish yellow (4C) to pale yellow green (4D) with reddish purple spotted rays on three upper lobes. Calyx minute, green. Ball truss, 8" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 8" to 12" x 4" to 6", elliptic, mucronate, cuneate; glossy above, new growth has silvery felt-like indumentum below which ages to moderate orange yellow (165C). Plant 10' high x 10' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms in March. Hardy to at least 7°F.

'NAN':  Lepidote. ('Lady Berry' x maddenii ssp. crassum). Cross (1960's) and raised by Dr John P Evans; named, introduced, and registered by Fleurette (Mrs J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers widely flared funnel-campanulate, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 evenly rounded lobes; pink and white with faint yellow throat and strong to pale purplish pink (55B,C,D) ray on each lobe. Calyx minute, green. Lax truss of 4 flowers, 7" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 1⅜", narrowly elliptic to elliptic, flat, mucronate tip; upper surface glabrous and glossy, tiny brown scales below. Broad, upright, open growth habit, plant 6' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms April/May. Hardy to at least 15°F.

'NANCY PLENT':  Evergreen azalea. (Parentage unknown). Cross (c 1965), raised, named, introduced and registered by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Flowers 2-4/truss, widely funnel-shaped, single, 3" across x 2" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (55A) with slightly darker spotting on dorsal and two adjacent lobes; frosted appearance resulting from slight variations around the basic color. Calyx ", green. Flat truss, 3" across x 2⅜" high. Leaves 1" x ⅜", elliptic, flat, acute, slightly hairy above. Spreading habit, plant 2⅓' high x 3' wide in 9 years from cutting. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5F.

'NANKI POO':  Synonym of 'AMANDA JOAN YOUNG'.

'NEW PATRIOT':  Lepidote. [(selected seedling from PJM group x pink-flowered mucronulatum) selfed x unknown]. Cross (1979), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Weston Nurseries, Inc, Hopkinton, MA. Flowers 8/truss, extending down the stem at least 2", openly funnel-shaped, 1" across x " long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep red (60A) to strong purplish red (60B) buds opening vivid purplish red (57B) with white anthers. Calyx ⅛", green. Ball truss, 2" wide x 1" high. Leaves (50%) held 1 year, 1" x ⅝", oblong, convex, acute, cuneate, glossy above, with light green scales aging to rusty brown above and below. Upright, spreading, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms late April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'OH! KITTY':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (c 1973) by Fred Minch; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Fred and Jean Minch, Puyallup, WA. Flowers 17/truss, heavy substance, very fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 5" to 7" across x 4" to 5" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; buds strong red (46A), opening strong pink (49A) with strong red (46A) throat. Calyx ", pinkish green. Dome truss, 10" wide x 15" high. Leaves 10" x 4", elliptic, concave, apiculate, cuneate. Very floriferous, plant 4' high x 4' wide in c 14 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'OLAN RAGAN':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Winston A Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly, Kent, WA). Flowers 12/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow green (4D) with dark red (59A) dorsal ray, c " long. No calyx. Ball truss, 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 2", narrowly oblong, flat, apiculate, rounded, glossy above, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, free-flowering, plant 6' high x 6' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Hardy to at least -10°F.

'OLIVE SMITH':  Elepidote. [('Scandinavia' x 'La Bar's White') F2 x 'Calsap']. Cross (1983), raised, named, introduced, and registered by A W Smith, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 16/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; very light purple (76B) with prominent, heavily spotted, deep purplish red (71A) flare on dorsal lobe. Calyx 1/32", green. Ball truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Upright habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 1' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'OLYMPIC TRIUMPH':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969) and raised by Winston A Ragan; named, introduced, and registered by Winston A and Joan Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 14/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; deep pink buds open strong purplish pink (73B) at margins, shading to deep purplish pink (73A) in throat, with some red dorsal spotting and red rays extending from throat up center of most lobes; outside moderate purplish pink (65A). No calyx. Dome truss, 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" x 1", narrowly oblong, flat with wavy margins, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, very floriferous, plant 5' high x 4' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May into June. Hardy to at least -10°.

'PACIFIC SUNSET':  Elepidote. [('Peach Lady' x Tally Ho') x 'Malemute']. Cross (1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered by James A Elliott, Astoria, OR. Flowers 11/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; carmine (HCC 21/1) shading to yellow ochre (07/1) in throat; brick red (016) spotting on upper lobe. Calyx negligible, light green. Lax truss, 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", narrowly oblong, flat, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Upright, broad, rounded habit, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 4' high x 5' wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Hardy to at least 10°F.

'PAUL MOLINARI':  Lepidote. (veitchianum x 'Else Frye'). Cross (1970's) by Dr John P Evans, Oakland, CA; raised by Paul Molinari, Occidental CA; named, introduced and registered by Fleurette (Mrs. J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers very fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 3" to 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; silvery buds open white with 1" light yellow (10B) blotch on dorsal lobe. Calyx ⅛", moderate reddish orange (42D). Flat truss of 4 flowers, 5" to 6" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2⅝" to 4" x 1" to 2", narrowly obovate and elliptic to broadly elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; persistent tan hairs above and tiny, closely spaced brown scales below; new growth silvery green, tomentose. Upright habit, well-branched, very floriferous, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 4 years from cutting. Blooms in March. Hardy to at least 32°F.

'PHILIP TRIPP':  Elepidote. ('Mrs. Furnival' x unnamed hybrid). Cross (1970), named, and registered by Paul Holden; raised by Mrs. A J Holden; introduced by Harstine Island Nursery; all Shelton, WA. Flowers 12/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; vivid purplish red (57B) buds open moderate purplish pink (62B) with " to '' wide deep purplish pink (61D) edging; moderate orange (167B) spotting on three upper lobes, fading to brownish orange (165B); reverse deep purplish pink (61D). Calyx to ", light yellow green (154D). Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, size extremely variable, c 3" x c 1", elliptic, re-curved, apiculate, cuneate. Broad, rounded, well-branched habit, plant 3' high x 4' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'PRIDE OF DORCHESTER':  Elepidote. [(smirnowii x 'Lady Bessborough') x yakushimanum 'Koichiro Wada']. Cross (1982), raised, named, introduced, and registered by A W Smith, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 14/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; white with red throat and narrow speckled red flare extending up into dorsal lobe. Calyx 1/16", green. Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; glossy and hairless above, with light fawn felt-like hairs below. Upright, spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 2' high x 2' wide in 6 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -15°F; buds, -12°F.

'PRINCE ABKHAZI':  Elepidote. (irroratum x unknown [probably irroratum]). Seed from U of British Columbia, Vancouver Campus (1963); raised, named, introduced, and registered by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 15-18/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; dark pink buds open very pale purple (69B) with pinkish red spotting on three upper lobes. Calyx ⅛", green. Ball truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 2", narrowly elliptic to elliptic, acute to apiculate, cuneate; glossy above, hairless; new growth reddish green. Upright habit, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 12' high x 7' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms February/March. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'PRINCESS ABKHAZI':  Elepidote. (irroratum x unknown [probably irroratum]). Seed from U of British Columbia, Vancouver Campus (1963); raised, named, introduced, and registered by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 15-20/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; dark pink buds open very pale purple (69B) with all lobes heavily and uniformly spotted red. Calyx ⅛", greenish. Ball truss, 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 2", narrowly elliptic to elliptic, acute to apiculate, cuneate; glossy above, hairless; new growth reddish green. Upright habit, well-ranched, free-flowering, plant 10' high x 6' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms February/March. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'RAGAN'S MARRIETTA':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969), raised, and named by Winston A Ragan; introduced, and registered by Winston A and Joan Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 6-7/truss, heavy substance, moderately fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (68A) margins shading to white along center of lobe; outside strong purplish pink (68B) edged with deep purplish pink (68A); buds red to pink. Calyx minute, red. Dome truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 1", narrowly oblong, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, free-flowering, plant 8' high x 8' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms mid April into May. Hardy to at least -10F.

'RAGAN'S PRIDE':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969) and raised by Winston A Ragan; named, introduced, and registered by Winston A and Joan Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 13/truss, heavy substance, slightly to moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; strong purplish red (54A) buds open white with pink blush edging and pale yellow (8D) throat, with deep pink dorsal rays in upper portion of throat. Ball truss, 8" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 7" x 2", narrowly oblong, flat, apiculate, oblique, glabrous above and below. Well-branched, very floriferous, plant 10' high x 8' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early to mid May, with flowers opening over a 3-week period. Hardy to at least -10°F.

'RAYMOND WEAVER':  Elepidote. (Unknown hybrid x yakushimanum). Cross (1967), raised, named, introduced, and registered by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 13-15/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (64D) buds open white with pale mustard blotch ⅝" x ⅝". Calyx negligible. Tight flattened dome truss, 5⅛'' wide x 2⅜" high. Leaves held 2 years, 3⅜" to 4" x 1" to 1⅞", elliptic, slightly convex, acute, cuneate, glabrous and glossy above, with thinly plastered moderate orange yellow (164B) indumentum below (light tan when young). Spreading habit, plant 3' high x 5' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -22°F; buds, -15°F.

'RED SUNSET':  Deciduous azalea. [('Gibraltar' x 'Favor Major') x ('Royal Lodge' x 'Fireball')]. Cross (1968), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 7-11/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid red (45A). Calyx ⅛", green. Ball truss, 5" across x 4" high. Leaves 2" to 3" x 1" to 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright and spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 4' wide in 19 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least-15°F.

'ROBBIE EVANS':  Lepidote. (cinnabarinum Roylei group x yunnanense). Cross (1960's) and raised by Dr John P Evans; named, introduced, and registered by Fleurette (Mrs J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 1" across x 2" long, with 5 evenly-rounded lobes; opening white, aging to very pale purple (69A,B); outside strong purplish pink (73B); 8/truss. Calyx minute, green. Lax truss, 5" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 years, 3" to 4" x 1⅛" to 1", narrowly elliptic to elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above, with moderately spaced rusty brown scales below. Upright habit, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 3' wide in 5 years from cutting. Blooms April/May. Hardy to at least 10°F.

'ROBERT BATES':  Vireya. [(zoelleri x lochiae) x konori]. Cross (1969), raised, named, and introduced by Dr John P Evans; registered by Fleurette (Mrs. J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers long tubular funnel-shaped, moderately fragrant, heavy substance, 3" to 3" across x 3" to 3" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; green buds open shades of pink to red (48-50, A-B) with greenish yellow throat, reverse yellowish pink. Flat truss of 4 to 5 flowers, 5" to 6" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 to 3 years, 3" to 4" x 1" to 2", elliptic, revolute, apiculate, cuneate; upper surface glabrous and glossy, tiny yellow to brown scales below. Broad, rounded, well-branched habit, plant 6' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms early March. Hardy to at least 32°F.

'ROGER CASH':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x 'Azor'). Cross (1961), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Sigrid Laxdall, Bellingham, WA. Flowers 5-6/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 2" long, with 5 slightly wavy-edged lobes; deep pink (52B) buds open strong red (51A); outside strong red (51A) shading to deep pink (52B) at base. Calyx ⅛", green. Dome truss, 5" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous, glossy above. Upright habit, plant 5' high x 3' wide in 26 years from seed. Blooms late July. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'ROSE BARBARA':  Elepidote. ('Pygmalion' x yakushimanum). Cross (1965), raised, named, introduced, and registered by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 14/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 2⅛" across x 1⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid red (52A) buds open deep pink (52B) with prominent moderate purplish red (59C) dorsal spotting extending into adjacent petals. Calyx negligible. Dome truss, 4⅜" wide x 3⅛" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2⅛" to 4" x " to 1", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, glabrous and dull above, with thinly plastered brownish white indumentum below(off-white when young). Dense spreading habit, plant 2' high x 3' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -22°F; buds,-12°F.

'ROSE RUFFLES':  Deciduous azalea. {[('Gallipoli x 'Cecile') x 'Pink Delight'] x [('Gallipoli' x 'Cecile') x 'Pink Delight']}. Cross (1971), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 11-13/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, 5 frilly-edged lobes; strong pink (48C) to deep yellowish pink (47C), shading to moderate red (47A) at margins; strong orange yellow (24B) dorsal spotting. Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 5" across x 4" high. Leaves 4" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright, dense growth habit, very floriferous, 6' high x 4' wide in 16 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'ROYAL DECREE':  Elepidote. ('Helene Schiffner' x 'Elizabeth'). Cross (1979), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 15-18/truss, funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (186D) at center, shading to strong purplish red (71B) at lobe tips; dorsal lobe yellowish gray (156C) to outer edge of (71B), with faint spotting of moderate brown (165A); outside strong purplish red (71B) with touches of yellowish gray (156C) around lobe intersections; buds strong purplish red (64B). Dome truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2+ years, 5" x 2", elliptic, concave, acute, cuneate (some oblique), hairless. Upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 2' wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms late April/early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 12°F.

'RUTH MOTTLEY':  Elepidote. (peach-flowered hybrid x 'Lem's Cameo'). Cross (1975) by Woodrow Robertson, Algona, WA; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Joe A Davis, Sumner, WA. Flowers 12-15/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish pink (55B) at margins, shading to light purplish pink (55C) in center; brilliant orange (29A) spotting entire length of dorsal lobe, with some spotting on adjacent lobes. Calyx negligible. Dome truss, 8" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" to 5" x 1" to 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, rounded, glossy above, hairless above and below. Upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 2' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early/mid May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'R.W. BATES':  Synonym of 'ROBERT BATES'.

'SANDWICH APPLEBLOSSOM':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (pre-1943) and raised by Charles O Dexter, Sandwich, MA; designated Everitt #3 by the original Dexter Study Committee; described by Jonathan Leonard, Briarwood Gardens, East Sandwich, MA; named and registered by Heritage Plantation of Sandwich, Sandwich, MA. Flowers 14/truss, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (68A) at margins fading quickly through strong purplish pink (68B) and moderate purplish pink (68C) to very pale purple (69A) at midlines of lobes and throat, with strong greenish yellow (151C) spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx 1/16", brilliant yellow green (150B). Ball truss, 5" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", elliptic, flat or concave, rounded base, dull above, hairless above and below. Upright, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 7' high x 7' wide in c 15 years from cutting. Blooms mid May to early June. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds,-10°F.

'SATAN'S FURY':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x unregistered Whitney orange hybrid of unknown parentage, tagged 'Sundance', pre-1955, Washougal, WA). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 11+/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; dark red (183A) buds open strong red (53C) with dark grayish reddish brown (200A) throat and (200A) spotting on dorsal lobe; outside strong red (53C). Calyx 3/16" to 1", strong red (46A) with grayish red (178A) spotting at base. Dome truss, 5" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2+ years, 4" x 1⅛", narrowly elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless. Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2⅔' nigh x 2⅔' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'SCHUMACHER':  Deciduous azalea. (Wild-collected selection from flammeum at Upson County, GA). Selected (1980), raised, named, and introduced by Paul Schumacher, Thompston, GA; described and registered by Fred C Galle, Hamilton, GA. Flowers 5-7/truss, tubular funnel-shaped, hose-in-hose, with some twisted and curved internal petals (no stamens), 1" across x 1" long, 5 smooth-edged lobes; vivid red (44A). Calyx ", light yellow brown. Conical truss, 5" across x 2" high. Leaves held 1 season, 1" to 2" x " to 1", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, glabrous, petiole visibly hairy. Plant upright, moderately floriferous, 5' high x 3' wide in 5 years from transplant. Blooms mid April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F.

'SID'S ROYAL PINK':  Deciduous azalea. (Selection from schlippenbachii). Raised from seed by Joseph B Gable, Stewartstown, PA; selected (1986) by Sidney V Burns, Syosset, NY; introduced by Environmental Nursery, Cutchogue, NY; described by Richard Murcott, East Norwich, NY; named and registered by Clara (Mrs. Sidney V) Burns, Syosset, NY. Flowers 5/truss, flat saucer-shaped, 3" across x " long, 5 smooth-edged lobes; pale purplish pink (56A). Calyx ⅛", brilliant yellowish green (140C). Lax truss, 6" across x 4" high. Leaves 2" x 1", obovate, hairless, wrinkled above. Plant upright, very floriferous, 11' high x 11' wide in 30 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'SNOW BUNTING':  Synonym of 'LAURELWOOD SNOW BUNTING'.

'SONIC RAY':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x unregistered Whitney orange hybrid of unknown parentage, tagged 'Sundance', pre-1955, Washougal, WA).Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 12/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; vivid red (46C) buds open deep pink (52C) with pale purplish pink (55D) veins, gradually shading to strong yellowish pink (31C) base on background of pale yellow (20C); outside deep pink (52C). Calyx variable, up to 1"; irregular longitudinal stripes of vivid red (46C), deep pink (52C), and pale orange yellow (159B). Flat truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2+ years, 5" x 1", elliptic and lanceolate, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless. Upright, fairly dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 3' high x 2⅔' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'SUELLEN':  Elepidote. ('Loderi Sue' x 'Fawn'). Cross (c 1956), raised, named and registered by Arthur Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers 8-9/truss, very fragrant, heavy substance, saucer-shaped (petals re-curved), 5" across x 1" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; deep to moderate purplish pink (66C/D) buds open light purplish pink (62C), shading outside to moderate purplish pink (62B) at margins. Calyx negligible. Ball truss, 7" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 1 year, 6" to 7" x 1" to 2", narrowly oblong/elliptic, acute, oblique, glabrous, glossy above. Upright and broad habit, free-flowering, plant 8' tall x 10' wide in c 25 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'SUPER BOWL':  Elepidote. (wardii x 'Zelia Plumecocq'). Cross (1979) by Bjarke Aunsbjorn; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Thorvall Aunsbjorn; both Randers, Denmark. Flowers 9-12/truss, rotate-campanulate, 3" across x 1⅛" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; brilliant yellow (9C) with deep pink (52B) throat. Calyx minute. Flat truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves 4⅓" x 2⅜", ovate, hairless. Upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 3' high x 2' wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -4°F.

'TEA TIME':  Elepidote. ('Chlorops' x 'C.I.S.'). Cross (1964) and raised by Arthur Childers; named and registered by Arthur and Maxine Childers, Vida, OR; introduced by Bovees Nursery, Portland, OR. Flowers at least 13/truss, heavy substance, re-curved widely funnel-shaped, 4⅝" across x 1" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes, hose-in-hose; moderate purplish pink (62B) with strong purplish red (61B) star-shaped solid marking in throat; arms of star c ⅝" long; strong purplish red (61B) dorsal spotting extending half way into adjacent lobes. Calyx 1", flat saucer-shaped, colored same as corolla. Lax dome truss, 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 1 year, 3" x 1", obovate, slightly concave, mucronate, cuneate, glabrous; new growth bronze. Broad, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' tall x 3' wide in 21 years from seed. Blooms late May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'TIANA':  Elepidote. ('Sappho' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1975) by Richard Murcott, Norwich, NY (ARS Seed Exchange, lot 76-490); raised, named, and registered by Werner Brack, St James, NY; introduced by Roslyn Nursery, Dix Hills, NY. Flowers 16/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 2" long, with 5-7 frilly-edged lobes; white with dark red (187C) butterfly-shaped blotch, surrounded with spots, on dorsal lobe. Calyx minute. Flat truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 2", oblong, convex, acute, cuneate, hairless. Upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, 5' high x 8' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F. Awarded blue ribbon at New York Chapter, ARS show (1985).

'TOLTUE':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (1969), raised, introduced, and registered by Winston A Ragan; named by Winston A and Joan E Ragan, Carnation, WA (formerly Kent, WA). Flowers 9/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 5" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; white, slightly flushed pale purplish pink (65D), with greenish yellow throat and moderate purplish pink (65A) stripes on back. Calyx ⅛", red. Dome truss, 9" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 7" x 2", elliptic, convex, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 10' high x 8' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early June to early July. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'TWINKIE':  Deciduous azalea, (yellow Knap Hill azalea, unknown parentage x 'Klondyke'). Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 10-14/truss, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, 6 wavy-edged lobes; light orange yellow (19A) to vivid reddish orange (33B). Calyx ", green. Ball truss, 5" across x 5" high. Leaves 2" to 3" x 1" to 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; slightly wrinkled above, slightly hairy below. Upright, spreading habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 4' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VICKI LEE':  Elepidote. ('Mrs. Furnival' x 'Corona'). Cross (1973) and introduced by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA; raised, named, and registered by Art and Ruth Tracy, Shelton, WA. Flowers 20/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish red (64B), lighter (64C) towards center, with heavy moderate purplish red (64A) spotting on dorsal lobe with slight extensions into adjacent lobes. No calyx. Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; glossy above, hairless above and below. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 4' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid May through early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'VINECOURT DUKE':  Deciduous azalea. ('Homebush' x unnamed brick red seedling). Cross (1982), raised, named, and described by A W Smith, Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by H.R.I.O. Flowers moderately fragrant, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, double (no stamens); 2⅛" across x 1⅜" long, 9 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; as many as 55 flowers per multi-bud terminal cluster; deep pink (52B). Calyx ⅛", pale green. Ball truss, 4" across x 3" high. Leaves held 1 year, 4⅜" x 1⅜", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, upper surface hairy. Plant upright, free-flowering, 3⅔' high x 2' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINECOURT MOONLIGHT':  Deciduous azalea. ('Chelsea Reach' x 'Vivienne Waterer'). Cross (1984), raised, named, and described by A W Smith, Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by H.R.I.O. Flowers moderately fragrant, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, double (no stamens); 2⅜" across x 1⅜" long, 12 per truss, 10 wavy/frilly-edged lobes. Brilliant yellow (8A) in bud, maturing to light greenish yellow (8C). Calyx less than ⅛", pale green. Dome truss, 4" across x 2⅜" high. Leaves held 1 year, 3" x 1", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, upper surface hairy. Plant spreading, free-flowering, 1' high x 1'wide in 3 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINECOURT QUEEN':  Deciduous azalea. ('Chelsea Reach' x unnamed red seedling). Cross (1982), raised, named, and described by A W Smith, Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by H.R.I.O. Flowers moderately fragrant, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, double (no stamens); 2" across x 1⅝" long, 20 per truss, 9 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; deep yellowish pink (39B) with yellow flare on dorsal lobe. Calyx less than ⅛", pale green. Dome truss, 4⅜" across x 4" high. Leaves held 1 year, 4" x 3⅜", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, upper surface hairy. Plant upright, free-flowering, 2' high x 2⅓' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINECOURT TROUBADOUR':  Deciduous azalea. ('Chelsea Reach' x unnamed red seedling). Cross (1982), raised, named, and described by A W Smith, Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by H.R.I.O. Flowers strong red (41B), slightly to moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, double (no stamens); 2⅛" across x 1⅜" long, 9 wavy-edged lobes; as many as 65 flowers per multi-bud terminal cluster. Calyx less than ⅛", green. Dome truss, 4⅜" across x 3⅛" high. Leaves held 1 year, 3" x 1", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, upper surface hairy. Plant upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 3' high x 2' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINELAND DREAM':  Deciduous azalea. ('Chelsea Reach' x unnamed red Knap Hill seedling). Cross (1982), raised, named, and described by A W Smith, Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by H.R.I.O. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, single, with 5 curved stamens of unequal length; 2" across x 2" long, 22 per truss, 6 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; strong pink (52D) with strong orange (25A) dorsal blotch. Calyx 3/16", pale green. Dome truss, 4" across x 2" high. Leaves held 1 year, 3" x 1⅝", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, upper surface hairy. Plant upright, free-flowering, 3' high x 2' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINELAND GOLD':  Deciduous azalea. ('Chelsea Reach' x 'Cold Dust'). Cross (1982), raised, named, and described by AW Smith, Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by H.R.I.O. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, single, with 5 curved stamens of equal length; 3⅜" across x 2⅜" long, 13 per truss, 5-lobed; brilliant orange yellow (23B) with brilliant yellow (13B,C) markings on dorsal lobe. Calyx ⅛", green. Dome truss, 4⅜" across x 3⅛" high. Leaves held 1 year, 4⅜" x 1⅜", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, upper surface hairy. Plant upright and spreading, dense growth, free-flowering, 2' high x 2' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINEWOOD':  Elepidote. ('Sham's Ruby' x williamsianum). Cross (1964) and raised by Roy R Forster; named and described by A W Smith, both Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by H.R.I.O. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 2" to 2⅜" across x 1" long, 6 per truss, 5 wavy-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (68C), reverse deep purplish pink (68A). Minute green calyx. Lax ball truss, 4" across x 2" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2" x 1⅝", elliptic, flat, cordate base, upper surface glabrous. Plant spreading, 2' high x 2' wide in 23 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -16°F.

'VIRGINIA DELP':  Elepidote. ('Kristin' x 'Calsap'). Cross (1983), raised, named, introduced, and registered by AW Smith, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 15/truss, openly funnel-campanulate, 3" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; light purple (85B) at margins, shading to very pale purple (85D) in center; large, speckled, moderate yellow (163C) blotch on dorsal lobe. Calyx 1/16", green. Tall conical truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4⅜" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Upright, spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -15°F; buds, -12°F.

'VOLUPTUOUS':  Elepidote. ('Scintillation' x 'Mary Belle'). Cross (1976), raised, named, and registered by Werner Brack, St James, NY; introduced by Roslyn Nursery, Dix Hills, NY. Flowers 18/truss, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; moderate purplish red (70D) margins with moderate yellow (162B) star-shaped center and strong red (53C) throat; prominent deep red (185A) spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx minute. Dome truss, 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 2", oblong, apiculate, cuneate, hairless, glossy above. Upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 5' high x 5' wide in 11 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5F. Awarded blue ribbon at New York Chapter, ARS show (1986).

'VOSSBERG'S BUFF:  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (c1963) by either Donald Hardgrove, Merrick, NY or Paul Vossberg, Westbury, NY; raised c 3-5 years by P Vossberg, then by Edward T Connors; named, introduced, and registered by E T Connors, Jackson, NJ. Flowers 12-14/ truss, moderately fragrant, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 7 smooth-edged to slightly wavy-edged lobes; light yellow green (2C) deep in throat, shading rapidly to pale orange yellow (19D); with sparse strong red (45D) spotting, aging to strong orange yellow(22A), on 1 or 2 upper lobes; dark red pistil; outside pale orange yellow (19D) with some light yellowish pink (19B) longitudinal markings. Buds are vivid red (45C) with pale orange yellow (19D) streaks down the center of each lobe. Calyx minute, bright green. Ball truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4⅛" to 4" x 2" to 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate, rounded, hairless. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 3⅔' high x 5⅓' wide in c 25 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'WARDZEL':  Elepidote. (wardii x 'Zelia Plumecocq'). Cross (1979) by Bjarke Aunsbjorn; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Thorvall Aunsbjorn; both Randers, Denmark. Flowers 9-14/truss, openly campanulate, 3⅛" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; brilliant greenish yellow (6A). No calyx. Flat truss, 5⅜" wide x 3" high. Leaves 4" x 2⅜", ovate, hairless. Upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2⅝' high x 2' wide in 9 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -4°F.

'WEB'S SPECIAL':  Lepidote. [keiskei (as var. cordifolium) x keiskei (dwarf form)]. Cross (1972) by Warren E Berg, Port Ludlow, WA; raised, named, introduced (through Brittenhill Nursery), and registered by Britt M Smith, Kent, WA. Flowers openly funnel-shaped, 1" to 2" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; pale greenish yellow (1D) with deep greenish yellow (153A) spotting on dorsal lobe near center. Calyx 3/32", medium green. Ball truss, 3" wide x 2" high. Leaves held 2 years, 1⅞" x ⅝", narrowly elliptic to elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate; dull above, with tiny, widely-spaced, amber scales below. Creeping habit, well-branched, free-flowering; plant 7" high x 24" wide in 12 years from cutting. Blooms mid April. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'WEE LOVE':  Lepidote. [minus Carolinianum group (white, compact form) x (minus Carolinianum group (white, compact form) x keiskei)]. Cross (1974), raised, named, introduced, and registered by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers widely funnel-shaped with slightly reflexed dorsal lobe, 1⅛" across x " long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; greenish yellow buds open creamy white. Calyx negligible. Dome truss, 1" to 2⅜" wide x 1⅛" high, consisting of 1-2 buds/ terminal with 4-10 flowers/bud. Leaves held 2 years, 1" to 2" x ⅝" to 1", elliptic, acute, cuneate, glabrous and glossy above, with closely spaced brown scales below. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 10" high x 39" wide in 13 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -22°F.

'WENTWORTH':  Vireya. (konorii x lochiae). Cross(1969)and raised by Dr John P Evans; named, introduced, and registered by Fleurette (Mrs J P) Evans, Oakland, CA. Flowers long tubular funnel-shaped, very fragrant, 2" to 3" across x 2" to 3" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; strong red to deep pink (50A,B). Flat/lax truss of 8 flowers, 6" to 8" wide x 3" to 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 8" x 5", elliptic to broadly elliptic, wavy-edged, apiculate to cuspidate, cuneate; upper surface glabrous and glossy, tiny brown scales below. Rounded outline, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 5' high x 5' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms in March. Hardy to at least 32°F.

'WESTON'S CRESCENDO':  Lepidote. [(double-flowered seedling from PJM group x pale-colored minus Carolinianum group) x unknown]. Cross (1975) by Edmund V Mezitt, Hopkinton, MA; raised, named, introduced, and registered by Weston Nurseries, Inc, Hopkinton, MA. Flowers 15-20/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 1" across x " long, with 5 lobes; deep pink (185D) buds open moderate purplish red (186B), maturing to pale orange yellow (159B); pink style ages to light yellow. Calyx ", light green. Ball truss, 3" wide x 2" high. Leaves held 2 years, 1" to 3" x 1" to 2", very broadly elliptic to elliptic, convex, acute/obtuse, rounded; bullate and dull above, with light green scales aging to rusty brown below. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 3' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms early to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -20°F.

'WHITE COLOSSUS':  Elepidote. ['Scintillation' x ('Mars' x 'America')]. Cross (1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered by A W Smith, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 16/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; pink buds open white with moderate orange yellow (164B) markings in dorsal area. Calyx 1/16", green. Dome truss, 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", elliptic, flat with wavy margins, obtuse, cuneate, glossy, hairless. Upright, spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 5' high x 5' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least-15°F; buds, -10°F.

'WHITE SURPRISE':  Lepidote. (white-flowered dauricum x white-flowered mucronulatum). Cross (c 1973), by Dr Gustav A L Mehlquist, Storrs, CT; raised by Jonathan Shaw, Sandwich, MA; named by Jonathan Leonard, East Sandwich, MA; introduced and registered by Briarwood Gardens, East Sandwich, MA. Flowers 3-5/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 1" across x ⅝" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; greenish white (155C) with strong greenish yellow (151C) spotting. Calyx 3/16", brilliant yellow green (150B). Ball truss, 1⅞" wide x 1" high. Leaves 1⅛" to 1" x " to ⅝", elliptic, convex, apiculate, cuneate; dull and hairless above, scaly below; about half turn brilliant yellow in autumn. Upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, semi-deciduous, plant 3' high x 2' wide in 6 years from cutting. Blooms mid to late April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15F.

'WHITEWATER NORTH CAROLINA':  Elepidote. ['Catalgla' x (fortunei x 'Madonna')]. Cross (1963), raised, named and registered by Charles R and Velma Haag, Brevard, NC; introduced by Cardinal Nursery, State Road, NC. Flowers13/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged and wavy-edged lobes; white with sap green (HCC 62) dorsal blotch extending 1/3 of the way up from the throat, and the same color spotting extending way up the lobe. No calyx. Tall truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", narrowly elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Broad, rounded outline, well-branched, free-flowering, plant 10' high x 12' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Hardy to at least -20°F.

'YAKU CORONET':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 14/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 1⅞" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (53B) buds open white with strong purplish red (54A) picotee; outside pale purplish pink (56A) with strong purplish red (54A) veins and margins. Picotee persists as flower matures. Dome truss, 4" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" x 1⅝", elliptic, slightly convex, acute, cuneate; glabrous above, with moderate yellow (160A) felt-like coating below, aging to moderate orange yellow (164B). Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2⅓' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'YAKU FANTASIA':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 14-16/truss, funnel-shaped, 1" across x 1" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; strong purplish red (54A) buds open strong purplish pink (55B). Color persists as flower matures. Dome truss, 4" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" to 4" x 1" to 1", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate; glabrous above, with grayish yellow green (195B) felt-like coating below, aging to moderate orange (166D). Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'YAKU SENSATION':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Cross (1980), raised, named, introduced (through Ellanhurst Gardens), and registered by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 14-16/truss, funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; strong purplish red (54A) buds open strong purplish pink (55B). Color persists as flowers mature. Dome truss, 4" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 3 years, 3" x 1⅜", elliptic, convex, acute, cuneate; glabrous above, with light yellow (162C) felt-like coating below, aging to light yellowish brown (199C). Spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2' high x 2' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 10°F.

'YATES' IRENE':  Elepidote. {[(red-flowered catawbiense x 'Mars') x 'Princess Elizabeth'] x 'Big Savage'}. Cross (1977), raised, and named by Maletta Yates; introduced and registered by Connie Yates; both Frostburg, MD. Flowers 18-20/truss, funnel-shaped, 1" across x 1" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; strong purplish red (60D) with strong purplish red (60C) edging, about ⅛" wide, which ages to (60D); outside is (60C). Calyx ⅛", light yellow green (154D). Conical truss, 5" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 3" x 1", elliptic, convex, apiculate, cuneate, hairless. Upright, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 4' high x 2' wide in 11 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant hardy to at least -10°F; buds, -5°F.

'YATES' MONICA':  Elepidote. ('Joe Kruson' x 'Red Pond', unregistered Stokes catawbiense hybrid). Cross (1970) by Henry Yates; raised, named, introduced and registered by Maletta Yates, Frostburg, MD. Flowers up to 16/truss, funnel-shaped, 2" across x 2⅝" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (53B). Calyx minute. Ball truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 1⅞", elliptic, concave, apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above and below. Spreading habit, free-flowering, plant 2⅓' high x 3⅔' wide in 17 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -26°F; buds, -10°F.

'YATES' YELLOW RIBBONS':  Elepidote. [('Catalgla' x wardii) x 'Yates' Best']. Cross (1977), raised, and named by Maletta Yates; introduced and registered by Connie Yates; both Frostburg, MD. Flowers 16/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 1" across x 1" long, with 5 lobes; deep pink (51B) buds open light greenish yellow (4C) in throat shading to pale greenish yellow (2D) at margins. Calyx ", strong greenish yellow (151B) with strong red (45D) tips. Lax ball truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 1", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, hairless. Upright habit, very floriferous, plant 3' high x 2' wide in 11 years from seed. Blooms early to mid June. Plant and bud hardy to at least-15°F.

'YELLOW FEVER':  Lepidote. ('Mary Fleming' x 'Banana Boat'). Cross (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered by G David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers 4-5/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 1⅝" across x ⅞" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light greenish yellow (1C) slightly tinged with light pink (49C), gradually changing to light greenish yellow (1C) heavily tinged with moderate purplish pink (62B). No calyx. Dome truss, 2" wide x 1" high. Leaves held 1 years, 2" x ", elliptic, flat, acute, cuneate, scaly above and below. Dense habit, moderately floriferous, plant 2' high x 3' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F.

'YELLOW GATE':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Cross (early 1960's) by Jack Cowles, Sandwich, MA (now Wellesley, MA); named by Jonathan Leonard, East Sandwich, MA; introduced by Briarwood Gardens, East Sandwich, MA; raised and registered by Heritage Plantation of Sandwich, Sandwich, MA. Flowers 12/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1" long, with 5-6 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (61D) buds open light yellow green (150D). Calyx 1/16", brilliant yellow green (150C). Flat truss, 5" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate, cuneate; glossy above, hairless above and below. Spreading, very dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, plant 5' high x 8' wide in c 25 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant hardy to at least -15°F; buds, -5°F.

CORRECTIONS:

'MILLARD KEPNER': This is the correct spelling for the plant name 'MILLARD KEPLER' published in Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 29, No 1, January 1975.

'MRS. NANCY DIPPEL':  This is the correct spelling for the plant name 'MRS. NANCY DIPPLE' published in ARS Journal, Vol. 41, No 1, Winter 1987.


Volume 43, Number 2
Spring 1989

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