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Journal American Rhododendron Society

Current Editor:
Dr. Glen Jamieson ars.editor@gmail.com


Volume 44, Number 2
Spring 1990

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American Rhododendron Society Plant Registry

        The following list of names includes those rhododendrons and azaleas registered by the Royal Horticultural Society, through the American Rhododendron Society. The list includes names approved by the RHS and received by the ARS during the period February 15, 1989 to February 15, 1990. All but a few are North American selections. The exceptions are clones registered by an ARS member who lives in Denmark. The RHS, which serves as International Registration Authority for the genus Rhododendron, makes all final decisions concerning registration procedures, acceptance of clonal names, and use of species names.
        Most of the color designations refer to the RHS Colour Chart (1966, 1986 editions); accompanying descriptions are those published in A Contribution toward Standardization of Color Names in Horticulture, R D Huse and K L Kelly, edited by D H Voss (ARS, 1984). Occasionally, colors refer to the Horticultural Colour Chart (HCC) and its descriptions.
        Parents of the plant are listed in the following order: (seed parent x pollen parent). The terms glabrous and hairless have been used interchangeably, as have the terms bullate and wrinkled. The term indumentum refers to all hair types found on leaves, including scales and glands.
        Unacceptable names used prior to registration are listed independently as synonyms. Growers of these clones are encouraged to change plant labels to agree with the registered name.
        Species names are based on the RHS's horticulturally modified version of the Cullen and Chamberlain revision of the Balfourian Series classification system.

'ACCOLADE':  Elepidote. ('Essex Scarlet' x fortunei). Hybridized (1958), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 12-13/truss, ' slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 3¼" across x 2" long, with 5 to 7 smooth-edged lobes; vivid to strong purplish red (61C/B) in bud, opening white suffused with strong purplish pink (68B), shading to deep purplish pink (68A) at margins, with an irregularly-shaped dark red mark in the throat. Calyx c1/16" long, light green. Ball truss, 5½" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" to 6" x 2" to 2½", elliptic, flat to slightly convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, glossy green, hairless. Plant free-flowering, rounded outline, 6' high x 5' wide in 30 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'ADRIENNE ELIZABETH':  Elepidote. ('Mrs. Horace Fogg' x Loderi/g.). Hybridized (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Brittenhill Nursery), and registered (1989) by Britt M Smith, Kent, WA. Flowers 10/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 4½" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (54B) in bud, opening pale purplish pink (56D), shading to yellowish white (155D) in throat, with strong purplish pink (55B) edging of irregular width; dark red (59A) star-shaped blotch in throat, ½" across points; outside pale to strong purplish pink (56D/55B). Calyx 3/16", green with reddish edges. Ball truss, 9" wide x 6½" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6½" to 8¾" x 1¾''to 3¼", narrowly elliptic, concave, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, dull green, hairless. Plant broad, moderately branched, free-flowering, 6' high x 6' wide in 12 years from cutting. Blooms late April. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'ALBORADA':  Elepidote. [(brachycarpum ssp. fauriei x 'Inamorata') x smirnowii, cw in Turkish Anatolia]. Hybridized (1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 10-14/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1⅞" long, with 5 smooth to slightly wavy-edged lobes; vivid purplish red (57C,D) in bud, opening pale purplish pink (65B,C) and aging to ivory white, with some greenish yellow spotting in lower half of dorsal lobe; light red, curved pistils. Calyx c⅛", green. Dome truss, 5¼" wide x 4½" high. Leaves held 2½ years, 3¼" x 2", elliptic, flat to concave, mucronate at apex, cordate at base, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, moderately to very floriferous, 4' high x 2⅓' wide in 11 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -10°F.

'ALPINE DEW':  Lepidote. (Parentage uncertain; may be [racemosum, dwarf form x 'Tessa']). Hybridized (before 1976) by John C Cowles, Wellesley, MA; raised by Robert King, Wellesley, MA; named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Richard Brooks, Concord, MA. Flowers widely funnel-shaped, 1¼" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow green (4D) flushed light yellowish pink (36A) in bud, opening white with occasional faint shading of pale purplish pink (56D) outside. Calyx is minute, strong yellow green (145A). Flat, multiple budded terminal inflorescence, 2½" wide x 2" high, with 3-5 flowers/bud. Leaves held 2 years, 1¼" to 1¾" x ⅝" to ⅞", elliptic, convex, acute at apex, rounded at base, dull green above, scaly below. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 3' high x 4' wide in c 15 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant hardy to at least -20°F; buds, -15°F. (Synonym: 'Dwarf Early White').

'AMBROSE LIGHT':  Lepidote. ('Rochester Pink' x unknown). Open pollinated seed (1981), raised, introduced, and registered (1989) by Frank A Arsen; named by Gay (Mrs. Frank) Arsen; Lindenhurst, NY. Flowers 10/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 1¾" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; very pale purple (76C) shading to very pale purple (76D) in center. Ball truss, 3¼" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2" x ⅞", elliptic, convex, acute at apex, rounded at base, with wavy margins; hairless above, with brownish scales below. Plant upright and spreading, open growth habit, free-flowering, plant 2¾' high x 3' wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms mid April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -7°F. Awarded Best in Show, New York Chapter, ARS (1985 and 1988). (Note: 'Rochester Pink' will be registered in 1990.)

'APRICOT GLOW':  Elepidote. (maximum x 'Ostbo's Low Yellow'). Hybridized (c 1958) by Walter Hunnewell, Wellesley, MA; raised by Robert Ticknor, Canby, OR; introduced by Weston Nurseries, Hopkinton, MA; named, and registered (1989) by Richard Brooks, Concord, MA. Flowers funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1¾" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; moderate pink (51D) at margins of lobes, shading to pale orange yellow (19D) at center of lobe and base of corolla; buds are deep pink (51C) at tip, shading to light yellow pink (19B). Calyx is ⅛" long, light olive (152B). Flat truss, 5" wide x 2½" high. Leaves held 3 years, 3½" to 6¼" x 1¼" to 2", obovate, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base; glossy, dark yellowish green (139A) above, with very thin felt-like coating below, grayish yellow green (195B) aging to light olive (152B). Plant free-flowering, dense growth habit, 5' high x 7' wide in 19 years from cutting. Blooms late May/early June. Plant hardy to at least -17°F; buds, -10°F. (Synonym: ['Ostbo's Yellow' x maximum]).

'AUDACIOUS':  Lepidote. (dauricum Sempervirens Group, open pollinated in 1976, perhaps with mucronulatum). Raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Dr. J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 3/terminal, flat saucer-shaped, 1¾" to 2¼" across x 1" to 1¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong reddish purple (78B). Lax truss, 2½" wide x 1¾" high. Leaves 1¼" x ⅝", semi-deciduous, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, scaly above and below. Plant spreading, free-flowering, 8' high x 7½' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -20°F.

'BELLWETHER':  Elepidote. ('Red Yard' x 'Naomi'). Hybridized (1968), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 9/truss, heavy substance, tubular funnel-shaped, 2¾" across x 2¼" long, with 5 to 6 smooth-edged lobes; white with a slightly greenish throat; stamens are either rudimentary or totally lacking. Calyx c 3/16" long, light green. Flattened dome truss, 6½" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" to 4½" x 2" to 2¼", elliptic, flat to concave, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, hairless. Plant 4½' high x 5' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F. (Note: 'Red Yard' is an unregistered Dexter hybrid.)

'BEN SHAPIRO':  Elepidote. ('Purple Splendour' x R. x nikomontanum). Hybridized (1966), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 16-19/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong reddish purple (72C) in bud, opening very pale purple (69C) with heavy spotting of dark red (59A) to deep purplish red (59B) on dorsal lobe and edges of two adjacent lobes. Calyx c 1/16" long, green. Ball truss, 5½" wide x 5½" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4¾" to 5" x 2½", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base; glossy and hairless when mature, with light coating of tan hairs below on new growth. Plant 7' high x 5' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F. [Note: R. x nikomontanum is defined as (R. aureum x brachycarpum).]

'BONNIE JEAN':  Elepidote. ('Fred Rose' x 'Matador'). Hybridized (1974), raised, named, introduced (through Brittenhill Nursery), and registered (1989) by Britt M Smith, Kent, WA. Flowers 20/truss, openly campanulate, 3" across x 2" long, with 6-7 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (53C) with a dark red (59A) blotch extending outward c¼" from three upper nectary pouches, and with some dark red (59A) spotting at the nectary pouches. Calyx minute, light green. Ball truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 2", narrowly elliptic, convex, apiculate to mucronate at apex, rounded at base; dull green, with tan indumentum, easily rubbed off. Plant rounded, well-branched, free-flowering, 5' high x 4' wide in 14 years from seed. Blooms late March to early April. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'BRIGADOON':  Elepidote. (Unknown x yakushimanum). Hybridized (before 1977) by Hjalmar Larson, Tacoma, WA; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Fred and Jean Minch, Puyallup, WA. Flowers 8/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid red (44A) in bud and flower. Calyx is 2" long, vivid red (44A). Dome truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 2", elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, rounded at base; dull green and hairless above, with felt-like brown hairs below. Plant upright, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 3' high x 4' wide in c12 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'BRUNHILDE JAWORSKA':  Evergreen azalea. ('Mother's Day' x unknown). Hybridized (c 1982), raised, named, introduced and registered (1989) by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Flowers 2-4/terminal, widely funnel-shaped, 2¼" across x 1⅝" long, 5 smooth-edged lobes; frosted appearance, light purplish pink (55C)with a few very slightly darker spots on the upper lobe; outside has a lighter streak along the mid rib of each lobe. Calyx 1/16" long, light green. Terminal inflorescence is 4" wide x 2½" high, flattened-ball shape. Leaves 1⅝" x 11/16", obovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly hairy above and below. Plant 1½' high x 1/⅓' wide in c7 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F.

'CHRISTIE'S FAVORITE':  Deciduous azalea. (occidentale, open pollinated). Raised, selected (1965), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 10/truss, very fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 2½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; striped moderate pink (49B) to pale pink (49D), with orange colored dorsal lobe. Calyx is ¼" long, green. Flat truss, 3½" wide x 2½" high. Leaves 3" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, hairless. Plant upright, dense growth habit, very floriferous, 4' high x 4' wide in 24 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'CHRISTIE-ANNE BEHRING':  Elepidote. ('Cheer' x 'Disca'). Hybridized (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 19/truss, heavy substance, moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped with lobes divided almost to base, 2½" across x 2¼" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (65A) in bud, opening white suffused with very pale pink, fading to white; the dorsal lobe retains strong purplish red (54A) marking in throat, and discontinuous narrow streaks (54A) extending outward c1½" from the center; ten straight stamens of equal length, with anthers all pointing inward. Calyx is negligible, green. Dome truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4½" x 1¾" elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, dull green and hairless. Plant spreading, free-flowering, 1½' high x 3' wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'CINDY LOUISE':  Elepidote. (Selection from calophytum var. calophytum). Raised, selected (1964), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 15+ /truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-campanulate, 3" across x 2½" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; dark pink in bud, opening pale purplish pink (62D). Calyx is minute, greenish. Flat truss, 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 12" x 3", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, 8' high x 8' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms in March. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'CINQUERO':  Elepidote. (yakushimanum 'Koichiro Wada' x strigillosum). Hybridized (1964), raised, named, and registered (1989) by David W Goheen, Camas, WA; introduced jointly by David W Goheen and by Lansing Bulgin, Ellanhurst Gardens, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 12-14/truss, campanulate, 2½" across x 2½" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; deep pink (52C) fading to strong pink (52D), with five strong red (46A) basal nectaries. Calyx is minute, green-pink. Flattened dome truss, 6" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" to 7" x 2" to 2½", elliptic, convex, cuspidate at apex, cuneate at base; glossy, bullate, and hairless above, with tan felt-like indumentum below. Plant upright, spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 6' high x 6' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms early April. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'CRANBERRY SWIRL':  Elepidote. ('Lem's Cameo' x 'Coronation Day'). Hybridized (1982), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Joe A Davis, Sumner, WA. Flowers 10-14/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 4" to 6" across x 2½" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; moderate purplish red (59C) in bud, opening deep purplish pink (55A) at margins, shading abruptly to light purplish pink (55C) towards center; color ages to strong purplish pink (55B) at margins (c ½" to ¾" wide), shading abruptly to pale purplish pink (55D) towards center; prominent dark red (59A) spot in throat, c 1" wide; small amount of dark red spotting, mainly on dorsal lobe. Calyx ⅜" to ½" long, deep purplish pink (55A). Dome truss, 9" wide x 12" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" to 6" x 2" elliptic, flat, mucronate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright and spreading, free-flowering, 3' high x 3' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 5°F.

'CUM LAUDE':  Elepidote. ('Essex Scarlet' x fortunei). Hybridized (1959), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 14-15/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 2" long, with 5-7 slightly wavy-edged lobes; dark red in bud, opening deep purplish pink (68A) outside and strong purplish pink (68B) inside, shading to white in center, with two prominent spotted strong purplish red (64B) rays extending from the throat half way up the dorsal lobe, and occasional spotting of the same color on all lobes, near or in the throat. Calyx c ⅛" long, light green. Dome truss, 6½" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2⅝", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, hairless. Plant spreading, very floriferous, 6' high x 7' wide in 30 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'DARREN SCHMAHL':  (Shammarello's 'Rocket' x brachycarpum subsp. tigerstedtii). Hybridized (1982), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 17/truss, tubular funnel-shaped with lobes divided three-quarters of the distance to the base, 2½" across x 2¼" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (73A) in bud, with protruding pistils, opening light purple (77D) with moderate purplish red (70A) spotting. Calyx is insignificant, light green. Conical truss, 4½" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 3 years, 3½" x 1¾", elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, dull green and hairless. Plant upright, free-flowering, 1½' high x 1½' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'DOROTHY YARGUS':  Elepidote. [('Idealist' x 'Fawn') x ('Lemon Custard' x 'Crest')]. Hybridized (1980), named, and registered (1989) by Floyd Watters, Shelton, WA; raised by Bob Yargus, Gaston, OR; introduced jointly by Briggs Nursery, Olympia, WA, and F Watters. Flowers 10/truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2⅜" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (47B) in bud, opening deep pink (50B) at margins, c ¼" to ½" wide, shading through light yellow (18B) to throat of brilliant yellow (7A); the outside shades from deep pink (50B) margins to pale orange yellow (24D) at base. Calyx lobes vary from ½" to ⅞" long, brilliant yellow (7A) with deep pink (50B) edges. Ball truss, 7½" wide x 7½" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, rounded at base, semi-dull green, hairless. Plant upright, semi-open growth habit, free-flowering, 28" high x 27" wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms late May to June. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'DWARF EARLY WHITE':  Synonym of 'Alpine Dew'.

'EA TATIANA':  Elepidote. ('China' x 'Lady Bessborough'). Hybridized (1976) and named by Bjarke Aunsbjorn; raised, introduced, and registered (1989) by Thorvall Aunsbjorn; both Randers, Denmark. Flowers 14-16/truss, moderately fragrant, saucer-shaped, 4" across x 2¾" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow (19C) fading to pale yellow (18D); outside is strong pink (49A) fading to pale yellow (19C). No calyx. Ball truss, 8¼" wide x 5½" high. Leaves 7½" x 3½", oblong, hairless. Plant upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 4' high x 2⅔' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early to mid May. Plant hardy to at least -4°F; buds, 0°F.

'ERIK'S CHOICE':  Elepidote. (grande, open pollinated). Raised, selected (1963), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 15-20/truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, openly campanulate, 2¾" across x 3" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; reddish purple buds open moderate purplish pink (186D) to cream. Calyx is minute, red. Ball truss, 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 8" x 3", elliptic, flat, cuspidate at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 14' high x 10' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms in March. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 5°F.

'EVERETT CHRISTOPHER':  Elepidote. (Unnamed Dexter hybrid, open pollinated). Selected (1970), raised, named, introduced (through R.I. Agricultural Experiment Station), and registered (1989) by John J McGuire, Kingston, R.I. Flowers 9-12/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 2¾" across x 2¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (67C). Calyx is minute, green. Ball truss, 4¾" wide x 4¾" high. Leaves held 3 years, 1⅞" x 15/16", ovate, concave, cuspidate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, very floriferous, 10' high x 8' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms mid to late May. Plant hardy to at least -20°F; buds, -15°F.

'EVERYTHING NICE':  Elepidote. ('Comstock' x 'Unique'). Hybridized (1968), raised, named, introduced (through Greer Gardens), and registered (1989) by Harold E Greer, Eugene, OR. Flowers 6-10/truss, campanulate, 2½" across x 2½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; pale purplish pink (62D), edged strong purplish pink (62A). Calyx ½" to 1" long, pale purplish pink(62D). Ball truss, 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 2", oblong, concave, apiculate at apex, with wavy margins, hairless. Plant very floriferous, dense growth habit, 4' high x 4' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms early April. Plant hardy to at least -10°F; buds, -5°F.

'FAIRY'S FAIRY':  Lepidote. (keiskei 'Yaku Fairy' x keiskei, selection hardy to -25°F). Hybridized (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 3-6/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1⅜" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light greenish yellow (1C to 3C). Lax truss, 2" to 2½" wide x 1½'' high. Leaves held 1½ years, 1" x 7/16", ovate, convex, acute at apex, rounded at base, scaly above and below. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 5" high x 12" wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant hardy to at least -17°F; buds, -10°F.

'FETTERHOFF SURPRISE':  Lepidote. ('Laetevirens' x dauricum). Hybridized (1977), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 5/truss, funnel-shaped, 1⅜" across x ¾" long, with 5 slightly wavy-edged lobes; strong reddish purple (72B) in bud, opening vivid reddish purple (74B) fading to light reddish purple (74C) towards center. Calyx ½" long, reddish. Ball truss, 2-9/16" wide x 1⅜" high. Leaves held 2 years, 1" to 2" x ⅜" to 1", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base; hairless and very glossy above, with tiny closely spaced brown scales below. Plant spreading, moderately floriferous, 1⅓' high x 2⅓' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -15°F.

'FORTUNE COOKIE':  Elepidote. ('Essex Scarlet' x fortunei). Hybridized (1959), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 13-15/truss, very fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 3" to 3½" across x 2" long, with 6 or 7 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish red (67A) in bud, opening moderate purplish pink (65A) with a strong yellow orange (17A) dorsal flare. Calyx c1/16" long, green. Tall dome truss, 5" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4½" to 5" x 2" to 2¼", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant free-flowering, 6' high x 6' wide in 29 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'FRESCO':  Elepidote. (aberconwayi x 'Ruby Bowman'). Hybridized (1972), raised, named, and registered (1989) by David W Goheen, Camas, WA; introduced jointly by David W Goheen and by Lansing Bulgin, Ellanhurst Gardens, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 9-10/truss, flat saucer-shaped, heavy substance, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish pink (55B) margins shading to pale purplish pink (55D) with a minute (55B) blotch in the center, and a few deep purplish pink (55A) spots on the inner parts of the lobes. Calyx is minute, light green. Ball truss, 4" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" x 1½" elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, with margins that are slightly rolled down, glossy green, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 5' high x 3' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms late April. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'GOOD FORTUNE':  Synonym of 'Great Fortune'. (Note: 'Good Fortune' is the name of an elepidote registered in 1980 by Russell and Velma Haag.)

'GREAT FORTUNE':  Elepidote. ('Essex Scarlet' x fortunei). Hybridized (1958), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 12-14/truss, moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2½" long, with 6 smooth-edged to slightly wavy-edged lobes; vivid purplish red (67B) in bud, opening deep purplish pink (68A) at margins, shading to white center with light yellow (20B) streaks in the throat; outside is deep purplish pink (68A). Calyx c ⅛" long, light green. Conical truss, 7" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" to 6" x 2" to 2½" elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant rounded, moderately floriferous, 5' high x 7' wide in 30 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F. (Synonym: 'Good Fortune'.)

'GIUSEPPE VERDI':  Elepidote. (fortunei x 'Vineland Fragrance'). Hybridized (1982), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 15/truss, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 3" long, with 5 to 7 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; strong purplish pink (55B) with moderate yellow (160A) flare and deep orange yellow (163A) spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx is negligible, light green. Truss is 8" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 2" oblong, flat, acute at apex, cordate at base, glossy green and hairless. Plant spreading, free-flowering, 3' high x 3' wide in 6 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'HARDY SPLENDOUR':  Elepidote. ('Purple Splendour' x 'Purpureum Grandiflorum'). Hybridized (1966), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 12-15/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2¾" across x 2¼" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; deep reddish purple (77A) shading to deep purplish red (71A) in throat, with dark purple (79A) spotting on lower portion of dorsal lobe, and white anthers on deep purplish red (71A) filaments; outside is also (71A). Calyx c 3/16" long, light green. Dome truss, 6" wide x 5½" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2¼", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, dull green and hairless. Plant spreading, moderately floriferous, 3' high x 6' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'HORIZON MONARCH':  Elepidote. ('Nancy Evans' x 'Point Defiance'). Hybridized (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Edwin C Brockenbrough, Bellevue, WA. Flowers 15/truss, very heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2⅜" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; red buds open pale greenish yellow (10D) to light yellow(10B), with small vivid red (46B) flare. Calyx 1" long, light yellow (10C). Ball truss, 8" wide x 8" high. Leaves 6¾" x 2⅜" elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant spreading, moderately floriferous, 6½' high x 6½' wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant hardy to at least 5°F; buds, 10°F.

'HORIZON SNOWBIRD':  Elepidote. [('Britannia' x yakushimanum) x ('Mrs. Lindsay Smith' x yakushimanum)]. Hybridized, raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Edwin C Brockenbrough, Bellevue, WA. Flowers 18/truss, moderately heavy substance, widely funnel-campanulate, 2¾" across x 1⅝" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish pink (55B) in bud, opening yellowish white (155B), with pink filaments and style, brown anthers, and light yellow stigma. No calyx. Ball truss, 5⅞" wide x 5⅛" high. Leaves 4¾" x 1⅝", narrowly elliptic, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base; hairless above, with a dusting of brown hairs below. Plant rounded, well-branched, moderately floriferous, 3' high x 4' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms early May. Hardy to at least 0°F.

'HOT DAWN':  Elepidote. ['Mars' x (yakushimanum, Exbury form x 'Mars')]. Hybridized (1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Dr. J B Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 16-22/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 3¼" across x 1¼" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes, strong to vivid purplish red (61B/C). Calyx c 1/16" long, green. Dome truss, 7½" wide x 5½" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4" to 5" x 1¾" to 2", elliptic, flat, obtuse at apex, cuneate to oblique at base, dull green, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, 4' high x 2½' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -20°F; buds, -14°F.

'JANET SHAPIRO':  Elepidote. ('Purple Splendour' x 'Purpureum Grandiflorum'). Hybridized (1966), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 14/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 5 lobes; strong purple (82B) with vivid reddish purple (74A,B) blotch and spotting on dorsal lobe, silvery filaments with white anthers, and vivid reddish purple (74B) ribs outside. Calyx c1/16" long, light green. Ball truss, 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 2¼", elliptic to obovate, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant spreading, very floriferous, 3' high x 6' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'JEAN ELEANOR':  Elepidote. ('Jingle Bells' x lacteum). Cross (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Brittenhill Nursery), and registered (1989) by Britt M Smith, Kent, WA. Flowers 17/truss, openly campanulate, 2" across x 1⅞" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light yellow green (154D to 2C) with slightly paler margins. Calyx 1" to 1¼", colored as corolla. Flat truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 1¾" to 4¼" x 1" to 2" elliptic to broadly elliptic, mucronate at apex, oblique at base; hairless above with light brown indumentum below. Plant well-branched, free-flowering, 3' high x 3' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms mid April. Hardy to at least 5°F.

'JEAN MARIE PINK':  Synonym of 'Pink Jeans'. (Note: 'Pink Jeans' was distributed at the ARS plant sale in Victoria, B.C. (1989) under the name 'Jean Marie Pink'.)

'JOHN PAUL II':  Elepidote. ['Mars' x ('The Honourable Jean Marie de Montague' x 'Cheer')]. Hybridized (1971), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Joseph F Minahan, Camp Hill, PA. Flowers 15-18/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2¾" across x 1¾" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes; vivid red (46B) with pale yellow (158B) streaks on dorsal lobe, faintly spotted with vivid yellow green (154A). Calyx ⅛" long, light yellow green (145B). Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 7" x 2½", elliptic, concave, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy dark green, hairless. Plant upright and spreading, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 7' wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms in mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -24°F. Awarded Best in Show at ARS Philadelphia/Valley Forge Chapters show (1981), and Susquehanna Valley Chapter show (1987).

'JOSEPH GARY FETTERHOFF':  Elepidote. (maximum, white-flowered x 'Mrs. J G Millais'). Hybridized (1963), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 20/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 2¾" across x 1½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; very pale mauve in bud, opening white with a prominent yellow (11A) dorsal blotch. Calyx is negligible. Dome truss, 5⅞" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 3⅛" to 5½" x 1⅛" to 2", narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, dull green, hairless. Plant spreading, well-branched, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 4½' wide in 24 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -22°F.

'JOYCE'S JOY':  Elepidote. ('Letty Edwards' x 'Letty Edwards'). Hybridized (1965), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 6-8/truss, heavy substance, openly campanulate, 2½" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep pink (52C) in bud, opening light pink (49C) to pale yellowish pink (27C). Calyx c1/16" long, green. Flat truss, 5½" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 3" to 4" x 2" to 2½" ovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cordate at base, glossy, hairless. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 2' high x 4' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms in April-May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'KARIN SELEGER':  Lepidote. (impeditum x dauricum, cw by V Vasak NW of Lake Baykal). Hybridized (1971), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 5-7/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 1" to 1½" across x ¾" to 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid to strong purple (81A/B, 82A/B). Ball to dome shaped truss, 2" wide x 1" high. Leaves held 1½ years, ¾" x ⅜", elliptic to ovate, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, scaly above and below. Plant free-flowering, dense growth habit, 30" high x 41" wide in 18 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'KELLY'S KIPPS':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (1974) by Walt Kelly, Renton, WA (now AR); raised, named, introduced, and registered by Winston A and Joan E Ragan, Carnation, WA. Flowers 12/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 2½" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; pink buds open pale purplish pink (65C) at margins, shading through pale yellow green (4D) to light greenish yellow (4B) at center. Calyx is 3/16" long, green. Lax truss, 8" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5½" x 2", obovate, flat, apiculate at apex, oblique at base, hairless. Plant upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 7' high x 7' wide in 14 years from seed. Blooms late April to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least-5°F. (Synonym: 'Kipps')

'KICKOFF':  Lepidote. (minus Carolinianum Group, Delp's pink form x mucronulatum). Hybridized, raised, selected (1986), and named by Weldon E Delp, Harrisville, PA; introduced and registered (1989) by Allan T and Shirley A Anderson, Franklin Lakes, NJ. Flowers 12/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 1¾" across x 1¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light purple (77C/D) with vivid reddish purple (74B) dorsal spotting. Calyx ⅛" long, green. Ball truss, 3" wide x 2½" high. Leaves 3" x 1¼", elliptic to ovate, acute at apex, cuneate at base, with wavy margins; glossy and scaly above; olive scales below aging to moderate olive green (146A). Plant upright, free-flowering, 4' high x 2½' wide in 4 years from rooted cutting. Blooms late April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'KIPPS':  Synonym of 'Kelly's Kipps'.

'KRISTEN MARIE':  Elepidote. ('Chionoides' x 'Graf Zeppelin'). Hybridized (1968), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 15-16/truss, openly funnel-shaped with deeply cut lobes, 2¼" across x 1¾" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; white buds tipped with strong purplish red (63B), opening white with a narrow edge of strong purplish red (63B), and with a vivid yellow (9A) spotted flare on the dorsal lobe. Calyx c1/16" long, green. Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5½" to 6" x 1¾" elliptic, convex, hairless. Plant moderately floriferous, 4' high x 5' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'LAKE LORRAINE':  Lepidote. (burmanicum, Cox selection x cuffeanum). Hybridized (1968), raised, named, introduced (1975), and registered (1989) by Robert W Scott, Berkeley, CA. Flowers are slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 6-8/truss, 4" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; white with brilliant yellow (8A) blotch, outside paler yellow. Calyx 1/16" long, green. Flat truss, 7" wide x 4" to 6" high. Leaves 3" x 1", oblanceolate, acute at apex, cuneate at base, hairless and glossy above, with tiny yellow to brown scales below. Plant upright, well-branched, very floriferous, 5½' high x 5' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid March. Hardy to at least 20°F.

'LILLIAN MAUNEY':  Elepidote. ('Mrs. Furnival' x vernicosum aff., Rock 18139, J Gable's selection -1). Hybridized (1967) by Robert Emmerich, Huntington, NY (ARS Seed Lot 68-467); raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Donald S Kellam, Jr., Charlotte, NC. Flowers 11-13/truss, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; buds vivid purplish red (66B) to deep purplish pink (66C) and moderate purplish pink (66D), opening vivid purplish red (67B) with light purplish pink (62C) edges and prominent moderate red (185B) to moderate purplish red (185C) spotted dorsal flare. Calyx ¼" long, orange-pink. Ball truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5½" x 2¼", obovate, convex, apiculate at apex, oblique at base, hairless. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 5' high x 9' wide in 21 years from seed. Blooms mid to late April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -8°F.

'LINDA MARIE':  Elepidote. (irroratum, open pollinated). Raised, selected (1963), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 15-18/truss, campanulate, 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; rose colored buds open light purplish pink (55C) with the dorsal lobe blotched and heavily spotted maroon. Calyx is minute, green. Conical truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 5" x 1½", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 8' high x 7' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant and bud hardy to at least 5°F.

'LISSOME':  Elepidote. ('Essex Scarlet' x fortunei). Hybridized (1959), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 14-15/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (55A) shading much lighter in streaks towards the throat, with deep red (53A) dorsal spotting, very dense in throat and moderately dense one-half to three-quarters the length of the lobe, and sparser spotting of same color on all lobes. Calyx c1/16" long, light green. Conical truss, 6" wide x 6½" to 7" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 2¼", obovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright, free-flowering, 8' high x 6' wide in 30 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'LITTLE MISS MUFFET':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (c 1967) by W E Whitney, Camas, WA; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Floyd Watters, Shelton, WA; described by Floyd and LaWanda Watters. Flowers 11-12/truss, heavy substance, openly campanulate, 1¾" to 2" across x 1½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (45D) in bud, opening deep pink (47D), aging in second week to moderate yellowish pink (37C), and to light yellowish pink (27B) in third week to end of bloom. Ball truss, 4½" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 2½" to 3" x 1", elliptic, concave, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, with leather-like texture; dull green and hairless above, with felt-like hairs below, moderate orange yellow (164B) aging to pale greenish yellow (160C). Plant very floriferous, dense growth habit, 2½' high x 5' wide in c 22 years from seed. Blooms mid April to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'LYALL FRETZ':  Elepidote. ['Chionoides' x ('Catalgla' x 'Lady Bessborough')]. Hybridized (before 1975?) by Lyall Fretz, Vineland, Ontario, Canada; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 12/truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-campanulate, 3" across x 2¾" long, with 6 smooth-edged lobes; pale greenish yellow (2D) with strong red (53B) flare and spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx c1/16" long, green. Conical truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 6" x 2" elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, dull green and hairless. Plant upright, free-flowering, 4' high x 4' wide in c20 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least-15°F.

'MA CHÈRE':  Elepidote. ['Mars' x (yakushimanum x 'Mars')]. Hybridized (1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 16/truss, heavy substance, funnel-shaped, 1¾" across x 1¼" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; deep red in bud, opening to white center with deep red (53A) to strong red (53B) margins, fading slowly to vivid purplish red (57D). Calyx 1/16" long, green. Ball truss, 3½" to 4" wide x 3½" to 4" high. Leaves held 4 years, 4¼" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, dull green, hairless. Plant spreading, moderately floriferous, 1⅔' high x 2½' wide in 14 years from seed. Blooms late May to early June. Plant hardy to at least -24°F; buds,-17°F.

'MAGNIFICAT':  Elepidote. ('Disca' x 'Graf Zeppelin'). Hybridized (1966), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 12-13/truss, openly funnel-shaped, slightly fragrant, 3¼" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong purplish red (63A) in bud, opening white with ¼" edge of deep purplish pink (73A), and with a small brilliant yellow (11A) dorsal flare. Calyx consists of tiny pink straps. Dome truss, 6" to 6½" wide x 6" to 6½" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2" to 2½", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant very floriferous, 7' high x 7' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'MANIVALDE':  Elepidote. (Selection from praestans). Raised, selected (1965), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 20+/truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, oblique campanulate, 3" across x 2½" long, with 8 wavy-edged lobes; rose colored buds open strong purplish pink (55B) to pale orange yellow (19D). Calyx is minute, green. Truss is 8" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 3 years, 15" x 7", elliptic, mucronate at apex, cuneate at base; glossy above, with fawn colored felt-like hairs below. Plant upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 12' high x 8' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms in March. Plant hardy to at least 5°F; buds, 10°F.

'MARIAN CORLEY':  Elepidote. ('Vera Elliott' x 'Loder's White'). Hybridized (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA. Flowers 8/truss, heavy substance, moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4"across x 3¼" long, with 7 frilly-edged lobes; moderate purplish pink (68C) in bud, opening pale yellowish pink (36D) with light yellow green (154D) throat; outside is light pink (49C). Calyx is ¾" long, re-curved, heavy substance, light yellow green (154D). Ball truss, 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" to 6" x 2" to 2½", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, dull green, hairless. Plant moderately floriferous, open growth habit, 4½' high x 6' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms early through mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 5°F.

'MARION SHAPIRO':  Elepidote. ('Slocock's Late White' x 'Mrs. P D Williams'). Hybridized (1965), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 13/truss, openly funnel-shaped, moderately fragrant, 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; white with rather prominent brilliant yellow (7A) to dark greenish yellow (152C) speckled dorsal flare. Calyx is negligible. Ball truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" to 5" x 1¾'' elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant very floriferous, 5' high x 6' wide in 23 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F. (Note: 'Slocock's Late White' has not yet been registered.)

'MARTIN VAN HOF':  Elepidote. (Unnamed fortunei hybrid, open pollinated). Selected (1962), raised, named, introduced (through RI Agricultural Experiment Station), and registered (1989) by John J McGuire, Kingston, RI Flowers 8-10/truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2⅝" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; very pale purple (69B) with dark red (59A) blotch in throat, extending part way up dorsal lobe. Calyx is minute, green. Dome truss, 6⅝" wide x 6¼" high. Leaves held 3 years, 4¾" x 2⅛", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright and spreading, very floriferous, 12' high x 10' wide in 20 years from cutting. Blooms mid to late May. Plant hardy to at least -20°F; buds, -15°F.

'MARY JANE MEANS':  Elepidote. ('Sham's Ruby' x 'Unknown Warrior'). Hybridized (1983), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Robert L Means, Winston-Salem, NC. Flowers 18-22/truss, funnel-shaped, 2¼" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; strong purplish red (64C) in bud, opening strong purplish red (64C), with vivid reddish purple (74A) spotting on dorsal lobe. Calyx is insignificant. Conical truss, 6½" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2½", elliptic, convex, acute at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant very floriferous, dense growth habit, 22" high x 28" wide in 6 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'MAX FETTERHOFF':  Elepidote. (maximum, white-flowered x 'Mrs. Furnival'). Hybridized (1964), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 16/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1-3/16" long, with 5 slightly wavy-edged lobes; light purplish pink (55C) shading to white at center, with a white dorsal blotch with strong orange yellow (163B) spotting which shades to vivid yellow green (154A) towards base of lobe; outside strong purplish pink (55B). Calyx minute, cream. Dome truss, 5½" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2⅜" to 5⅞" x 1-3/l6" to 2-9/16", oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate to slightly oblique at base; dull green and hairless above, with very sparse closely appressed brownish hairs below, mainly around veins. Plant upright, spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4¾' high x 4' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -20°F.

'MICHELLE ILENA':  Elepidote. (strigillosum x yakushimanum). Hybridizer unknown; raised, selected, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Jacob Rosenthal, Holliswoods, NY. Flowers 10/truss, heavy substance, openly funnel-shaped, 2½" across x 1½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; opening red, aging (after one week) to deep yellowish pink (46D). Flat truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 1½", elliptic to oblong, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base; dull green and hairless above, with a medium brown felt-like indumentum below. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 3½' high x 4' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms early to mid April. Plant hardy to at least -8°F; buds, 0°F. Awarded Best in Show at Early Show, New York Chapter, ARS (1988).

'MOTHER ELENA':  Elepidote. (Selection from thomsonii ssp. thomsonii). Raised, selected (1978), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 8-12/truss, heavy substance, openly campanulate, 2¾" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; strong red (53B). Calyx is 1½" long, green. Flat truss is 6" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 2-3 years, 3½" x 2¾", oblong, flat, cuspidate at apex, cordate at base, glossy, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, very floriferous, 8' high x 6' wide in 10 years from cutting. Blooms in April. Plant and bud hardy to at least 5°F.

'MOTHER JUULA':  Elepidote. (Selection from vernicosum). Raised, selected (1966), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 10-15/truss, heavy substance, widely funnel-campanulate, 3½" across x 2" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; light purplish pink (55C) with a darker stripe on midrib of lobes externally. Calyx is minute, green. Ball truss, 6½" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4"x 1½" elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cordate at base, hairless. Plant upright, dense growth habit, very floriferous, 8' high x 6' wide in 20 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'MRS JO PAVLICK':  Elepidote. (maximum, pink-flowered x 'Kettledrum'). Hybridized (1963), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 14-17/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 2¾" across x 1⅜" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; strong purplish red (63A) in bud, opening same color (63A), shading to strong purplish red (63B) towards center with a thin white stripe down the rib and a white dorsal blotch; lower half of dorsal lobe is covered with dark red (183A) spotting; outside remains strong purplish red (63A). Calyx minute. Dome truss, 5⅞" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 2 years, 3½" to 5⅛" x 3-9/16" to 2⅜", elliptic to narrowly oblong, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, dull green and hairless above, with very sparse closely appressed brownish hairs below, mainly around veins. Plant spreading, well-branched, moderately floriferous, 5½' high x 4½' wide in 26 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -22°F.

'NAHANNI':  Lepidote. (racemosum x lapponicum, c.w. in Great Slave Lake area). Hybridized (1973), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 12-20/truss, widely funnel-shaped, ⅞" to 1" across x ⅝" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; light reddish purple (74C) shading towards strong reddish purple (78B). Ball truss, 2" wide x 1¾" high. Leaves held 1½ years, 1" to 1¼" x ½" to ⅝", elliptic, convex, obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, scaly above and below. Plant upright, spreading habit, free-flowering, 42" high x 32" wide in 16 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -20°F.

'NANCY LEE LUND':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (1968) by W E Whitney, Camas, WA; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Floyd Waiters, Shelton, WA; described by Floyd and LaWanda Watters. Flowers 12-13/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 2¼" long, with 5-6 wavy-edged lobes; light greenish yellow (3C) with two red spots on upper lobe. Ball truss, 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" to 5½" x 2¾" elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, glossy green, hairless. Plant upright, semi-open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 5¼' high x 6½' wide in 21 years from seed. Blooms late April to early May. Plant hardy to at least -10°F; buds, -5°F.

'NANCY'S BOUQUET':  Elepidote. ('Catawbiense Grandiflorum' x yakushimanum 'Pink Parasol'). Hybridized (1974), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 13/truss, open funnel-campanulate, 2" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; very light purple (75C) with light yellow (160B) spots on dorsal lobe. Calyx 1¼" long, light green. Dome truss, 4½" wide x 4" high. Leaves held 3 years, 3" x 1½" elliptic, convex, acute at apex, rounded at base, hairless. Plant upright, free-flowering, 3' high x 1½' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'NEW BEGINNING':  Elepidote. ('Janet Blair' x 'Dorothy Amateis'). Hybridized (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 15/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 3" across x 1¾" long, with 5 to 7 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; light purple (75A) with moderate yellow (160A) and deep orange yellow (163A) spots. Calyx is negligible, light green. Conical truss, 5" wide x 3½" high. Leaves held 3 years, 3¾" x 1½" elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy green and hairless. Plant upright, free-flowering, 1½' high x 1' wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'OLYMPIC SUNSET':  Elepidote. ('Lemon Custard' x 'Crest'). Hybridized (1969), named, and registered (1989) by Walter Elliott, Shelton, WA; raised and introduced by Fred Peste, Shelton, WA. Flowers 7-9/truss, moderately fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 4" across x 3¼" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; moderate yellowish pink (37C) suffused with light yellow (18B) on upper three-quarters of each lobe. Calyx is negligible. Dome truss, 7½" wide x 3½" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, glossy green, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, 10' high x 8' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'ORANGE SPLENDOR':  Deciduous azalea. {('Gibraltar' x 'Favor Major') x [(unknown x 'Seville') x 'Gibraltar']}. Hybridized (1972), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered (1989) by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 11/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 4" across x 2½" long, 5 frilly-edged lobes; vivid reddish orange, (33B) aging to (34B). Calyx ¼", green. Ball truss, 6" across x 4½" high. Leaves 3" to 4" x 1¼" to 1¾" elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly wrinkled, slightly hairy below. Plant upright and spreading habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 3½' wide in 16 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

('OSTBO'S YELLOW' x MAXIMUM):  Synonym of Apricot Glow'.

'PAUL MAUNEY':  Elepidote. ('Belle Heller' x yakushimanum 'Koichiro Wada'). Hybridized (1969) by Anthony Angelini, Torrington, CT (ARS Seed Lot 70-275); raised, named, introduced (through Beeson's Nursery, Randleman, NC), and registered (1989) by Donald S Kellam, Jr., Charlotte, NC. Flowers 15/truss, slightly fragrant, heavy substance, funnel-shaped, 2¼" across x 1¾" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; white in bud, opening white with yellow to brownish orange (164A) dorsal spotting. Calyx ⅜" long, white. Flattened ball truss, 7½" wide x 6" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5½" x 1¾", elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, dull green above, hairless. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 2' high x 4½' wide in c10 years from cutting. Blooms mid season. Plant hardy to at least -10°F; buds, -5°F.

TEETER'S PRIDE':  Elepidote. (Selection from montroseanum). Raised, selected (1964), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 25+/truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, ventricose campanulate, 3½" across x 2½" long, with 8 wavy-edged lobes; deep rose-pink in bud, opening deep pink (52C) to light yellowish pink (27B). Calyx is minute, green. Ball truss, 8" wide x 7" high. Leaves held 3 years, 18" x 8", elliptic, flat, mucronate at apex, cuneate at base; bullate and glossy above, with felt-like hairs below, silver-gray aging to fawn. Plant upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 10' high x 9' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms in March. Plant hardy to at least 5°F; buds, 10°F.

'PEGGY ABKHAZI':  Elepidote. ('Penjerrick' x 'Aurora'). Hybridized (1954), raised, named, and introduced by Albert de Mezey, Victoria, British Columbia; described by H Vaartnou, Victoria, BC; registered (1989) by W A Dale, Sidney, BC; all Canada. Flowers 5-8/truss, slightly fragrant, heavy substance, widely funnel-campanulate, 4½" across x 3½" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow green (4D) shading to moderate purplish pink (62B) at margins, with a small reddish purple blotch in throat. Calyx c1/16" long, greenish. Lax truss, 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 5½" x 3½", oblong, flat, apiculate at apex, cordate at base, hairless. Plant upright, spreading, open growth habit, free-flowering, 12' high x 8' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms April/May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'PINK JEANS':  Elepidote. (Sport from 'The Honourable Jean Marie de Montague'). Selected (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Briggs Nursery, Olympia, WA. Flowers 8-10/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3¼" across x 2⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; strong red (53B) in bud, opening to strong purplish red (58C) margins shading to yellowish white (155D) in center, with rose-red star in throat, strong red (53B) spots on upper half of flower, and lighter spots on lower half. Calyx ⅜" long, pale yellow green (157A). Dome truss, 5½" wide x 4" high. Leaves held at least 3 years, 5¼" x 1¾", elliptic, concave, acute at apex, cuneate at base, with wavy margins, dull green, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, moderately floriferous, 14" high x 14" wide in 3 years from tissue culture. Blooms early to mid May. Bud hardy to at least -5°F. (Note: Distributed at ARS plant sale in Victoria, B.C. (1989) under the name 'Jean Marie Pink'.)

'PINK SOLACE':  Elepidote. [('Charles Dickens' x 'Atrosanguineun') x yakushimanum]. Hybridized (1966), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 12/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 2⅜" across x 1-3/16" long, with 5 slightly wavy-edged lobes; vivid purplish red (57C) in bud, opening vivid purplish red (57D) fading to light purplish pink (62C) with a pinkish white streak along midrib of each lobe; outside vivid purplish red (57D). Calyx negligible. Ball truss, 4¼" wide x 3⅛" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2" to 3" x ¾" to 1-3/16", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base; dull green and hairless above, with moderate yellow (161A) felt-like indumentum below. Plant spreading, moderately floriferous, 2½' high x 3½' wide in 23 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -22°F.

'POCONO PINK':  Evergreen azalea. (Parentage unknown). Selected (1979) from a group of unlabeled plants at the Pocono Nursery, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Nancy Swell, Richmond, VA; described by Don Voss, Vienna, VA. Flowers single, 2/bud, good substance, funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1-9/16" long, 5 lobes; light to pale purplish pink (55C/D) slightly tinged with light tint of strong pink (52D), throat shading to white at base; pale yellow (160D) blotch with light yellow (160B) spotting over blotch and strong red (53D) spotting over pink ground. Calyx c¼" long, strong yellow green (144C). Spring/Summer leaves 1½" x ⅞", elliptic to broadly elliptic, broadly acute and mucronate at apex, cuneate at base, with appressed yellowish brown hairs above and below. Plant upright, free-flowering, 5' high x 3-4' wide in 10+ years from cutting. Blooms early to mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F. Received Best-in-Show award at combined ASA Convention and Mid Atlantic Chapter, ARS Spring Meet, Fredericksburg, VA (1984).

'RASPBERRY DELIGHT':  Deciduous azalea. {('Gallipoli' x 'Cecile) x [(unknown x 'Seville') x 'Cecile']}. Hybridized (1973), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered (1989) by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 12-24/truss, widely funnel-shaped, semi-double (0 to 4 stamens), 3½" across x 2½" long, 7 frilly-edged lobes; strong red (45D) in bud, opening between deep yellowish pink (43C) and strong yellowish pink (43D). Calyx ¼", green. Ball truss, 6" across x 5½" high. Leaves 3½" x 2½", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly wrinkled, slightly hairy below. Plant upright and spreading, very floriferous, 6' high x 4½' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'ROLY BARNSLEY':  Elepidote. (yakushimanum x rex). Hybridized (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 13/truss, heavy substance, funnel-shaped, 2½" across x 2" long, with 5-6 smooth-edged lobes; white with deep purplish red (59B) flare and dark red (59A) spotting on dorsal lobe. No calyx. Flat truss, 6" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 1½", elliptic, concave, obtuse at apex, cuneate at base; dull green and hairless above, with white aging to fawn felt-like hairs below. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 1' high x 3' wide in 13 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'ROYAL MINT':  Elepidote. ('Catawbiense Boursault' x 'China'). Hybridized (1976) and named by Bjarke Aunsbjorn; raised, introduced, and registered (1989) by Thorvall Aunsbjorn; both Randers, Denmark. Flowers 25/truss, openly campanulate, 2¾" across x 2⅜" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; white suffused with lilac, fading to pure white, with two clear red rays in the throat. No calyx. Dome truss, 8⅝" wide x 7½" high. Leaves 5½" x 2¾", oblong, hairless. Plant free-flowering, open growth habit, 4' high x 3' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms late May/early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -13°F.

'SARA ANN':  Evergreen azalea. ('Edna Bee' x unknown). Hybridized (c 1982), raised, introduced, and registered (1989) by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ; named by Robert A Murray, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers 2-3/terminal, widely funnel-shaped, semi-double (0-5 stamens), 2½" across x 1¾" long, 5 smooth-edged lobes; strong purplish pink (55B) with strong purplish red (54A) spotting on dorsal and two adjacent lobes as well as on some of the petaloid stamens. Calyx ⅛" long, light green. Terminal inflorescence is 3¼" across x 2½" high. Leaves 1" x 7/16", elliptic to slightly obovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly hairy above and below. Plant 10" high x 14" wide in c 7 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F.

'SHILOH':  Evergreen azalea. (Purple seedling of unknown parentage x 'Hahn's Red'). Hybridized (c 1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Flowers 2/terminal, widely funnel-shaped, semi-double (some petaloid stamens); 3" across x 1¾" long, 6 smooth-edged lobes; moderate reddish orange (42D). Calyx ⅛" long, light green. Terminal inflorescence is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves 1½" x ¾", obovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly hairy above and below. Plant 10" high x 12" wide in 4 years from cutting, moderately floriferous. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -10°F.

'SHOOTING STAR':  Lepidote. (hippophaeoides x racemosum). Hybridized (1965), raised, named, introduced (through Greer Gardens), and registered (1989) by Harold E Greer, Eugene, OR. Flowers 4-5/truss, openly funnel-shaped, ¾" across x ½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; light purple (77D). Flat truss, 1½" wide x 1" high. Leaves held 2 years, ½" to ¾" x ¼", elliptic, convex, acute at apex, cuneate at base, scaly above and below. Plant free-flowering, open growth habit, c3' high in 10 years from cutting. Blooms early April. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'SIGRID AUNSBJORN':  Elepidote.('China' x 'Crest'). Hybridized (1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Thorvall Aunsbjorn, Randers, Denmark. Flowers 18/truss, heavy substance, very fragrant, saucer-shaped, 3½" across x 2⅜" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow (18C) fading to almost pure white. No calyx. Ball truss, 7⅞" wide x 4" high. Leaves 7⅞" x 4⅜" oblong, hairless. Plant upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, 3⅓' high x 2⅔' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant hardy to at least -4°F; buds, 0°F.

'SIR ISAAC BROCK':  Elepidote. ('Direcktor E Hjelm' x 'Monique Behring'). Hybridized (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 11/truss, heavy substance, slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 2¾" long, with 5-6 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (68A) in bud, opening light purplish pink (68D) with strong purplish pink (68B) margins, and with moderate yellow (160A) flare and deep orange yellow (163A) spotting over the width of two lobes. Calyx is negligible, medium green. Dome truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 3 years, 5" x 2", elliptic, flat, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, glossy green and hairless. Plant spreading, free-flowering, 3' high x 3' wide in 8 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'SOFT ECHO':  Deciduous azalea. {Pink seedling of unknown parentage x [('Gallipoli' x 'Cecile') x 'Pink Delight']}. Hybridized (1978), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered (1989) by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Flowers 8-17/truss, widely funnel-shaped, double (0 to 3 stamens), 3" across x 2¼" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep yellowish pink (39B) in bud, opening light pink(39D) shading to deep pink (180D) at margins and on outside. Calyx 3/16", light green. Ball truss, 5" across x 4" high. Leaves 2" to 2½" x 1" to 1¼", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly wrinkled, slightly hairy below. Plant upright and spreading, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 2½' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms during May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'STADTMAN':  Deciduous azalea. (unknown Knap Hill x unknown Knap Hill). Hybridized (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Greer Gardens), and registered (1989) by Harold E Greer, Eugene, OR. Flowers 12/truss, moderately fragrant, widely funnel-shaped, semi-double to double, 3½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; pale yellow green (4D), edged at first with minute reddish glands and occasionally with deep pink (51C) coloration; a vivid yellow (17C) speckled flare covers most of the dorsal lobe. Calyx is minute and greenish. Ball truss, 6½" across x 4½" high. Leaves 3½" x 2" elliptic, concave, with wavy margins, acute at apex, cuneate at base; hairy, glossy, and wrinkled above, hairless below. Plant upright, moderately floriferous, 6' high x 4' wide in 12 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -25°F.

'STRAWBERRY SUPREME':  Elepidote. ('Pygmalion' x yakushimanum). Hybridized (1964), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by William M Fetterhoff, Gibsonia, PA. Flowers 14/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 2⅛" across x 1½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid red (52A) in bud, opening deep pink (52B) in center, shading through deep pink (52C) to strong pink (52D) at margins, with dark red (183A) spotting on dorsal lobe; outside is similar except that ribs are vivid red (52A); finally (52D) margins fade to white. Calyx is negligible. Dome truss, 4⅜" wide x 3⅛" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2" to 4⅜" x 3/4" to 2" narrowly elliptic to elliptic, slightly concave, acute at apex, cuneate at base; dull green and hairless above, with plastered, felt-like dark tan hairs below, aging to moderate yellow (161B). Plant spreading, dense growth habit, very floriferous, 2' high x 3' wide in 24 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -15°F.

'SUNDANCE' or 'SUNDANCE I':  Synonym of 'Sun Devil'. (Note: 'Sundance' is the name of an azalea registered in 1968 by W L Guttormsen.)

'SUN DEVIL':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (pre-1955) by W E Whitney, Washougal, WA; raised by Dr Otis Burris, Vancouver, WA; named and registered (1989) by Dr Lansing W Bulgin, Sherwood, OR; introduced c1980 by Ellanhurst Gardens, Sherwood, OR (originally as 'Sundance' or 'Sundance I'). Flowers 9-10/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3" across x 2¼" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; deep pink (48A) in bud, opening light yellowish pink (38D) with moderate red (179B) mid veins and moderate yellowish pink (39C) margins with a deep pink (48A) tip; large central area gradating from moderate red (179B) to grayish reddish orange (176C) at heart; outside moderate yellowish pink (39C), with deep pink (48B) along veins from the base. Calyx ½" long, deep pink (48A). Lax truss, 7" to 7½" wide x 4½" to 5" high. Leaves held 1+ years, 4½" x 1¼", elliptic, convex with indented mid vein, acute/apiculate at apex, cuneate at base; dull green above, with pale orange yellow (165D) indumentum below. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 3' high x 4' wide in c 10 years from cutting. Blooms mid May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 5°F. (Note: This is the clone used as pollen parent for previously registered 'Court Jester', 'Dynasty', 'Elrose Court', 'Satan's Fury', and 'Sonic Ray'.)

'TANTRAMAR':  Elepidote. ('Catalgla' x Treasure'/g). Hybridized (1970), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Dr J Brueckner, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 7/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2½" to 3" across x 2¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; shades of strong purplish red: (60B) margins, (63B) center, and (60C) outside. No calyx. Lax truss, 5½" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 3 years, 3" x 2½", elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, hairless. Plant very floriferous, dense growth habit, 34" high x 38" wide in 19 years from seed. Blooms mid May. Plant hardy to at least -25°F; buds, -20° to -25°F.

'THIRD MILLENNIUM':  Elepidote. ('Furnivall's Daughter' x 'Crest'). Hybridized (1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Thorvall Aunsbjorn, Randers, Denmark. Flowers 12/truss, saucer-shaped, 4⅜" across x 2¾" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes; strong pink (49A), fading through various shades into pale yellowish pink (27D). Ball truss,7⅛" wide x 4⅜" high. Leaves 5½" x 2¾" oblong, hairless. Plant spreading, open growth habit, free-flowering, 2⅔' high x 2⅓' wide in 10 years from seed. Blooms mid to late May. Plant hardy to at least -4°F; buds, 0°F.

'TINA LOUISE':  Elepidote. ('Wheatley' x yakushimanum). Hybridized (1982), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Robert L Means, Winston-Salem, NC. Flowers 12/truss, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, 2½" across x 1½" long, with 7 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; white with central streaking of moderate purplish pink (54D). Calyx is insignificant. Ball truss, 4" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4" x 1¾", elliptic, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant very floriferous, dense growth habit, 22" high x 28" wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms early May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -5°F.

'TRANSIT GOLD':  Lepidote. (cream-flowered 'Royal Flush'/g x cinnabarinum ssp. xanthocodon, LS&H 17521). Hybridized (1963), raised, named, and introduced by Dr Stuart Holland, Victoria, British Columbia; described by H Vaartnou, Victoria, BC; registered (1989) by W A Dale, Sidney, BC; all Canada. Flowers 4-7/truss, heavy substance, tubular campanulate, 1⅜" across x 1¾" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes; moderate yellow (161A). Calyx c1/16" long, green. Lax truss, 4½" wide x 2" high. Leaves held 2 years, 2½" x 1" oblong, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, scaly below. Plant upright, open growth habit, free-flowering, 8' high x 4' wide in 25 years from seed. Blooms in April. Plant hardy to at least 0°F; buds, 5°F.

'VAL'S CHOICE':  Deciduous azalea. (occidentale, open pollinated). Raised, selected (1965), named, introduced, and registered (1989) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Flowers 10/truss, very fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped, 2¼" across x 1¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; vivid yellow (16A) with darker orange dorsal lobe. Calyx is ¼" long, green. Flat truss, 3½" wide x 2" high. Leaves 3" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, hairless. Plant upright, dense growth habit, very floriferous, 4' high x 3' wide in 24 years from seed. Blooms in May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'VINEBLANC':  Elepidote. (['Scandinavia' x 'La Bar's White'] x ['Scandinavia' x 'La Bar's White']). Hybridized (1965) and grown by Roy R Forster; named and described by A W Smith, both Ontario Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered by Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 14/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 2" across x 1¾" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; yellowish white (155D). Minute green calyx. Dome truss, 5⅛" across x 3½" high. Leaves held 2 years, 4⅜" x 2⅛", elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright and spreading, 6½' high x 5' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms early June. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINELAND DELIGHT':  Deciduous azalea. ('Homebush' x red seedling of Knap Hill type). Hybridized (1982), raised, named, and described by A W Smith, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered (1989) by the Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 15/truss, openly funnel-shaped, single, 2½" across x 1⅝" long, 5-6 lobes with wavy/frilly-edged lobes; deep pink (52B) with a strong orange (24A) dorsal blotch. Calyx c⅛" long, pale green. Dometruss,4¾''across x 3⅛" high. Leaves held 1 year, 2¼" x 1", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 5' high x 3¼' wide in 5 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINELAND ORANGE':  Deciduous azalea. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (1982), raised, and named by A W Smith; described by J E Lounsbery, both Ontario Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered (1989) by the Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 14-15/truss, slightly fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped, single with some stamens petaloid at tips, 3" across x 2" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; moderate reddish orange (35B) with yellow mid area on dorsal lobe. Calyx c 1/16" long, light green. Dome truss, 5⅛" across x 3½" high. Leaves held 1 year, 3" x 1¼" elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairy above and below. Dense growth habit, free-flowering, plant 4½' high x 2' 10" wide in 6 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINELAND PEACH':  Deciduous azalea. ('Chelsea Reach' x red seedling). Hybridized (1982) and raised by A W Smith; named and described by J E Lounsbery, both Ontario Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered (1989) by the Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 10/truss, slightly fragrant, openly funnel-shaped, single, 3" across x 2⅛" long, 5 wavy-edged lobes; brilliant yellow (11A) with a vivid yellow (15A) dorsal blotch and strong red (39A) to deep yellowish pink (39B) markings on other lobes, extending c 3/4" inward from margins. Calyx c 3/16" long, green. Dome truss, 4¾" across x 3⅛" high. Leaves held 1 year, 3⅛" x 1⅝" elliptic, slightly concave, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly hairy above. Plant upright, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 3½' high x 3¼' wide in 7 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'VINELAND PIMPERNEL':  Deciduous azalea. ('Chelsea Reach' x red seedling). Hybridized (1982), raised, and named by A W Smith; described by J E Lounsbery, both Ontario Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada; introduced and registered (1989) by the Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada. Flowers 12/truss, tubular funnel-shaped, single, 2¾''across x 2⅛" long, 6 wavy-edged lobes; vivid red (45A) with a strong orange (25B) dorsal blotch. Calyx c 1/16" long, green. Conical truss, 4¾" across x 2¾" high. Leaves held 1 year, 2-7/16" x 1", ovate, slightly convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base; hairless to slightly hairy above, hairless below. Plant upright, moderately floriferous, 3¼' high x 1⅔' wide in 6 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'WEDDING CAKE':  Elepidote. ['Purple Splendour' x (fortunei x 'Purple Splendour')]. Hybridized (1966), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Ben and Marion Shapiro, East Brunswick, NJ. Flowers 12-13/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 2¼" long, with 5 or 6 wavy-edged lobes; white with light purplish pink (73C) margins, and a brilliant greenish yellow (3A) dorsal flare. Calyx c 1/16" long, green. Dome truss, 5" wide x 5½" high. Leaves held 2 years, 6" x 2", elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, hairless. Plant moderately floriferous, 5' high x 5½' wide in 22 years from seed. Blooms late May. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.

'WHIRLIGIG':  Elepidote. (maximum, Gable's curly-leaf form x maximum, Gable's curly-leaf form). Hybridized (1970), raised, named, introduced and registered (1989) by G David Lewis, Colts Neck, NJ. Flowers 16-24/truss, widely funnel-shaped, 1⅝" across x 7/8" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; deep purplish pink (55A) in bud, opening pale purplish pink (56B) fading to white in center; brilliant yellow green (149A) spotting over a brilliant yellow green (150C) dorsal blotch. Calyx ⅛" long, light yellow green (145D). Dome truss, 4" wide x 3½" high. Leaves held 5 years, 5" x 2⅜" elliptic with very wavy margins, acute at apex, cordate at base, hairless; glossy, moderate olive green (137A) above, light yellow green (145D) below. Plant well-branched, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 4' wide in 17 years from seed. Blooms early July. Plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'YELLOW BY THE TRAILER':  Synonym of 'Yellow Pages'.

'YELLOW PAGES':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (1973) by W E Whitney, Brinnon, WA; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1989) by Briggs Nursery, Olympia, WA. Flowers 13-15/truss, openly funnel-shaped, 3¼" across x 2¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; brilliant greenish yellow (4A) fading to light greenish yellow (4B). No calyx. Dome truss, 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves held 2 years, 7½" x 3" to 3¼" elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cordate at base, dull green, hairless. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, moderately floriferous, 4' high x 6' wide in 15 years from seed, having many characteristics of lacteum. Blooms early May. Bud hardy to at least 5°F. (Note: Some sold under name 'Yellow by the Trailer'.)

'ZORBA':  Elepidote. ('Frango' x 'Tracigo'). Hybridized (1973), raised, named, and registered (1989) by David W Goheen, Camas, WA; introduced jointly by David W Goheen and by Lansing Bulgin, Ellanhurst Gardens, Sherwood, OR. Flowers 10-12/truss, widely funnel-campanulate, 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy/frilly-edged lobes; vivid red (52A) in bud, opening pale purplish pink (56A) with crimson spots on dorsal lobe; outside deep pink (52B). Calyx is minute, deep pink (52B). Lax truss, 5" wide x 3" high. Leaves held 4 years, 2½" to 3" x 1" to 1¼", obovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base; dull green and hairless above, with sparse tan hairs on veins below. Plant spreading, dense growth habit, free-flowering, 3' high x 5' wide in 15 years from seed. Blooms mid April. Plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F.


Volume 44, Number 2
Spring 1990

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