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Journal American Rhododendron Society

Current Editor:
Dr. Glen Jamieson ars.editor@gmail.com


Volume 45, Number 2
Spring 1991

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American Rhododendron Society Plant Registry
Jay W Murray, Registrar ARS Plant Names
Colts Neck, New Jersey

        The Royal Horticultural Society is the International Registration Authority for the genus Rhododendron. The ARS, serving as North American representative to the RHS, screens names to determine whether they conform to the recommendations published in the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants - 1980, and whether they are available for use. The ARS also prepares registration applications in the form required by the RHS, forwards certificates to registrants, publishes plant names and descriptions, and maintains permanent registration records.
        The following list includes rhododendron and azalea names registered by the RHS, and received by the ARS during the period February 16, 1990 through February 15, 1991.
        In the descriptions, most of the color designations refer to the RHS Colour Chart (1966, 1986 editions); accompanying color names are those published in A Contribution toward Standardization of Color Names in Horticulture, R D Huse and K L Kelly, edited by D H Voss (ARS, 1984). Colors measured by other systems are reported as received, along with equivalent RHS color numbers.
        Parents of a plant are listed in the conventional order: (seed parent x pollen parent). The terms glabrous and hairless have been used interchangeably, as have the terms bullate and wrinkled. Indumentum refers to all hair types found on leaves, including scales and glands.
        Names listed as synonyms are those used for a particular clone prior to registration, but rejected because of conflict with recommendations of the Nomenclature Code, or because the name has already been registered for a different clone. Growers carrying plants under a synonym name are encouraged to update to the registered name.
        Species names are based on the RHS's horticulturally modified version of the Cullen and Chamberlain revision of the Balfourian Series classification system. Equivalent former and present names are listed in An Alphabetical Checklist of Rhododendron Species (RHS, 1981), and in The Rhododendron Handbook (RHS, 1980).

'Amigo-Two':  Elepidote. ['Amigo' x (aberconwayi x elliottii 'War Paint)]. Hybridized (1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by D W Goheen, Camas, WA. Campanulate to saucer-shaped flowers are 3" to 3½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance, and dark red nectaries. The corolla is vivid purplish red (57B) with strong red (53C) spotting on all lobes, but heavier on the upper ones. The green calyx is minute. The truss of 18-20 flowers is conical to dome-shaped, 7" wide x 7" high. The dull green leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, convex, somewhat twisted, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5" to 6" long x 1½" wide, and hairless. The plant is free-flowering, 3⅓' high x 3' wide in 10 years from seed, and has an upright, open growth habit. This clone is plant and bud hardy to at least 0°F, and blooms in mid April. (Note: 'Amigo-Two' received the ARS Conditional Award in 1990.)

'Argentina':  Elepidote. [(catawbiense, white-flowered x yakushimanum) x ('Fanfare' x 'Gertrud Schäle')]. Hybridized (1966), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by David G Leach, North Madison, OH. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is vivid purplish red (57B). The light green calyx is minute, and the 1" long pedicel is reddish dorsally, green beneath. The ball-shaped truss of 21 flowers is 5⅞" wide x 5⅛" high. Leaves are obovate, slightly convex, acute at apex, cuneate at base, 5⅛" long x 2" wide, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms early mid-season, and is 10¾' high x 11¾' wide from seed. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -28°F and -20°F, respectively.

'Arminius':  Elepidote. [('America' x yakushimanum) x unknown]. Open pollinated (1977); raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Rudy Behring, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Openly funnel-campanulate flowers are 2" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is deep purplish pink (55A) with a large deep red (53A) blotch and golden anthers. The minute calyx is a fawn color. The tall, dome-shaped truss of 25 flowers is 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5" long x 2¼" wide, bullate, glossy, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms in early June, is 2' high x 2' wide in 13 years from seed, and has a spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -15°F.

'Baltic Amber':  Deciduous azalea. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Weston Nurseries, Hopkinton, MA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 1⅝" wide x 1⅝" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is strong orange (25B) with a vivid orange yellow (23A) eye. The light green calyx is about ⅜" long. The ball-shaped truss of 10-15 flowers is 3¼" wide x 3¼" high. Leaves are 2" long x ¾" wide, elliptic, flat with wavy margins, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base. They are bullate and moderate olive green (137B) above, hairy and grayish yellow green (191A) below. Foliage color is bright red in autumn. The moderately floriferous plant has an upright habit and is 2½' tall x 1' wide in 5 years from cuttings. It blooms in early June, and is plant and bud hardy to at least USDA Zone 5 (-10°F to -20°F).

'Bellringer':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized and raised initially by Tony Consolini, Sandwich, MA; then raised and introduced by Mr & Mrs Harold Pilkington, Monument Beach, MA; described and registered (1990) by Donald S Kellam, Jr., Charlotte, NC. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 3¼" across x 2⅜" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is light greenish yellow (4C) with a moderate reddish brown (166B) freckled flare that fades to brilliant yellow green (150B). The light green calyx is negligible. The dome-shaped truss of 17 flowers is 7" wide x 6½" high. Leaves, which are held 2-3 years, are elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, 5½" long x 2¼''wide, dull green, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms early midseason, is 5' high x 6' wide in 10 years from cuttings, and is spreading with a dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F.

'Big Punkin':  Deciduous azalea. (Orange seedling of unknown parentage x ['Gibraltar' x ' Favor Major']). Hybridized (1975), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered (1990) by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 4½" across x 2¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Buds and outside of corolla are vivid reddish orange (33B); inside of corolla is vivid orange yellow (23A) to brilliant orange (29A). The green calyx is ¼" long. The ball-shaped truss of 9-11 flowers is 6½" across x 6" high. Leaves are 3" to 4½" long x 1½" to 2" wide, elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly wrinkled, and slightly hairy below. The free-flowering plant blooms mid to late May, is 4½' high x 3' wide in 13 years from seed, and has an upright and spreading habit. It is plant and bud hardy to at least -15°F.

'Billie Dee':  Evergreen azalea. Plant patent applied for. (Parentage unknown). Cross by Rose Mossholder, Fallbrook, CA; raised, named, introduced and registered (1990) by Hines Nurseries, Irvine, CA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers, 5-10/truss, are single, 2½" to 3" across x 1⅜" to 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is strong reddish purple (72C) at the margins, shading to very pale purple (69C) at the center, with sparse, vivid purplish red (67B) spotting on the upper lobe; exterior is same shade as margins, and buds are slightly darker. The calyx is 0.2" long, strong yellow green (145A). Leaves are 2⅛" long x 1" wide, obovate, flat, acute to obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, hairy above and below. The plant is free-flowering and has an upright, dense growth habit. The estimated mature size is 3' high x 3¾' wide. Blooming season is mid February to mid April. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 20°F and 30°F, respectively.

'Borneo':  Elepidote. [catawbiense, white-flowered x (dichroanthum ssp. apodectum x 'Loderi White Diamond')]. Hybridized (1961), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by David G Leach, North Madison, OH. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2¼" across x 1¾" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes of heavy substance. Moderate yellowish pink (38B) buds open pale yellow (11D) shading to brilliant yellow (7A) at center of dorsal lobe. The calyx is brilliant yellow (8A); its dorsal lobe is ⅓" long, other lobes are 1/16". The ball-shaped truss of 8-10 flowers is 5½" wide x 4⅓" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are oblong, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5⅛" long x 1¾" wide, dull green, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooming very early in the season. It is 10¾' high x 9¾' wide from seed, and has a dense, spreading growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -28°F and -18°F, respectively.

'Brittany':  Lepidote. ('Bowie' x keiskei, dwarf form). Hybridized (1974), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by David G Leach, North Madison, OH. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 1⅝" across x 1" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is briefly pale yellow, then a mixture of pale yellowish pink (36D) and light yellowish pink (36C); the exterior is moderate pink (51D). The calyx is minute, and the 7/16" long pedicel is greenish to dark red. The flat truss of 6 flowers is 3" wide x 1¼" high. Leaves, which are held 1 year, are elliptic, concave, acute at apex, cuneate at base, 2¼" long x 1" wide, glabrous above, and scaly below. The petiole, which is ¼" long, is dark red. The plant is very floriferous, blooming late midseason. It is 3½' high x 4½' wide from seed, and has a spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -28°F and -20°F, respectively.

'Bronze Wings':  Synonym of 'Stokes Bronze Wings'.

'Butterhorn': Lepidote. (Eldorado g. x dalhousiae var. rhabdotum). Hybridized (1968), raised, named, introduced (1975), and registered (1991) by Robert W Scott, Berkeley, CA. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 3¼" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Corolla is primrose yellow (HCC 601/2) with a chrome yellow (HCC 605) throat. The green calyx is ½" long. The lax truss consists of 3 flowers. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooming late May to early June. It is 3' high x 3' wide in 15 years from seed, and has an upright, open growth habit. (Note: HCC 601/2 is equivalent to RHS light greenish yellow (4C); HCC 605 is equivalent to RHS brilliant yellow (15C).)

'Catawba':  Synonym of 'Rose Ember'.

'Chancellor's Choice':  Elepidote. (Selection from pseudochrysanthum). Raised and selected (1984) by Mrs E J (Mary) Greig, Royston, British Columbia, Canada; named, introduced, and registered (1990) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Widely funnel-campanulate flowers are moderately fragrant, 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Pink buds open pale purplish pink (55D) with sparse, deep purplish pink (55A) spotting on the dorsal lobe, and strong purplish pink (55B) stripes on the outside. The greenish calyx is minute. The ball-shaped truss of 10-15 flowers is 5½" wide x 3½" high. Leaves, which are held 3-4 years, are 2½" long x 1¼" wide, elliptic, convex, acuminate at apex, rounded at base, glossy green, with silvery colored superficial glands below. The plant is 6' high x 5' wide in about 25 years from seed, and has a dense and upright growth habit. It blooms freely in April, and both plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Charlie Herbert':  Elepidote. ('Captain Jack' x yakushimanum, Exbury form). Hybridized (1970) by Charles Herbert, Phoenixville, PA; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Clarence and Evelyn Rahn, Douglassville, PA; described by Robert R Huber, Salford, PA. Widely funnel-campanulate flowers are 2" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Deep purplish pink (55A) buds open pale purplish pink (56A) inside, and light purplish pink (55C) outside. The light yellowish pink (26D) calyx is 1" long. The dome-shaped truss of 17 flowers is 5" wide x 3½" high. Leaves are narrowly elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, and 4½" long x 1½" wide. The upper surface is dull, moderate olive green (137A), and hairless; the under surface is coated with plastered hairs, moderate yellow green (147C). The free-flowering plant blooms in mid May, is 3' high x 4' wide in 18 years from seed, and has a rounded, well-branched growth habit.

'Checkmate':  Lepidote. (Sport of 'PJM Victor'). Selected (1986), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Weston Nurseries, Hopkinton, MA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 1⅝" wide x 1⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Corolla is strong purple (77B) to strong reddish purple (78B). The light green calyx is negligible. The ball-shaped truss of 15 flowers is 3¼" wide x 2¾" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are 2" long x ⅝" wide, oblong, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, bullate and semi-glossy above, with scales below. Foliage color is similar to that of PJM group. The free-flowering plant has a dense growth habit and is 1' tall x 1½' wide in 4 years from tissue culture. It blooms in early May, and is plant and bud hardy to at least 4°F.

'Cherokee Sun':  Deciduous azalea. [Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be (arborescens x calendulaceum or bakeri)]. Collected (1985) along Appalachian Trail in NC at about 5000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are very fragrant, 1" across x 1½" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is light greenish yellow (8C), flushed pink, with a brilliant yellow (8A) blotch; the pistil is a deep burgundy color. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 2½" long x 1" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooming in early June at 1000' elevation, and mid June at 5000'. Growth habit is spreading and dense, with mature height about 9' in the wild. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -30°F and -20°F, respectively.

'Chickasaw':  Deciduous azalea. [Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be (periclymenoides x calendulaceum)]. Collected (1984) in Oconee County, SC at about 1000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 2" across x 1½" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is strong pink (52D), flushed light yellow (10C), with strong reddish orange (32B) on tips of petals, all overlaid with strong red (41B) veins. The garden effect is a blend of light pink/orange/ yellow aging to deeper rose/red/yellow. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 2½" long x 1¾" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base. They are dull light green, wrinkled and hairy above, hairless below. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooming late April to early May. Growth habit is upright, spreading, and open; mature height is about 9' in the wild. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -20°F and -10°F, respectively.

'Chief Pat Kanim':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (1974) by Winston A Ragan; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Winston A and Joan E Ragan, Carnation, WA. Openly campanulate flowers are 3" across x 2¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is very pale purple (75D) at the edges, shading to a white center; upper lobe has numerous well-defined strong purplish red (61B) spots extending upward from a blotch of the same color, about ¾" long, located in the throat. There is no calyx. The ball-shaped truss of 15 flowers is 7" wide x 5½" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 7¾" long x 2¼" wide, dark green, and hairless. The plant is free-flowering, blooms early March through early April, is 8' high x 8' wide in 15 years from seed, and has an upright, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F and 0°F, respectively.

'China Clipper':  Elepidote. ('Skipper' x 'China'). Hybridized, raised, and introduced (c 1980, through George W Clarke Nursery) by George W Clarke; named and registered (1990) by Melba (Mrs George W) Clarke, Portland, OR; described by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3½" across x 2" long, with 7 smooth-edged to wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Strong purplish red (60B) buds open pale greenish yellow (160C) with a deep purplish red (59B) throat (all lobes). The pink calyx is ¼" long. The dome-shaped truss of 8 flowers is 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are retained 3 years, are elliptic with wavy margins, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5½" to 6" long x 2" wide, hairless, and glossy. The free-flowering plant is 5' high x 4' wide in 10 years from cuttings, has a dense, upright growth habit, and blooms in April. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Chorus Line':  Elepidote. ('Lem's Cameo' x 'Pink Petticoats'). Hybridized (1982), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by John G Lofthouse, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are very fragrant, 3" to 3½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged to frilly-edged lobes; the calyx, which is white, is ½" long. Bright red buds open pale purplish pink (62D) with an abrupt color change to strong purplish red (58C) margins, 3/16" wide; there is a light yellow-orange flare on the upper lobe. The outside of the corolla is deep purplish pink (58D) with radial streaks of strong purplish red (58C). The dome-shaped truss of 20 flowers is 7" wide x 6½" high. Leaves, which are held 2-3 years, are elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5" to 6" long x 2" wide, dark green, glossy, and hairless. The plant blooms late April to early May, is 1⅔' high x 1⅔' wide in 8 years from seed, and has an upright and spreading growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Clarke's China Doll':  Elepidote. ('Skipper' x 'China'). Hybridized, raised, and introduced (c1980, through George W Clarke Nursery) by George W Clarke; named and registered (1990) by Melba (Mrs. George W) Clarke, Portland, OR; described by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2" long, with 7 smooth to wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Strong purplish red (54A) buds open pale purplish pink (56A) and age to a lighter shade of pale purplish pink (56D); the throat is pale yellow (19C). The dome-shaped truss of 12 flowers is 6½" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are retained 2-3 years, are elliptic, slightly convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5" long x 2" wide, and hairless. The free-flowering plant is 5' high x 4' wide in 10 years from cuttings, has a dense, upright growth habit, and blooms during April/May. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Clarke's Golden Gate':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized, raised, named, and introduced (through George W Clarke Nursery) by George W Clarke; registered (1990) by Melba (Mrs. George W) Clarke, Portland, OR; described by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 1¾" across x 1½" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes. Deep red (53A) buds open strong purplish red (54A) with center of lobes streaked strong orange (26B). The calyx is ¼" long. The dome-shaped truss of 14-16 flowers is 6½" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are retained 3 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 6" long x 1½" wide, hairless, wrinkled, and glossy. The free-flowering plant is 5' to 6' high x 5' wide in 10 years from cuttings, has an open, upright growth habit, and blooms in May. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Colina':  Elepidote. (williamsianum x 'Sir Charles Lemon'). Hybridized (1963), raised, named, and registered (1990) by David W Goheen, Camas, WA; to be introduced by Lansing Bulgin, Ellanhurst Gardens, Sherwood, OR. Widely funnel-campanulate flowers are 2" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. Light yellowish pink (38D) buds fade to clear unmarked white upon opening. The green calyx is minute. The ball-shaped truss of 14-16 flowers is 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3-4 years, are 3" long x 2" wide, ovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cordate at base, glossy green, and hairless. The plant is upright and spreading, 7' high x 6' wide in 20 years from seed, and has a dense growth habit. It is free-flowering, blooms late March to early April, and is hardy to at least 0°F, with the flower buds hardy to at least 10°F.

'Connecticut Yankee':  Elepidote. (Open pollinated unnamed lavender catawbiense type at Connecticut College campus). Selected (1960's) and raised by Dr Gustav A L Mehlquist, U of CT; also raised, named, and registered (1990) by Dr Mark H Brand, U of CT; introduced by The University of Connecticut; all Storrs, CT. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2¼" to 2¾" across x 1½" to 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Vivid purple (81A, 80A) buds open and age through several shades of vivid purple (87B, 81B), strong purple (82B), and light purple (81C, 80C). The corolla is slightly darker at the margins, and has a speckled dorsal flare that ages from light olive (152B) to dark greenish yellow (152C, 152D). The light yellow-green (150D) calyx is 1/16" long. The dome-shaped truss of 16-20 flowers is 5" to 6" wide x 4" to 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3-4 years, are elliptic, flat to convex, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, 5" to 6¼" long x 1½" to 2" wide, dark green, and hairless. The free-flowering plant often produces multiple flower buds per shoot tip, and blooms in mid June. It is 8½' high x 14' wide in 28 years from seed, and has a vigorous but compact growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -25°F.

'Crayon':  Elepidote. ('Dad's Killer' x 'Purple Splendour'). Hybridized (1984) and registered (1990) by Steve Mauritsen (Kent Nursery); raised and introduced by Kent Nursery; named by Judy Hyde, all Kent, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 4" across x 2½" long, with 5-7 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is very light purple (75C) with light purple (75B) edging, about ¼" wide, and with a prominent deep red (60A) spotted marking, c 1½" wide x 2" long (measured from base) on three upper lobes; streaks of the same color are present on all lobes deep in the throat. The calyx is light green and c ¼" long. The dome-shaped truss of 18 flowers is 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic with wavy margins, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 1½" wide, dull green and hairless above, with infrequent dark brown glands below. The plant is very floriferous, blooms early to mid May, is 3' high x 3' wide in 6 years from seed, and has an upright and spreading growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F and 0°F, respectively.

'Creole Belle':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x 'Harvest Moon'). Hybridized (1968), raised, named, introduced (c 1979, through Willard Thompson Nursery), and registered (1990) by Willard and Margaret Thompson, Waldport, OR. Described by W & M Thompson with D W Goheen, Camas, WA. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 5" to 5½" across x c 3" long, with 6-7 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is strong purplish red (64C) with a deep red (53A) flare in the center, and deep red (53A) spots on the dorsal lobe. The cardinal red calyx is less than ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 16-18 flowers is 8" wide x 5" to 6" high. Leaves, which are held 3-4 years, are elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, 6" to 7" long x 1½" to 2" wide, dull green, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms in early May, is 8' high x 8' wide in 15 years from seed, and is upright, with a dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F and 0°F, respectively.

'David Lam':  Elepidote. ('Sunup-Sundown' x 'Lem's Cameo'). Hybridized (1979), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by John G Lofthouse, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; the reflexed calyx, colored as the corolla, is 1" long. Red buds open light pink (49C), shading to pale pink (49D) at edges, heavily spotted deep yellowish pink (43C) on upper lobe; outside is deep yellowish pink (43C), shading to strong yellowish pink (43D) at edges. The flat truss of 3-9 flowers is 7" wide x 3" to 5" high. Leaves, which are held up to 4 years, are obovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 1½" to 2" wide, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms late April to early May, is 3' high x 4' wide in 11 years from seed, and is spreading, with a dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Doris Griswold':  Elepidote. (['Fabia' x bureavii] x 'The Honourable Jean Marie de Montague'). Hybridized (1975) by Doris Griswold, raised by W O Griswold, named by the Griswold family, introduced by Griswold Nursery, registered (1990) by Linda Malland; all Kirkland, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Strong red (46A) buds open moderate purplish pink (54D) and age to nearly white; with discrete, vivid red (46C) spotting on all lobes, but heaviest on dorsal. There is no calyx. The conical truss of 7-8 flowers is 5" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, convex, acute at apex, cuneate at base, 5½" long x 1½''wide, and dull green with plastered tan hairy indumentum. The plant is very floriferous, blooms mid to late May, is 4' high x 4' wide in 10 years, and has an upright, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Endeavour/87':  Synonym of 'Jeda'.

'Fairfax':  Evergreen azalea. ('Polar Sea' x 'Debonaire'). Hybridized (1977), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by George W Ring, III, Fairfax, VA. Flowers are close to openly funnel-shaped, 3½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. They are single with occasional petaloid stamens, and occur 1-2 per terminal. The corolla is strong purplish pink (62A) at the edges, shading to nearly white in the center. The green calyx is ¼" long. Leaves are slightly convex, obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, and slightly hairy above. Spring leaves are elliptic, 2" long x 1" wide; summer leaves are narrowly elliptic, 1⅜" long x ⅜''wide. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooming late midseason (mid to late May). It is 2' high x 4' wide in 10 years from seed, and has a spreading, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least-15°F and -5°F, respectively.

'Firestorm':  Elepidote. ('Vulcan' x 'Chocolate Soldier' (unregistered Vossberg hybrid of unknown parentage)). Hybridized (1962) and raised by Dr Gustav A L Mehlquist, U of CT; raised also, named, and registered (1991) by Dr Mark H Brand, U of CT; introduced by The University of Connecticut; all Storrs, CT. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3¼" across x 2¼" long, with 5-6 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is deep red (53A), without any markings. The strong red (53B) calyx is 1/16" long; the pedicel is the same color, 1¾" long. The dome-shaped truss of 15-16 flowers is 6½" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, 4½" to 6" long x 1" to 2½" wide. New foliage is a frosty lime color, maturing to dull, very dark forest green with lighter midribs. The moderately to very floriferous plant blooms the first week of June. It is 4' high x 7½'wide in 28 years from seed, and has a spreading, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -25°F.

'Fontana':  Deciduous azalea. (Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be [arborescens x calendulaceum or bakeri]) Collected (1982) along Appalachian Trail in NC at about 5000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 1¾" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is vivid red (57A) with a brilliant yellow (13B) blotch bisected longitudinally by a thin, vivid red (57A) stripe. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 1½" long x ⅝" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, wrinkled, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooming in early June at 1000' elevation, and late June to early July at 5000'. Growth habit is upright, spreading, and dense. Mature height in the wild is about 6'. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -30°F and -20°F, respectively.

'Forever Yours':  Elepidote. ('Creamy Chiffon' (unregistered Whitney hybrid of unknown parentage) x 'Vulcan'). Hybridized (1982), raised, and named by Steve McCulloch; introduced, and registered (1990) by Briggs Nursery; both Olympia, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Strong red (53D) buds open vivid red (52A) at the edge, shading to a white center with a strong red (53D) spotted throat. The light yellow green (145B) calyx is minute. The tall, ball-shaped truss of 16-18 flowers is 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 2-3 years, are elliptic, concave, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 6" long x 2" wide, glossy, and hairless. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooms late April, is 3' high x 2½' wide in 7 years from seed, and has a spreading, open growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F. (Note: Received 1984 Show Chairman's Award, Tacoma rhododendron show.)

'Fort Bragg Centennial':  Lepidote. (Selected form of maddenii ssp. crassum). Selected (late 1920's) and raised by Dr and Mrs Paul Bowman; raised subsequently, named, introduced, and registered by Eleanor Philp, Trillium Lane Nursery; all Fort Bragg, CA. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are very fragrant, 5½" across x 4½" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is yellowish white (155D) with slight markings of pale greenish yellow (9D) inside. The calyx is ⅛" to ¼" long, strong yellow green (141D) on the bottom, and vivid purplish red (57B) on the top; the ½" long pedicel is colored similarly. The lax truss of 5 flowers is 10" wide x 5½" high. Leaves are elliptic, flat, acute to apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, and 6" long x 2¼" wide. The upper surface is glossy and glabrous; the under surface is scaly. The moderately floriferous plant blooms in late May, is 8' high x 8' wide in 20 years from a cutting, and has an upright and spreading growth habit. The main stem of a mature plant is characterized by very dark, smooth, peeling bark. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 15°F and 18°F, respectively. (Synonym: odoriferum, Bowman form.)

'Fran's Song': Elepidote. ['Ditto' x ('Fawn' x 'Indian Penny')]. Hybridized (1982), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Ralph E Burns, Vida, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 5" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged, re-curved lobes of heavy substance. Strong pink (48D) buds open pale yellow (20C) edged with strong pink (48D). The 2" calyx is colored as the corolla. The lax truss of 7 flowers is 6½" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, flat with wavy margins, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 2⅞" to 5⅛" long x 1-1/16" to 2¼" wide, dull green, and hairless. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooms in early May, is 2⅔' high x 3⅓' wide in 8 years from seed, and has an upright, spreading growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 5°F. (Note: Awarded Best Novice Yellow/Orange at the Eugene Chapter Truss Show 5/5/90.) [Correct seed parent from [(yakushimanum x Fabia Group) x 'C.I.S.'] to 'Ditto' - mod. 10/09/14, ref.]

'Frye Butt':  Elepidote. ('Dad's Killer' x 'Purple Splendour'). Hybridized (1984) and registered (1990) by Steve Mauritsen (Kent Nursery); raised and introduced by Kent Nursery; named by Judy Hyde, all Kent, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is moderate purplish pink (74D) with a conspicuous dark red (187A) spotted flare on the upper lobe. The green calyx is minute. The dome-shaped truss of 14-16 flowers is 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 1½" wide. They are dull green and hairless above, with sparse, dark brown glands below. The plant is very floriferous, blooms mid to late April, is 4' high x 3' wide in 6 years from seed, and has an upright, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F and 0°F, respectively.

'Greenthumb Peppermint':  Evergreen azalea. (Sport of unidentified azalea growing in yard of B J Maness, Asheboro, NC). Selected (1980), raised, named, and introduced by D James Cagle, Greenthumb Nursery, Seagrove, NC; described and registered (1990) by Paul R Fantz, Dept Horticultural Science, NC State U, Raleigh, NC. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are hose-in-hose and semi-double, 2" to 2⅜" across x 1⅜" to 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Color patterns vary. The typical corolla has white margins, c ⅛" to 5/16" wide, with light purplish pink (reported to be close to RHS 63D) inner areas following vein patterns, and strong red (close to RHS 53C) blotches on upper petals. Sports on the same plant may be totally white, semi-double, hose-in-hose; or strong purplish pink (close to RHS 55B), single to semi-double, hose-in-hose. The calyx is 1⅜" to 1¾" long, colored as the corolla. Spring leaves are 1-3/16" to 2⅜" long x ⅝" to 1-3/16" wide, elliptic, acute at apex, cuneate at base, dull medium green, hairy above and below. Summer leaves are 1½" to 3½" long x ¾" to 2" wide, elliptic, mucronate at apex, cuneate at base, dark green, hairy above with short sharp appressed hairs on midrib and veins below. The plant has an upright and spreading open growth habit and is free-flowering. The size is 3¼' high x 4' wide in 8 years from cuttings. It is cold hardy in USDA zones 7-8 (0°F to 20°F). Blooming season is mid to late spring.

'Guilford':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridizer unknown; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by William D Tietjen, Guilford, CT. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are moderately fragrant, 3" across x 2⅜" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes. Corolla is pale purplish pink (55D) with strong purplish pink (55B) margins. There is no calyx. The conical truss of 15 flowers is 6¼" wide x 5½" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are oblong, flat, mucronate at apex, rounded at base, 6¼" long x 3" wide, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms late May, is 5½' high x 5½' wide in 10 years from a cutting, and has an upright, spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 10°F.

'Issaqueena':  Deciduous azalea. (Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be [periclymenoides x calendulaceum]). Collected (1975) in Oconee County, SC at about 1000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are moderately fragrant, 1½" across x 1⅜" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is pale greenish yellow (10D) at first, aging to very pale purple (69A); the upper petal is edged deep purplish pink (73A). The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 2½" long x 1¼" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base. They are dull green and hairy above, hairless below. The plant is very floriferous, blooming late April to early May. Growth habit is upright, spreading, and dense, with mature height about 9' in the wild. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -20°F and -10°F, respectively.

'Jane Stenning':  Elepidote. ('Calsap' x 'Besse Howells'). Hybridized (1986), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by D L Hinerman, MD, Ann Arbor, MI. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Black buds open dark red (187C) with a large black blotch. The green calyx is 1/16" long. The conical truss of 18 flowers is 6" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 1 year, are elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 1¾" wide, and hairless. The plant blooms late May to early June, is 2' high x 2' wide in 4 years from seed, and has an upright growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -25 °F.

'Jeda':  Elepidote. ('Butter Brickle' x ['Sunup-Sundown' x unnamed Whitney hybrid]). Hybridized (1984), raised, introduced, and registered (1990) by John G Lofthouse, Vancouver; named by Mrs J E D'Amato, Richmond; both British Columbia, Canada. Widely funnel-campanulate flowers are 2½" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The calyx, colored as the corolla, is 1½" long. Beige buds open pale orange yellow (159B) with heavy spotting of vivid reddish orange (42A) on all lobes; outside is deep yellowish pink (44D). The flat truss, consisting of approximately 7 flowers, is 6" to 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, flat, cuspidate at apex, cuneate at base, 3½" long x 1½" wide, glossy, dark green, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms in late April, is 2' high x 2' wide in 6 years from seed, and has an upright, compact habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F. (Synonym: 'Endeavour/ 87').

'Jessica Dawn':  Evergreen azalea. Plant patent applied for. (Parentage unknown). Cross by Rose Mossholder, Fallbrook, CA; raised, named, introduced and registered (1990) by Hines Nurseries, Irvine, CA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers, 2-4/terminal, are hose-in-hose and semi-double (5-7 petaloid stamens) to double. They measure 3" to 3½" across x 1½" to 2" long, and are 5-lobed with wavy to frilled margins. The corolla is marbled strong pink (49A), moderate pink (49B), light pink (49C), and pale pink (49D), with strong greenish yellow (153C) spotting in the throat. The calyx is non-persistent, strong to light yellow green (144B,C,D). Leaves are 2⅝" long x 1" wide, obovate, flat, obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, hairy above and below. The free-flowering plant is spreading with an open growth habit. Mature size is estimated to be 3' to 3⅓' high x 3' to 5' wide. Blooming season is early March through mid April. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 19°F and 30°F, respectively.

'Joanna Stenning':  Elepidote. [('America' x 'Mars') x 'Pink Mango']. Hybridized (1978) by Orlando S Pride, Butler, PA; raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by D L Hinerman, MD, Ann Arbor, MI. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is deep purplish red (187D) with a white blotch, spotted green. The green calyx is 1/16" long. The conical truss of 18 flowers is 5½" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 1 year, are elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 2" wide, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms mid May through early June, is 2½' high x 2' wide in 10 years from seed, and has an open growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -25°F. (Note: 'Pink Mango' is [('Nereid' x fortunei ssp discolor) x 'Russell Harmon']; hybridized by David Leach; raised and named by Orlando Pride.)

'Kathy Van Veen':  Elepidote. (Sport from The Honourable Jean Marie de Montague'). Raised and selected by Dr William Rhein, Mechanicsburg, PA; named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Van Veen Nursery, Portland, OR. Widely funnel-campanulate flowers are 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Buds and nectaries are strong red (53B), and the outside of the corolla is vivid red (52A). The inside is variable; spotting is dark red (187A) on the upper lobes, and strong red (53 D) on the lower. Some flowers are strong red (53C), with sparser spotting on upper lobes and none on lower; some are mottled or striped with strong red (53D) on random lobes; and some have a lighter throat/strong purplish red (54A) to strong purplish pink (55B). The dome-shaped truss of 15 flowers is 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are 4½" long x 2" wide, elliptic with wavy margins, concave, acute at apex, and cuneate at base. They are dull green and hairless, with prominent veins. The free-flowering plant blooms early to mid May. It is 3' high x 3½' wide in 7 years from cuttings, and has an upright and spreading, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F. (Note: Awarded Best Pink at Portland Mother's Day show, 1987.)

'Kordus White':  Synonym of 'Wynterset White'.

'Laura Holm':  Evergreen azalea. ('Wako' x 'Moonbeam'). Hybridized (1982), named, and registered (1990) by Garda Griswold; raised and introduced by Griswold Nursery, Kirkland, WA. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 2" across x 2" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is moderate purplish red (186B). Terminal inflorescence, consisting of 2-3 flowers, is 2" to 3" wide x 2" high. Leaves, which are retained through the winter, are 2" long x 1" wide, elliptic, convex, acute at apex, rounded at base, hairy above and below. The early-blooming plant, which is hardy to at least 0°F, is very floriferous and well-branched with an upright, broad growth habit. In 7 years from seed, it is 1¼' high x 1½' wide.

'Leach's White':  Synonym of 'Wynterset White'. (Note: Name is believed to refer to a former New Jersey nursery.)

'Lemon Pie':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown; sister seedling of 'Lemon Tart'. Hybridized, raised, named, and introduced (c 1980, through George W Clarke Nursery) by George W Clarke; registered (1990) by Melba (Mrs George W) Clarke, Portland, OR; described by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 4" across x 2½" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is light greenish yellow (1C) with no markings; anthers are dark brown. The dome-shaped truss of 12 flowers is 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, flat, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, 6½" long x 3" wide, hairless, and glossy. The free-flowering plant is 6' to 7' high x 4' wide in 10 years from cuttings, has an upright growth habit, and blooms April to May. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Lemon Tart':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown; sister seedling of 'Lemon Pie'). Hybridized, raised, named, and introduced (c 1987, through George W Clarke Nursery) by George W Clarke; registered (1990) by Melba (Mrs George W) Clarke, Portland, OR; described by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 3½" across x 3" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is brilliant yellow green (154B) with a strong purplish red (60C) blotch on the dorsal lobe. The dome-shaped truss of 12-14 flowers is 7½" wide x 7" high. Leaves, which are held 3-4 years, are elliptic, flat, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, 5½" long x 2¾" wide, hairless, and glossy. The moderately floriferous plant is 7' high x 5' wide in 10 years from cuttings, has an upright growth habit, and blooms April to May. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Leon's Bicolored':  Elepidote. ('Catawbiense Album' x 'Mars'). Hybridized (c 1975), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 2¾" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Vivid reddish purple (74A) buds open vivid reddish purple (74B) at margins (c ⅜" wide) with a white center and a prominent brilliant yellow (10A) spotted eye on the dorsal lobe. The outside of the corolla is either vivid reddish purple (74B), or has margins and midribs of this color interspersed with lighter areas. The minute calyx is light green. The ball-shaped truss of 9 flowers is 4" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are 4¾" long x 1¾" wide, elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, and hairless. The upper surface is dull, moderate olive green (137A). The plant, which blooms in mid May, is very floriferous. In 5 years from cuttings, it is 2½' high x 1⅔' wide, with a somewhat open growth pattern. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least -10°F.

'Little Beth':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized, raised, named, and introduced (c 1980, through George W Clarke Nursery) by George W Clarke; registered (1990) by Melba (Mrs George W) Clarke, Portland, OR; described by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2¼" across x 1¾" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. Deep purplish pink (67C) buds open very pale purple (69B); outside of corolla is deep purplish pink (68A). The lax truss of 6-8 flowers is 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3+ years, are elliptic, flat, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, 3¼" long x 1¾" wide, hairless, and glossy. The free-flowering plant is 6' to 7' high x 4' wide in 10 years from cuttings, has an upright, open growth habit, and blooms April to May. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least 5°F.

'Lofthouse's Legacy':  Elepidote. ('Butter Brickle' x 'Viennese Waltz'). Hybridized (1984), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by John G Lofthouse, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2½" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes; the ½" long calyx is colored as the corolla. Vivid orange (28B) buds open light orange yellow (19A) at center, darkening to light orange (28D) at edges, with streaks of light orange (28D) between lobes to within 1" from outer edge. The outside of the corolla is light orange (28D). The ball-shaped truss of 30+ flowers is 8" wide x 8" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 1¾" wide, glossy, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms mid to late April, is 2' high x 1½' wide in 6 years from seed, and has an upright growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Lucent':  Evergreen azalea. ('Dream' (the Glenn Dale hybrid) x 'James Gable'). Hybridized (1973), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by George W Ring, III, Fairfax, VA. Flowers are openly funnel-shaped, hose-in-hose, 2½" across x 1¼" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes, and occur 1-2 per terminal. The corolla is deep pink (52C) to strong pink (52D), with strong red (53C, 53D) speckles on upper lobes. The calyx is 1¼" long, colored as the corolla. Leaves are elliptic, flat, obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, glabrous to faintly hairy above, and slightly hairy below. Spring leaves are 1" to 2" long x ⅜" to ¾" wide; summer leaves are ⅓" to 1" long x ⅛" to ¼" wide. The plant is very floriferous, blooming midseason (early May). It is 5' high x 3½' wide in 10 years from seed, and has an upright, spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -15°F and -10°F, respectively.

'Lynsey Ann':  Elepidote. (souliei x believed to be souliei). Hybridized (c 1978) by unknown, (seed obtained from ARS Seed Exchange as hand-pollinated souliei x souliei), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by S Hilscher, MD, Bellevue, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are strong purplish pink (68B), 2" across x 1⅝" long, with 6 smooth to wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The calyx is a very narrow green rim. The lax truss of 8-10 flowers is 5½" wide x 7⅞" high. Leaves, retained 1 year, are 2¾" long x 1⅝" wide, obovate, convex, mucronate at apex, rounded at base, glossy, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooming early to mid May, is 3¼' high x 3¼' wide in about 11 years from seed, and exhibits an upright growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Margo Reynolds':  Elepidote. (yakushimanum x 'Mars'). Hybridized (c 1980), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Leon Yavorsky, Freehold, NJ. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2⅛" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. Vivid purplish red (61C) buds open strong purplish pink (62A) at margins, shading to nearly white at center, with inconspicuous yellowish spots at base of dorsal lobe. Flowers age to nearly white with pink streaks on outer midribs. The light green calyx is minute. The dome-shaped truss of 15 flowers is 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 2-3 years, are 4¾" long x 1½" wide, oblong, flat, apiculate at apex, and rounded at base. The upper surface is moderate yellowish green (138A, 139B), dull, and hairless; the underside of young leaves has a light tan hairy coating that is easily rubbed off; mature leaves are hairless. The plant, which blooms in mid May, is very floriferous. It is 3' high x 3½' wide in 10 years from seed, with a somewhat open growth habit. Both plant and buds are hardy to at least -10°F.

'Maria Stenning':  Elepidote. ('Janet Blair' x 'Calsap'). Hybridized (1979), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by D L Hinerman, MD, Ann Arbor, MI. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes. The corolla is very light purple (75C) with comma-shaped markings of reddish purple on the upper lobe. The green calyx is ¼" long. The dome-shaped truss of 24 flowers is 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 1-2 years, are ovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5" long x 2" wide, glossy, and hairless. The moderately floriferous plant blooms in mid May, is 3' high x 3' wide in 10 years from seed, and has an upright growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -25°F.

'Mario Pagliarini':  Elepidote. (fortunei x unknown). Raised (1960), selected, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by John J McGuire, RI Agricultural Experiment Station, Kingston, RI. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are very fragrant, 4" across x 2½" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is very pale purple (76D). The light green calyx is about 1/16" long. The flat truss of 6-7 flowers is 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are oblong, flat, mucronate at apex, rounded at base, 6" long x 2½" wide, dull green, and hairless. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooms mid May, is 18' high x 13¾' wide in 30 years from seed, and has a spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -20°F and -10°F, respectively.

'Mary Pratt':  Evergreen azalea. (Parentage uncertain; probably 'Zulu', open pollinated). Raised (1975), named, introduced and registered (1990) by Jay C Pratt, Woodstown, NJ. Widely funnel-shaped flowers, 2-3/terminal, are 3" to 3½" across x 2" long, with 5-6 wavy to frilly-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is strong reddish purple (70B), aging to pink, with vivid reddish purple (78A) spots covering a large portion of the upper lobe. The light green calyx is ½" long. Spring leaves are 2" to 2¾" long x 1" to 1¼" wide, obovate, flat, obtuse at apex, and cuneate at base. They are hairy above, below, and on margins. The plant has a rounded outline, is very floriferous, and blooms late April to early May. It is 4' high x 4' wide in 15 years from seed. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F.

'Meerkerk Magic':  Elepidote. [bureavii x ['Fabia' x elliottii). Hybridized (before 1977) by Ann Meerkerk; raised, introduced, and registered (1990) by Meerkerk Rhododendron Gardens; named by W A Stipe; all Greenbank, WA. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 1½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Deep purplish pink (55A) buds open pale purplish pink (55D) with strong purplish pink (55B) stripes on midrib of each lobe, inside and outside; there are deep red (53A) spots on the upper lobe and half of each adjacent petal. The pink calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 12 flowers is 5½" wide x 3½" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are oblanceolate, convex, acute at apex, cuneate at base, 8" long x 2¼" wide. They are dark green and glossy with a felt-like hairy coating below that ages from tan on new growth to a cinnamon color on mature leaves. The moderately floriferous plant blooms mid April, is 8' high x 8' wide in 13 years from seed, and has an upright, well-branched habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 10°F.

'Michael Behring':  Elepidote. [(wardii x brachycarpum as subsp tigerstedtii) x unknown]. Open pollinated (1975); raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Openly campanulate flowers, having a pronounced lemon-like fragrance, are 2" across x 2" long, with 7 smooth-edged lobes. Deep pink (51B) buds open off-white with pale purplish pink (65D) veined margins and short rays of moderate pink (51 D) in the throat. There is no calyx. The tall, conical truss of 13 flowers is 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, 4½" long x 2¼" wide, glossy, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms in early June, is 3' high x 1½' wide in 15 years from seed, and has an upright habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -15°F.

'Midnight Sun':  Elepidote. (catawbiense hybrid x catawbiense hybrid). Hybridized (c 1930), raised, named, and introduced by Warren Stokes, Butler, PA; raised also by Weldon E Delp, Harrisville, PA; raised subsequently, and registered by Otto Prycl, New Stanton, PA. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 2⅜" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is vivid purple (81B) with a yellowish white (155D) dorsal blotch spotted with strong yellow (153D). The strong yellow green (144C) calyx is 3/16" long. The ball-shaped truss of 14 flowers is 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are narrowly elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 6" long x 2" wide, glossy and hairless. The plant is 3½' tall x 3½' wide in 10 years from cuttings, has a spreading habit, and blooms May 20th. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -20°F and -10°F, respectively.

'Mike Davis':  Elepidote. (Unnamed yakushimanum hybrid x 'Lem's Cameo'). Hybridized (1981), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Joe A Davis, Sumner, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2½" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes. The corolla is light purplish pink (62C), shading lighter towards center, with small specks of vivid reddish orange (33A) on the dorsal lobe, extending from the center to the top edge. There is no calyx. The dome-shaped truss of 10-12 flowers is 8" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 3½" to 4" long x 1½" wide, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms in early May, is 3' high x 3½' wide in 9 years from seed, and has a spreading, fairly dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Minnetonka':  Elepidote. (probably ponticum x unknown). Raised, selected (c 1965), and named by Henry Motzkau, Whitewater, WI; introduced and registered (1990) by Van Veen Nursery, Portland, OR. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Deep reddish purple (77A) buds open strong purple (82B) at margins, shading to light purple (84C) at center, with vivid yellow green (154A) spots on upper lobe; outside is strong purple (82B). The dome-shaped truss of 15 flowers is 5" wide x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are 3½" long x 1½" wide, elliptic with wavy margins, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy green, and hairless. The plant is free-flowering, blooms mid May, is 2½' high x 3' wide in 10 years from cuttings, and has a dense and spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -25 °F.

'Misty Lilac':  Elepidote. ('Catalgla' x 'Mrs. Tom H. Lowinsky'). Hybridized (1977), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Rudy Behring, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 2¼" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is very pale purple (76D or lighter), edged with very pale purple (76C), with a large, prominent, spotted blotch of moderate yellow (160A) that ages to deep orange yellow (163A). The anthers are a conspicuous deep lilac color, and there is no calyx. The dome-shaped truss of 17 flowers is 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, 4¾" long x 2¼" wide, glossy, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms in early June, is 2' high x 2' wide in 13 years from seed, and has a spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -15°F.

'Mossmans Freckles':  Elepidote. ('Cavalcade' x yakushimanum). Hybridized (c 1965) by Dr A K Harris, Camas, WA; raised, named, and introduced (1980) by Dr Frank Mossman, Vancouver, WA; registered (1990) by Ernie Metcalfe, Beaverton, OR. Funnel-shaped flowers are 2¼" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Strong red (53C) buds open deep red (53A) and fade through shell pink to white inside, remaining shell pink outside; there is heavy carmine sporting on all lobes, inside and out, heaviest on the dorsal. Soon after the flower opens, the stamens (10/flower, curved, unequal length) develop a white petaloid growth about ¾" long. The light green calyx is ⅛" long. The flattened dome truss of 18-20 flowers is 7" wide x 4½" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, convex, acute at apex, cuneate at base, and 4½" long x 1½" wide. They are dull, dark green (136A), and hairy above; with a grey, felt-like hairy covering below. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooms mid April, is 3' high x 4' wide in 10 years from cuttings, and has a spreading, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F. (Note: Received award for best yakushimanum hybrid, Tualatin Valley Chapter, April 1988; exhibited as (elliottii x yakushimanum), subsequently identified as above.)

'Nicholas Vaartnou':  Elepidote. (Selection from rex). Raised, selected (1966), named, introduced, and registered (1990) by H Vaartnou, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Openly campanulate flowers are very pale purple (69C) to nearly white, 2½" across x 1¾" long, with 8 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The cream colored calyx is minute. The ball-shaped truss of 20 or more flowers is 6" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 4 years, are 12" long x 4" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, and glossy. They are hairless above, with fawn colored, felt-like hairs below. The moderately floriferous plant blooms in April. It is 10' high x 6' wide in 20 years from seed, and has an upright, dense habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F and 5°F, respectively.

'Obal's Snow':  Synonym of 'Wynterset White'.

odoriferum, Bowman form: Synonym of 'Fort Bragg Centennial'.

'Orine Holm':  Evergreen azalea. ('Vuyk's Rosyred' x 'Moonbeam'). Hybridized (1982), named, and registered (1990) by Garda Griswold; raised and introduced by Griswold Nursery, Kirkland, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2" across x 2" long, with 6 smooth-edged lobes of heavy substance. Deep purplish pink (55A) buds, fading to white, open with a white center and a wide border of deep purplish pink (55A); the dorsal lobe is lightly spotted with the same color from the base of the border to the throat. Terminal inflorescence, consisting of 2-3 flowers, is 2" to 3" wide x 2" high. Leaves, which are retained through the winter, are 1¼" long x ½" wide, elliptic, convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, and hairy above and below. The free-flowering plant, which is hardy to at least 0°F, blooms mid-season, and is well-branched with a broad growth habit. In 8 years from seed, it is 1' high x 1½' wide.

'Peach Parfait':  Illegitimate synonym of 'Peach Perfection'. The clone legitimately named ‘Peach Parfait' was registered in 1983 by David G Leach.

'Peach Perfection':  Elepidote. ('Butter Brickle' x ['Sunup-Sundown' x unnamed Whitney hybrid]). Hybridized (1984), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by John G Lofthouse, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 3" to 4" across x 2½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance; the reflexed calyx is 1½" to 2" long. The buds, the outside of the corolla, and outside of the calyx are all strong red (41B). The inside of the corolla is light yellowish pink (19B) with a dense, strong reddish orange (34C) flare on the top lobe, changing to heavy spotting at the edge. The inside of the calyx is moderate reddish orange (41C) with a dense flare of strong reddish orange (34C) on the top lobe, changing to heavy spotting at the edge. The flat truss of 10-12 flowers is 7" to 8" wide x 5" to 6" high. Leathery, dark green leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, convex, mucronate at apex, cuneate at base, 5" to 6" long x 2" to 2½'' wide, glossy, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms mid May, is 3' high x 2' wide in 6 years from seed, and has an upright and spreading growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F. (Synonym: 'Peach Parfait'.)

'Peggy Zabel':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized by Jim Bohle and Cliff Cannon; raised by Jim Bohle; named by Art Zabel; introduced and registered (1990) by Briggs Nursery; all Olympia, WA. Moderately fragrant (wintergreen-like), openly funnel-shaped flowers are 4" across x 4" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes. Pale yellow (158B) buds open yellowish white (155D). The green calyx is negligible. The flattened ball-shaped truss of 9 flowers is 7" wide x 7" high. Leaves, which are held 2-3 years, are ovate, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 7" long x 2½" wide, and hairless. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooms early May, is 8' high x 8' wide in 15 years from seed, and has an upright, spreading, open growth habit. Plant and! buds are hardy to at least -5°F.

'Peter Pratt':  Evergreen azalea. (Parentage uncertain; probably 'Buccaneer', open pollinated). Raised (1975), named, introduced and registered (1990) by Jay C Pratt, Woodstown, NJ. Widely funnel-shaped flowers, 2-3/terminal, are 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged, somewhat pointed lobes. The corolla is vivid red (46B) with a few slightly darker spots on the upper lobe. The light green calyx is ½" long. Spring leaves are 1¼" to 1¾" long x ½" to ¾" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, and very dark green. They are somewhat glossy, and very slightly hairy on the upper surface; slightly hairy below and on margins. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooms in mid May, is 4' high x 4' wide in 15 years from seed, and has a medium dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F.

'Plumb Perfect':  Elepidote. ('Julia Grothaus' x 'Purple Splendour'). Hybridized (1971), raised, named, and registered (1990) by Julia Grothaus Vea; introduced by Kraxberger Nursery; both Portland, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 4¾" across x 2⅞" long, with 6-7 frilly-edged lobes of heavy substance. Corolla is light purplish pink (73C) with ¼" edging of very light purple (75C); there is a dark red (187A) blotch, ¾" wide x 1" long, in the throat of the top three lobes; dark red (187B) spotting is superimposed on and extends beyond the blotch, mainly on the upper lobe. The two top lobes of the calyx are ¼" long, green with a rose colored base. The ball-shaped truss of 13-15 flowers is 7½" wide x 8½" high. Leaves are narrowly elliptic, convex, acute at apex, cuneate at base, and 8¼" long x 2¾" wide. They are moderate olive green (137B), glossy, and hairless above and below. The plant is very floriferous, blooms in late May to early June, is 7' high x 6' wide in 17 years from seed, and is well-branched with a rounded outline. It is hardy to at least -2°F.

'Rachel':  Synonym of 'Rachel Banda'.

'Rachel Banda':  Evergreen azalea. Plant patent applied for. (Parentage unknown). Cross by Rose Mossholder, Fallbrook, CA; raised, named, introduced and registered (1990) by Hines Nurseries, Irvine, CA. Slightly fragrant, widely funnel-shaped flowers, 2-4/terminal, are 4" to 4½" across x 2¼" to 2½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. They are semi-double with 5-7 petaloid stamens. The corolla is vivid purplish red (57B) with strong purplish red (60B) spots on dorsal and upper wing lobes. The strong yellow green (145A) calyx is ⅜" long. Leaves are 3" long x 1¼" wide, elliptic, flat, acute to obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, and hairy above and below. The plant has a spreading, open growth habit and is free-flowering. The estimated mature size is 4' high x 5' wide. Blooming season is mid February to mid April. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 19°F and 30°F, respectively. (Synonym: advertised as 'Rachel' initially.)

'Rainbow's End':  Elepidote. ('Butter Brickle' x ['Fabia', selfed x 'Lem's Early Orange' (unregistered, unknown parentage)]). Hybridized (1983), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by John G Lofthouse, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance; the calyx, colored as the corolla, is 1½" to 2" long. Vivid red (46C) buds open red-yellow and change to light orange yellow (16B) when fully open. The dome-shaped truss of 15 flowers is 6½" wide x 4½" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are obovate to elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 1½" wide, glossy, and hairless. The plant is moderately to very floriferous, blooms late May, is 1¼' high x 1½' wide in 7 years from seed, and has a spreading growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Ravenna':  Elepidote. ('Scarlet Blast' x [(catawbiense (white-flowered) x yakushimanum) x ('Fanfare' x 'Gertrud Schäle')]). Hybridized (1977), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by David G Leach, North Madison, OH. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2⅞" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Corolla is strong red (53C). The reddish brown calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 16 flowers is 7½" wide x 4" high. Leaves are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 2⅞" long x 1¾" wide, moderately bullate, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms midseason, and is 3' high x 3½' wide from seed. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -24°F and -20°F, respectively.

'Red Pond':  Elepidote. ('America' x 'Kettledrum'). Hybridized (c 1930), raised, named, and introduced by Warren Stokes, Butler, PA; raised also by Weldon E Delp, Harrisville, PA; raised subsequently and registered by Otto Prycl, New Stanton, PA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2¼" long, with 5 lobes. The corolla is strong purplish red (61B) with rather inconspicuous reddish brown dorsal spotting, ⅝" wide x ¾" long. There is no calyx. The dome-shaped truss of 14 flowers is 5½" wide x 4" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 5½" long x 2⅝" wide, glossy, and hairless. The plant is 5' tall x 5½' wide in 15 years from cuttings, and blooms May 30th. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -27°F and -25°F, respectively.

'Ring #1' or 'Ring No. 1':  Synonyms of 'Ring One'.

'Ring of Fire':  Elepidote. ('Darigold' (unregistered, unknown parentage) x 'Idealist'). Hybridized (1970), raised, named, introduced (c 1981, through Willard Thompson Nursery), and registered (1990) by Willard and Margaret Thompson, Waldport, OR. Described by W & M Thompson with D W Goheen, Camas, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" to 3½" across x 2½" to 2¾" long, with 7 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Strong red (51 A) buds open light yellow (18B), edged with ½" of strong red (51A); a tinge of the same red color appears in the throat. The outside of the corolla is mostly strong red (51 A) with some light yellow (18B) near the base. The minute calyx is also strong red (51A). The dome-shaped truss of 10-12 flowers is 6" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic and flat with revolute edges, 5" long x 2" wide. They are dark yellowish green (139A), semi-glossy, and hairless, with prominent veins below. The plant is very floriferous, blooms in early May, is 6' high x 6' wide in 12 years from cuttings, and has an upright, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F and 5°F, respectively. (Note: This clone was selected by Flower & Garden and American Horticulturist as an outstanding rhododendron introduction.)

'Ring One':  Evergreen azalea. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (1977), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1991) by George W Ring, III, Fairfax, VA. Flowers are tubular funnel-shaped, hose-in-hose, 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. They are slightly fragrant, and occur 2-3 per terminal. The corolla is strong purplish pink (55B) with strong red (53D) speckles on the upper lobe; the outside fades from strong purplish pink (55B) at corolla edge to pale purplish pink (55D) at pedicel end. The calyx is 2" long, colored as the corolla. Leaves are elliptic, obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, glabrous to slightly hairy above, and slightly hairy below. Spring leaves are 2" to 2¾" long x ⅞" to 1⅜" wide; summer leaves are ½" to 1½" long x ¼" to 7/16" wide. The plant is very floriferous, blooming midseason (early May). It is 5' high x 5' wide in 15 years from seed, and has an upright, spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -15°F and -10°F, respectively. (Synonyms: 'Ring #1' or 'Ring No. 1.

'Robbins Flame':  Deciduous azalea. (Red Mollis seedling of unknown parentage x red Mollis seedling of unknown parentage). Hybridized (1976), raised, named, introduced (through Arneson Nursery), and registered (1990) by Ivan and Robertha Arneson, Canby, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are vivid red (45B), 3½" across x 2¼" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The green calyx is minute. The ball-shaped truss of 7-8 flowers is 5½" across x 3½" high. Leaves are 2½" to 3" long x 1" to 1¼" wide, elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, slightly wrinkled, and slightly hairy below. The moderately floriferous plant blooms late April to early May, is 4' high x 3½' wide in 12 years from seed, and has an upright and spreading habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -15°F.

'Rollie':  Elepidote. ('A. Bedford' x fragrant pink hybrid of unknown parentage). Hybridized (1976), raised, named, and registered (1990) by Rollie Mulkey, Walton, OR; introduced by Greer Gardens, and described by Harold E Greer, Eugene, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are moderately fragrant, 4" across x 3⅛" long, with 7 lobes. The corolla is very pale purple (73D) at edges, blending to pale orange yellow (19D) in center, with a deep purplish red (71A) spotted flare extending from the throat on the upper two lobes; the outside of the corolla follows the same pattern, but has more of the very pale purple (73D) color, and less of the pale orange yellow (19D). The reddish calyx is 1/64" long. The dome-shaped truss of 8-10 flowers is 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are oblong, convex, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, 5½" long x 2" wide, glossy, and hairless. The plant is 6' high x 6' wide in 14 years from seed, and has an upright habit. It blooms in early June. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F.

'Rose Ember':  Deciduous azalea. (Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be [arborescens x calendulaceum or bakeri]). Collected (1982) along Appalachian Trail in NC at about 5000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1991) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Moderately fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 2" across x 1½" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is deep pink (52C) with a brilliant yellow (13C) blotch. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 2" long x 1" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, and hairless. The plant is free-flowering, blooming in early June at 1000' elevation, and late June at 5000'. Growth habit is upright, spreading, and dense, with mature height about 7' in the wild. The plant and buds are hardy to at least -30°F and -20°F, respectively. (Synonym: 'Catawba').

'Sabrina Adler':  Lepidote. (ciliicalyx x moupinense). Hybridized (1969), raised, named, introduced (1980), and registered (1991) by Robert W Scott, Berkeley, CA. Moderately fragrant, widely funnel-shaped flowers are 3¼" across x 2" long, with 5 frilly-edged lobes. Corolla is white with light red spotting; outside is white suffused pale pink, aging to white. The light green calyx is ¼" long. The truss is lax and consists of flowers from 1 to 5 terminal buds, 2 to 3 flowers/terminal. Leaves are elliptic, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 2¼" long, dark green and glabrous above, with yellow to brown scales below. The free-flowering plant blooms late February to early March. It is 5' high x 4⅓' wide in 15 years from seed, and has a well-branched habit.

'Shigi':  Deciduous azalea. Name accepted as legitimate commercial synonym for' Tsuneshige Rokujo', previously registered by Polly (Mrs Julian W) Hill. The description of this clone was published in the ARS Journal, Vol. 40, Number 3 (Summer, 1986).

'Silver Skies':  Elepidote. (yakushimanum 'Koichiro Wada' x 'Medusa'). Hybridized (1976), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Frank Fujioka, Everett, WA. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 2" across x 1½" long, with 6 smooth-edged lobes. Strong red (51A) buds open pale pink (49D) with deep purplish pink (55A) edging, ¼" wide. The strong yellow green (144A) calyx is ⅛" long. The truss of 15-16 flowers is flat, 5" wide x 2" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are oblanceolate, revolute, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" long x 1¼" wide. The upper surface is glossy, dark bluish green (131A); the underside has a heavy, felt-like, hairy coating that ages from fawn to brownish orange (165B); new growth is covered with heavy white tomentum. The plant is very floriferous, blooms in late April, is 2½' high x 3⅓' wide in 14 years, and is well-branched with a rounded outline. It is hardy to at least -5°F.

'Snow':  Synonym of 'Wynterset White'.

'Solidarity':  Elepidote. (yakushimanum x 'The Honourable Jean Marie de Montague'). Hybridized (1969), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Henry A Schannen, Princeton, NJ. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2⅛" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Vivid red (57A) to vivid purplish red (57B) buds open strong purplish red (58C) at margins, shading to light purplish pink (68D) in throat, aging to pale purplish pink (65D); there are persistent, vivid purplish red (57B) spots on the dorsal lobe. The calyx is negligible. The dome-shaped truss of 12-13 flowers is 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 3-4 years, are 5" long x 1¾" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, and cuneate at base. They are dull green, with a very sparse, very light tan felt-like coating below. The upright plant is 6½' high x 5' wide in 20 years from seed, and has a dense growth habit. It is free-flowering, blooming mid May. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -18°F.

'Southern Skies':  Elepidote. ('Sunup-Sundown' x 'Lem's Cameo'). Hybridized (1979), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by John G Lofthouse, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance; the reflexed calyx is 1" long. Red buds open pale yellowish pink (29D) with a heavy, deep yellowish pink (44D) solid flare on the upper lobes of corolla and calyx, thinning to spotting of the same color near margins. The outside of both corolla and calyx is pale yellowish pink (29D), but the corolla also has radial markings of deep pink (47D) extending from the base to center of lobes. The ball-shaped truss of 16-17 flowers is 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are leathery, elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" to 5" long x 1¾" to 2" wide, glossy, deep green, and hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooms late April to early May, is 2⅓' high x 2' wide in 11 years from seed, and is upright, with an open growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Stokes Bronze Wings':  Elepidote. (maximum x catawbiense). Hybridized (1943), raised and named by Warren Stokes, Butler, PA; introduced (1950), and registered (1990) by Weldon E Delp, Harrisville, PA. The 5-lobed flowers are 2⅛" across x 1¼" long. Strong purple (77B) buds open to a blend of light purple (77C,D) and very pale purple (76C), with a light greenish yellow (3C) flare under moderate yellow green (146B) spots on the three upper lobes. Filaments are very light purple (75C), and anthers are pale orange yellow (159C). The style is vivid reddish purple (74B), and the stigma is deep purplish red (61A). The truss of 30 flowers is 6¾" wide. Elliptic leaves are 5¾" long x 2¼" wide. The plant is tall, and blooms later in June. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -30°F. (Synonym: 'Bronze Wings').

'Sundance Yellow':  Deciduous azalea. (Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be [periclymenoides x calendulaceum]). Collected (1980) in Oconee County, SC at about 1000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 1⅜" across x 1¼" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is vivid yellow (17C) with a strong orange yellow (17A) blotch. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 2" long x 1" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, and cuneate at base. They are dull green and hairy above, hairless below. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooming in early May. Growth habit is upright, spreading, and dense, with mature height about 3' in the wild. Plant and buds are hardy to at least-20°F and -10°F, respectively.

'Sunset Bay':  Elepidote. ('Odee Wright' x 'Malemute'). Hybridized (1978), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by James A Elliott, Astoria, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 4½" across x 2½" long, with 6-7 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Jasper red (HCC 018/1) buds open primrose yellow (HCC 601/2) with a slight pink blush on edge of lobes and outside; the throat shades to citron green (HCC 763/3). The minute calyx is light green. The truss of 10-11 flowers is lax, 8" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are 6" long x 2" wide, narrowly elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, and hairless. Plant is upright and spreading, 3½' high x 5' wide in 10 years from seed. It is free-flowering, blooming mid to late April. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 10°F. (Note: HCC 018/1 is equivalent to RHS deep yellowish pink (39B); 601/2, to light greenish yellow (4C); 763/3, to brilliant greenish yellow (151D).)

Tabasco':  Elepidote. [(yakushimanum x 'Noyo Chief) x 'Estacada']. Hybridized (1979), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by D W Goheen, Camas, WA. Widely funnel-campanulate flowers are 3" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Corolla is vivid red (46C) with dark red spotting on inside of upper lobe. The calyx is negligible in length, also vivid red (46C). The dome-shaped truss of 22-24 flowers is 7" to 8" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are retained 3 years, are 6" long x 2" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, and cuneate at base. The upper surface is dark green and glossy, with prominent veins; the underside has a silvery, felt-like, hairy coating. The plant is free-flowering, blooms in April, is 2½' high x 2½' wide in 10 years from seed, and has an upright, spreading, open growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 5°F. (Note: Tabasco' was placed on the ARS Plant Award Eligibility List in 1990.)

Top Gun':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown; may be ponticum or a ponticum hybrid). Selected (1985) and raised by EBY Nursery, Wilsonville, OR; named by Cary Ann Labedz (Wright's Nursery); introduced and registered (1990) by Wright's Nursery, Canby, OR. Funnel-shaped flowers are 2" across x 1⅞" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. Corolla is peony purple (HCC 729/1) with medium black spotting on the upper lobe. There is no calyx. The dome-shaped truss of 18 flowers is 4½" wide x 4½" high. The glossy leaves are elliptic, flat, acute at apex, rounded at base, 5" long x 1¾" wide. They are held 3 years, and are hairless. The plant is very floriferous, blooming in late May, and has a spreading, dense growth habit. The size in 4 years from cuttings is 2' high x 3' wide. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -5°F. (Note: HCC 729/1 is reasonably close to RHS vivid purplish red (57C).)

Trailside':  Deciduous azalea. (Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be [arborescens x calendulaceum or bakeri]). Collected (1982) along Appalachian Trail in NC at about 5000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Slightly fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 1¾" across x 1½" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is strong purplish red (61B) with a large, deep purplish pink (61D) blotch. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 1¾" long x ⅝" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, and hairless. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooming in early June at 1000' elevation, and late June at 5000'. Growth habit is upright, spreading and open, with mature height about 7' in the wild. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -30°F and -20°F, respectively.

'Unique Marmalade':  Elepidote. ('Orange Marmalade' x 'Unique'). Hybridized (1980), raised, named, introduced, and registered (1990) by Joe A Davis, Sumner, WA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Vivid red (52A) buds open deep pink (52B) at the outer edge, shading to light orange (28D) in the center, with darker specks extending from the center to the outside edge on the upper lobe. There is no calyx. The ball-shaped truss of 12 flowers is 7" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 4" to 5½" long x 1¾" to 2¼" wide, glossy, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms in early May, is 3' high x 2½' wide in 10 years from seed, and has a dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Wanna Bee':  Elepidote. (yakushimanum x 'Jiminy Cricket'). Hybridized (1964), raised, and exhibited (truss only, 1978) by Warren Berg, Port Ludlow, WA; raised also, selected, introduced (plant, 1987), and named by Loyd and Edna Newcomb, Snohomish, WA; registered (1990) by Edna Newcomb. Widely funnel-campanulate flowers are 2¼" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes; the frilled calyx is 1¼" long, and colored as the corolla. Strong purplish red (58C) buds open pale purplish pink (55D), tinged pale purplish pink (56D); there are speckles and a small flare of vivid reddish orange (42A) on the upper lobe. The outside is deep purplish pink (55A) at the base, shading to light purplish pink (55C) at the margins. The dome-shaped truss of 10-12 flowers is 5½" wide x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 4 years, are elliptic, slightly convex, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, 3½" to 6¼" Iong x 1¼" to 2⅝" wide. They are glossy, darker than dark yellowish green (139A), and hairless above; the under surface is coated with yellowish white, felt-like hairs that age to moderate orange yellow (164B). The plant is very floriferous, blooms mid April through early May, is 2' high x 3' wide in 8 years from cuttings, and has an upright, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -2°F and 0°F, respectively.

'Way Ahead':  Elepidote. ('Cary Ann' x 'Mars'). Hybridized (c 1982), raised, and named by Arthur A Wright; introduced and registered (1990) by Wright's Nursery, both Canby, OR. Widely funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 1⅝" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. Corolla is china rose (HCC 024) at margins, shading to a white center. The truss of 14 flowers is conical, 3½" wide x 4" high. Leaves are dark green, lanceolate, acute at apex, rounded at base, 4½" long x 1¾" wide, and hairless. They are retained 3 years. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooms in late April, is 3' high x 2½' wide in 4 years from cuttings, and is well-branched with a rounded outline. It is hardy to at least -5°F. (Note: HCC 024 is reasonably close to RHS strong purplish red (63A).)

'Wayah Crest':  Deciduous azalea. (Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be (arborescens x calendulaceum or bakeri). Collected (1982) along Appalachian Trail in NC at about 5000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Very fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 1¾" across x 1" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. The corolla is deep purplish pink (55A) with a negligible orange blotch. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 2¼" long x 1" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, glossy, and hairless. The plant blooms in early June at 1000' elevation, and late June at 5000'. Growth habit is upright, spreading, and dense, with mature height about 6' in the wild. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -30°F and -20°F, respectively.

'Whidbey Island':  Elepidote. (niveum x rex). Hybridized (before 1977) by Ann Meerkerk; raised, introduced, and registered (1990) by Meerkerk Rhododendron Gardens; named by W A Stipe; all Greenbank, WA. Ventricose-campanulate flowers are 1½" across x 1½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. Moderate purplish red (58A) buds open very light purple (75C) with narrow edging of vivid violet (87A); there is a dark purple (83A) spot at the base of the throat, and slight spotting of the same color near the base of the upper lobe. There is no calyx. The ball-shaped truss of 22-24 flowers is 5" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are 8" long x 2" wide, oblanceolate, convex, apiculate at apex, and cuneate at base. They are dark green and dull with a felt-like hairy coating below, aging from silver on new growth to light tan on mature leaves. The moderately floriferous plant blooms mid April, is 12' high x 10' wide in 13 years from seed, and has an upright, spreading, open growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'White Lightning':  Deciduous azalea. (Natural hybrid collected in the wild, believed to be [arborescens x calendulaceum or bakeri]). Collected (1982) along Appalachian Trail in NC at about 5000' elevation, raised, named, introduced (through The Cummins Garden, Marlboro, NJ), and registered (1990) by L Clarence Towe, Walhalla, SC. Very fragrant, tubular funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is white with a large vivid yellow (13A) blotch. The green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 5-7 flowers is 3" across x 3" high. Leaves, which are held 7 months, are 2½" long x 1" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, and cuneate at base. They are a blue-green color, glossy, and hairless; there is a gray, heavy waxy bloom below. The plant is very floriferous, blooming in early June at 1000' elevation, and late June at 5000'. Growth habit is spreading and dense, with mature height about 6' in the wild. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -30° F and -20°F, respectively.

'White Peter':  Elepidote. ('Blue Peter' x' Blue Peter') Hybridized (1962), raised, and named by Dr Gustav A L Mehlquist, U of CT; raised also, and registered by Dr Mark H Brand, U of CT; introduced by The University of Connecticut; all Storrs, CT. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" to 3" across x 2" to 2¼" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Very pale purple (69B) buds open yellowish white (155D) with a prominent, heavily speckled, dark red (187A to 187C) flare on the upper lobe; there is a slight hint of light pink on the outside along the veins. The yellowish white (155D) calyx is 1/16" long. There are commonly multiple buds per shoot tip, producing a conical inflorescence 5½" to 6½" wide x 5" to 6" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are elliptic, flat, acute at apex, rounded at base, 5½" to 7¼" long x 1¾" to 2¼" wide, dark green, glossy, and hairless. The very floriferous plant blooms the first week of June. It is 8½' high x 14' wide in 28 years from seed, and has a spreading, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -25°F.

'Winning Colors':  Elepidote. ('Purple Lace' x yakushimanum (Whitney's dwarf form)). Hybridized (1980), raised, named, introduced, and registered by Susan K Metcalfe, Beaverton, OR; described by Ernie Metcalfe, Beaverton, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2½" across x 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Vivid purplish red (57C) buds open shell pink and fade to a fluorescent white center with light purplish pink (73C) margins, and a few tan spots on the upper lobe; exterior midribs are moderate purplish pink (65A). The light green calyx is ⅛" long. The dome-shaped truss of 16-17 flowers is 6½" wide x 5" high. Leaves, which are held 3 years, are 5½" long x 1¾" wide, elliptic, concave, acute at apex, and cuneate at base. They are glossy, moderate olive green (137A), and glaucous above; with a tan, felt-like coating of hairs below. The moderately floriferous plant blooms mid April, is 3' high x 4' wide in 10 years from seed, and has a spreading, dense growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F. (Note: Received awards (1986) for Best yakushimanum Hybrid and Best of Show at Tualatin Valley and Willamette chapter shows; and (1990) for Best yakushimanum Hybrid at Tualatin Valley.)

'Wisp of Glory':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized, raised, named, and introduced (through George W Clarke Nursery) by George W Clarke; registered (1990) by Melba (Mrs George W) Clarke, Portland, OR; described by Melvin Reeves, Yamhill, OR. Funnel-shaped flowers are slightly fragrant, 1¾" across x 1⅞" long, with 5 smooth-edged lobes. Vivid red (46B) buds open strong purplish pink (55B), edged with strong purplish red (54A). The tall, dome-shaped truss of 14 flowers is 8" wide x 7" high. Leaves, which are held 3-4 years, are 5½" long x 1¼" wide, oblong, convex, acute at apex, and cuneate at base. The upper surface is dull green, hairless, and wrinkled; the underside is coated with felt-like hairs, light brown on young leaves, aging to brown. The free-flowering plant blooms in May, is 3½' high x 3' wide in 5 years from cuttings, and has a dense, upright growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 0°F.

'Wojnar's Purple':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). Hybridized (before 1960) and raised by John Wojnar, Thompsonville, CT; raised subsequently, and named by Dr Gustav A L Mehlquist, U of CT; raised also, and registered (1990) by Dr Mark H Brand, U of CT; introduced by The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2¼" to 3" across x 1¾" to 2" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Deep reddish purple (77A) buds open vivid purple (80A) at margins, shading through vivid reddish purple (78A) to vivid reddish purple (74B) at center; there is a prominent, densely spotted, dark purple (79A) flare on the upper petal. The green calyx is minute. The dome-shaped truss of 15-20 flowers is 5" to 6½" wide x 5" to 6" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, rounded at base, 4½" to 7" long x 1¾" to 3" wide, and hairless. The plant is moderately floriferous, blooming the first week of June. It is 7½' high x 10½' wide in approximately 30 years from seed. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -20°F.

'Woods Colt':  Elepidote. (aberconwayi x unknown). Selected (1965), raised, and named by Pauline Newberry; raised subsequently, introduced, and registered by Eleanor Philp, Trillium Lane Nursery; all Fort Bragg, CA. Saucer-shaped flowers are 2" across x 1½" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. The corolla is very pale purple (69A), edged with moderate purplish pink (68C); the upper lobe is pale purplish pink (56D) with deep purplish red (71A) spots. The brilliant yellow green (142B) calyx is insignificant in length. The ball-shaped truss of 15 flowers is 7" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are elliptic, flat, apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, and 3⅝" long x 1¼" wide. They are moderate olive green (147A), dull, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms mid April to mid May, is 9' high x 8' wide in 22 years from a cutting, and has an upright growth habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least 18°F.

'Wynterset White':  Elepidote. (Parentage unknown). History unknown; this clone has been in the trade in central NJ since 1968 or earlier; named by Jay W Murray, Colts Neck, NJ; described by Henry A Schannen, Princeton, NJ; registered (1990) by Wynterset Nurseries, Perkiomenville, PA. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 2¾" across x 1¾" long, with 5 wavy-edged lobes. Moderate purplish pink (186D) buds open very pale purple (69B/D) with sparse bronze specks on dorsal lobe; in three days, corolla ages to greenish white (155C). Calyx is negligible. The dome-shaped truss of 20 flowers is 6" wide x 5½" high. Leaves, which are held 2-3 years, are 5" to 6" long x 2" to 2¼" wide, elliptic, flat, acute at apex, cuneate at base, dull green, and hairless. The free-flowering plant blooms in early May, is 7' high x 5' wide in 18 years from cuttings, and has a spreading, dense habit. Plant and buds are hardy to at least -18°F. (Synonyms: 'Kordus White', 'Leach's White', 'Obal's Snow', 'Snow'.)

'Yellow Rolls Royce':  Elepidote. ('Crest' x 'Odee Wright'). Hybridized (1960), raised, named and introduced by George W Clarke, Portland, OR; registered (1990) by Herbert Spady, Salem, OR. Openly funnel-shaped flowers are 4" across x 2½" long, with 6 wavy-edged lobes of heavy substance. The corolla is brilliant greenish yellow (1B) on three upper lobes, shading to pale greenish yellow (1D) on lower lobes. The strong greenish yellow (151B) calyx is ¼" long. The ball-shaped truss is 8" wide x 6" high. Leaves, which are held 2 years, are 4½" long x 2½" wide, elliptic, flat, cuspidate at apex, glossy, and hairless. The plant is 3' high x 2½' wide in 5 years from cuttings, and has an upright, dense growth habit. It is moderately floriferous, blooming in mid April, and is hardy to at least 12°F.


Volume 45, Number 2
Spring 1991

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