Journal of Career and Technical Education

Current Co-Editors:
Edward C. Fletcher Jr.   ecfletcher@usf.edu
Victor M. Hernandez-Gantes   victorh@usf.edu

Volume 18, Number 1
Fall 2001

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The Journal of Career and Technical Education (JCTE) can be obtained in both paper and electronic form. This Fall 2001 issue (18-1) marks the 35th issue of JCTE in print and the 13th issue currently on-line. The printed journal is mailed to members and other subscribers around the world and is indexed in ERIC. The electronic journal is available worldwide on the Internet and can be accessed at the following case sensitive URL:


Providing JCTE as an electronic journal as well as a paper one means a whole new set of responsibilities for the editor, one of which is making sure that the files are properly formatted in order to be converted to PDF and/or HTML. This also will call for authors paying closer attention to using the proper formatting features of the word processor. Prior to Volume 16, Number 2, the JCTE was published as the Journal of Vocational and Technical Education. These issues can be found at the following case sensitive URL: http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JVTE/

This is my last issue as editor of the JCTE. It has been a tremendous commitment of time and energy, but also one of professional growth and development. I appreciate and have enjoyed the opportunity. Without the assistance of the reviewers it would not be possible to publish a refereed journal such as the JCTE. I would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge and thank the following colleagues for giving their time and expertise in reviewing the manuscripts during my term as editor of this journal. If I have omitted anyone as an oversight, please accept my apologies.

Elaine Adams, The University of Georgia
Leonard Albright, Colorado State University
Susan Asselin, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
James Bartlett, Ball State University
Greg Belcher, Pittsburg State University
Debra Bragg, University of Illinois
Dan Brown, Illinois State University
Wesley Budke, The Ohio State University
Phyllis Bunn, Delta State University
James Burrow, North Carolina State University
William Camp, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Robert Clark, Dauphin County Technical School
John Crunkilton, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Lillian Daughtry, Pittsylvania County Schools
Carol Decker, Lincoln Memorial University
Charles Doty, Rutgers University
Laura Eiseman, University of Delaware
Cheryl Evanciew, Clemson University
Curtis Finch, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Jim Flowers, North Carolina State University
Robert Fritz, University of Houston
Jerry Gibson, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Howard R. D. Gordon, Marshall University
Jim Gregson, Oklahoma State University
Helen Hall, The University of Georgia
Frank Hammons, Florida International University
Betty Heath-Camp, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Birdie Holder, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Scott Homan, Northwest Nazarene College
Tracy Hoover, Pennsylvania State University
Jim Key, Oklahoma State University
Thelma King, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University
Barbara Kirby, North Carolina State University
Johanna Lasonen, University of Jyvaskyala
Joyce Logan, University of Kentucky
Richard Lynch, The University of Georgia
Alfred Mannebach, University of Connecticut
Larry Miller, The Ohio State University
Marcella Norwood, University of Houston
Ed Osborne, University of Florida
Donna Redmann, Louisiana State University
George Rogers, Purdue University
Jay Rojewski, The University of Georgia
Rick Rudd, University of Florida
Sheila Ruhland, University of Minnesota
Mark Sanders, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
John Schell, The University of Georgia
John Scott, The University of Georgia
Regina Smick-Attisano, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Bettye Smith, The University of Georgia
Clifton Smith, The University of Georgia
Daisy Stewart, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Wanda Stitt-Gohdes, The University of Georgia
Kirk Swortzel, Mississippi State University
Alan Truell, Ball State University
Desna Wallin, The University of Georgia
Randol Waters, The University of Tennessee
Chris Zirkle, The Ohio State University


The JCTE includes articles on a variety of topics in career and technical education. This issue provides readers with articles emphasizing results of quantitative and qualitative research.

M. Craig Edwards and Gary E. Briers share results of a study designed to determine selected characteristics of entry-phase agriculture teachers. Teachers responded to eight items describing personal, professional, and situational characteristics and to 51 items assessing their perceived competence. Results indicate that the entry-phase agriculture teachers in this study have a stronger commitment to remain in the profession beyond the first three years, with over half of the participants reporting that they expect to make agriculture teaching a career. Readers will learn how the authors examined selected characteristics for relationships and determined which characteristics explain teachers' expectations of teaching longevity.

Ali Yildirim and Hasan Simsek offer results from a qualitative study that assessed the effectiveness and efficiency of the curriculum development process in selected secondary vocational high schools in Turkey. Participants included administrators, school-industry coordinators, teachers, students, and managers and workers in selected companies. The authors assessed the current status of the vocational curriculum in the schools studied, as well as examined the schools' needs assessment activities and curriculum development efforts. For the readers, this study identifies reasons why some vocational schools do not perform needs assessments and obstacles to the curriculum development process. Encouraging results from some schools where curriculum development efforts do take place are also highlighted.

Through her study, Wanda L. Stitt-Gohdes sought to determine the preferred learning styles of a selected group of high school business education students. The Canfield Learning Styles Inventory was administered to 212 business education students at eight high schools in a large southeastern state. The author concludes that students in this study prefer personalized learning where the instructor is well acquainted with the whole student, the student is actively involved with others, and the student is participating in the learning activities. The author provides readers with suggestions useful to all teachers, including secondary business education teachers. One suggestion is that teachers need to determine their instructional preferences and their students' learning preferences.

The article written by Jay Paredes Scribner, Allen D. Truell, Douglas R. Hager, and Sothana Srichai presents findings from a study that employed an ex-post facto design to assess the level of empowerment among career and technical education teachers in a midwestern state. This study also sought to determine if differences existed in the level of empowerment based on selected career and technical education teacher and school characteristics. Selected characteristics included teaching area, school location, gender, and level of education. According to the authors, readers will glean from this study evidence as to the degree to which career and technical education teachers feel empowered and the ways in which educational leaders such as superintendents and principals can foster empowerment in these teachers.

The article written by J. Robert Owen and Aaron C. Clark presents findings from a causal- comparative study that analyzed the concept of cooperative education as it relates to preparing students for the workplace. Community college graduates from an engineering/technical graphics program that used cooperative education in its curriculum were compared with graduates from a comparable engineering/technical graphics program that was not involved with cooperative education. According to the authors, this inquiry revealed that in one particular community college setting, cooperative education has thus far not statistically substantiated an ability to enhance employee sense of power for initially-employed engineering/technical graphics graduates.

The article written by Melody W. Alexander, James E. Bartlett, Allen D. Truell, and Karen Ouwenga used a quasi-experimental design to examine the equivalence of online and paper and pencil testing methods as related to student performance in a computer technology course. Test score and completion time were the dependent variables used to assess students' performance. Findings showed that test scores were equivalent in both groups; however, time to complete the test was significantly different between the groups. According to the authors, from the score and time analysis, it is evident that online testing is more efficient for students in relationship to time. However, online testing was not shown to correlate with test score, as did the traditional testing method.

The article written by Andew A. Rezin and N. L. McCaslin presents findings from a correlational study designed to compare the industry success of graduates from both traditional campus-based programs and cooperative apprenticeship programs 3 years after graduation. The objective was to identify learning gains that justified the continued investment in these programs, expansion of this model within automotive programs, and consideration of this model in other college programs. The results indicated that cooperative apprenticeship program participants had higher related employment rates, annual income, career advancement, and satisfaction with industry preparedness than graduates of traditional campus-based programs. The authors conclude that the impact of the apprenticeship model in producing better-prepared workers sends an important message to private sector employers of graduates.

C. Gloria Heberley's qualitiative case study design employed findings from an earlier study of traditional preservice teacher education to develop a research framework for examining an alternative inservice teacher education program. The effectiveness of the research framework as a tool to extract information on particular program aspects was validated. Five concepts identified in the earlier study formed the basis for the five research questions employed in this study. Interestingly, themes emerged that collectively suggest a possible sixth concept, identified by this author as "generative" leadership. The author suggests that the concept of leadership that is planned from the outset to be multidirectional, transcending a hierarchy in all directions, can offer much to the educational and business communities and to society in general.

The Editor
Myra N. Womble
November, 2001

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