Title page for ETD etd-01092002-230303


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Chatraphorn, Pongprot
Author's Email Address pchatrap@vt.edu
URN etd-01092002-230303
Title Accounting for Business Combinations: A Test for Long-Term Market Memory
Degree PhD
Department Accounting and Information Systems
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Brozovsky, John A. Committee Chair
Amoruso, Anthony J. Committee Member
Brown, Robert M. Committee Member
Richardson, Frederick M. Committee Member
Ye, Keying Committee Member
Keywords
  • Pooling
  • Purchase Accounting
  • Acquisitions
  • Business Combinations
  • Mergers
Date of Defense 2001-12-19
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The purpose of this research is to examine whether accounting methods for business combinations (purchase and pooling-of-interests accounting) have a different effect on firms’ market value of equity in the combination year and thereafter. In particular, after the accounting method is no longer disclosed in the financial statements, does it have an impact on market value of equity of the combined firms because the accounting figures are different? A five-year period subsequent to a particular business combination is used because public companies are not required to disclose the details of the combination for more than three years after the effective date of the combination. This research, thus, tests whether market participants still take into consideration the accounting method of past business combinations when this information is no longer disclosed in the financial statements. In addition to the testing of the impact of the accounting methods, the value-relevance of goodwill amortization is investigated.

The sample consisted of 100 U.S. business combination transactions during the period 1985–1995 (77 pooling firms and 23 purchase firms). The results do not indicate that market participants price pooling firms and purchase firms differently at the time of business combinations. The results, in addition, do not confirm that when the details of a particular business combinations do not appear in the financial statements, pooling firms’ accounting figures have a more positive effect on security prices than those of purchase firms. It seems that market participant are able, even in the long term, to account for the accounting difference between purchase and pooling-of-interests. Also, goodwill amortization does not appear to be value relevant.

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