Title page for ETD etd-01102003-135233


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Klang, Judith Elisa
Author's Email Address jklang@vt.edu
URN etd-01102003-135233
Title Cloning, Sequencing and Expression of a Porcine Intestinal Peptide Transporter in a Mammalian Cell Line
Degree Master of Science
Department Animal and Poultry Sciences
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Wong, Eric A. Committee Chair
Jiang, Honglin Committee Member
Webb, Kenneth E. Jr. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Peptide Transport
  • Pig
  • PepT1
Date of Defense 2002-12-10
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Absorption of dietary proteins can be met through the uptake of free amino acids or as small peptides. A peptide transport protein, PepT1, is responsible for the absorption of intact peptides arising from digestion of dietary proteins. PepT1 is driven by a H+-coupled transport system that allows for the absorption of small peptides through the intestinal brush border membrane. Screening of a porcine intestinal cDNA library with a sheep PepT1 cDNA probe resulted in the identification of three porcine PepT1 (pPepT1) cDNAs of varying sizes and sequences. Each variant cDNA isolated was cloned into a mammalian expression vector, sequenced, and expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Peptide transport was assessed by uptake studies using the radiolabeled dipeptide [3H]-Gly-Sar. Only one of the three cDNAs encoding for a protein of 708 amino acids induced H+-dependent peptide transport activity. Through computer analysis, a putative protein structure for pPepT1 was developed. The transporter has an unusual 13 transmembrane structure with the N-terminus located extracellularly and the C-terminus located intracellularly. Seven glycosylation sites and three protein kinase C phosphorylation sites are located throughout the protein. Expression of pPepT1 activity in CHO cells had a optimal peptide uptake at 18-24 hours. The transporter showed optimal uptake at a pH of 5.5-6.0. Eighteen different unlabeled dipeptides and tripeptides were found to inhibit the uptake of [3H] -Gly-Sar in competition studies. The IC50 of 13 of the dipeptides and two tripeptides ranged between 0.015 to 0.4 mmol/L. The exceptions were Lys-Lys, Arg-Lys, and Lys-Trp-Lys, which showed IC50 values greater than 1.37 mmol/L and appear to be poor substrates for pPepT1. All three of the tetrapeptides examined showed very high IC50 values and inhibition of the uptake of Gly-Sar was too small to measure even at a 10mM concentration. Dipeptides and tripeptides appear to be substrates for the porcine intestinal peptide transporter while tetrapeptides do not appear to be transported.
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