Title page for ETD etd-01162008-191806


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Zegley, Linda A
Author's Email Address lzegley@vt.edu
URN etd-01162008-191806
Title An Investigation of the Relationship Between Self-reported Multicultural Counseling Competence and Middle School Counselors’ Efforts to Broach Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Factors with Students
Degree PhD
Department Counselor Education
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Day-Vines, Norma L. Committee Chair
Belli, Gabriella M. Committee Member
Bodenhorn, Nancy E. Committee Member
Lambert, Simone Committee Member
Keywords
  • Middle School Counselors
  • and Culture
  • Ethnicity
  • Broaching Race
  • Continuum of Broaching Behaviors
  • Multicultural Counseling Competence
Date of Defense 2007-12-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-REPORTED MULTICULTURAL COUNSELING COMPETENCE AND MIDDLE SCHOOL COUNSELORS’ EFFORTS TO BROACH RACIAL, ETHNIC AND CULTURAL FACTORS WITH STUDENTS

Linda A. Zegley

ABSTRACT

Despite several decades of theoretical support and empirical validation concerning Multicultural Counseling Competence (MCC), the mental health field has been criticized for a lack of measurable constructs that embody multicultural counseling skills (Sanchez-Hucles & Jones, 2005; Weinrach & Thomas, 1998). In an effort to contribute to the knowledge and understanding of observable multicultural counseling interventions, web-based survey research was used to examine the relationship between the counselor’s broaching behavior and multicultural counseling competence in a sample of middle school counselors. Broaching has been conceptualized as a measurable multicultural counseling skill and refers to a counselor’s effort to initiate and process discussions of race, ethnicity, and culture in the counseling relationship (Day-Vines, et al., 2007).

Results revealed a statistically significant relationship between broaching and multicultural counseling competence. Most notably, advanced attitudes toward broaching as conceptualized in the broaching construct are predictive of multicultural counseling competence. Additionally, the relationship between broaching skills and MCC seems to indicate that even rudimentary attempts at broaching may also be predictive of multicultural counseling competence. Equally as important, the study supported the conclusion that avoiding discussions of race, ethnicity, and culture has a negative impact on the counseling relationship. Results need to be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size (N = 65) and the continued validation of the Broaching Attitudes and Behavior Scale.

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