Title page for ETD etd-02152010-113448


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Iarikov, Dmitri D.
URN etd-02152010-113448
Title Novel inorganic membranes for gas separation
Degree Master of Science
Department Chemical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Oyama, Shigeo Ted Committee Chair
Achenie, Luke E. Committee Member
Cox, David F. Committee Member
Keywords
  • carbon dioxide separation
  • amorphous silica membranes
  • ionic liquids
  • hydrogen selective membranes
Date of Defense 2010-02-10
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
A literature survey was performed to evaluate the state-of-the-art membrane systems for CO2/CH4 separation which is critical in the natural gas industry. The systems that were reviewed included zeolite, carbon, polymeric, mixed matrix, amorphous silica, and supported ionic liquid membranes. Supported ionic liquid CO2/CH4 selective membranes were synthesized in our laboratory by applying room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) to porous inorganic α-alumina supports. The supported ionic liquid membranes (SILMs) displayed CO2 permeance of 1x10-9 to 3x10-8 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 and CO2/CH4 selectivity of up to 50 which is comparable with the current polymeric separation systems. It is concluded that, although the RTIL membranes showed good CO2/CH4 selectivity, the CO2 permeance was too low for industrial applications. A new type of SILM was prepared by dissolving 1-aminopyridinium iodide which contained amine functionality in other ionic liquids which improved the CO2 permeance and selectivity of these membranes.

The H2 gas separation is an important process because it has many industrial applications in petroleum processing and chemical synthesis. Amorphous silica membranes for H2 separation were prepared on hollow fiber (HF) inorganic supports using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). These membranes exhibited good H2 permeance on the order of 10-7 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 together with H2/CO2 selectivity of over 100. The separation was achieved using a new hybrid intermediate layer that was developed by depositing a mesoporous silica layer on top of γ-alumina.

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