Title page for ETD etd-03032009-040333


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Hodge, Jeffrey Paul
URN etd-03032009-040333
Title Development and use of a chemically defined medium for estimating the oxygen tolerance of campylobacter species
Degree Master of Science
Department Biology (Microbiology)
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Krieg, Noel R. Committee Chair
Gregory, Eugene M. Committee Member
Smibert, Robert M. Committee Member
Yousten, Allan A. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Oxygen
Date of Defense 1993-06-05
Availability restricted
Abstract
When estimating the degree of oxygen tolerance of Campylobacter spp. on Brucella medium, the brand of tryptone (pancreatic digest of casein) used in the medium greatly influenced the results. In fact, with some brands and batches of tryptone, C. jejuni could grow at 21 % 02 without any additional scavengers of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs), although C02 was still required for growth. When the medium was prepared with other brands of tryptone, it did not allow growth of C. jejuni beyond 10% 02. The dependence of the growth response on different types and brands of tryptone-based media makes it impossible to achieve reproducibility in oxygen tolerance studies.

To eliminate such variation in complex media, we developed a chemically defined medium for Campylobacter spp. This medium allows reproducible colony counts to be obtained. The medium was used to assess the effect of ROI scavengers on the oxygen tolerance of various Campylobacter species. Allopurinol, azelaic acid, caffeine, cimetidine, and pyruvate when used singly were the most effective in enhancing oxygen tolerance. When ROI scavengers were combined with dimethyl sulfoxide, the effects of allopurinol, azelaic acid, caffeine, cimetidine, and pyruvate were even more pronounced than when they were used alone. A combination of tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (1EMPOL), a superoxide dis mutase mimic, with pyruvate also enhanced oxygen tolerance effectively. A survey of the literature dealing with the types of ROIs destroyed by scavengers used in our study suggests that hydrogen peroxide (H202) and hydroxyl radicals (OH.) are the most toxic ROIs for Campylobacter species.

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