Title page for ETD etd-030499-155424


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Boyce, Thomas Edward
Author's Email Address thboyce@vt.edu
URN etd-030499-155424
Title Identifying Functional Relationships in Driver Risk Taking: An Intelligent Transportation Assessment of Problem Behavior and Driving Style
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Geller, E. Scott Committee Chair
Finney, Jack W. Committee Member
Kleiner, Brian M. Committee Member
Prestrude, Albert M. Committee Member
Winett, Richard A. Committee Member
Keywords
  • behavior analysis
  • intelligent transportation
  • risk-taking
  • demographics personality
  • driving
Date of Defense 1999-02-16
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Intelligent transportation systems data collected

on drivers who presumably participated in a study

of cognitive mapping and way-finding were

evaluated with two basic procedures for data

coding, including analysis of video data based on

the occurrence or non-occurrence of a) critical

behaviors during consecutive 15 second intervals

of a driving trial, and b) the safe alternative

when a safe behavior opportunity was available.

Methods of data coding were assessed for practical

use, reliability, and sensitivity to variation in

driving style. A factor analysis of at-risk

driving behaviors identified a cluster of

correlated driving behaviors that appeared to

share a common characteristic identified as

aggressive/impatient driving. The relationship

between personality and driving style was also

assessed. That is, analysis of the demographics

and personality variables associated with the

occurrence of at-risk driving behaviors revealed

that driver Age and Type A personality

characteristics were significant predictors of

vehicle speed and following distance to the

preceding vehicle. Results are

discussed with regard to implications for safe

driving interventions and problem behavior theory.

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