Title page for ETD etd-03182006-195546


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Stith, Dettrick Lamont
Author's Email Address dstith@vt.edu
URN etd-03182006-195546
Title Time Commitment, Self-Efficacy, Social Environment and the Physical Activity Participation of Selected Hypertensive African Americans
Degree PhD
Department Educational Cirriculum and Instruction (Health Promotion)
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Redican, Kerry J. Committee Chair
Brown, Michael D. Committee Member
Burton, John K. Committee Member
Jones, Russell T. Committee Member
Sanders, Reliford T. Jr. Committee Member
Keywords
  • cardiovascular disease
  • obesity
  • body mass index
  • exercise
  • minorities
Date of Defense 2006-02-17
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate time commitment, self-efficacy and social environment as it relates to physical activity in a selected sample of hypertensive African Americans. In addition, this study focused on identifying additional research areas in regards to hypertensive African Americans. This study utilized a quantitative method for data collection. The survey instrument utilized contained the following subtopics: (1) demographics;(2)hypertension risk factors;(3) prevention and treatment;(4)hypertension knowledge, and (5)physical activity participation.

Data collected did not support the hypotheses or information contained in the review of literature. It was revealed from data collection that 69% of the respondents (n=90) disagreed with the survey statement that “exercise takes too much of my time (time commitment).” Fifty-two percent of the respondents (n=68) either disagreed or strongly disagreed with the statement “exercise tires me (self-efficacy belief).” Forty-three percent of the respondents (n=56) disagreed with the statement “my spouse (or significant other) does not encourage exercise.”

There is a need for future investigation to examine how additional barriers to physical effect activity African Americans individually, and is there a culmination of specific barriers to physical activity that work in conjunction to inhibit African Americans to engage in physical activity.

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