Title page for ETD etd-03192010-150706


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Francis, Gerald
Author's Email Address jerryf@vt.edu
URN etd-03192010-150706
Title An Algorithm and System for Measuring Impedance in D-Q Coordinates
Degree PhD
Department Electrical and Computer Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Boroyevich, Dushan Committee Chair
Baumann, William T. Committee Member
Burgos, Rolando Committee Member
Lesko, John Jack Committee Member
Tranter, William H. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Three Phase AC Systems
  • Impedance Measurement
  • D-Q Coordinates
  • Rotating Coordinate Systems
  • Power Electronics
  • Transfer Functions
Date of Defense 2010-01-25
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This dissertation presents work conducted at the Center for Power Electronics Systems (CPES) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Chapter 1 introduces the concept of impedance measurement, and discusses previous work on this topic. This chapter also addresses issues associated with impedance measurement.

Chapter 2 introduces the analyzer architecture and the proposed algorithm. The algorithm involves locking on to the voltage vector at the point of common coupling between the analyzer and the system via a PLL to establish a D-Q frame. A series of sweeps are performed, injecting at least two independent angles in the D-Q plane, acquiring D- and Q-axis voltages and currents for each axis of injection at the point of interest.

Chapter 3 discusses the analyzer hardware and the criteria for selection. The hardware built ranges from large-scale power level hardware to communication hardware implementing a universal serial bus. An eight-layer PCB was constructed implementing analog signal conditioning and conversion to and from digital signals with high resolution. The PCB interfaces with the existing Universal Controller hardware.

Chapter 4 discusses the analyzer software. Software was written in C++, VHDL, and Matlab to implement the measurement process. This chapter also provides a description of the software architecture and individual components.

Chapter 5 discusses the application of the analyzer to various examples. A dynamic model of the analyzer is constructed, considering all components of the measurement system. Congruence with predicted results is demonstrated for three-phase balanced linear impedance networks, which can be directly derived based on stationary impedance measurements. Other impedances measured include a voltage source inverter, Vienna rectifier, six-pulse rectifier and an autotransformer-rectifier unit.

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