Title page for ETD etd-03272009-144458


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Stimpson, Matthew
URN etd-03272009-144458
Title Examining Social Capital as a Predictor of Enrollment in Postsecondary Education for Low SES Students: A Multilevel Analysis
Degree PhD
Department Educational Leadership and Policy Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Janosik, Steven M. Committee Chair
Miyazaki, Yasuo Committee Co-Chair
Bonner, Cynthia Committee Member
Hirt, Joan B. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Social Capital
  • Hierarchical Linear Modeling
  • Low SES
  • Enrollment in Postsecondary Education
Date of Defense 2009-03-23
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study examined whether measures of social capital were significant predictors of enrollment in postsecondary education for students from a low SES background. Results take the form of two articles. The first article addresses enrollment in four-year institutions of postsecondary education, and the second article addresses enrollment in two-year institutions of postsecondary education. The research questions for this study were:
  1. Does probability of enrollment in a four-year postsecondary institution or a two-year postsecondary institution for low SES students differ by mean school SES?
  2. Does probability of enrollment in a four-year postsecondary institution or a two-year postsecondary institution for low SES students differ by school locale?
  3. When controlling for contextual or environmental variables and student background characteristics, are low SES students with higher levels of social capital more likely to enroll in a four-year postsecondary institution or a two-year postsecondary institution than low SES students with lower levels of social capital?
  4. When controlling for contextual or environmental variables, background characteristics, and level of social capital does probability of enrollment in a four-year institution of postsecondary education or a two-year postsecondary institution vary by race for low SES students?
When controlling for school level variables, academic achievement and preparation, and select background characteristics, low SES students with higher levels of social capital are more likely to enroll in a four-year college. Students whose parents expected them to obtain more education and those students who obtained more information about attending college were more likely to enroll in a four-year university. In the analysis of enrollment in four-year institutions of postsecondary education, African American low SES students were three times more likely to enroll in a four-year college or university than low SES Caucasian students.

Only one measure of social capital, information acquisition, was significantly related to enrollment in a two-year institution of postsecondary education. No significant variability in probability of enrollment in a two-year institution of postsecondary education was observed by either of the school level variables used. Race was not a significant factor when controlling for background characteristics and the measures of social capital used in this study.

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