Title page for ETD etd-04122010-093714


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Welsh, John Douglas
URN etd-04122010-093714
Title Disabled-2 regulates platelet heterotypic and homotypic aggregation through sulfatide binding
Degree Master of Science
Department Biology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Finkielstein, Carla V. Committee Chair
Capelluto, Daniel G. S. Committee Member
William Huckle Committee Member
Keywords
  • leukocytes
  • platelets
  • sulfatides
  • Disabled-2
Date of Defense 2010-03-29
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
At the site of vascular injury platelet aggregation serves to stem blood flow, initiate the inflammatory response, and stimulate wound healing. Platelets become stimulated, release their granule contents, and become adherent to one another. Platelet granules contain important clotting factors and regulators of aggregation. Disabled-2 (Dab2) is a negative regulator of platelet aggregation released from platelet α-granules. Dab2 binds to the αIIbβ3 integrin, through the PTB domain, and blocks fibrin binding to the integrin which serves as the major cause of platelet-platelet interactions. Dab2 is also capable of binding to sulfatides, through the N-PTB region, expressed on the outer leaflet of adjacent cells. Dab2-sulfatide binding decreases Dab2’s ability to interact with the αIIbβ3 integrin, however sulfatides activate and stimulate platelet-platelet and platelet-leukocyte aggregation. Sulfatide addition to platelets stimulates increased αIIbβ3 integrin and P-selectin expression through stimulation of continued platelet degranulation, and these surface receptors mediate platelet heterotypic and homotypic aggregation.

Here, we show that Dab2 N-PTB binding of sulfatides serves to increase the inhibitory affect of Dab2. Sulfatide stimulation of platelet degranulation can be blocked by the addition of N-PTB. Inhibition of sulfatide induced αIIbβ3 integrin and P-selectin expression result in decreased platelet-platelet aggregation under flow. N-PTB also blocks sulfatide induced platelet-leukocyte interactions and aggregation. Experimental data supports the hypothesis that Dab2-sulfatide binding serves to increase the inhibition of platelet aggregation.

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