Title page for ETD etd-04192006-114340


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Russ, Nicholas Joel
URN etd-04192006-114340
Title Local Correlation: Implementation and Application to Molecular Response Properties
Degree PhD
Department Chemistry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Crawford, Daniel T. Committee Chair
Morris, John R. Committee Member
Troya, Diego Committee Member
Viers, Jimmy W. Committee Member
Yee, Gordon T. Committee Member
Keywords
  • coupled cluster
  • polarizability
  • optical rotation
  • local correlation
  • CC2
Date of Defense 2006-04-17
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
One of the most promising methods for surmounting the high-degree polynomial scaling wall associated with electron correlating wave function methods is the local correlation technique of Pulay and Saebø. They have proposed using a set of localized occupied and virtual orbitals free of the canonical constraint commonly employed in quantum chemistry, resulting in a method that scales linearly (in the asymptotic limit) with molecular size. Pulay and Saeb$oslash; first applied their methods to configuration interaction and later to M$oslash;ller-Plesset perturbation theory. Werner et al. have have extended the local correlation scheme of Pulay and Saeb$oslash; to coupled-cluster theory.

One of the pitfalls of the local correlation methods developed by Pulay and Saeb$oslash; is the dependence of domain selection on the molecular geometry. In other words, as the geometry changes the domain structure of the local correlation calculation can change also, leading to discontinuities in the potential energy surface. We have examined the size of these discontinuities for the homolytic bond cleavage of fluoromethane and the heterolytic bond dissociation of singlet ketene and propadienone.

Properties such as polarizabilities and optical rotation are realized through linear response theory, where the Hamiltonian is subject to an external perturbation and the wave function is allowed to respond to the applied perturbation. Within the context of local correlation it is necessary to understand how the domain structure alters in response to an applied perturbation. We have proposed using solutions to the CPHF equations (coupled-perturbed Hartree-Fock) in order to predict the correlation response to an applied perturbation. We have applied this technique to the calculation of polarizabilities, with very favorable results, and also to optical rotation, with mixed results.

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