Type of Document Dissertation Author Kim, Mischa Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-04202005-133342 Title Continuous Low-Thrust Trajectory Optimization: Techniques and Applications Degree PhD Department Aerospace and Ocean Engineering Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Hall, Christopher D. Committee Chair Hendricks, Scott L. Committee Member Schaub, Hanspeter Committee Member Stilwell, Daniel J. Committee Member Woolsey, Craig A. Committee Member Keywords
- Trajectory Optimization
- Low-Thrust Propulsion
Date of Defense 2005-04-18 Availability unrestricted AbstractTrajectory optimization is a powerful technique to analyze mission feasibility during mission design. High-thrust trajectory optimization problems are typically formulated as discrete optimization problems and are numerically well-behaved. Low-thrust systems, on the other hand, operate for significant periods of the mission time. As a result, the solution approach requires continuous optimization; the associated optimal control
problems are in general numerically ill-conditioned. In addition, case studies comparing the performance of low-thrust technologies for space travel have not received adequate attention in the literature and are in most instances incomplete. The objective of this
dissertation is therefore to design an efficient optimal control algorithm and to apply it to the minimum-time transfer problem of low-thrust spacecraft. We devise a cascaded computational scheme based on numerical and analytical methods. Whereas other conventional optimization packages rely on numerical solution approaches, we employ
analytical and semi-analytical techniques such as symmetry and homotopy methods to assist in the solution-finding process. The first objective is to obtain a single optimized trajectory that satisfies some given boundary conditions. The initialization phase for this first trajectory includes a global, stochastic search based on Adaptive Simulated Annealing; the fine tuning of optimization parameters – the local search – is accomplished by Quasi-Newton and Newton methods. Once an optimized trajectory has been obtained,
we use system symmetry and homotopy techniques to generate additional optimal control solutions efficiently. We obtain optimal trajectories for several interrelated problem families that are described as Multi-Point Boundary Value Problems. We present and prove two theorems describing system symmetries for solar sail spacecraft and discuss symmetry properties and symmetry breaking for electric spacecraft systems models. We demonstrate how these symmetry properties can be used to significantly simplify the solution-finding process.
Filename Size Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds)
28.8 Modem 56K Modem ISDN (64 Kb) ISDN (128 Kb) Higher-speed Access MKDissertation.pdf 1.82 Mb 00:08:26 00:04:20 00:03:47 00:01:53 00:00:09
If you have questions or technical problems, please Contact DLA.