Type of Document Major Paper Author Holst, David J. URN etd-042199-181520 Title Statewide Watershed Protection and Local Implementation: A Comparison of Washington, Minnesota, and Oregon Degree Master of Architecture Department Urban Affairs and Planning Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Randolph, John Committee Chair Richardson, Jesse J. Committee Member Zahm, Diane L. Committee Member Keywords
Date of Defense 1999-04-06 Availability unrestricted AbstractAbstract
In 1991 EPA embraced the watershed protection approach for environmental
management. EPA defines watershed protection as “a strategy for effectively protecting and
restoring aquatic ecosystems and protecting human health.” To encourage statewide watershed
protection, EPA developed the “Statewide Watershed Protection Approach” document, which is
designed to aid states in developing their own watershed protection program. The watershed
protection approach is not a program or policy required by EPA, rather a flexible framework that
outlines the essential elements and components of a comprehensive statewide watershed
protection approach. It allows for varying conditions in a state, but attempts to ensure a
consistent general approach.
This paper describes the elements and components of EPA’s comprehensive statewide
watershed protection framework. It then analyzes Washington, Minnesota, and Oregon’s
statewide watershed protection programs, and examines how these state approaches reflect
EPA’s framework. In addition, the paper analyzes a case study in each of these states to explore
how these statewide watershed management approaches are implemented at the local level.
By analyzing states that have successfully implemented a statewide watershed protection
approach, this paper aims to identify the critical elements in a statewide watershed protection
approach, and identify the issues that are critical to successful local implementation.
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