Type of Document Major Paper Author Gorder, Joel Steven URN etd-04222002-170513 Title Statewide Watershed Management Effects on Local Watershed Groups: A Comparison of Wisconsin, Kentucky, and Virginia Degree Master of Architecture Department Urban Affairs and Planning Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Randolph, John Committee Chair Carmin, Joann S. Committee Member Richardson, Jesse J. Committee Member Keywords
- Watershed Group
- Watershed Management
Date of Defense 2001-12-13 Availability unrestricted AbstractWhile there are no federal mandates for states to establish watershed management
frameworks, many states see the benefits of doing so and have established such
approaches. The main advantage of statewide watershed management over traditional
resource management is the cost effectiveness and the formation of integrated solutions
to water quality problems. Statewide watershed frameworks provide a geographic focus
and partnerships in order to develop comprehensive solutions to water quality problems.
Watershed management depends on the participation of the local community and its
organizations. Local watershed groups formed within in the community become integral
members of these partnerships because of their vested interest in the watershed. Federal,
state, and local governments recognize the functions that watershed groups serve, and
how important they are in developing guiding principles for the watersheds. However,
since watershed management at the state level is relatively new and constantly evolving,
the exact roles of where watershed groups fit into this framework and the amount of
technical, educational, and financial support given to them is not yet fully defined.
Because this relationship is not clearly defined, watershed groups often encounter
obstacles that may inhibit them from reaching their full potential. There are six common
factors shown to be effective in fostering the relationship between the states and local
watershed groups. These include: having one central agency in charge of coordinating
watershed management activities, state funding support for local watershed groups, state
support for research, experimentation, and pilot projects, state facilitation of technical
assistance and support, state support for public education on water quality issues, open
forums where all stakeholders can voice their concerns and opinions.
This paper outlines the watershed management framework of three states: Wisconsin,
Kentucky, and Virginia. It explores the question: What educational, political, and
financial assistance do these states offer in order to create a collaborative environment in
which grassroot watershed groups have the capacity to make informed decisions affecting
the outcome of their watershed? This paper evaluates each state on how well they have
incorporated the six common factors into their watershed frameworks.
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