Title page for ETD etd-04252001-013702


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Housenick, Mitchell Alexander
URN etd-04252001-013702
Title Assessment of the Prevalence of Smoke-Free Environment Policies Throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia at Worksites Employing Fifty or More Workers
Degree PhD
Department Teaching and Learning
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Baffi, Charles R. Committee Chair
Fortune, Jimmie C. Committee Member
Morgan, Shirley L. Committee Member
Redican, Kerry J. Committee Member
Uttech, Melanie R. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Smoking Policy
  • Worksite
  • Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Date of Defense 2001-04-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
ASSESSMENT OF THE PREVALENCE OF SMOKE-FREE ENVIRONMENT POLICIES

THROUGHOUT THE COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA AT WORKSITES EMPLOYING FIFTY OR MORE WORKERS

By

Mitchell Alexander Housenick

(ABSTRACT)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of smoke-free environment polices

throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia at worksites employing fifty or more workers. Specifically,

this study assessed policy prevalence, development, implementation, and enforcement. In addition,

this study assessed smoke-free environment policy effectiveness. The population for this investigation

consisted of telephone surveys of 374 worksites located throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia. Of these

worksites, 340 (91%) completed the telephone survey. The population (n = 340) was spread throughout five

health regions, Northern, Northwest, Central, Southwest, and East. Descriptive analysis and One-way Analysis

of Variance (ANOVA) were applied to investigate differences between these five health regions. An alpha

of .05 was selected for this study.

Based on the findings, the following conclusions were drawn: (1) Fifty-percent of the worksites

located throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia have some form of smoke-free environment policies; (2) The

smoke-free environment policy constructs used in the telephone survey guide were statistically significant

in identifying differences between the five health regions; (3) Smoke-free environment policies at the

worksite are dependent upon health region; (4) Implementation of smoke-free environment policies is dependent

upon health region; (5) Enforcement of smoke-free environment policies is dependent upon health region, and

(6) Effectiveness of smoke-free environment policies is dependent upon health region. The following

recommendations were suggested: (1) Further studies assessing smoke-free environment policy enforcement should

be conducted annually; (2) Studies incorporating a qualitative research methodology regarding smoke-free

environment policy prevalence should be conducted; (3) Studies involving common smoke-free environment policies

at different states should be investigated, and (4) Additional in-depth surveys should be conducted to evaluate

health outcomes associated with the implementation of smoke-free environment policies.

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