Title page for ETD etd-04272000-13260013


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Radcliffe, John Scott
Author's Email Address jradclif@vt.edu
URN etd-04272000-13260013
Title The Use of Steered Ileo-cecal Valve Cannulated Pigs to Evaluate the Effects of Adding Phytase or Beta-mannanase to the Diet on Amino Acid, Mineral and Energy Utilization
Degree PhD
Department Animal and Poultry Sciences
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Fontenot, Joseph P. Committee Co-Chair
Harper, Allen F. Committee Co-Chair
Davis, Barbara A. Committee Member
Denbow, Donald Michael Committee Member
Pleasant, Robert Scott Committee Member
Keywords
  • phytase
  • digestibility
  • amino acids
  • cannula
  • beta-mannanase
Date of Defense 2001-04-13
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Forty-six barrows fitted with steered ileo-cecal valve cannulas were used in four experiments to evaluate the effects of supplementing swine diets with microbial phytase or beta-mannanase on the apparent ileal (AID) and/or apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of amino acids, N, Ca, P, DM and energy. In Exp. 1, the addition of phytase to low CP corn-soybean meal based diets increased the AID of Ca (P < .01), P (P < .001), and all amino acids (P < .10) measured except Leu, Ser, Pro, Met, His and Tyr. In Exp. 2, the addition of microbial phytase to corn-soybean meal, corn-soybean meal-wheat middlings, or corn-soybean meal-meat and bone meal based diets resulted in increased AID of Ca and P, but had no effect (P > .1) on amino acid digestibilities. Diet type affected all digestibility measurements, but did not affect the efficacy of supplemental phytase. In Exp. 3, the addition of microbial phytase to corn-wheat-soybean meal, corn-wheat-cannola, or sorghum-corn-soybean meal based diets led to an increased ( P <.05) AID of P, Asp, Thr, Ser, Ala, Tyr, Phe, Lys and Arg. In Exp. 4, the addition of beta-mannanase to corn-soybean meal based swine diets led to an increased AID of DM and ATTD of energy. In addition, the AID of all amino acids measured were increased numerically, with many of these values approaching significance. The results of these studies demonstrate that supplementing pig diets with phytase or beta-mannanase, results in an increased digestibility of certain dietary components due to the breakdown of anti-nutritive compounds in the diet.

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