Title page for ETD etd-05012012-152406


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author English, Craig Alan
Author's Email Address cenglish@vt.edu
URN etd-05012012-152406
Title Development and Characterization of a Synchronously Actuated Response Atomizer for Studying Thermoacoustic Instabilities
Degree Master of Science
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Vandsburger, Uri Committee Chair
Lattimer, Brian Y. Committee Member
Martin, Chris Committee Member
Keywords
  • Lean Direct Injection
  • Thermoacoustic Instabilities
  • Atomization
  • Simplex
  • Spray
Date of Defense 2012-02-13
Availability restricted
Abstract
Increasing concerns over the condition of our environment and its long term health have led to the development of greener combustion techniques for use in turbomachinery applications. Lean Direct Injection is an active area of research for how fuel is introduced and burned in the combustor section of a jet engine or land based liquid fuel turbine. Overall lean combustion results in lower NOx emmisions while direct injection insures shorter combustor lengths. Lean Direct Injection and other lean burning combustor designs are susceptible to thermoacoustic instabilities. The SARA or Synchronously Actuated Response Atomizer is a liquid fuel atomizer and supply system designed to allow for the active control of droplet size, cone angle, and mass flow rate. These three parameters have been shown to be important in controlling combustion quality and heat release. This research investigates the capabilities of the SARA design in a series of non-reacting tests. Static and Dynamic tests were performed on the SARA nozzle with a maximum actuation of 400 Hz. Also, a novel use of hot-film anemometry was developed to measure the dynamic flow rate fluctuations.
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