Title page for ETD etd-05052005-081716


Type of Document Major Paper
Author Stokely, John Matthews
Author's Email Address jstokely@hotmail.com
URN etd-05052005-081716
Title The Feasibility of Utilizing the Cellular Infrastructure for Urban Wildlife Telemetry
Degree Master of Natural Resources
Department Natural Resources
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Trauger, David L. Committee Chair
Evans, Gary R. Committee Member
Parkhurst, James A. Committee Member
Zaghloul, Amir I. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Urban Wildlife
  • Telemetry
  • Cellular Communications
  • Biotelemetry
  • Telemetry Feasibility Study
  • Urban
Date of Defense 2005-04-25
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Human populations inhabiting urban landscapes have increased from 224 million in 1900 to 2.9 billion in 1999. The wildlife biology profession utilizes telemetry derived location information for ecological and management studies that involve movement, behavior, habitat use, survival, productivity, and others. World-wide there were more than 1.2 billion cellular telephone users in 2003. A cellular phone based telemetry system is a feasible technology to assist wildlife biologists and researchers overcome the obstacles and requirements for conducting research in urbanized landscapes. A study was performed to assess functional and economic feasibility of developing a cellular-based telemetry system for urban wildlife use. A review of current literature that used traditional wildlife telemetry technologies resulted in the focus of four areas: the study of urban wildlife; traditional telemetry technologies; radio tag weights, frequency use, power, and cost of traditional telemetry technologies; and performance of traditional technologies in urban and non-urban landscapes. Geolocation by wireless communications systems is a relatively new market in the United States, and thus requirements and standards are still developing. Due to constraints outlined in this paper, at this time, the most feasible and promising approach to utilizing the cellular infrastructure for geolocation of urban wildlife is by establishing an ad hoc system for data transferal and accomplishing geolocation by ultra-wide band (UWB) technology.
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