Title page for ETD etd-05112012-155334


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Farmer, Whitney
URN etd-05112012-155334
Title The Effect of Facebook on Parasocial Interaction in Local News
Degree Master of Arts
Department Communication Studies
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Tedesco, John C. Committee Chair
Mackay, Jennifer B. Committee Member
Wojdynski, Bartosz W. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Facebook
  • Local News
  • Interpersonal Attraction
  • Parasocial Interaction
Date of Defense 2012-04-30
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
News agencies’ ratings often hinge on the relationships their anchors build with viewers. Strong feelings of parasocial interaction, or these on-sided “relationships” audiences feel with on-screen media figures, have been found to be a strong predictor of media use. Local news stations have long been challenged with ways to encourage these feelings of parasocial interaction. With local news ratings consistently falling, news agencies must consider new ways to gain untapped markets and have begun reaching out to young adults. One way news agencies are attempting to do so is by utilizing social media websites like Facebook. The current study aims to explore the effects of Facebook on college-aged participants (N = 143) viewing a local newscast. Specifically, this study examines whether a brief exposure to a news anchor’s Facebook profile can increase feelings of parasocial interaction with the anchor. Results indicate that while brief exposure to an anchor’s Facebook page does not influence feelings of parasocial interaction, strong feelings of interpersonal attraction play a significant role in developing parasocial relationships. Future research and implications are also discussed.
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