Title page for ETD etd-05142003-004030


Type of Document Major Paper
Author Garrett, Benjamin Goggin
Author's Email Address begarret@vt.edu, eatpho@yahoo.com
URN etd-05142003-004030
Title Mexican Political Development, Common Property Institutions, and Opportunities for Collaborative Environmental Management
Degree Master of Arts
Department Urban Affairs and Planning
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Prokopy, Linda Committee Chair
Ebrahim, Alnoor S. Committee Member
Rich, Richard C. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Decentralization
  • Democratization
  • Institutional development
  • Environmental management
  • Ejido
Date of Defense 2003-05-02
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The political, economic, and social institutions within a society directly influence the structure, direction, and vitality of collaborative or co-management systems of environmental management and governance. Mexico has the opportunity to more fully embrace sound progressive environmental policies because of the dramatic political and economic developments of the last twenty years; particularly the signing of the NAFTA accords in 1992 and the elections of 2000. The ejido, or common property system of land reform, borne of the Mexican revolution and codified under the Lazaro Cardenas administration, could provide a basis on which to build more accountable, collaborative environmental management regimes in the 21st century.

This research seeks to understand the relationship between recent political and economic restructuring in Mexico and the development of more collaborative environmental management regimes based upon the traditional ejido system of common property management. The author will examine recent research on collaborative or co-management with a focus on community/greater-state relations. Then a survey of Mexican history with a focus on recent trends – the last twenty years – in decentralization and institutional development will be presented to provide the reader with a sense of the scope of change in the country’s political culture. Finally three case studies will be examined that represent distinct ejido community environments in which the move towards collaborative management of forested regions in Mexico is taking place.

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