Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Grossman, Mara Celeste Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-05152012-111325 Title Use of Plant Growth Regulators to Improve Branching of Herbaceous Perennial Liners Degree Master of Science Department Horticulture Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Latimer, Joyce G. Committee Chair Ervin, Erik H. Committee Member Scoggins, Holly L. Committee Member Keywords
- benzyladenine (BA)
- dikegulac sodium
Date of Defense 2012-05-01 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of PGRs to improve branching during
production of herbaceous perennial liners and finished plants. The effects of benzyladenine (BA)
on the branching and root and shoot growth of Agastache Clayt. Ex Gronov. 'Purple Haze’,
Gaura lindheimeri Engelm. & A. Gray 'Siskiyou Pink', Lavandula ×intermedia Emeric ex
Loisel. 'Provence', Leucanthemum ×superbum (Bergmans ex J.W. Ingram) Bergmans ex Kent.
'Snowcap', and Salvia ×sylvestris L. (pro sp.) 'May Night' was tested. Root dry weight was found
to be highly correlated to root volume and root surface area. In liners, all taxa except Salvia had
increased branching while all except Gaura had reduced rooting. Increased branching was not
evident in most taxa as finished plants. The effects of BA on Aster 'Professor Anton Kippenberg’
(Symphyotrichum novi-belgii L.'Professor Anton Kippenburg'), Campanula punctata Lam.
'Cherry Bells,' Cosmos atrosanguineus (Hook) Voss., Verbena bonariensis L. 'Lollipop,'
Rosmarinus officinalis L.'Hill Hardy' and Veronica spicata L. ‘Goodness Grows.’ was tested. BA
increased branching of three taxa as liners while roots were not affected. The addition of IBA did
not improve root growth in BA-treated plants. Dikegulac sodium and ethephon were evaluated as
branching enhancers in the same six perennials. Dikegulac increased branching of all except
Campanula while ethephon increased branching in Veronica and Verbena. The effects of
application time of BA on the branching of Agastache Clayton ex Gronov. ‘Tutti Frutti’ and
Verbena bonariensis 'Lollipop' was evaluated with application of BA at 0, 7, 14, 17, 20 and 21
days after sticking (DAS); however growth was reduced in plants treated before rooting had
occurred. Agastache finished plants treated at 14 DAS had increased branching whereas
branching was not affected in Verbena liners or finished plants. The effects of single or multiple
applications of BA and dikegulac sodium on Sedum spectabile Boreau ‘Autumn Joy,' Gaillardia
aristata Pursh ‘Gallo Red,’ Phlox paniculata L. ‘Bright Eyes,’ Nepeta racemosa Lam. ‘Walker’s
Low,’ Delosperma NE Br. ‘Table Mountain,’ and Achillea L. ‘Moonshine’ were evaluated. Two
applications of PGR was most effective at increasing branching in finished plants. High rates of
dikegulac sodium reduced growth in most plants studied while BA increased branches without
negatively affecting plant growth.
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