Title page for ETD etd-05172005-122151


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Chittur Krishna Murthy, Anantha Narayan
Author's Email Address anantha@vt.edu
URN etd-05172005-122151
Title Application of visco-hyperelastic devices in structural response control
Degree Master of Science
Department Civil Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Charney, Finley A. Committee Chair
Plaut, Raymond H. Committee Member
Roberts-Wollmann, Carin L. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Passive energy systems
  • Tires
  • Viscoelastic
  • Visco-hyperelastic
  • Seismic
  • Earthquakes
  • dampers
Date of Defense 2005-05-11
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Structural engineering has progressed from design for life safety limit states to performance based engineering, in which energy dissipation systems in structural frameworks assume prime importance. A visco-hyperelastic device is a completely new type of passive energy dissipation system that not only combines the energy dissipation properties of velocity and displacement dependent devices but also provides additional stability to the structure precluding overall collapse.

The device consists of a viscoelastic material placed between two steel rings. The energy dissipation in the device is due to a combination of viscoelastic dissipation from rubber and plastic dissipation due to inelastic behavior of the steel elements. The device performs well under various levels of excitation, providing an excellent means of energy dissipation. The device properties are fully controlled through modifiable parameters.

An initial study was conducted on motorcycle tires to evaluate the hyperelastic behavior and energy dissipation potential of circular rubber elements, which was preceded by preliminary finite element modeling. The rubber tires provided considerable energy dissipation while displaying a nonlinear stiffening behavior. The proposed device was then developed to provide additional stiffness that was found lacking in rubber tires.

Detailed finite element analyses were conducted on the proposed device using the finite element software package ABAQUS, including parametric studies to determine the effect of the various parameters of device performance. This was followed by a nonlinear dynamic response history analysis of a single-story steel frame with and without the device to study the effects of the device in controlling structural response to ground excitations. Static analyses were also done to verify the stabilizing effects of the proposed device. Results from these analyses revealed considerable energy dissipation from the device due to both viscoelastic as well as plastic energy dissipation.

Detailed experimental analyses on the proposed device, finite element analyses of the device on multistory structures have been put forth as the areas of future research. It may also be worthwhile to conduct further research, as suggested, in order to evaluate the use of scrap tires which is potentially a very valuable structural engineering material.

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