Title page for ETD etd-05192003-154904


Type of Document Major Paper
Author Miller-McClellan, Jennifer Lynn
Author's Email Address jemill10@vt.edu
URN etd-05192003-154904
Title A Comparative Study of the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Program and Process in Virginia and Kansas: Possible Outcomes and Effects upon Stakeholders
Degree Master of Science
Department Urban Affairs and Planning
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ebrahim, Alnoor S. Committee Chair
Richardson, Jesse J. Committee Member
Shanholtz, Vernon O. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Total Maximum Daily Load
  • public participation
  • water quality
Date of Defense 2003-04-29
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
As population increases, the number of water bodies meeting water quality standards tends to decrease. The 1972 Clean Water Act (CWA) addresses the issues of point and nonpoint source pollution by requiring states to compose lists of waters that do not meet water quality standards and develop Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDL) for those waters. This requirement of the CWA remained inactive until EPA and states suffered lawsuits from environmental groups and concerned citizens. The result prompted a flurry to develop TMDLs in compliance with consent decrees.

A variety of methods and models serve as tools to calculate existing loads, load reductions and allocations. The purpose of this study is threefold 1) to examine two methods of TMDL development, Flow Duration (FD) used in Kansas and Hydrologic Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) used in Virginia; 2) to compare results of both methods in the same watershed of Virginia; and, 3) to evaluate stakeholder involvement in the TMDL process. A variety of stakeholders such as agencies, towns and industry, agribusiness, and concerned citizen/environmentalists are faced with meeting TMDL reductions and allocations. It is important that the TMDL process and implications are understood by all stakeholders.

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
  TMDLmajorpaperfinal.pdf 366.43 Kb 00:01:41 00:00:52 00:00:45 00:00:22 00:00:01

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