Title page for ETD etd-05202004-170632


Type of Document Major Paper
Author Kehler, Nicole
Author's Email Address nicolekehler@yahoo.com
URN etd-05202004-170632
Title Coordinating Humanitarian Assistance: A Comparative Analysis of Three Cases
Degree Master of Public and International Affairs
Department Public and International Affairs
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ebrahim, Alnoor S. Committee Co-Chair
Stephenson, Max O. Jr. Committee Co-Chair
Keywords
  • humanitarian assistance
  • NGO
  • Mozambique
  • UN
  • Kosovo
  • coordination
  • Rwanda
Date of Defense 2004-04-22
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
For many years the United Nations (UN) has sought to coordinate its numerous agencies and other humanitarian relief actors during responses to natural disasters and complex emergencies. Its success in this endeavor has been mixed. Through an analysis of three different humanitarian relief operations-the Rwanda genocide in 1994, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's intervention in Kosovo in 1999, and the floods of 2000 in Mozambique-this paper describes more fully the conditions under which coordination efforts occur. Specifically, this essay argues that successful and effective coordination in each particular crisis depends on the extent to which certain capacity and contextual conditions were present. In addition, it suggests that the often-touted "coordination by command" approach, a top-down style of coordination, should not be assumed by the UN since, as the literature suggests, this notion is quite contentious among nongovernmental organizations and United Nations staff alike. This paper critiques the utility of pursuing this model and offers instead an alternative vision of a pragmatic facilitation role for UN agencies in humanitarian relief operations
Files
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