Title page for ETD etd-05222003-230312


Type of Document Major Paper
Author Belo, Bradley Paul
URN etd-05222003-230312
Title Natural Hazaed Mitigation Planning for Karst Terrains in Virginia
Degree Master of Science
Department Urban Affairs and Planning
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Richardson, Jesse J. Committee Chair
Randolph, John Committee Member
Zahm, Diane L. Committee Member
Keywords
  • natural hazard mitigation planning
  • natural hazards
  • land use planning
  • karst
Date of Defense 2003-04-25
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Amendments to the Robert T. Stafford Act require state and local governments to adopt natural hazard mitigation plans to qualify for pre- and post-disaster federal hazard mitigation funding. State and local governments must consider all potential hazards within their jurisdictions including flooding, hurricanes, blizzards, and earthquakes. In western Virginia, local governments should plan for karst terrain natural hazards.

Karst terrain hazards include sinkhole subsidence, sinkhole flooding, and groundwater contamination. Despite an extensive amount of karst terrain in many communities in western Virginia, few communities use comprehensive land use planning and management approaches for development on karst terrain. A survey of local governments in the karst belt of Virginia illustrates that few communities have gone farther than a brief reference to karst terrain in their comprehensive plans. The majority of local governments in the karst belt of Virginia have not developed comprehensive land use planning approaches for karst terrain despite the availability of a large number of potential planning options pioneered by other karst communities.

This paper proposes a process for karst terrain natural hazard mitigation planning in Virginia. The process begins with community education and partnership building to build community understanding and support for the various mitigation strategies applicable to local karst terrain hazard areas. Effective natural hazard assessment allows for the relatively precise targeting of regulatory and non-regulatory mitigation strategies to minimize the impact of land use restrictions on the general community, while maximizing the hazard mitigation efficacy of the chosen strategies.

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