Title page for ETD etd-05222005-141806


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Xi, Yan
Author's Email Address yanxi@vt.edu
URN etd-05222005-141806
Title Ozone Decomposition and Acetone Oxidation on Manganese Oxide Catalysts
Degree Master of Science
Department Chemical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Oyama, Shigeo Ted Committee Chair
Cox, David F. Committee Member
Hanson, Brian E. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Manganese oxide catalysts
  • VOCs
  • ozone
  • acetone
  • foam
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy
Date of Defense 2005-05-11
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This thesis describes the preparation and characterization of manganese oxide catalysts and their application in the oxidation of acetone, a typical volatile organic compound (VOC), and ozone decomposition. This topic is of great value because of environmental concerns of the elimination of the harmful VOCs and ozone. Manganese oxide was chosen because it is a well-known complete oxidation catalyst for VOCs and also an active catalyst for ozone decomposition. Two cases of studies were carried out in this work.

The first study involved the oxidation of acetone using ozone on silica- and alumina-supported manganese oxide catalysts deposited on aluminum oxide foam substrates. The characteristics of the catalysts were determined through various techniques, including x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), and oxygen chemisorption. The use of these techniques allowed better understanding of the nature of the catalysts. Activity tests were carried out in the acetone oxidation reaction and it was found that the usage of ozone substantially reduced the oxidation temperature. Steady-state in situ Raman spectroscopy was also carried out to better understand the mechanism of the acetone oxidation reaction using ozone.

The second study involved an investigation of structural and electronic properties of manganese centers of the MnOx/SiO2 and MnOx/Al2O3 catalysts during the ozone decomposition reaction using in situ x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The number of surface active sites was again determined through TPR and oxygen chemisorption measurements. The performance of the catalysts with different loadings and supports were also compared.

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  Abstract.pdf 22.13 Kb 00:00:06 00:00:03 00:00:02 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Acknowledgements.pdf 15.48 Kb 00:00:04 00:00:02 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Chapter1.pdf 92.39 Kb 00:00:25 00:00:13 00:00:11 00:00:05 < 00:00:01
  Chapter2_corrected.pdf 525.34 Kb 00:02:25 00:01:15 00:01:05 00:00:32 00:00:02
  Chapter3_corrected.pdf 571.50 Kb 00:02:38 00:01:21 00:01:11 00:00:35 00:00:03
  Chapter4.pdf 23.34 Kb 00:00:06 00:00:03 00:00:02 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Table_of_Contents.pdf 53.39 Kb 00:00:14 00:00:07 00:00:06 00:00:03 < 00:00:01
  Title_Page_corrected.pdf 14.68 Kb 00:00:04 00:00:02 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Vita.pdf 12.01 Kb 00:00:03 00:00:01 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01

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