Type of Document Dissertation Author Lucena, Juan C. URN etd-05222007-091432 Title Making policy for making selves in science and engineering : from Sputnik to global competition Degree PhD Department Science and Technology Studies Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Downey, Gary L. Committee Chair Keywords
Date of Defense 1996-07-01 Availability restricted AbstractThis dissertation is a cultural history of the making of policy for education and human resources in science and engineering for the American nation. The main thesis of this work is that national narratives, mostly made up by images of nation, its problems and solutions, as defined by powerful social actors and groups, have significantly shaped policies and program-: for education and training of scientists and engineers since Word War II. Nowhere is this cultural relationship between nation and policy more evident than around the programs in education and human resources at the National Science Foundation (NSF), This dissertation analyzes the emergence of four national narratives, their influence on the redefining the national mission of the NSF, and their impact on the policies that NSF has implemented to educate and train scientists and
engineers in the last four decades. The four narratives explored here are: a nation under threat by Soviet science in the 1960's, a nation plagued by its own social and environrnental problems in the 1970's. a nation challenged by the technological successes of Japan in the 1980's, and a nation facing uncertain and ambiguous threats under global competition in the 1990's.
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