Title page for ETD etd-06062007-093054


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Camacho, Diogo Mayo
Author's Email Address dcamacho@vt.edu
URN etd-06062007-093054
Title In silico cell biology and biochemistry: a systems biology approach
Degree PhD
Department Genetics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Mendes, Pedro J. P. Committee Chair
Hoeschele, Ina Committee Member
Laubenbacher, Reinhard C. Committee Member
Shulaev, Vladimir Committee Member
Winkel, Brenda S. J. Committee Member
Keywords
  • reverse engineering
  • computational biology
  • mathematical modeling
  • systems biology
Date of Defense 2007-06-01
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
In the post-"omic" era the analysis of high-throughput data is regarded as one of the major challenges faced by researchers. One focus of this data analysis is uncovering biological network topologies and dynamics. It is believed that this kind of research will allow the development of new mathematical models of biological systems as well as aid in the improvement of already existing ones. The work that is presented in this dissertation addresses the problem of the analysis of highly complex data sets with the aim of developing a methodology that will enable the reconstruction of a biological network from time series data through an iterative process.

The first part of this dissertation relates to the analysis of existing methodologies that aim at inferring network structures from experimental data. This spans the use of statistical tools such as correlations analysis (presented in Chapter 2) to more complex mathematical frameworks (presented in Chapter 3). A novel methodology that focuses on the inference of biological networks from time series data by least squares fitting will then be introduced. Using a set of carefully designed inference rules one can gain important information about the system which can aid in the inference process. The application of the method to a data set from the response of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to cumene hydroperoxide is explored in Chapter 5. The results show that this method can be used to generate a coarse-level mathematical model of the biological system at hand. Possible developments of this method are discussed in Chapter 6.

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