Title page for ETD etd-06092005-125521


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Staubs, Joshua Kyle
Author's Email Address jstaubs@vt.edu
URN etd-06092005-125521
Title Correlation between Unsteady Loading and Tip Gap Flow Occurring in a Linear Cascade with Simulated Stator-Rotor Interaction
Degree Master of Science
Department Aerospace and Ocean Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Devenport, William J. Committee Chair
Burdisso, Ricardo A. Committee Member
Simpson, Roger L. Committee Member
Keywords
  • compressor
  • cascade
  • unsteady pressure
  • unsteady velocity
  • blade tip loading
  • tip gap flow
Date of Defense 2005-05-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This thesis presents the results of a study performed in the Virginia Tech low speed linear cascade wind tunnel operating at a Reynolds number of 382,000 designed to model an axial compressor rotor. To simulate the flow created by the junction of a set of inlet guide vanes and the compressor casing, vortex generators were glued to a moving end wall. In this investigation, the tip clearance was varied from 0.83% to 12.9% chord. Measurements of the midspan and the tip blade loading were made using static pressure taps. The tip loading shows that the minimum suction surface pressure coefficient increases in magnitude linearly up to a tip clearance of 7.9% chord. Unsteady pressure was measured on the pressure and suction surfaces at the tip of two cascade blades using an array of 23 microphones mounted subsurface. These measurements reveal that the unsteady pressure at the blade tip is a linear function of tip clearance height. The instantaneous pressure shows that the surface pressure at the blade tip has the same character regardless of whether or not the blade is disturbed by the inflow vortices. This suggests that the vortex generators simply stimulate and organize the existing response of the blade. Single sensor hot-wire measurements were made within the tip clearance on the suction side of the blade 1mm from the tip gap exit. These measurements show that the mass flux through the tip clearance is closely related to the pressure difference across the tip gap.
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