Title page for ETD etd-06102009-063106


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Hulvey, Glenn A.
URN etd-06102009-063106
Title Internal pressure's role in the selectivity of the bromine radical
Degree Master of Science
Department Chemistry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Tanko, James M. Committee Chair
Marand, Hervé L. Committee Member
Merola, Joseph S. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Toluene.
Date of Defense 1993-01-05
Availability restricted
Abstract

The results of our studies demonstrate a link between selectivity in free radical brominations and the internal pressure of solvent. The study encompassed l8 solvents and/or mixtures over which the rate constant ratio for SH2 ring opening of cyclopropylbenzene (kC) vs hydrogen abstraction from toluene (kH) by bromine atom was found to vary by nearly a factor of twenty as a function of solvent. The observed rate constant ratios correlate with the cohesive energy density of the solvent, which is approximately equal to the internal pressure (kC/kH is found to increase with increasing solvent pressure) for the solvents used in this study. A similar competition pitting cyclopropylbenzene against p-chlorotoluene shows the same solvent effect. It is suggested that the observed variation in selectivity "with solvent pressure occurs because the volume of activation with kC is more negative than for kH by about 20 cm3/mol.

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