Title page for ETD etd-06112009-063109


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Hickey, Matthew Sean
URN etd-06112009-063109
Title Effects of opioid antagonism on thermoregulation during prolonged exercise in the heat
Degree Master of Science
Department Health and Physical Education
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Herbert, William G. Committee Chair
Lee, John C. Committee Member
Rankin, Janet L. Walberg Committee Member
Keywords
  • Core Temperature
  • Forearm Blood Flow
  • Beta-Endorphin
  • Exercise
  • Prolonged Exercise Thermoregulation.
Date of Defense 1990-08-05
Availability restricted
Abstract

Five adult male volunteers were studied to investigate the effect of opiate receptor blockade on the physiological response to a maximum of 60 minutes of stationary cycling at 70% V02peak in a hot (33 0 C/65% RH) environment. Exercise bouts were conducted following the administration of naloxone (4mg IV) 5 minutes prior to exercise with a follow-up 4mg dose at 25 minutes of exercise. In the placebo trial, volume-matched doses of saline were administered at the same points. No significant drug effect was observed on rectal or mean skin temperature during exercise. Post-exercise skin temperature was significantly (P<.OOl) higher on naloxone versus saline. Forearm blood flow (FBF) was consistently higher from minute 25 of exercise until test termination, although only the minute 25 and minute 55 data points were significantly elevated (P<.05, P<.005, respectively) . The rectal temperature threshold at which FBF plateaued was higher on naloxone (P=.054), and the FBF: rectal temperature slope was higher on naloxone throughout the trial. No significant changes were observed in heart rate or estimated mean arterial pressures, although both were consistently lower on naloxone. Gross sweat response was not altered by the drug. Plasma Beta-Endorphin was significantly (P<.Ol) higher on naloxone versus saline, and Beta-Endorphin was significantly elevated in the naloxone trial only. The observation that FBF was significantly higher on naloxone without inducing compensatory heart rate or blood pressure changes suggests that the opioids may be involved in the blood volume shifts that occur during prolonged exercise in the heat.

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
[VT] LD5655.V855_1990.H439.pdf 5.03 Mb 00:23:18 00:11:59 00:10:29 00:05:14 00:00:26
[BTD] next to an author's name indicates that all files or directories associated with their ETD are accessible from the Virginia Tech campus network only.

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

dla home
etds imagebase journals news ereserve special collections
virgnia tech home contact dla university libraries

If you have questions or technical problems, please Contact DLA.