Title page for ETD etd-06152000-10320056


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Hunter, Paige Holt
URN etd-06152000-10320056
Title Control of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Air Pollutants
Degree PhD
Department Chemical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Oyama, Shigeo Ted Committee Chair
Conger, William L. Committee Member
Hagedorn, Charles III Committee Member
Peters, Leonard K. Committee Member
Reneau, Raymond B. Jr. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Ozone
  • Catalyst
  • Control Technologies
  • Air Pollution Control
  • Volatile Organic Compounds
  • Membrane Separation
  • VOCs
  • Adsorption
  • Catalytic Incineration
  • VOC
  • Thermal Incineration
  • Absorption
  • Condensation
  • Flaring
  • Afterburners
  • Biofiltration
Date of Defense 2000-06-01
Availability restricted
Abstract
A variety of methods exist to remove volatile

organic compound (VOC) air pollutants from

contaminated gas streams. As regulatory and

public opinion pressures increase, companies are

searching for more effective methods to control

these emissions. This document is intended as a

guide to help determine if existing systems are

adequate and to provide additional information to

improve the efficiency of the systems. It

explores conventional methods of controlling VOC

emissions, as well as innovative technologies

including membrane separation, plasma destruction,

and ozone catalytic oxidation. The conventional

technologies covered include condensation,

adsorption, absorption (or scrubbing), thermal

incineration, flaring, catalytic incineration,

and biofiltration. Each chapter includes a

description of the technology, a discussion of

the types of systems available, notes on the

design of the system, economic estimates, an

explanation of potential problems, and a list of

considerations for installation and maintenance

concerns. The final chapter is dedicated to the

preparation and characterization of metal

catalysts which were developed to improve the

reaction rate of VOCs using ozone as an oxidant.

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