Title page for ETD etd-06192006-125743


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Ahn, Taejin
URN etd-06192006-125743
Title Optimal design of municipal and irrigation water distribution systems
Degree PhD
Department Civil Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Loganathan, G. V. Committee Chair
Ross, Burton Blake Committee Member
Shrestha, P. L. Committee Member
Trani, Antoino A. Committee Member
Younos, Tamim Committee Member
Keywords
  • Irrigation water.
  • Waterworks.
  • Municipal water supply.
Date of Defense 1993-12-07
Availability restricted
Abstract

In two-dimensional flow, the point of flow separation from the surface coincides with the point at which the skin friction vanishes. However, in three-dimensional flow, the situation is much more complex and the flow separation is rarely associated with the vanishing of the wall shear stress except in a few special cases. Though the effects of cross-plane separation are substantial and have been recognized for some time, the phenomenon of flow separation over three-dimensional bodies is still far from being completely understood. The flow is so complex that no completely satisfactory analytical tools are available at the moment. In an attempt to logically identify the various effects and parametric dependence while simultaneously minimizing configuration dependent issue, the flow over a 6 to 1 prolate spheroid, which is a generic three-dimensional body, is investigated.

For the identification of the general flow pattern and better understanding of the flow field, surface-oil-flow visualization tests and force and moment tests were performed. The angle of attack effect and Reynolds number effect on the separation location are studied with natural transition. Forces and moments tests, surface pressure distribution measurements as well as the surface presure fluctuations, and mini-tuft flow visualization tests were made to document the flow characteristics on the surface of the body with an artificial boundary layer trip.

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