Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Hartman, Angela Danielle URN etd-06252003-133915 Title The Efficacy of Antimicrobials for the Control of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris in Fruit and Vegetable Juices Degree Master of Science Department Food Science and Technology Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Williams, Robert C. Committee Chair Sumner, Susan S. Committee Member Zoecklein, Bruce W. Committee Member Keywords
- Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris
Date of Defense 2003-06-12 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe efficacy of antimicrobials for control of A. acidoterrestris spoilage in juices was analyzed. Apple and tomato juices were inoculated with 4 log spores/ml. Antimicrobials were added at: 1000, 500 and 250 ppm (sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, and sodium metabisulfite); 500, 250, and 125 ppm (cinnamic acid, dimethyl dicarbonate, and ascorbic acid); 125, 75 and 25 ppm (lysozyme); and 5, 3, and 1 IU/ml (nisin).
In apple juice, A. acidoterrestris population reductions were caused by the following antimicrobials (reduction in log CFU/ml): lysozyme - all levels and nisin - 5 IU/ml (5.1), nisin - 3 IU/ml (4.2), cinnamic acid - 125 ppm (3.1), cinnamic acid - 250 ppm (2.6), potassium sorbate - 250ppm (2.5), nisin - 1 IU/ml (2.4), potassium sorbate - 500 and 1,000 ppm (2.3), dimethyl dicarbonate - 500 ppm (1.9), cinnamic acid - 500 ppm (1.4). In tomato juice, A. acidoterrestris population reductions were caused by the following antimicrobials (reduction log CFU/ml): nisin - all levels and lysozyme - 125 ppm and 75 ppm (4.4), lysozyme - 25 ppm (3.8), potassium sorbate - 500 ppm (2.6), cinnamic acid - 500 ppm (2.5), cinnamic acid - 250 ppm (2.4), cinnamic acid - 125 ppm (2.1), potassium sorbate - 1,000 ppm (1.9), and potassium sorbate - 250 ppm (1.6).
Antimicrobial treatments: nisin - ¡Ý 1 IU/ml, lysozyme - ¡Ý 25 ppm, cinnamic acid - ¡Ý 125 ppm, and potassium sorbate - ¡Ý 250 ppm may be appropriate controls to prevent A. acidoterrestris spoilage in juices or juice containing beverages.
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