Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Kvech, Steven Joseph URN etd-06292001-090818 Title Formation of Aluminum Containing Solids in Drinking Water: Influence on Pb/Cu Corrosion, Al Solubility and Enhanced Softening Degree Master of Science Department Environmental Engineering Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Edwards, Marc A. Committee Chair Dietrich, Andrea M. Committee Member Knocke, William R. Committee Member Keywords
- lead corrosion
- copper corrosion
Date of Defense 2001-05-10 Availability unrestricted AbstractAluminum salts are used as the primary coagulants in the majority of United States drinking
water treatment plants. Despite decades of practical experience, there are important knowledge
gaps regarding the effects of residual Al on distribution system materials as well as specific types
of solids formed. The first phase of this work examined the formation of aluminosilicate
deposits in copper and lead pipes using water from Denver, Colorado. It was anticipated was
that these deposits could form barrier films on the pipe, protecting it from corrosion. However,
the deposits had slightly detrimental effects on leaching of metal to water, and higher levels of
aluminosilicates could further worsen corrosion by-product release.
The second phase of work attempted to extend understanding of aluminum solubility controls by
accounting for effects of sulfate and formation of solids other than Al(OH)3 during water
treatment. Sulfate was found to destabilize small Al(OH)3 colloids resulting in agglomeration
into larger flocs from pH 5.0-6.2 . At pH 9.0 and above, Al-Mg, Al-Mg-Si and Al-Si solids were
discovered to control Al solubility, while also having significant impacts on the precipitation of
calcite in the presence of silica and overall softening effectiveness. This could be of
considerable importance to water treatment practice. These solids also had some potential for
removal of arsenic, TOC and boron.
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