Title page for ETD etd-06292006-202356


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Xi, Wensi
Author's Email Address xwensi@vt.edu
URN etd-06292006-202356
Title Iterative Computing over a Unified Relationship Matrix for Information Integration
Degree PhD
Department Computer Science
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Fan, Weiguo Patrick Committee Chair
Lu, Chang-Tien Committee Member
Ponte, Jay M. Committee Member
Ramakrishnan, Naren Committee Member
Sandu, Adrian Committee Member
Keywords
  • Unified Relationship Matrix
  • Information Retrieval
  • Information Integration
  • SimFusion
  • Search
  • Link Fusion
Date of Defense 2006-06-20
Availability unrestricted
Abstract

In this dissertation I use a Unified Relationship Matrix (URM) to represent a set of heterogeneous data objects and their inter-relationships. I argue that integrated and iterative computations over the Unified Relationship Matrix can help overcome the data sparseness problem (a common situation in various information application scenarios), and detect latent relationships (such as latent term associations discovered by LSI) among heterogeneous data objects. Thus, this kind of computation can be used to improve the quality of various information applications that require combining information from heterogeneous data sources.

To support the argument, I further develop a unified link analysis algorithm, the Link Fusion algorithm, and a unified similarity-calculating algorithm, the SimFusion algorithm. Both algorithms attempt to better integrate information from heterogeneous sources by iteratively computing over the Unified Relationship Matrix in order to calculate some specific property of data object(s); such as the importance of a data object (as in the Link Fusion algorithm) and the similarity between a pair of data objects (as in the SimFusion algorithm).

Then, I develop two set of experiments on real-world datasets to investigate whether the algorithms proposed in this dissertation can better integrate information from multiple sources. The performance of the algorithms is compared to that of traditional link analysis and similarity-calculating algorithms. Experimental results show that the algorithms developed can significantly outperform the traditional link analysis and similarity-calculating algorithms.

I further investigate various pruning technologies aiming at improving efficiency and investigating the scalability of the algorithms designed. Experimental results showed that pruning technology can effectively be used to improve the efficiency of the algorithms.

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