Title page for ETD etd-07242012-040142
|Type of Document
||Lash, Steven Joseph
||Cardiovascular reactivity to stress in men :effects of masculine gender role stress appraisal and masculine performance challenge
||Master of Science
|Eisler, Richard M.
|Franchina, Joseph J.
|Harrison, David W.
|Southard, Douglas R.
|Date of Defense
Previous research has shown that excessive
cardiovascular reactivity may be important in the
development of coronary heart disease. The present study
examines the role of masculine cognitive appraisal of stress
as a mediator of cardiovascular reactivity in men. The
reactivity of men who differed on a measure of cognitive
appraisal of masculine gender role stress (MGRS) was
compared using the cold-pressor test under conditions of
high and low masculine performance challenge. Under
conditions of minimal challenge, it was predicted that high
and low MGRS men would not differ on reactivity. Under high
challenge, high MGRS men were expected to show greater
reactivity than low MGRS men. Since coping responses are
related to appraisal of stressful situations and impact on
subjects' coping responses were
also assessed. Analysis of results for systolic blood
pressure confirmed the major predictions. High MGRS men
showed greater systolic blood pressure reactivity than low
MGRS men under high challenge and equal or less reactivity
under low masculine performance challenge. In general, the
high and low MGRS groups did not differ in their use of
coping strategies as a function of the high and low
challenge condition. The implications of MGRS appraisal for
men's health are discussed.
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