Title page for ETD etd-08192009-154702


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Tarazaga, Pablo Alberto
Author's Email Address pablot@vt.edu
URN etd-08192009-154702
Title Dynamics and Control of a Pressurized Optical Membranes
Degree PhD
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Inman, Daniel J. Committee Co-Chair
Johnson, Martin E. Committee Co-Chair
Leo, Donald Committee Member
Roan, Michael J. Committee Member
Stremler, Mark A. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Membrane Modal Testing
  • Structural Acoustic Coupling
  • Operation Deflection Shapes
  • Acoustic Radiation
  • Impedance Modeling
  • Vibration Suppression
  • Gossamer
  • Pressurized Membrane
  • Optical Membranes
Date of Defense 2009-08-07
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Optical membranes are currently pursued for their ability to replace the conventional mirrors that are used to correct wave front aberration and space-based telescopes. Among some of the many benefits of using optical membranes, is their ability to considerably reduce the weight of the structure. As a secondary effect, the cost of transportation, which is of great interest in space applications, is reduced as well. Given the low density of these thin-film membranes, the lower end dynamics play a greater significant role than their rigid plate-like counterparts in achieving functional mirrors. Space-based mirrors are subjected to a series of disturbances. Among those encountered are thermal radiation, debris impact, and slewing maneuvers. Thus, dynamic control is essential for the adequate performance of thin-film membrane mirrors.

With this in mind, the work described herein aims to improve the performance of optical membranes with an innovative, acoustical control approach to suppress vibration of optical membranes backed by an air cavity. This is achieved by using a centralized acoustic source in the cavity as the method of actuation. The acoustic actuation is of great interest since it does not mass load the membrane in the conventional way, as most methods of actuation would.

To achieve this end goal, two structural-acoustic coupled models are developed to describe the dynamics of a pressurized optical membrane system. This is done through an impedance based modeling approach where the subsystems are modeled individually, and then coupled at the interface. The control of the membrane is implemented using a positive position feedback approach. The theory is also extended to positive velocity and positive acceleration feedback.

Three experiments are carried out to validate the models previously mentioned. Successful implementation of a control experiment is also accomplished leading to considerable attenuations in the coupled membrane’s dynamics.

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