Title page for ETD etd-08202008-125910


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Showalter, Mark Henry
Author's Email Address mshowalt@vt.edu
URN etd-08202008-125910
Title Work Space Analysis and Walking Algorithm Development for A Radially Symmetric Hexapod Robot
Degree Master of Science
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Hong, Dennis W. Committee Chair
Sturges, Robert H. Committee Member
Wicks, Alfred L. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Walking Algorithm
  • Hexapod
  • Gait Planning
  • Robot Locomotion
  • Kinematics
  • Workspace
Date of Defense 2008-08-01
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The Multi-Appendage Robotic System (MARS) built for this research is a hexapod robotic platform capable of walking and performing manipulation tasks. Each of the six limbs of MARS incorporates a three-degree of freedom (DOF), kinematically spherical proximal joint, similar to a shoulder or hip joint; and a 1-DOF distal joint, similar to an elbow or knee joint. Designing walking gaits for such multi-limb robots requires a thorough understanding of the kinematics of the limbs, including their workspace. The speci c abilities of a walking algorithm dictate the usable workspace for the limbs. Generally speaking, the more general the walking algorithm is, the less constricted the workspace becomes. However, the entire limb workspace cannot be used in a continuous, statically stable, alternating tripedal gait for such a robot; therefore a subset of the limb workspace is de ned for walking algorithms. This thesis develops MARS limb workspaces in the knee up con guration, and analyzes its limitations for walking on planar surfaces. The workspaces range from simple 2D geometry to complex 3D volumes.

While MARS is a hexapedal robot, the tasks of de ning the workspace and walking agorthm for all six limbs can be abstracted to a single limb using the constraint of a tripedal, statically stable gait. Based on understanding the behavior of an individual limb, a walking algorithm was developed to allow MARS to walk on level terrain. The algorithm is adaptive in that it continously updates based on control inputs. Open Tech developed a similar algorithm, based on a 2D workspace. This simpler algorithm developed resulted in smooth gait generation, with near-instantaneous response to control input. This accomplishment demonstrated the feasibility of implementing a more sophisticated algorithm, allowing for inputs of all six DOF: x and y velocity, z velocity or walking height, yaw, pitch and roll. This latter algorithm uses a 3D workspace developed to a ord near-maximum step length. The workspace analysis and walking algorithm development in this thesis can be applied to the further advancement of walking gait generation algorithms.

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