Title page for ETD etd-08272009-163123


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Nyirongo, Victor Wilford Kayiwaze
Author's Email Address
URN etd-08272009-163123
Title Changes in landuse patterns in upland watersheds of Eastern Luangwa Valley, Zambia, and the potential impact on runoff and erosion
Degree Master of Science
Department Biological Systems Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Conrad Heatwole Committee Chair
Gene Yagow Committee Member
John McGee Committee Member
Keywords
  • delineation
  • GWLF
  • landuse changes
Date of Defense 2009-08-12
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Four small watersheds, Kamwamphula, Luelo, Kanyanga and Mphiri, near Emusa (Lundazi District) in Eastern Province, Zambia, were studied to document transitions in land use over time and to project the impacts of land use and topography on runoff, erosion and sediment delivery. Landuse was delineated from 2007 IKONOS image (one meter pixel), and Landsat imagery was used to depict the historic changes in landuse between the period of 1989 and 2007. The GWLF model was used to predict the impact of the landuses on the hydrology of the area. There had been an increase in clearing of forest area mainly due to the expansion of cropland area. The highest rate of clearing was predicted for the Kamwamphula watershed where the forest cover decreased from 95% to 71% over the 18 year period. The GWLF model was used to predict the impact of the landuse on the hydrology and sediment delivery. In comparison with the limited field data available from the four watersheds, the GWLF model gave poor prediction of streamflow, probably because the hydrology of the area is poorly understood and dambo function in the landscape is not well represented in the model. Highest runoff, erosion and sediment yields came from Luelo watershed which has steeper slopes and, less vegetative cover and poor permeability of soils. The GWLF gave poor prediction of streamflow, probably, because the hydrology of the area is poorly understood.
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